Article 1 Definitions
Article 2 Comprehensive Definitions
Article 3 Licensing
Article 4 Applications
Article 5 Bonds
Article 6 License Qualifications
Article 7 License Qualification Examinations
Article 8 Certificates of Convenience
Article 9 Issuance of Licenses
Article 10 Termination of Licenses
Article 11 License Terms
Article 12 Conduct of Licensee
Article 13 Disciplinary Actions
Article 13.5 Prelicensing and Continuing Education
Article 14 Fees
Article 15 Travel Insurance Agents
Article 15.5 Cargo Shippers’ Agents
Article 16 Variable Contract Agents
Article 16.1 Portable Electronics Insurance
Article 16.3 Self-Service Storage Agents
Article 16.6 Rental Car Agents
Article 16.7 Credit Insurance Agents

Terms Used In California Codes > Insurance Code > Division 1 > Part 2 > Chapter 5

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agent or broker: means a person or entity licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1621) of Part 2 of Division 1. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attachment point: means the amount of health claims incurred by a small employer in a policy year for its employees and their dependents, and covered by a stop-loss insurance policy, above which the stop-loss insurer incurs a liability for payment. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the California Health Facilities Financing Authority established pursuant to Section 15431 of the Government Code. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Authority: means the California Health Facilities Financing Authority established pursuant to Section 15431 of the Government Code. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Authority: means the California Health Facilities Financing Authority established pursuant to Section 15431 of the Government Code. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Major Risk Medical Insurance Board. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Carrier: means any disability insurance company or any other entity that writes, issues, or administers health benefit plans that cover the employees of small employers, regardless of the situs of the contract or master policyholder. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Carrier: means any disability insurance company or any other entity that writes, issues, or administers health benefit plans that cover the employees of small employers, regardless of the situs of the contract or master policyholder. See California Insurance Code 10755
  • Casualty broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • City: includes city and county and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 5092
  • City: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19480
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission created by Section 1 of Article XII of the California Constitution, and "commissioner" means a member of the commission. See California Education Code 5093
  • Committee: means the Children's Hospital Bond Act Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Committee: means the Children's Hospital Bond Act Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Committee: means the Children's Hospital Bond Act Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5091
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19479
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 25018.5
  • Credit insurance: includes credit life insurance, credit disability insurance, credit involuntary unemployment insurance, credit loss-of-income insurance, credit property insurance, or guaranteed asset protection (GAP) insurance. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Credit insurance agent license: means an agent license issued to an individual or organization for the enrollment and sale of credit insurance. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • credit loss-of-income insurance: means insurance issued to provide indemnity for payments becoming due on a specific loan or other credit transaction while the debtor is involuntarily unemployed, as defined in the policy. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Dependent: means the spouse or child of an eligible employee, subject to applicable terms of the health benefit plan covering the employee, and includes dependents of guaranteed association members if the association elects to include dependents under its health coverage at the same time it determines its membership composition pursuant to subdivision (z). See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dependent: means the spouse, registered domestic partner as described in Section 297 of the Family Code, or child of an employee. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct coverage: means that an insurance company assumes a direct obligation to an employee under an insurance policy to pay or indemnify the employee for health claims incurred by the employee or the employee's dependents. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Domestic: means organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Education Code 32031
  • Endorsee: means an unlicensed employee or authorized representative of a portable electronics vendor. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • Endorsee: means an unlicensed employee of a rental car agent who meets the requirements of this article. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • Enrollee: means an eligible employee or dependent who receives health coverage through the program from a participating carrier. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Enrollment: means the process of soliciting or accepting enrollments or applications from a consumer under a portable electronics insurance policy, which includes informing the consumer of the availability of coverage, preparing and delivery of the certificate of insurance or notice of proposed insurance, or otherwise assisting the consumer in making an informed decision whether or not to elect to purchase portable electronics insurance. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expected claims: means , for the purposes of aggregate stop-loss coverage, the total amount of health claims that is projected to be incurred by a small employer for its employees and their dependents in a policy year. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financially impaired: means , for the purposes of this chapter, a carrier that, on or after the effective date of this chapter, is not insolvent and is either:

