Article 1 Administration and General Provisions
Article 2 Certification Requirements
Article 4 Enforcement
Article 5 Renewal
Article 6 Revenue
Article 7 Acupuncture Corporations

Terms Used In California Codes > Business and Professions Code > Division 2 > Chapter 12 - Acupuncture

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Abuse: means intentionally or recklessly causing or attempting to cause bodily injury, or placing another person in reasonable apprehension of imminent serious bodily injury to himself or herself, or another. See California Penal Code 13700
  • Accepting county: means the county accepting transferred territory by reason of a county boundary change. See California Government Code 23231
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adverse action: includes all of the following:

    California Civil Code 1785.3

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affected county: means each county from which territory is proposed to be transferred to create a new county. See California Government Code 23301
  • Affected county: means each county which is proposed to be part of a consolidated county or which is consolidated with one or more counties. See California Government Code 23501
  • Aggrieved: means and refers to any of the following persons or entities:

    California Civil Code 3427

  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to pursue a remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Animal: means any amphibian, bird, mammal or reptile. See California Civil Code 3504
  • Annex project related work: means all work closely related to the Capitol building annex project, including, but not limited to, any visitor's center or parking facility constructed pursuant to Section 9112 of the Government Code. See California Public Resources Code 21189.50
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicator: refers to "structural pest control applicator. See California Business and Professions Code 8507.1
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved county: means the territory to be included in a new county after the registered voters in the affected county or counties have approved the creation of such a new county at a primary election, pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 23350), but before an election is held for purposes of determining the location of the county seat and the selection of county officers for such new county, pursuant to Article 4. See California Government Code 23301
  • Approved lending institution: means a qualified mortgage lender approved by the agency for participation in a program of loan insurance, including those successors and assigns of any such institution as are permitted by the agency. See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • area median income: means the median family income of a geographic area of the state, as annually estimated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Art dealer: means a person engaged in the business of selling works of fine art, other than a person exclusively engaged in the business of selling goods at public auction. See California Civil Code 1738
  • art dealer: includes an auctioneer who sells these works at public auction, but excludes persons, not otherwise defined or treated as art dealers herein, who are consignors or principals of auctioneers. See California Civil Code 1740
  • Artist: means the person who creates a work of fine art or, if that person is deceased, that person's heir, legatee, or personal representative. See California Civil Code 1738
  • Artist: means the person who created the image which is contained in, or constitutes, the master or conceived of, and approved the image which is contained in, or constitutes, the master. See California Civil Code 1740
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bill of lading: means a document evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of transporting or forwarding goods. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 20
  • Board: means the governing body of a local taxing entity. See California Government Code 975
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • board of directors: means the Board of Directors of the California Housing Finance Agency. See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • book: signifies the recordation of an arrest in official police records, and the taking by the police of fingerprints and photographs of the person arrested, or any of these acts following an arrest. See California Penal Code 7
  • Business affairs: as used in this article means the details relative to the business activities of the entity as disclosed by the return but shall exclude extraneous matters, such as the exact corporate title, corporate number, the date of commencement of business in this state, taxable year adopted, filing date of return, name, date and title of individuals signing affidavit to the return, due date of taxes, taxes unpaid, entity's address, private address of officers and directors. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 19543
  • Capitol building annex project: means any work of construction of a state capitol building annex or restoration, rehabilitation, renovation, or reconstruction of the State Capitol Building Annex described in Section 9105 of the Government Code that is performed pursuant to Article 5. See California Public Resources Code 21189.50
  • Certificate of authenticity: means a written or printed description of the multiple which is to be sold, exchanged, or consigned by an art dealer. See California Civil Code 1740
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • City: includes city and county and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Public Utilities Code 19
