Chapter 1 Application of Part
Chapter 2 Jurisdiction
Chapter 3 Procedural Provisions
Chapter 3.5 Attorney’s Fees and Costs
Chapter 4 Protective and Restraining Orders
Chapter 5 Notice to Insurance Carriers
Chapter 6 Employee Pension Benefit Plan as Party
Chapter 7 Restoration of Wife’s Former Name
Chapter 8 Uniform Divorce Recognition Act
Chapter 9 Disclosure of Assets and Liabilities
Chapter 10 Relief From Judgment

Terms Used In California Codes > Family Code > Division 6 > Part 1 - GENERAL PROVISIONS

  • Administrative director: means the Administrative Director of the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Labor Code 110
  • Administrator: means the senior executive appointed to operate a home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Labor Code 18.5
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Labor Code 110
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appliance repair industry: means those activities defined in paragraph (4) of subdivision (f). See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 70032
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 301

  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69999.8
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to Section 69984. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Department of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Business and Professions Code 31
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Labor Code 140
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Household Goods and Services. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.4
  • California resident: means a person who would not be required to pay nonresident tuition under Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 68000) of Part 41. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.5
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • classified members: shall mean members who retain membership under this system while employed with a school employer in positions not subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program under the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Government Code 20636.1
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70027
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70032
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community estate: includes both community property and quasi-community property. See California Family Code 63
  • compensation: means the remuneration paid out of funds controlled by the employer in payment for the member's services performed during normal working hours or for time during which the member is excused from work because of any of the following:

    California Government Code 20630

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes city and county. See California Food and Agricultural Code 29
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • County: includes city and county. See California Family Code 67
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Date of separation: means the date that a complete and final break in the marital relationship has occurred, as evidenced by both of the following:

    California Family Code 70

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 32
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 20
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 19
  • Department: means the Department of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 20
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.1
  • Disability: means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of Section 12926 of the Government Code. See California Elections Code 354.5
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the Division of Workers' Compensation. See California Labor Code 110
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Elections Code 320

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
  • Electronic repair industry: means those activities defined in paragraph (1), (2), or (3) of subdivision (f). See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.9
  • Employee benefit plan: includes public and private retirement, pension, annuity, savings, profit sharing, stock bonus, stock option, thrift, vacation pay, and similar plans of deferred or fringe benefit compensation, whether of the defined contribution or defined benefit type whether or not such plan is qualified under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (P. See California Family Code 80
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.8
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expected family contribution: means a student's expected family contribution calculated, pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 69506, according to the federal methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • final settlement pay: means pay or cash conversions of employee benefits that are in excess of compensation earnable, that are granted or awarded to a member in connection with, or in anticipation of, a separation from employment. See California Government Code 20636
  • Financial need: means a student's financial need calculated pursuant to the federal financial need methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the California Memorial Scholarship Fund established pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Graduate program: means a program of study leading to a graduate or professional degree, including, but not limited to, a teaching credential, the prerequisite for which is a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree. See California Education Code 70032
  • group or class of employment: means a number of employees considered together because they share similarities in job duties, work location, collective bargaining unit, or other logical work-related grouping. See California Government Code 20636
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health benefits trust: means the California Association of Highway Patrolmen Health Benefits Trust, the Peace Officers Research Association of California Health Benefits Trust, the California Correctional Peace Officers Association Health Benefits Trust, or a self-funded, partially self-funded, or minimum premium plan administered by the board under this part. See California Government Code 22946
  • Home: means any facility operated by the department for the provision of long-term care, assisted living, adult day health, independent living, or other health care services to eligible veterans. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Income and expense declaration: means the form for an income and expense declaration in family law matters adopted by the Judicial Council. See California Family Code 95
  • Instructional program: means a program of study that results in the award of a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate certificate, or undergraduate coursework in a program of study leading directly to a first professional degree for which no baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree is awarded. See California Education Code 70032
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Labor Code 21
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter and includes, but is not limited to, private patrol operator and armored contract carrier. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.6
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local election: is a municipal, county, or district election. See California Elections Code 328
  • manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.7
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
  • Medical director: means the physician appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 122. See California Labor Code 110
  • Member: means a veteran or nonveteran spouse or domestic partner who has been admitted to residency at a veterans' home. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Family Code 100
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Participant: means an employee, annuitant, or family member who is a member of a health benefits trust and who is injured by, or due to the actions or inactions of, a third person, and includes any other person to whom a claim accrues by reason of the injury or death of the employee, annuitant, or family member. See California Government Code 22946
  • Participant: means a surviving dependent of a California resident killed as a result of injuries sustained during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, who has executed, or on whose behalf has been executed, an agreement pursuant to Section 70011. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Participating institution: means any campus of the California State University or the University of California that elects to participate in the DREAM Program pursuant to the requirements specified for a qualifying institution as set forth in this article. See California Education Code 70032
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • Payrate: means the normal monthly rate of pay or base pay of the member paid in cash to similarly situated members of the same group or class of employment for services rendered on a full-time basis during normal working hours, pursuant to publicly available pay schedules. See California Government Code 20636
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Food and Agricultural Code 38
  • Person: includes a firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 9801
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Labor Code 18
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Family Code 105
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.3
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Family Code 126
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Family Code 110
  • Program: means the California Memorial Scholarship Program established pursuant to Section 70010. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Property: includes real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Family Code 113
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Qualified medical evaluator: means physicians appointed by the administrative director pursuant to Section 139. See California Labor Code 110
  • Quasi-community property: means all real or personal property, wherever situated, acquired before or after the operative date of this code in any of the following ways:

    California Family Code 125

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Respondent: includes defendant, where appropriate. See California Family Code 127
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Roster: means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. See California Elections Code 349.5
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 70032
  • Scholarship: means a participant's account as established by the board with moneys deposited in the fund. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 35
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Labor Code 19.5
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Veterans Affairs. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Service contractor: means a service contract administrator or a service contract seller. See California Business and Professions Code 9855
  • Service dealer: means a person who, for compensation, engages in, or holds himself or herself out to the public as offering services in the business of:

    California Business and Professions Code 9801

  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Family Code 142
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Labor Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Military and Veterans Code 19
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Family Code 143
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 23
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Business and Professions Code 21
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Family Code 145
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Food and Agricultural Code 49
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Business and Professions Code 15
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Labor Code 17
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Family Code 150
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Third party: means any tortfeasor or alleged tortfeasor against whom the participant asserts a claim for injury or death. See California Government Code 22946
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veteran: means a person who is eligible for benefits under this chapter. See California Military and Veterans Code 1010
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Labor Code 22
  • visually impaired: means a person having central visual acuity not to exceed 20-200 in the better eye, with corrected lenses, or visual acuity greater than 20-200, but with a limitation in the field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends at an angle of not greater than 20 degrees. See California Elections Code 2051
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.