    California Insurance Code 10700

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreign: means not organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Education Code 32032
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the California Small Group Reinsurance Fund. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Fund: means the Children's Hospital Fund created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Fund: means the Children's Hospital Bond Act Fund created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Fund: means the Children's Hospital Bond Act Fund created pursuant to Section 1179. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant: means the distribution of money in the fund by the authority to children's hospitals for projects pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Grant: means the distribution of money in the fund by the authority to children's hospitals for projects pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Grant: means the distribution of money in the fund by the authority to children's hospitals for projects pursuant to this part or to an eligible hospital pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Harbor: as used in this article , includes any bay, inlet, or other arm of the sea in which the tides of the Pacific Ocean ebb and flow, except such as are excluded from the application of this chapter by the provisions of Section 4049 of this code. See California Insurance Code 1732
  • Health benefit plan: means a policy or contract written or administered by a carrier that arranges or provides health care benefits for the covered eligible employees of a small employer and their dependents. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • inland parks and recreation areas: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, open-space land, as defined by subdivision (h) of Section 65560 of the Government Code, except that such term shall not include open-space land, as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (h) of Section 65560. See California Insurance Code 1751.7
  • Insurance agent: means a person authorized, by and on behalf of an insurer, to transact all classes of insurance other than life, disability, or health insurance, on behalf of an admitted insurance company. See California Education Code 32041
  • insurance agent: as used in this chapter does not include a life agent as defined in this article. See California Insurance Code 1621
  • Insurance broker: means a person who, for compensation and on behalf of another person, transacts insurance other than life, disability, or health with, but not on behalf of, an insurer. See California Education Code 32060
  • Insurance solicitor: means a natural person employed to aid a property and casualty broker-agent acting as an insurance agent or insurance broker in transacting insurance other than life, disability, or health. See California Education Code 32062
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: includes a certificate of convenience and a permanent license, and the term "persons who are licensed" includes the holders of any such certificate or the license, but these definitions and the use of those terms in this chapter shall not confer upon a certificate of convenience or any holder thereof any property right in or to the certificate, the certificate being and remaining only a temporary permit, issued as a matter of convenience, allowing the transaction of insurance without a permanent license, but within the limits, and subject to the conditions of the certificate of convenience issued and the laws applicable thereto. See California Insurance Code 1627
  • License period: means all of that two-year period beginning as described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2), as applicable, and ending the second succeeding year on the last calendar day of the month in which the initial license was issued. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • License period: means all of that two-year period beginning as described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (2), as applicable, and ending the second succeeding year on the last calendar day of the month in which the initial license was issued. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • License term: as used in this chapter means all of that two-year period beginning as described in subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 1629, as applicable, and ending the second succeeding year on the last calendar day of the month in which the initial license was issued. See California Insurance Code 1630
  • License year: as used in this chapter shall be determined for each entity as follows:

    California Insurance Code 1629

  • licensee: means an insurer, agent, broker, or any other person who is required to be licensed by the department. See California Education Code 32080
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life and disability insurance analyst: means a person who, for a fee or compensation of any kind, paid by or derived from any person or source other than an insurer, advises, purports to advise, or offers to advise any person insured under, named as beneficiary of, or having any interest in, a life or disability insurance contract, in any manner concerning that contract or his or her rights in respect thereto. See California Education Code 32044
  • Limited lines travel insurance agent: means an insurer designee that is licensed to transact travel insurance, as defined in subdivision (b). See California Insurance Code 1753
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: includes a trust deed, "mortgagor" includes a trustor under such trust deed, "mortgagee" includes a beneficiary under such trust deed, or a trustee exercising powers or performing duties granted to or imposed upon him thereunder, and "lien" in respect to real or personal property includes a charge or incumbrance arising out of a trust deed. See California Education Code 32034
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 25020
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19482
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • organization: means any legal entity other than a natural person. See California Insurance Code 1628
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 25022
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19500
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plan of operation: means the plan of operation of the fund, including articles, bylaws, and operating rules adopted by the fund pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 10719). See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Policy year: means the 12-month period that is designated as the policy year or policy period for the stop-loss insurance policy. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Portable electronics: means all of the following:

    California Insurance Code 1758.69

  • Portable electronics insurance: means a contract providing coverage for the repair or replacement of portable electronics against any one or more of the following causes of loss: loss, theft, mechanical failure, malfunction, damage, or other applicable perils. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • Portable electronics insurance agent license: means an agent license issued to an individual or organization for the enrollment and sale of portable electronics insurance. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • Portable electronics vendor: means any person in the business, directly or indirectly, of selling, reselling, soliciting, or leasing portable electronics, their accessories, and related services to customers. See California Insurance Code 1758.69
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • PPACA: means the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148), as amended by the federal Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-152), and any rules, regulations, or guidance issued thereunder. See California Insurance Code 10755
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Program: means the Health Insurance Plan of California. See California Insurance Code 10700
  • Program: means the Children's Hospital Program established pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Program: means the Children's Hospital Program established pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Program: means the Children's Hospital Program established pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Project: means constructing, expanding, remodeling, renovating, furnishing, equipping, financing, or refinancing of a children's hospital to be financed or refinanced with funds provided in whole or in part pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1758.992
  • Project: means constructing, expanding, remodeling, renovating, furnishing, equipping, financing, or refinancing of a children's hospital to be financed or refinanced with funds provided in whole or in part pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1639
  • Project: means constructing, expanding, remodeling, renovating, furnishing, equipping, financing, or refinancing of a children's hospital to be financed or refinanced with funds provided in whole or in part pursuant to this part. See California Insurance Code 1667
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property broker-agent: means a person licensed pursuant to Section 1625. See California Education Code 32061
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rental agreement: means any written agreement for the terms and conditions governing the use of a storage space provided by a self-service storage company. See California Insurance Code 1758.791
  • Rental agreement: means any written agreement setting forth the terms and conditions governing the use of a vehicle provided by the rental car company. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • Rental car agent: means a person or organization licensed pursuant to this article to offer insurance in connection with and incidental to rental car agreements on behalf of an insurer authorized to write those types of insurance in this state. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • Rental car company: means any person in the business of renting vehicles to the public. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • Renter: means any person who obtains the use of storage space from a self-service storage company under the terms of a rental agreement. See California Insurance Code 1758.791
  • Renter: means any person who obtains the use of a vehicle from a rental car company under the terms of a rental agreement. See California Insurance Code 1758.89
  • Resident: means residing in this State, "nonresident" means not residing in this State. See California Education Code 32040
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Self-service storage agent: means a person or organization licensed pursuant to this article to offer insurance in connection with, and incidental to, rental agreements on behalf of an insurer authorized to write the types of insurance specified in Section 1758. See California Insurance Code 1758.791
  • Self-service storage facility: means a person or organization engaged in the business of providing leased or rented storage space to the public. See California Insurance Code 1758.791
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Small employer: means either of the following:

    California Insurance Code 10700

  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 24935
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 25018.1
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 5090
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19510
  • State: as used in this chapter , has the same meaning as set forth in Section 900. See California Insurance Code 10508.5
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stop-loss insurance policy: means a policy, contract, certificate, or statement of coverage between a stop-loss insurer and small employer providing individual or aggregate stop-loss insurance coverage, or both, or any other assumption of risk, to a small employer for the liability the small employer incurs related to the covered health claims of its employees and their dependents. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Stop-loss insurer: means an insurance company providing individual or aggregate stop-loss insurance coverage, or both, or any other assumption of risk, to a small employer for the health claims it incurs for its employees and their dependents. See California Insurance Code 10752
  • Storage space: means a room, unit, locker, or open space offered for rental to the public for temporary storage of personal belongings or light commercial goods. See California Insurance Code 1758.791
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 5028
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surplus line broker: means a person licensed under Section 1765 and authorized to do business under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 1760) of Part 2 of Division 1. See California Education Code 32224
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transact: means , for the purposes of this article, the following activities when engaged in by a travel retailer:

    California Insurance Code 1753

  • Travel insurance: means insurance coverage for personal risks incidental to planned travel, including one or more of the following:

    California Insurance Code 1753

  • Travel retailer: means a business organization that makes, arranges, or offers travel services and may offer and disseminate travel insurance as a service to its customers on behalf of and under the direction of a limited lines travel insurance agent. See California Insurance Code 1753
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • vehicle: means a motor vehicle operated by a driver who is not required to possess a commercial driver's license to operate the motor vehicle and the motor vehicle is either of the following:

    California Insurance Code 1758.89

  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: includes ships of all kinds, steamboats, steamships, canal boats, barges, sailing vessels, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place for the transportation of merchandise or persons. See California Education Code 19511
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389