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town, and incorporated town. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 14
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 23301
  • Clerk: means the clerk of the county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 23501
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 23231
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • cohabitant: means two unrelated adult persons living together for a substantial period of time, resulting in some permanency of relationship. See California Penal Code 13700
  • Commercial blockade: means acts constituting the tort of commercial blockade, as defined in Section 3427. See California Civil Code 3427
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Fish and Game Code 30
  • commission: means the Instructional Quality Commission. See California Education Code 33539
  • commission: means the Educational Management and Evaluation Commission. See California Education Code 33556
  • commission: means the Advisory Commission on Special Education. See California Education Code 33596
  • Commission: means the County Formation Review Commission. See California Government Code 23301
  • Commission: means the County Boundary Review Commission. See California Government Code 23231
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission created by Section 1 of Article XII of the California Constitution, and "commissioner" means a member of the commission. See California Public Utilities Code 20
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • complaint: means a valid complaint as specified in subdivision (b). See California Government Code 8944
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Consignment: means that no title to, estate in, or right to possession of, fine art, superior to that of the consignor shall vest in the consignee, notwithstanding the consignee's power or authority to transfer and convey to a third person all of the right, title and interest of the consignor in and to such fine art. See California Civil Code 1738
  • Consumer: means an individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods or services for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Consumer: means a natural individual. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • consumer: means a natural individual who has made application to a person for employment purposes, for insurance for personal, family, or household purposes, or the hiring of a dwelling unit, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1940. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Consumer credit report: means any written, oral, or other communication of any information by a consumer credit reporting agency bearing on a consumer's credit worthiness, credit standing, or credit capacity, which is used or is expected to be used, or collected in whole or in part, for the purpose of serving as a factor in establishing the consumer's eligibility for: (1) credit to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2) employment purposes, or (3) hiring of a dwelling unit, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1940, or (4) other purposes authorized in Section 1785. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Consumer credit reporting agency: means any person who, for monetary fees, dues, or on a cooperative nonprofit basis, regularly engages in whole or in part in the business of assembling or evaluating consumer credit information or other information on consumers for the purpose of furnishing consumer credit reports to third parties, but does not include any governmental agency whose records are maintained primarily for traffic safety, law enforcement, or licensing purposes. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Contiguous: means territory which adjoins the boundary line of the proposed county. See California Government Code 23301
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Contractor: means any person who is a general building contractor within the meaning of Section 7057 of the Business and Professions Code. See California Civil Code 1797.1
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 21
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • county: includes "city and county". See California Penal Code 7
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Public Resources Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Public Utilities Code 18
  • County: includes city and county. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 15
  • Credit bureau: An agency that collects individual credit information and sells it for a fee to creditors so they can make a decision on granting loans. Typical clients include banks, mortgage lenders, credit card companies, and other financing companies. (Also commonly referred to as consumer-reporting agency or credit-reporting agency.) Source: OCC
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Dangerous condition: means a condition of property that creates a substantial (as distinguished from a minor, trivial or insignificant) risk of injury when such property or adjacent property is used with due care in a manner in which it is reasonably foreseeable that it will be used. See California Government Code 830
  • Dealer: means any person who is a dealer within the meaning of Section 18002. See California Civil Code 1797.1
  • debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declared homestead: means the dwelling described in a homestead declaration. See California Code of Civil Procedure 704.910
  • Declared homestead owner: includes both of the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 704.910

