|Article 1||Certiorari||12-2001 – 12-2007|
|Article 2||Mandamus||12-2021 – 12-2030|
|Article 3||Quo Warranto||12-2041 – 12-2045|
Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 12 > Chapter 11 - Extraordinary Legal Remedies
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Association: means a corporation organized under this article. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
- Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of such water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Business trust: means an unincorporated association or trust of the type which at common law was known as a "business trust" or "Massachusetts trust" created by an instrument under which property is held and managed by trustees for the benefit and profit of such persons as are or may become the holders of transferable certificates evidencing beneficial interests in the trust estate. See Arizona Laws 10-1871
- Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Delivery: means actual receipt by the person or entity to which directed and for electronic transmissions means receipt as described in section 44-7015, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
- Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
- Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Division: means the animal services division of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
- Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:
- Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Livestock: means cattle, equine, sheep, goats and swine, except feral pigs. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
- Livestock officer: means an animal health and welfare officer, animal health and welfare inspector or investigator employed by the department. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
- Member: includes members of associations. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
- Membership: refers to the rights and obligations a member or members have pursuant to a corporation's articles of incorporation and bylaws and chapters 24 through 40 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Treasurer: means that officer designated as the treasurer in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of treasurer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- trustees: means individuals, designated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and individuals elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the board. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
- Writ: means an order or precept in writing issued in the name of the state or by a court or judicial officer. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
- Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
- written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140