In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 32-3901

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Acupuncture: means puncturing the skin by thin, solid needles to reach subcutaneous structures, stimulating the needles to produce a positive therapeutic response, removing needles and using adjunctive therapies. See Arizona Laws 32-3901
  • Adjunctive therapies: means the manual, mechanical, magnetic, thermal, electrical or electromagnetic stimulation of acupuncture points and energy pathways, auricular and detoxification therapy, ion cord devices, electroacupuncture, herbal poultices, therapeutic exercise and acupressure. See Arizona Laws 32-3901
  • Board: means the acupuncture board of examiners. See Arizona Laws 32-3901
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Unprofessional conduct: includes the following, whether occurring in this state or elsewhere:

    (a) Wilfully disclosing a professional secret or wilfully violating a privileged communication except as either of these may otherwise be required by law. See Arizona Laws 32-3901

  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215

1. "Acupuncture" means puncturing the skin by thin, solid needles to reach subcutaneous structures, stimulating the needles to produce a positive therapeutic response, removing needles and using adjunctive therapies.

2. "Adjunctive therapies" means the manual, mechanical, magnetic, thermal, electrical or electromagnetic stimulation of acupuncture points and energy pathways, auricular and detoxification therapy, ion cord devices, electroacupuncture, herbal poultices, therapeutic exercise and acupressure.

3. "Board" means the acupuncture board of examiners.

4. "Trauma" means the experience of significant psychological distress following any terrible or life-threatening event.

5. "Unprofessional conduct" includes the following, whether occurring in this state or elsewhere:

(a) Wilfully disclosing a professional secret or wilfully violating a privileged communication except as either of these may otherwise be required by law.

(b) Committing a felony as evidenced by conviction by a court of competent jurisdiction.

(c) Being habitually intemperate in the use of alcohol or any substance abuse that interferes with the ability to safely practice acupuncture.

(d) Committing conduct that the board determines is gross malpractice, repeated malpractice or any malpractice resulting in the death of a patient.

(e) Impersonating another acupuncturist or any other practitioner of the healing arts.

(f) Falsely acting or assuming to act as a member, an employee or an authorized agent of the board.

(g) Procuring or attempting to procure a license pursuant to this chapter by fraud or misrepresentation.

(h) Refusing to divulge to the board on demand the acupuncture method used in the treatment of a patient.

(i) Giving or receiving or aiding or abetting the giving or receiving of rebates, either directly or indirectly.

(j) Knowingly making any false or fraudulent statement, written or oral, in connection with the practice of acupuncture.

(k) Having a license refused, revoked or suspended by any other state, district or territory of the United States or any other country, unless the action was not taken for reasons relating to the person‘s ability to safely and skillfully practice acupuncture or relating to an act of unprofessional conduct.

(l) Committing conduct that is contrary to the recognized standards or ethics of the acupuncture profession or that may constitute a danger to the health, welfare or safety of the patient or the public.

(m) Committing any conduct or having any condition that may impair the ability to safely and skillfully practice acupuncture.

(n) Violating or attempting to violate, directly or indirectly, assisting in or abetting the violation of or conspiring to violate this chapter or board rules.

(o) Advertising in a false, deceptive or misleading manner.

(p) Failing or refusing to maintain adequate patient health records or failing or refusing to make health records promptly available to the patient or to another health practitioner or provider on request and receipt of proper authorization.

(q) Deriving direct or indirect compensation from referring a patient without disclosing to the patient in writing the extent of the compensation.

(r) Deriving a financial interest in products the acupuncturist endorses or recommends to the patient without disclosing to the patient in writing the extent of the financial interest.

(s) Having sexual intimacies with a patient in the practice of acupuncture.

(t) Failing to appropriately exercise control over or supervise an acupuncture student employed by or assigned to the practitioner in the practice of acupuncture.

(u) Failing to furnish information in a timely manner to the board or its investigators or representatives if the information is legally requested by the board.

(v) Supervising or engaging in a clinical training program in acupuncture without being approved and registered by the board for that program.

(w) Knowingly making a false, fraudulent or misleading statement, written or oral, to the board.

(x) Failing to exercise proper care for a patient by abandoning or neglecting a patient in need of immediate care without making reasonable arrangements for the continuation of care or by failing to refer the patient to another appropriate health care provider when necessary.

(y) Failing to use needles that have been sterilized according to clean needle technique principles approved by the board.