  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 37
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Corporations Code 5047
  • Disabled person: means a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposable earnings: means the portion of an individual's earnings that remains after deducting all amounts required to be withheld by law. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Disrupting the normal functioning of a health care facility: means intentionally rendering or attempting to render a health care facility temporarily or permanently unavailable or unusable by a licensed health practitioner, the facility's staff, or patients. See California Civil Code 3427
  • dissenting interest: means the interest of a limited partner that satisfies all of the following conditions:

    California Corporations Code 15911.21

  • dissenting limited partner: means the recordholder of a dissenting interest, and includes an assignee of record of such an interest. See California Corporations Code 15911.21
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Fish and Game Code 41
  • Domestic violence: means abuse committed against an adult or a minor who is a spouse, former spouse, cohabitant, former cohabitant, or person with whom the suspect has had a child or is having or has had a dating or engagement relationship. See California Penal Code 13700
  • Dwelling: means a place where a person resides and may include but is not limited to the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 704.710

  • Dwelling: means any interest in real property (whether present or future, vested or contingent, legal or equitable) that is a "dwelling" as defined in Section 704. See California Code of Civil Procedure 704.910
  • Earnings: means compensation payable by an employer to an employee for personal services performed by such employee, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Earnings assignment order for support: means an order, made pursuant to Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of Division 9 of the Family Code or Section 3088 of the Probate Code, which requires an employer to withhold earnings for support. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Earnings withholding order for elder or dependent adult financial abuse: means an earnings withholding order, made pursuant to Article 5 (commencing with Section 706. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means a public officer and any individual who performs services subject to the right of the employer to control both what shall be done and how it shall be done. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Employer: means a person for whom an individual performs services as an employee. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Employment purposes: when used in connection with a consumer credit report, means a report used for the purpose of evaluating a consumer for employment, promotion, reassignment, or retention as an employee. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • employment purposes: when used in connection with an investigative consumer report, means a report used for the purpose of evaluating a consumer for employment, promotion, reassignment, or retention as an employee. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • field representative: refers to "structural pest control field representative. See California Business and Professions Code 8507
  • File: when used in connection with information on any consumer, means all of the information on that consumer recorded and retained by a consumer credit reporting agency, regardless of how the information is stored. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • file: when used in connection with information on any consumer, means all of the information on that consumer recorded and retained by an investigative consumer reporting agency regardless of how the information is stored. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which (A) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods, (B) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease, and (C) one of the following occurs:

    California Commercial Code 10103

  • Fine art: means a painting, sculpture, drawing, work of graphic art (including an etching, lithograph, offset print, silk screen, or a work of graphic art of like nature), a work of calligraphy, or a work in mixed media (including a collage, assemblage, or any combination of the foregoing art media). See California Civil Code 1738
  • Firm offer of credit: means any offer of credit to a consumer that will be honored if, based on information in a consumer credit report on the consumer and other information bearing on the creditworthiness of the consumer, the consumer is determined to meet the criteria used to select the consumer for the offer and the consumer is able to provide any real property collateral specified in the offer. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Fiscal year: means a year beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30 unless the local public entity has adopted a different fiscal year as authorized by law, in which case "fiscal year" means the fiscal year adopted by such local public entity. See California Government Code 970
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Fish and Game Code 45
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Fish and Game Code 94

  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • franchise: means a franchise granted by a public entity and all the rights and privileges thereof, other than the franchise of being a corporation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.910
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Goods: means tangible chattels bought or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, including certificates or coupons exchangeable for these goods, and including goods that, at the time of the sale or subsequently, are to be so affixed to real property as to become a part of real property, whether or not they are severable from the real property. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 10309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Governing board: means board of school trustees, community college board of trustees, and city, and city and county board of education. See California Education Code 78
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • grey market goods: means consumer goods bearing a trademark and normally accompanied by an express written warranty valid in the United States of America which are imported into the United States through channels other than the manufacturer's authorized United States distributor and which are not accompanied by the manufacturer's express written warranty valid in the United States. See California Civil Code 1797.8
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Health care facility: means a facility that provides health care services directly to patients, including, but not limited to, a hospital, clinic, licensed health practitioner's office, health maintenance organization, diagnostic or treatment center, neuropsychiatric or mental health facility, hospice, or nursing home. See California Civil Code 3427
  • Home solicitation: means a transaction made at the consumer's primary residence, except those transactions initiated by the consumer. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Homestead: means the principal dwelling (1) in which the judgment debtor or the judgment debtor's spouse resided on the date the judgment creditor's lien attached to the dwelling, and (2) in which the judgment debtor or the judgment debtor's spouse resided continuously thereafter until the date of the court determination that the dwelling is a homestead. See California Code of Civil Procedure 704.710
  • Homestead declaration: includes both of the following:

    California Code of Civil Procedure 704.910

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Improper means: includes theft, bribery, misrepresentation, breach or inducement of a breach of a duty to maintain secrecy, or espionage through electronic or other means. See California Civil Code 3426.1
  • Indebtedness: means the net obligations of a county arising from contract or through the operation of law, other than short-term operational expenses, but including and not limited to obligations arising under general obligation bonds, leases, joint powers agreements, and similar obligations or contracts entered into by the county prior to the date on which a petition is filed. See California Government Code 23301
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Insolvent: means :

