Sections
Article 1 General Provisions 28-1301 – 28-1304
Article 2 Implied Consent and Tests 28-1321 – 28-1327
Article 3 Driving Under the Influence 28-1381 – 28-1390
Article 3.1 Special Ignition Interlock Restricted Driver Licenses 28-1401 – 28-1403
Article 4 Judicial and Administrative Provisions 28-1441 – 28-1445
Article 5 Ignition Interlock Devices 28-1461 – 28-1469

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 28 > Chapter 4

  • Accused: means a juvenile who is referred to juvenile court for committing a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Alcohol: means any substance containing any form of alcohol, including ethanol, methanol, propynol and isopropynol. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Board: means the transportation board. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Bus: means a motor vehicle designed for carrying sixteen or more passengers, including the driver. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Certified ignition interlock device: means an ignition interlock device that is certified pursuant to article 5 of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • circumvention: means an attempted or successful bypass of the proper functioning of a certified ignition interlock device and includes all of the following:

    (a) The bump start of a motor vehicle with a certified ignition interlock device. See Arizona Laws 28-1301

  • Commercial motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles used to transport passengers or property if the motor vehicle either:

    (a) Has a gross combined weight rating of twenty-six thousand one or more pounds inclusive of a towed unit with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than ten thousand pounds. See Arizona Laws 28-1301

  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: means :

    (a) An unvacated adjudication of guilt or a determination that a person violated or failed to comply with the law in a court of original jurisdiction or by an authorized administrative tribunal. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Crime victim advocate: means a person who is employed or authorized by a public or private entity to provide counseling, treatment or other supportive assistance to crime victims. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delinquent: means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Delinquent act: means an act to which this article applies pursuant to section 8-381. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Department: means the department of transportation acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Director: means the director of the department of transportation. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Drive: means to operate or be in actual physical control of a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Driver: means a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Driver license: means a license that is issued by a state to an individual and that authorizes the individual to drive a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Education: means a program in which a person participates in at least sixteen hours of classroom instruction relating to alcohol or other drugs. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Evidence: includes both of the following:

    (a) A display on a wireless communication device of a department-generated driver license, nonoperating identification license, vehicle registration card or other official record of the department that is presented to a law enforcement officer or in a court or an administrative proceeding. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way if a part of the way is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Ignition interlock device: means a device that is based on alcohol specific electrochemical fuel sensor technology that meets the national highway traffic safety administration specifications, that connects a breath analyzer to a motor vehicle's ignition system, that is constantly available to monitor the concentration by weight of alcohol in the breath of any person attempting to start the motor vehicle by using its ignition system and that deters starting the motor vehicle by use of its ignition system unless the person attempting to start the motor vehicle provides an appropriate breath sample for the device and the device determines that the concentration by weight of alcohol in the person's breath is below a preset level. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Ignition interlock service provider: means a person who is an authorized representative of a manufacturer and who is under contract with the department to install or oversee the installation of ignition interlock devices by the provider's authorized agents or subcontractors and to provide services to the public related to ignition interlock devices. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Immediate family: means a victim's spouse, parent, child, sibling, grandparent or lawful guardian. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile defendant: means a juvenile against whom a petition is filed seeking to have the juvenile adjudicated delinquent. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • License: means any license, temporary instruction permit or temporary license issued under the laws of this state or any other state pertaining to the licensing of persons to operate motor vehicles. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing motor vehicles, trailers or semitrailers. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Manufacturer: means a person or an organization that is located in the United States, that is responsible for the design, construction or production of an ignition interlock device and that is certified by the department to offer ignition interlock devices for installation in motor vehicles in this state. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident of this state as defined in section 28-2001. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Operator: means a person who drives a motor vehicle on a highway, who is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means :

    (a) A person who holds the legal title of a vehicle. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Release: means no longer in the custody of the custodial agency and includes transfer from one custodial agency to another custodial agency. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Rights: means any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • School bus: means a motor vehicle that is designed for carrying more than ten passengers and that is either:

    (a) Owned by any public or governmental agency or other institution and operated for the transportation of children to or from home or school on a regularly scheduled basis. See Arizona Laws 28-101

  • Screening: means a preliminary interview and assessment of an offender to determine if the offender requires alcohol or other drug education or treatment. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • State: means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Tampering: means an overt or conscious attempt to physically disable or otherwise disconnect the certified ignition interlock device from its power source that allows the operator to start the engine without taking and passing the requisite breath test. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Traffic survival school: means a school that offers educational sessions to drivers who are required to attend and successfully complete educational sessions pursuant to this title that are designed to improve the safety and habits of drivers and that are approved by the department. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Treatment: means a program consisting of at least twenty hours of participation in a group setting dealing with alcohol or other drugs in addition to the sixteen hours of education. See Arizona Laws 28-1301
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Truck: means a motor vehicle designed or used primarily for the carrying of property other than the effects of the driver or passengers and includes a motor vehicle to which has been added a box, a platform or other equipment for such carrying. See Arizona Laws 28-101
  • Victim: means a person against whom the delinquent act was committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent or sibling, any other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or any other lawful representative of the person, except if the person or the person's spouse, parent, child, grandparent, sibling, other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree or other lawful representative is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Arizona Laws 8-382
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.