Chapter 1 Organization
Chapter 2 Fiscal Duties and Powers
Chapter 3 Other Powers and Duties
Chapter 4 Buildings of the Department of Agriculture
Chapter 5 Foreign Trade Practices
Chapter 6 State Agricultural Policy
Chapter 8 Agriculture Theft Prevention
Chapter 9 False, Deceptive, or Misleading Marketing

Terms Used In California Codes > Food and Agricultural Code > Division 1 > Part 1

  • Abandoned excavation: means any abandoned mining shaft, pit, well, septic tank, cesspool, or other abandoned excavation dangerous to persons legally on the premises where the abandoned excavation is located or to minors under the age of 12 years. See California Government Code 50230
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Account: when used to mean a contract of deposit of funds between a depositor and a financial institution, includes a checking account, savings account, certificate of deposit, share account, mutual capital certificate, and other like arrangements. See California Government Code 21254
  • Account: means an arrangement under a terms-of-service agreement in which the custodian carries, maintains, processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of the user or provides goods or services to the user. See California Government Code 21385
  • Account in an insured credit union: means a share account in a credit union, either federally chartered or state licensed, that is insured under Title II of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U. See California Government Code 21255
  • Account in an insured savings and loan association: means a savings account or mutual capital certificate of either of the following:

    California Government Code 21256

  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Education Code 17524
  • Adequate progress: means all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 4730.9

  • Administrative fund: means the funds used to administer this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Administrative officer: means the chief administrative officer, county administrator, county executive, county manager, or other officials employed in the several counties under various titles whose duties and responsibilities are comparable to the officials named herein. See California Government Code 21419
  • Adopted budget: means the budget document formally approved by the board of supervisors after the required public hearings and deliberations on the recommended budget. See California Government Code 21419
  • Advisory body: means the advisory body for each individual agriculture program. See California Education Code 69767
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agriculture programs: means the programs specified in Section 221, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 5301) of Division 4, Sections 6037, 6038, and 9641. See California Education Code 69767
  • Airport: means any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard: means any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking off at an airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking off of aircraft. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Airport hazard area: means any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this article. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Auditor: means the county auditor or that officer whose responsibilities include those designated in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 26900) of Division 2. See California Government Code 21419
  • Authority: means the California Educational Facilities Authority created by this chapter or any board, body, commission, department, or officer succeeding to the principal functions of the authority or to whom the power conferred upon the authority by this chapter is given by law. See California Education Code 94110
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: means a person to whom a donative transfer of property is made or that person's successor in interest, and:

    California Government Code 21257

  • Benefits: means the payment of higher education expenses on behalf of a beneficiary by the Scholarshare trust during the beneficiary's attendance at an institution of higher education. See California Education Code 69980
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of sale: means a written instrument, conforming to the requirements of this chapter, which evidences a transfer of grain. See California Education Code 35106
  • Board: means the county board of supervisors acting as the governing authority of a county service area. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69980
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69999.8
  • board: means any entity listed in Section 101, the entities referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600, the State Bar, the Bureau of Real Estate, and any other state agency that issues a license, certificate, or registration authorizing a person to engage in a business or profession. See California Education Code 17352
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to Section 69984. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • Board: means the Osteopathic Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 69516
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of the county, or the same body acting as the governing board of a special district whose affairs and finances are under its supervision and control. See California Government Code 21419
  • Board: as used in this article , means the Board of Administration of the Public Employees' Retirement System. See California Government Code 31882
  • Bond: means bonds, notes, debentures, securities, or other evidences of indebtedness of the authority issued pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 94110
  • Budget year: means the fiscal year (July 1 through June 30) for which the budget is being prepared. See California Government Code 21419
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Education Code 17525
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Education Code 17526
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Government Code 50081
  • business: includes every kind of business, governmental activity, profession, occupation, calling, or operation of institutions, whether carried on for profit or not. See California Government Code 20969.3
  • Buyer: means a purchaser of grain which is thereafter stored in private bulk storage, and includes the assigns and successors in interest of such buyer. See California Education Code 35106
  • Cardcheck agreement: means a written agreement between an employer and a labor organization providing a procedure for determining employee preference on the subject of whether to be represented by a labor organization for collective bargaining, and if so, by which labor organization to be represented, that provides, at a minimum, the following:

    California Education Code 92625.1

  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Catalogue of electronic communications: means information that identifies each person with which a user has had an electronic communication, the time and date of the communication, and the electronic address of the person. See California Government Code 21385
  • Center: means the Mendocino Woodlands Outdoor Center, consisting of 720 acres, more or less, of state-owned land and improvements located within the east half of the Northeast Quarter and the east half of the Southeast Quarter of Section 13 of the east half and southwest quarter of the Northeast Quarter and the east half and southwest quarter of the Southeast Quarter of Section 24 of T. See California Government Code 20894
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Education Code 70011.9
  • certificated members: shall mean members who retain membership under this system while employed in positions subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program under the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Government Code 20636.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Government Code 50081.1
  • Child: means any individual entitled to take as a child under this code by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See California Government Code 21258
  • child: means a member's child who is dependent upon such member at the time of his death and while such child is unmarried and:

    California Government Code 31843

  • child: means a member's child who, when the member dies, is both dependent on the member and unmarried, as well as any of the following:

    California Government Code 31855.3

  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17322
  • City or county: means any city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Education Code 17527
  • Client: means a person who has, within the three years preceding the sale of financial products by a lawyer to that person, employed that lawyer for legal services. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • client: means a person who, directly or through an authorized representative, consults a lawyer for the purpose of retaining the lawyer or securing legal service or advice from him in his professional capacity, and includes an incompetent (a) who himself so consults the lawyer or (b) whose guardian or conservator so consults the lawyer in behalf of the incompetent. See California Government Code 21311
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Collective bargaining agreement: means an agreement between an employer and a labor organization regarding wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment of the employer's employees. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 69516
  • committee: means a committee of either the Senate or Assembly, a joint committee of both houses, or, when any of the foregoing committees is authorized to create subcommittees, a subcommittee. See California Government Code 31873.1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community property: means :

    California Government Code 21259

  • compensation: means the remuneration paid out of funds controlled by the employer in payment for the member's services performed during normal working hours or for time during which the member is excused from work because of any of the following:

    California Government Code 20630

  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Education Code 17528
  • confidential communication: means any information, including, but not limited to, written or oral communication, transmitted between the victim and the counselor in the course of their relationship and in confidence by a means which, so far as the victim is aware, discloses the information to no third persons other than those who are present to further the interests of the victim in the consultation or those to whom disclosures are reasonably necessary for the transmission of the information or an accomplishment of the purposes for which the domestic violence counselor is consulted. See California Government Code 21419
  • confidential communication: means information transmitted between the victim and the caseworker in the course of their relationship and in confidence by a means which, so far as the victim is aware, discloses the information to no third persons other than those who are present to further the interests of the victim in the consultation or those to whom disclosures are reasonably necessary for the transmission of the information or an accomplishment of the purposes for which the human trafficking counselor is consulted. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • Conservatee: includes a limited conservatee. See California Government Code 21260
  • Conservator: includes a limited conservator. See California Government Code 21261
  • Content of an electronic communication: means information concerning the substance or meaning of the communication, which meets all of the following requirements:

    California Government Code 21385

  • Contest: means a pleading filed with the court by a beneficiary that would result in a penalty under a no contest clause, if the no contest clause is enforced. See California Government Code 21351
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Government Code 21419
  • Corporation: as used in this part means a corporation which is organized under, or subject to this part, including a central organization. See California Corporations Code 12232
  • Corporation: as used in this part and Part 5 (commencing with Section 9910), refers to corporations defined in subdivisions (b), (c), and (d). See California Government Code 31831.1
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 17321
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 18556
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 94150
  • County service area: means a county service area formed pursuant to this chapter or any of its statutory predecessors. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Court: means the superior court presiding over the judicial proceedings which have been initiated under this code to administer the estate of the deceased user, or, if none, the superior court sitting in the exercise of jurisdiction under this code in the county of the user's domicile, and the court, as defined in this section, shall have exclusive jurisdiction over proceedings brought under this part. See California Government Code 21385
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Criminal action: includes criminal proceedings. See California Education Code 17529
  • Custodian: means a person that carries, maintains, processes, receives, or stores a digital asset of a user. See California Government Code 21385
  • debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Education Code 17530
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Descendent: One who is directly descended from another such as a child, grandchild, or great grandchild.
  • Designated recipient: means a person chosen by a user using an online tool to administer digital assets of the user. See California Government Code 21385
  • Devise: when used as a noun, means a disposition of real or personal property by will, and, when used as a verb, means to dispose of real or personal property by will. See California Government Code 21263
  • Devisee: means any person designated in a will to receive a devise. See California Government Code 21264
  • Digital asset: means an electronic record in which an individual has a right or interest. See California Government Code 21385
  • Direct contest: means a contest that alleges the invalidity of a protected instrument or one or more of its terms, based on one or more of the following grounds:

    California Government Code 21351

  • direct evidence: means evidence that directly proves a fact, without an inference or presumption, and which in itself, if true, conclusively establishes that fact. See California Education Code 92601
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Government Code 50079.3
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 20963
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dissolution of marriage: includes divorce. See California Government Code 21265
  • District: means any regional park or open-space district formed pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 5500) of Chapter 3 of Division 5 and any recreation and park district formed pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 5780) of Division 5. See California Government Code 20905
  • Diversion program: means a treatment program created by this article for osteopathic physicians and surgeons whose competency may be threatened or diminished due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. See California Education Code 69516
  • Division: means the Public Safety Communications Division established by this part. See California Government Code 21231
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Domestic partner: means one of two persons who have filed a Declaration of Domestic Partnership with the Secretary of State pursuant to Division 2. See California Government Code 21266
  • domestic violence: means "domestic violence" as defined in Section 6211 of the Family Code. See California Government Code 21424
  • domestic violence counselor: means a person who is employed by a domestic violence victim service organization, as defined in this article, whether financially compensated or not, for the purpose of rendering advice or assistance to victims of domestic violence and who has at least 40 hours of training as specified in paragraph (2). See California Government Code 21418
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormitory: means a housing unit with necessary and usual attendant and related facilities and equipment. See California Education Code 94110
  • elective officer: includes any officer of the Senate or Assembly who is elected by vote of the members of either or both of the houses of the Legislature, and any appointive officer of a city or county occupying a fixed term of office, as well as officers of the state or contracting agencies elected by the people, and persons elected to a city council or a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 20322
  • Electrolysis: as used in this chapter includes electrolysis or thermolysis. See California Education Code 92510
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See California Government Code 21385
  • eligible spouse: means an individual who is caring for one or more of the children (as defined in Section 31843) of a deceased member and who is:

    California Government Code 31842

  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Government Code 50084
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Government Code 50083
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact. See California Education Code 17531
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executive director: means the administrator of the Scholarshare trust appointed by the board to administer and manage the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Executive director: means the Executive Director of the California Educational Facilities Authority. See California Education Code 94157
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • expert: means a physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, or any person described by subdivision (b), (c), or (e) of Section 1010. See California Education Code 17580
  • Facility: means any campus, school, cafeteria, store, hospital, clinic, institute, laboratory, or office owned or operated by the university, or at which the normal educational or administrative functions of the university are conducted. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • fee: includes , but is not limited to, any application fee, license fee, permit fee, inspection fee, certification fee, registration fee, identification fee, analysis fee, or certificate fee. See California Education Code 69813
  • Fiduciary: means personal representative, trustee, guardian, conservator, attorney-in-fact under a power of attorney, custodian under the California Uniform Transfer To Minors Act (Part 9 (commencing with Section 3900) of Division 4), or other legal representative subject to this code. See California Government Code 21268
  • Fiduciary: means an original, additional, or successor personal representative or trustee. See California Government Code 21385
  • Financial institution: means a bank as defined under paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 1201 of the Commercial Code, including a federal- or state-chartered bank, that has been approved by the authority to enroll qualified loans in the program and has agreed to all terms and conditions set forth in this article and as may be required by the authority. See California Education Code 94157
  • Financial institution: means a state or national bank, state or federal savings and loan association or credit union, or like organization. See California Government Code 21269
  • Financial products: means long-term care insurance, life insurance, and annuities governed by the Insurance Code, or its successors. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • firearm permit: includes "firearms permit" "firearms qualification card" "firearms qualification" and "firearms qualification permit. See California Government Code 50085
  • Fiscal year: means the current 12-month period to which the annual operating budget applies and at the end of which a government determines its financial position and the results of its operations. See California Government Code 21419
  • Flood hazard zone: means an area subject to flooding that is delineated as either a special hazard area or an area of moderate hazard on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the California Wildlife, Coastal, and Park Land Conservation Fund of 1988 created pursuant to Section 5906. See California Government Code 20905
  • Fund: means the California Memorial Scholarship Fund established pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • fund: includes any account in a fund which consists of money derived from different sources for different purposes. See California Education Code 69999.6
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grain: includes barley, corn, flax, hay, grain sorghums, oats, rice, rye, and wheat. See California Education Code 35106
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Greenhouse: means a structure covered with transparent or translucent materials for the purpose of admitting natural light and controlling the atmosphere for growing plants, including floricultural, ornamental, or other nursery and agricultural products. See California Education Code 19960
  • Health care: means any care, treatment, service, or procedure to maintain, diagnose, or otherwise affect a patient's physical or mental condition. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • Health care decision: means a decision regarding the patient's health care, including the following:

    California Government Code 21428.1

  • Health care institution: means an institution, facility, or agency licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Education Code 17532
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Heir: means any person, including the surviving spouse, who is entitled to take property of the decedent by intestate succession under this code. See California Government Code 21291
  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Government Code 21369.2

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Government Code 21412

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Government Code 21420

  • holder of the privilege: means the victim when he or she has no guardian or conservator, or a guardian or conservator of the victim when the victim has a guardian or conservator. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Government Code 21313

  • holder of the privilege: means :

    California Government Code 21357

  • human trafficking caseworker: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 21428.1

  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: includes every natural person, domestic or foreign private corporation, nonprofit corporation, unincorporated association, company, partnership of whatever kind, syndicate, joint stock company, trustee, protective committee, depositors' league, and other similar organization however described. See California Government Code 31876
  • Information: means data, text, images, videos, sounds, codes, computer programs, software, databases, or other items with like characteristics. See California Government Code 21385
  • Inhabited territory: means territory within which there reside 12 or more registered voters. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Installment judgment: means a money judgment under which a lien may be created on an interest in real property under Section 697. See California Education Code 94161
  • Instrument: means a will, trust, deed, or other writing that designates a beneficiary or makes a donative transfer of property. See California Government Code 21291.5
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • interested person: includes any of the following:

    California Government Code 21293

  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investment management: means the functions performed by a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Investment manager: means a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Labor organization: means any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions or work. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Landscape architect: means a person who holds a license to practice landscape architecture in this state under the authority of this chapter. See California Government Code 26421
  • Latent power: means any service or facility authorized by Article 4 (commencing with Section 25213) that the local agency formation commission has determined, pursuant to subdivision (i) of Section 56425, that the county service area was not authorized to provide prior to January 1, 2009. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Education Code 17534
  • Lawyer: means a licensee of the State Bar or a person who is admitted and in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of any United States court or the highest court of the District of Columbia or any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States, or licensed to practice law in, or is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of the highest court of, a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, and includes any agent of the lawyer or law firm or law corporation doing business in the state. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • lawyer: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the client to be authorized, to practice law in any state or nation. See California Government Code 21310.5
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50230
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17330
  • License: includes "certificate" "permit" and "registration. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • licensee: as used in this chapter means the holder of a physician's and surgeon's certificate or doctor of podiatric medicine's certificate, as the case may be, who is engaged in the professional practice authorized by the certificate under the jurisdiction of the appropriate board. See California Education Code 70020
  • Licensee: includes the holder of a license. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter. See California Government Code 50081.2
  • Licensing authority: means the board, which has jurisdiction over a particular licensee. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • livestock: includes domestic fowls and rabbits. See California Government Code 50305
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • Local agency: means a city, a city and county, or a county. See California Government Code 50230
  • local agency formation commission: means a local agency formation commission that operates in the county pursuant to the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000, Division 3 (commencing with Section 56000) of Title 5. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Loss reserve account: means an account in the State Treasury or in any financial institution that is established and maintained by the authority for the benefit of a financial institution participating in the program for the purposes of any of the following:

    California Education Code 94157

  • manager: means an individual designated under an operating agreement of a manager-managed limited liability company who is responsible for performing the management functions for the limited liability company specified in subdivision (c) of Section 17704. See California Government Code 50086
  • Matured installments: means the sum of all of the following:

    California Education Code 94161

  • member: means an individual who is a member of a limited liability company as specified in Section 17704. See California Government Code 50085.5
  • member of the clergy: means a priest, minister, religious practitioner, or similar functionary of a church or of a religious denomination or religious organization. See California Government Code 21404
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Mutual capital certificate: has the meaning given that term in Section 5111 of the Financial Code. See California Government Code 21256
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Natural lands: means an area of relatively undeveloped land which (1) has substantially retained its characteristics as provided by nature or has been substantially restored, or which can be feasibly restored, to a near-natural condition, and which has outstanding wildlife, scenic, open-space, or park resources, or a combination thereof, or (2) meets the definition of open-space land in Section 65560 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 20905
  • No contest clause: means a provision in an otherwise valid instrument that, if enforced, would penalize a beneficiary for filing a pleading in any court. See California Government Code 21351
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nonmember: as used in this article , means the spouse or former spouse of a member, who as a result of petitioning the court for the division of community property, has been awarded a distinct and separate account reflecting specific credited service and accumulated contributions. See California Government Code 21291
  • Nonprofit organization: means any charitable organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the federal Internal Revenue Code, which has among its primary purposes the conservation and preservation of wetlands or of lands predominantly in their natural, scenic, historical, agricultural, forested, or open-space condition. See California Government Code 20905
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17493
  • Oath: includes affirmation or declaration under penalty of perjury. See California Education Code 17535
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 21231
  • Online tool: means an electronic service provided by a custodian that allows the user, in an agreement distinct from the terms-of-service agreement between the custodian and user, to provide directions for disclosure or nondisclosure of digital assets to a third person. See California Government Code 21385
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Parent: means any individual entitled to take as a parent under this code by intestate succession from the child whose relationship is involved. See California Government Code 21296
  • parent: means :

    California Government Code 31844

  • parent: means the father or mother of the deceased member who at the time of the death of such member was not less than 62 years of age and was receiving not less than one-half of his or her support from the member, and who has not remarried since the member's death. See California Government Code 31855.4
  • Park: means a tract of land with outstanding scenic, natural, open-space, or recreational values, set apart to conserve natural, scenic, cultural, or ecological resources for present and future generations, and to be used by the public as a place for rest, recreation, education, exercise, inspiration, or enjoyment. See California Government Code 20905
  • Participant: means an individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation, a custodian under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (Part 9 (commencing with Section 3900) of Division 4 of the Probate Code) or similar provisions adopted by another state, a state or local government agency, or a legal representative of a participant who has entered into a participation agreement pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Participant: means a surviving dependent of a California resident killed as a result of injuries sustained during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, who has executed, or on whose behalf has been executed, an agreement pursuant to Section 70011. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Participant: means a California-licensed osteopathic physician and surgeon. See California Education Code 69516
  • participating college: means a private college that participates with the authority in undertaking the financing and construction or acquisition of a project and does not restrict the admission of a student based on his or her race or ethnicity, provided that the financing does not violate Section 5 of Article XVI of the California Constitution or the establishment clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. See California Education Code 94110
  • Participating nonprofit entity: means an entity within the meaning of paragraph (3) of subsection (c) of Section 501 of Title 26 of the United States Code that, pursuant to this chapter for the purpose of owning student, faculty, or staff housing, as approved by, and for participation with, the authority, undertakes the financing and construction or acquisition of student, faculty, or staff housing, on real property owned or leased by the entity, for the benefit of a public college, public university, or participating private college. See California Education Code 94110
  • Participation agreement: means an agreement between a participant and the Scholarshare trust, pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Patient: means an adult who does not have a conservator of the person and for whom a health care decision needs to be made. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • patient: means a person who consults a physician or submits to an examination by a physician for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his physical or mental or emotional condition. See California Government Code 21355
  • patient: means a person who consults a psychotherapist or submits to an examination by a psychotherapist for the purpose of securing a diagnosis or preventive, palliative, or curative treatment of his mental or emotional condition or who submits to an examination of his mental or emotional condition for the purpose of scientific research on mental or emotional problems. See California Government Code 21369
  • penitent: means a person who has made a penitential communication to a member of the clergy. See California Government Code 21405
  • penitential communication: means a communication made in confidence, in the presence of no third person so far as the penitent is aware, to a member of the clergy who, in the course of the discipline or practice of the clergy member's church, denomination, or organization, is authorized or accustomed to hear those communications and, under the discipline or tenets of his or her church, denomination, or organization, has a duty to keep those communications secret. See California Government Code 21406
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Education Code 17566
  • Person: means any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, city or county, or district, and includes any trustee, receiver, or assignee. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, limited liability company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Government Code 50079.6
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other entity. See California Government Code 21298
  • Person: means an individual, estate, business or nonprofit entity, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or other legal entity. See California Government Code 21385
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17568
  • Personal representative: means executor, administrator, administrator with the will annexed, special administrator, successor personal representative, public administrator acting pursuant to Section 7660, or a person who performs substantially the same function under the law of another jurisdiction governing the person's status. See California Government Code 21310
  • Personal representative: means an executor, administrator, special administrator, or person that performs substantially the same function under any other law. See California Government Code 21385
  • physician: means a person authorized, or reasonably believed by the patient to be authorized, to practice medicine in any state or nation. See California Government Code 21354.5
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleading: means a petition, complaint, cross-complaint, objection, answer, response, or claim. See California Government Code 21351
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Education Code 69624
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Power of attorney: means a record that grants an agent authority to act in the place of the principal. See California Government Code 21385
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private college: means an institution for higher education other than a public college, situated within the state and that, by virtue of law or charter, is a nonprofit private or independent degree-granting educational institution that is regionally accredited and empowered to provide a program of education beyond the high school level. See California Education Code 94110
  • Private student loan: means a loan issued by a private lending institution for the costs of attendance at any public or private nonprofit college or university in the United States, notwithstanding the definitions in subdivisions (i), (k), and (l) of Section 94110. See California Education Code 94157
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Program: means the California Memorial Scholarship Program established pursuant to Section 70010. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Program: means the California Student Loan Refinancing Program created pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 94157
  • Program fund: means the program fund established by this article, which shall be held as a separate fund within the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 69516
  • Project: means a dormitory or an educational facility, faculty or staff housing, or any combination thereof, or any function concerning student loans, or interests in student loans, as determined by the authority. See California Education Code 94110
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 17569
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership and includes both real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Government Code 21313
  • Proprietary interest: means any nonregulatory arrangement or circumstances in which the financial or other nonregulatory interests of the university in a service contract could be adversely affected by labor-management conflict or consumer boycotts potentially resulting from a union organizing campaign. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • psychotherapist: means a person who is, or is reasonably believed by the patient to be:

    California Government Code 21367

  • public agency: includes every port district, river port district, municipal port district, harbor district, harbor improvement district, joint harbor improvement district, Board of State Harbor Commissioners, board of harbor commissioners, city, county, and city and county in this state. See California Government Code 31848
  • Public college: means a community college. See California Education Code 94110
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public employee: means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity. See California Education Code 17571
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Education Code 17572
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public university: means any campus of the University of California, the California State University, or the Hastings College of the Law. See California Education Code 94110
  • Qualified borrower: means an individual meeting all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 94157

  • Qualified higher education expenses: means the expenses of attendance at an institution of higher education as provided in paragraph (3) of subsection (e) of Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it is amended from time to time, if, as determined by the board, the amendment is consistent with the purposes of this article, and as determined and certified by the institution of higher education in the same manner as prescribed in Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U. See California Education Code 69980
  • Qualified loan: means a loan or a portion of a loan made by a financial institution to a qualified borrower to refinance a private student loan under the program. See California Education Code 94157
  • qualified manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated as specified in Section 7536. See California Government Code 50082
  • Quasi-community property: means the following property, other than community property as defined in Section 28:

    California Government Code 21317

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: includes lands, tenements, and hereditaments. See California Education Code 17573
  • Real property: as used in this article is coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments and includes land, any interest or estate in land, and any servitude upon land. See California Government Code 50301
  • Real property: includes a leasehold interest in real property. See California Government Code 21318
  • Recommended budget: means the budget document recommended to the board of supervisors by the designated county official. See California Government Code 21419
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See California Government Code 21385
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Riparian habitat: means lands that contain habitat which grows close to and which depends upon soil moisture from a nearby freshwater source. See California Government Code 20905
  • Sacramento-San Joaquin Valley: means lands in the bed or along or near the banks of the Sacramento River or San Joaquin River, or their tributaries or connected therewith, or upon any land adjacent thereto, or within the overflow basins thereof, or upon land susceptible to overflow therefrom. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • Savings account: has the meaning given that term in Section 5116 of the Financial Code. See California Government Code 21256
  • Scholarshare trust: means the trust created pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Scholarship: means a participant's account as established by the board with moneys deposited in the fund. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • secretary: refer to the Labor and Workforce Development Agency and the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 21310.5
  • security: includes all of the things enumerated in Section 25019 and also includes shares, stock, and investment certificates as defined in the Savings Association Law. See California Government Code 31875
  • Security: includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See California Government Code 21320
  • Sell: means to act as a broker for a commission. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • Seller: means a producer of grain who continues to store grain after sale thereof by him in storage facilities owned, operated, or controlled by him. See California Education Code 35106
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service contract: means a lease, management agreement, service agreement, loan bond, guarantee, or other similar agreement to which the university is a party and in which the university has a proprietary interest. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Service contractor: means an individual, corporation, unincorporated association, partnership, or other entity, other than a collection agency retained by the university to enforce a financial obligation owed to the university, that, pursuant to a service contract, provides goods or services to the university. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sexual assault: includes all of the following:

    California Government Code 21415

  • sexual assault counselor: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 21410

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Education Code 17494
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17575
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes domestic partner, as defined in Section 37 of this code, as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 21322
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17325
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17576
  • State: includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See California Government Code 21325
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Education Code 17577
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Education Code 17578
  • Stewardship: means the development and implementation of major programs for the protection, rehabilitation, restoration, and enhancement of the basic natural systems and outstanding scenic features of the state park system. See California Government Code 20905
  • Storage facilities: means any bin, building, elevator, protected enclosure, or other structure owned, operated, or controlled by the seller of the grain stored therein. See California Education Code 35106
  • Structure: means any object constructed or installed by man, including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks, and overhead lines. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Student loan: means a loan having terms and conditions acceptable to the authority that is made to finance or refinance the costs of attendance at a private college or a public college and that is approved by the authority, if the loan is originated pursuant to a program that is approved by the authority. See California Education Code 94110
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs, unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17319
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: means street superintendent, his assistants and deputies, or other public officer designated by the legislative body to perform the duties imposed by this article upon the superintendent. See California Government Code 50230
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Terms-of-service agreement: means an agreement that controls the relationship between a user and a custodian. See California Government Code 21385
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferee: means the beneficiary, donee, or other recipient of an interest transferred by an instrument. See California Government Code 21330
  • Transferor: means the testator, settlor, grantor, owner, or other person who executes an instrument. See California Government Code 21329
  • Tree: means any object of natural growth. See California Government Code 50485.1
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Education Code 17579
  • Trust: includes the following:

    California Government Code 21331

  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust company: means an entity that has qualified to engage in and conduct a trust business in this state. See California Government Code 21335
  • Trust fund: means the Agriculture Trust Fund created pursuant to Section 232. See California Education Code 69767
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court. See California Government Code 21337
  • Trustee: means a fiduciary with legal title to property under an agreement or declaration that creates a beneficial interest in another. See California Government Code 21385
  • unavailable as a witness: means that the declarant is any of the following:

    California Education Code 17580

  • Undetermined risk area: means an urban or urbanizing area within a moderate flood hazard zone, as delineated on an official flood insurance rate map issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, which has not been determined to have an urban level of protection. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • University: as used in this article , means the University of California. See California Education Code 69511.5
  • University: means the University of California and its governing body, the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 92625.1
  • Urban level of flood protection: means the level of protection that is necessary to withstand flooding that has a 1-in-200 chance of occurring in any given year using criteria consistent with, or developed by, the Department of Water Resources. See California Health and Safety Code 4730.9
  • User: means a person that has an account with a custodian. See California Government Code 21385
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • value of property: means market value of any of the following:

    California Government Code 21258

  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • victim: means a person who consults a sexual assault counselor for the purpose of securing advice or assistance concerning a mental, physical, or emotional condition caused by a sexual assault. See California Government Code 21409
  • victim: means any person who suffers domestic violence, as defined in Section 1037. See California Government Code 21416
  • victim: means any person who is a "trafficking victim" as defined in Section 236. See California Government Code 21428.1
  • Wetlands: means lands which may be covered periodically or permanently with shallow water and which include saltwater marshes, freshwater marshes, open or closed brackish water marshes, swamps, mudflats, fens, and vernal pools. See California Government Code 20905
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Education Code 17581
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 18535
  • Zone: means a zone formed pursuant to Article 8 (commencing with Section 25217). See California Government Code 25210.2