    California Commercial Code 1201

  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • insurance fund: means the California Housing Loan Insurance Fund, which is hereby created. See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • Insured loan: means a loan insured pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 51650). See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • investigative consumer report: means a consumer report in which information on a consumer's character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living is obtained through any means. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • investigative consumer reporting agency: means any person who, for monetary fees or dues, engages in whole or in part in the practice of collecting, assembling, evaluating, compiling, reporting, transmitting, transferring, or communicating information concerning consumers for the purposes of furnishing investigative consumer reports to third parties, but does not include any governmental agency whose records are maintained primarily for traffic safety, law enforcement, or licensing purposes, or any licensed insurance agent, insurance broker, or solicitor, insurer, or life insurance agent. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Item of information: means any of one or more informative entries in a credit report which causes a creditor to deny credit to an applicant or increase the cost of credit to an applicant or deny an applicant a checking account with a bank or other financial institution. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Judgment: means a final judgment for the payment of money rendered against a local public entity. See California Government Code 970
  • Judgment debtor: includes a person from whom the state is seeking to collect a tax liability under Article 4 (commencing with Section 706. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this division. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this division and any other applicable rules of law. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • Licensee: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.8
  • Limited edition: means fine art multiples produced from a master, all of which are the same image and bear numbers or other markings to denote the limited production thereof to a stated maximum number of multiples, or are otherwise held out as limited to a maximum number of multiples. See California Civil Code 1740
  • Local public entity: includes a county, city, district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision or public corporation in the state, but does not include the Regents of the University of California and does not include the state or any office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency of the state claims against which are paid by warrants drawn by the Controller. See California Government Code 970
  • Local taxing entity: means a local public entity that has the power to levy ad valorem taxes, or ad valorem assessments, upon property within the territory of the entity. See California Government Code 975
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • Major life activities: means functions that include caring for one's self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning, and working. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Marine finfish aquaculture: means the propagation, cultivation, or maintenance of finfish species in the waters of the Pacific Ocean that are regulated by this state. See California Fish and Game Code 54.5
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • medical information: means information on a person's medical history or condition obtained directly or indirectly from a licensed physician, medical practitioner, hospital, clinic, or other medical or medically related facility. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Misappropriation: means :

    California Civil Code 3426.1

  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Civil Code 14
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motion picture: means any motion picture, regardless of length or content, which is exhibited in a motion picture theater to paying customers, or is exhibited on television to paying customers or under the sponsorship of a paying advertiser. See California Civil Code 3504
  • Multifamily residential housing: means an improvement on real estate which is a building or buildings containing five or more residential units. See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
  • Officer: means any officer or employee of a local police department or sheriff's office, and any peace officer of the Department of the California Highway Patrol, the Department of Parks and Recreation, the University of California Police Department, or the California State University and College Police Departments, as defined in Section 830. See California Penal Code 13700
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • operator: refers to "structural pest control operator. See California Business and Professions Code 8506
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • other information bearing on the creditworthiness of the consumer: means information that the person making the offer is permitted to consider pursuant to any rule, regulation, or formal written policy statement relating to the federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, as amended (15 U. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 19
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or other group, however organized. See California Civil Code 1738
  • Person: includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership or other unincorporated association, a limited liability company, and a public entity. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.011
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other entity, however organized. See California Civil Code 1740
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Fish and Game Code 67
  • person: as used in this title shall not be construed to require duplicative reporting by any individual, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government, or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity involved in the same transaction. See California Civil Code 1786.2
  • Person: means individuals, corporations, associations, partnerships, limited liability companies, trustees, lessees, agents and assignees. See California Civil Code 3504
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Civil Code 3426.1
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 4927
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Penal Code 7
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Civil Code 14
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 56515

