Article 1 General Provisions 28-1301 – 28-1304
Article 2 Implied Consent and Tests 28-1321 – 28-1327
Article 3 Driving Under the Influence 28-1381 – 28-1390
Article 3.1 Special Ignition Interlock Restricted Driver Licenses 28-1401 – 28-1403
Article 4 Judicial and Administrative Provisions 28-1441 – 28-1445
Article 5 Ignition Interlock Devices 28-1461 – 28-1469

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 28 > Chapter 4 - Driving Under the Influence

  • Abuse: means the infliction or allowing of physical injury, impairment of bodily function or disfigurement or the infliction of or allowing another person to cause serious emotional damage as evidenced by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or untoward aggressive behavior and which emotional damage is diagnosed by a medical doctor or psychologist and is caused by the acts or omissions of an individual who has the care, custody and control of a child. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Accused: means a juvenile who is referred to juvenile court for committing a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
  • Alcohol: means any substance containing any form of alcohol, including ethanol, methanol, propynol and isopropynol. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Board: means the transportation board. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Bus: means a motor vehicle designed for carrying sixteen or more passengers, including the driver. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Certified ignition interlock device: means an ignition interlock device that is certified pursuant to article 5 of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • circumvention: means an attempted or successful bypass of the proper functioning of a certified ignition interlock device and includes all of the following:

    (a) The bump start of a motor vehicle with a certified ignition interlock device. See Arizona Laws 28-1301

  • Commercial motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle either:

    (a) Has a gross combined weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds inclusive of a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand pounds. See Arizona Laws 28-1301

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means :

    (a) An unvacated adjudication of guilt or a determination that a person violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or by an authorized administrative tribunal. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Crime victim advocate: means a person who is employed or authorized by a public or private entity to provide counseling, treatment or other supportive assistance to crime victims. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delinquent: means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Delinquent act: means an act to which this article applies pursuant to section 8-381. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Department: means the department of transportation acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Director: means the director of the department of transportation. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Drive: means to operate or be in actual physical control of a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Driver: means a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Driver license: means a license that is issued by a state to an individual and that authorizes the individual to drive a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Education: means a program in which a person participates in at least sixteen hours of classroom instruction relating to alcohol or other drugs. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Evidence: includes both of the following:

    (a) A display on a wireless communication device of a department-generated driver license, nonoperating identification license, vehicle registration card or other official record of the department that is presented to a law enforcement officer or in a court or an administrative proceeding. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Final disposition: means the ultimate termination of the delinquency proceeding by a court, including dismissal, acquittal, transfer to adult court or imposition of a disposition after an adjudication for a delinquent offense. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way if a part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Ignition interlock device: means a device that is based on alcohol specific electrochemical fuel sensor technology that meets the national highway traffic safety administration specifications, that connects a breath analyzer to a motor vehicle's ignition system, that is constantly available to monitor the concentration by weight of alcohol in the breath of any person attempting to start the motor vehicle by using its ignition system and that deters starting the motor vehicle by use of its ignition system unless the person attempting to start the motor vehicle provides an appropriate breath sample for the device and the device determines that the concentration by weight of alcohol in the person's breath is below a preset level. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Ignition interlock service provider: means a person who is an authorized representative of a manufacturer and who is under contract with the department to install or oversee the installation of ignition interlock devices by the provider's authorized agents or subcontractors and to provide services to the public related to ignition interlock devices. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Immediate family: means a victim's spouse, parent, child, sibling, grandparent or lawful guardian. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile defendant: means a juvenile against whom a petition is filed seeking to have the juvenile adjudicated delinquent. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • License: means any license, temporary instruction permit or temporary license issued under the laws of this state or any other state pertaining to the licensing of persons to operate motor vehicles. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Manufacturer: means a person or an organization that is located in the United States, that is responsible for the design, construction or production of an ignition interlock device and that is certified by the department to offer ignition interlock devices for installation in motor vehicles in this state. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident of this state as defined in section 28-2001. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Operator: means a person who drives a motor vehicle on a highway, who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means :

    (a) A person who holds the legal title of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Release: means no longer in the custody of the custodial agency and includes transfer from one custodial agency to another custodial agency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Rights: means any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Rolling retest: means a breath alcohol test that is required of a person at random intervals after the motor vehicle is started and that is in addition to the initial test required to start the motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Screening: means a preliminary interview and assessment of an offender to determine if the offender requires alcohol or other drug education or treatment. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • State: means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Tampering: means an overt or conscious attempt to physically disable or otherwise disconnect the certified ignition interlock device from its power source that allows the operator to start the engine without taking and passing the requisite breath test. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Traffic survival school: means a school that offers educational sessions to drivers who are required to attend and successfully complete educational sessions pursuant to this title that are designed to improve the safety and habits of drivers and that are approved by the department. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Treatment: means a program consisting of at least twenty hours of participation in a group setting dealing with alcohol or other drugs in addition to the sixteen hours of education. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Truck: means a motor vehicle designed or used primarily for the carrying of property other than the effects of the driver or passengers and includes a motor vehicle to which has been added a box, a platform or other equipment for such carrying. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Victim: means a person against whom the delinquent act was committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent or sibling, any other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or any other lawful representative of the person, except if the person or the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent, sibling, other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or other lawful representative is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.