Sections
Article 1 Transportation Board 28-301 – 28-307
Article 2 Department of Transportation 28-331 – 28-338
Article 3 Director of the Department of Transportation 28-361 – 28-376
Article 4 Agreements 28-401 – 28-413
Article 5 Records 28-440 – 28-458
Article 7 Transportation Planning 28-501 – 28-507

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 28 > Chapter 2

  • Abuse: means the infliction or allowing of physical injury, impairment of bodily function or disfigurement or the infliction of or allowing another person to cause serious emotional damage as evidenced by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or untoward aggressive behavior and which emotional damage is diagnosed by a medical doctor or psychologist and is caused by the acts or omissions of an individual who has the care, custody and control of a child. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Accused: means a juvenile who is referred to juvenile court for committing a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adult: means a person who is eighteen years of age or older. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative fuel: means :

    (a) Electricity. See Arizona Laws 1-215

  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: means the actual custodial restraint or temporary custody of a person. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Board: means the transportation board. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: means a written statement of the essential facts constituting a public offense that is any of the following:

    (a) Made on an oath before a judge or commissioner of the superior court or an authorized juvenile hearing officer. See Arizona Laws 8-201

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: means :

    (a) An unvacated adjudication of guilt or a determination that a person violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or by an authorized administrative tribunal. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • County highway: means a public road that is constructed and maintained by a county. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means a person who is engaged in the business of buying, selling or exchanging motor vehicles, trailers or semitrailers and who has an established place of business and has paid fees pursuant to section 28-4302. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delinquency proceeding: means any hearing, argument or other matter that is scheduled or held by a juvenile court judge, commissioner or hearing officer and that relates to an alleged or adjudicated delinquent offense. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Delinquent: means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Delinquent act: means an act to which this article applies pursuant to section 8-381. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Department: means the department of transportation acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Department: means the department of child safety. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Detention: means the temporary confinement of a juvenile who requires secure care in a physically restricting facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress for the protection of the juvenile or the community pending court disposition or as a condition of probation. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Detention hearing: means the accused's initial appearance before the court to determine release before adjudication. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Director: means the director of the department of transportation. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • division: means the transportation planning division established by section 28-332, subsection C. See Arizona Laws 28-501
  • Driver: means a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Driver license: means a license that is issued by a state to an individual and that authorizes the individual to drive a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Duplicate: means a counterpart produced by any of the following:

    (a) The same impression or from the same matrix as the original. See Arizona Laws 28-440

  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic signature: means an electronic sound, symbol or process attached to or logically associated with a document and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the document. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Evidence: includes both of the following:

    (a) A display on a wireless communication device of a department-generated driver license, nonoperating identification license, vehicle registration card or other official record of the department that is presented to a law enforcement officer or in a court or an administrative proceeding. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Express consent: means consent in writing, including consent that is conveyed electronically and that bears an electronic signature. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Final disposition: means the ultimate termination of the delinquency proceeding by a court, including dismissal, acquittal, transfer to adult court or imposition of a disposition after an adjudication for a delinquent offense. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number and medical or disability information. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way if a part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Immediate family: means a victim's spouse, parent, child, sibling, grandparent or lawful guardian. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Lawful representative: means a person who is designated by the victim or appointed by the court and who will act in the best interests of the victim. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing motor vehicles, trailers or semitrailers. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Motor vehicle record: means any record that pertains to a driver license or permit, vehicle registration, vehicle title or identification document issued by the department or its duly authorized third parties, agents or contractors that are authorized to issue any of those documents. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident of this state as defined in section 28-2001. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Operator: means a person who drives a motor vehicle on a highway, who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Opt in: means a customer of the department has provided express consent to the department to allow the release of the customer's personal information, including highly restricted personal information, in a form prescribed by the director. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Owner: means :

    (a) A person who holds the legal title of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Peace officers: means sheriffs of counties, constables, marshals, policemen of cities and towns, commissioned personnel of the department of public safety, personnel who are employed by the state department of corrections and the department of juvenile corrections and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a multicounty water conservation district and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by community college district governing boards and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the Arizona board of regents and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the governing body of a public airport pursuant to section 28-8426 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a private postsecondary institution pursuant to section 15-1897 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board and special agents from the office of the attorney general, or of a county attorney, and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual and that includes an individual's photograph, social security number, driver identification number, name, address, telephone number and medical or disability information. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Postadjudication release: means release on probation, intensive probation, work furlough, community supervision or home detention, release on conditional liberty pursuant to section 41-2818 by the department of juvenile corrections or any other permanent, conditional or temporary release from confinement, discharge or completion of commitment by the department of juvenile corrections, a sheriff, a municipal jail, a juvenile detention center, a residential treatment facility or a secure mental health facility. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public transit: means the transportation of passengers on scheduled routes by means of a conveyance on an individual passenger fare-paying basis excluding transportation by a sightseeing bus, school bus or taxi or a vehicle not operated on a scheduled route basis. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Release: means no longer in the custody of the custodial agency and includes transfer from one custodial agency to another custodial agency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right-of-way: when used within the context of the regulation of the movement of traffic on a highway means the privilege of the immediate use of the highway. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Rights: means any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • State highway: means a state route or portion of a state route that is accepted and designated by the board as a state highway and that is maintained by the state. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • State route: means a right-of-way whether actually used as a highway or not that is designated by the board as a location for the construction of a state highway. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Vehicle history report: means a report that is developed to track the registration and total loss history of a particular vehicle and includes odometer readings and brand codes, title brand codes and any related vehicle data. See Arizona Laws 28-440
  • Victim: means a person against whom the delinquent act was committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent or sibling, any other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or any other lawful representative of the person, except if the person or the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent, sibling, other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or other lawful representative is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Arizona Laws 8-382