  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: means "persons and families of low or moderate income" as defined in Section 50093. See California Health and Safety Code 51603
  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: includes very low income households, as defined in Section 50105, extremely low income households, as defined in Section 50106, and lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Health and Safety Code 50093
  • pest control: as used in this chapter are synonymous. See California Business and Professions Code 8505
  • Physical or mental impairment: includes , but is not limited to, diseases and conditions that include orthopedic, visual, speech, and hearing impairment, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, intellectual disability, and emotional illness. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Prequalifying report: means a report containing the limited information permitted under paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 1785. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal county: means the county from which it is proposed that territory with the greatest proportion of assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, relative to the total amount of taxable property within the boundaries of a proposed county, is to be transferred to create, in part, that proposed county. See California Government Code 23301
  • Principal county: means the county with the greatest proportion of assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, to the total amount of taxable property in the county. See California Government Code 23501
  • print: means a multiple produced by, but not limited to, engraving, etching, woodcutting, lithography, and serigraphy, and means multiples produced or developed from photographic negatives, or any combination thereof. See California Civil Code 1740
  • prisoner: means any person committed to a state prison, including a person who has been transferred to any other facility, has escaped, or is otherwise absent, but does not include a person while on parole. See California Penal Code 4754
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Government Code 22
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Proofs: means multiples which are the same as, and which are produced from the same master as, the multiples in a limited edition, but which, whether so designated or not, are set aside from and are in addition to the limited edition to which they relate. See California Civil Code 1740
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Civil Code 14
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See California Penal Code 7
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protect against: includes repairing, remedying or correcting a dangerous condition, providing safeguards against a dangerous condition, or warning of a dangerous condition. See California Government Code 830
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public entity: means the state, a county, city, district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision in the state. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • reviewing the account: includes activities related to account maintenance and monitoring, credit line increases, and account upgrades and enhancements. See California Civil Code 1785.3
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • sale: includes a lease of more than four months. See California Civil Code 1797.8
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 35
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 75
  • Senior citizen: means a person who is 65 years of age or older. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services: means work, labor, and services for other than a commercial or business use, including services furnished in connection with the sale or repair of goods. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Corporations Code 17
  • solar collector: includes a fixed device, structure, or part of a device or structure that is used primarily to transform solar energy into thermal, chemical, or electrical energy and that is installed on the ground because a solar collector cannot be installed on the roof of the building receiving the energy due to inappropriate roofing material, slope of the roof, structural shading, or orientation of the building. See California Public Resources Code 25981
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Penal Code 7
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Corporations Code 12.2
  • Spouse: means a "spouse" as defined in Section 704. See California Code of Civil Procedure 704.910
  • State: means the State of California. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Fish and Game Code 83
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the territories, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Penal Code 7
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Public Utilities Code 17
  • State: means the State of California and includes any officer, department, board, or agency thereof. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.070
  • State agency: means a state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency claims against which are paid by warrants drawn by the Controller. See California Code of Civil Procedure 708.710
  • State office building project: means any work of construction, restoration, rehabilitation, renovation, or reconstruction of a state office building that is performed pursuant to Article 5. See California Public Resources Code 21189.50
  • State tax liability: means an amount for which the state has a state tax lien as defined in Section 7162 of the Government Code excluding a state tax lien created pursuant to the Fish and Game Code. See California Code of Civil Procedure 706.070
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Fish and Game Code 98.5
  • Structural pest control applicator: is a ny individual who is licensed by the board to apply pesticides in Branch 2 or Branch 3 on behalf of a registered company. See California Business and Professions Code 8507.1
  • Structural pest control field representative: is a ny individual who is licensed by the board to secure structural pest control work, identify infestations or infections, make inspections, apply pesticides, submit bids for or otherwise contract, on behalf of a registered company. See California Business and Professions Code 8507
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Fish and Game Code 73
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See California Commercial Code 10103
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Fish and Game Code 86
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Trade secret: means information, including a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique, or process, that:

    California Civil Code 3426.1

  • Transaction: means an agreement between a consumer and another person, whether or not the agreement is a contract enforceable by action, and includes the making of, and the performance pursuant to, that agreement. See California Civil Code 1761
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferring county: means the county from which territory is, or is proposed to be, transferred by reason of a county boundary change. See California Government Code 23231
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Victim: means a person who is a victim of domestic violence. See California Penal Code 13700
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Fish and Game Code 89.5
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • will: includes codicil. See California Penal Code 7
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Commercial Code 1201