§ 170 Action for divorce
§ 170-A Special action
§ 171 When divorce denied, although adultery proved
§ 172 Co-respondent as party
§ 173 Jury trial
§ 175 Legitimacy of children

Terms Used In New York Laws > Domestic Relations > Article 10 - Action for Divorce

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Designated felony act: means an act which, if done by an adult, would be a crime:
    (i) defined in sections 125. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dispositional hearing: means a hearing to determine whether the respondent requires supervision, treatment or confinement. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fact-finding hearing: means a hearing to determine whether the respondent or respondents committed the crime or crimes alleged in the petition or petitions. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presentment agency: means the agency or authority which pursuant to section two hundred fifty-four or two hundred fifty-four-a is responsible for presenting a juvenile delinquency petition. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Respondent: means the person against whom a juvenile delinquency petition is filed pursuant to section 310. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.