(a) A certificate of need issued by the unit shall be required for:
Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes 19a-638
- Affiliate: means a person, entity or organization controlling, controlled by or under common control with another person, entity or organization. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Bed capacity: means the total number of inpatient beds in a facility licensed by the Department of Public Health under sections 19a-490 to 19a-503, inclusive. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Certificate of need: means a certificate issued by the unit. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Days: means calendar days. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Executive director: means the executive director of the Office of Health Strategy. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Health care facility: includes any parent company, subsidiary, affiliate or joint venture, or any combination thereof, of any such facility. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- intellectual disability: means a significant limitation in intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior that originated during the developmental period before eighteen years of age. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1g
- Large group practice: means eight or more full-time equivalent physicians, legally organized in a partnership, professional corporation, limited liability company formed to render professional services, medical foundation, not-for-profit corporation, faculty practice plan or other similar entity (A) in which each physician who is a member of the group provides substantially the full range of services that the physician routinely provides, including, but not limited to, medical care, consultation, diagnosis or treatment, through the joint use of shared office space, facilities, equipment or personnel. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Nonhospital based: means located at a site other than the main campus of the hospital. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Office: means the Office of Health Strategy. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, governmental subdivision, agency or public or private organization of any character, but does not include the agency conducting the proceeding. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Transfer of ownership: means a transfer that impacts or changes the governance or controlling body of a health care facility, institution or large group practice, including, but not limited to, all affiliations, mergers or any sale or transfer of net assets of a health care facility. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
- Unit: means the Health Systems Planning Unit. See Connecticut General Statutes 19a-630
(1) The establishment of a new health care facility;
(2) A transfer of ownership of a health care facility;
(3) A transfer of ownership of a large group practice to any entity other than a (A) physician, or (B) group of two or more physicians, legally organized in a partnership, professional corporation or limited liability company formed to render professional services and not employed by or an affiliate of any hospital, medical foundation, insurance company or other similar entity;
(4) The establishment of a freestanding emergency department;
(5) The termination of inpatient or outpatient services offered by a hospital, including, but not limited to, the termination by a short-term acute care general hospital or children’s hospital of inpatient and outpatient mental health and substance abuse services;
(6) The establishment of an outpatient surgical facility, as defined in section 19a-493b, or as established by a short-term acute care general hospital;
(7) The termination of surgical services by an outpatient surgical facility, as defined in section 19a-493b, or a facility that provides outpatient surgical services as part of the outpatient surgery department of a short-term acute care general hospital, provided termination of outpatient surgical services due to (A) insufficient patient volume, or (B) the termination of any subspecialty surgical service, shall not require certificate of need approval;
(8) The termination of an emergency department by a short-term acute care general hospital;
(9) The establishment of cardiac services, including inpatient and outpatient cardiac catheterization, interventional cardiology and cardiovascular surgery;
(10) The acquisition of computed tomography scanners, magnetic resonance imaging scanners, positron emission tomography scanners or positron emission tomography-computed tomography scanners, by any person, physician, provider, short-term acute care general hospital or children’s hospital, except (A) as provided for in subdivision (22) of subsection (b) of this section, and (B) a certificate of need issued by the unit shall not be required where such scanner is a replacement for a scanner that was previously acquired through certificate of need approval or a certificate of need determination;
(11) The acquisition of nonhospital based linear accelerators;
(12) An increase in the licensed bed capacity of a health care facility;
(13) The acquisition of equipment utilizing technology that has not previously been utilized in the state;
(14) An increase of two or more operating rooms within any three-year period, commencing on and after October 1, 2010, by an outpatient surgical facility, as defined in section 19a-493b, or by a short-term acute care general hospital; and
(15) The termination of inpatient or outpatient services offered by a hospital or other facility or institution operated by the state that provides services that are eligible for reimbursement under Title XVIII or XIX of the federal Social Security Act, 42 USC 301, as amended.
(b) A certificate of need shall not be required for:
(1) Health care facilities owned and operated by the federal government;
(2) The establishment of offices by a licensed private practitioner, whether for individual or group practice, except when a certificate of need is required in accordance with the requirements of section 19a-493b or subdivision (3), (10) or (11) of subsection (a) of this section;
(3) A health care facility operated by a religious group that exclusively relies upon spiritual means through prayer for healing;
(4) Residential care homes, nursing homes and rest homes, as defined in subsection (c) of section 19a-490;
(5) An assisted living services agency, as defined in section 19a-490;
(6) Home health agencies, as defined in section 19a-490;
(7) Hospice services, as described in section 19a-122b;
(8) Outpatient rehabilitation facilities;
(9) Outpatient chronic dialysis services;
(10) Transplant services;
(11) Free clinics, as defined in section 19a-630;
(12) School-based health centers and expanded school health sites, as such terms are defined in section 19a-6r, community health centers, as defined in section 19a-490a, not-for-profit outpatient clinics licensed in accordance with the provisions of chapter 368v and federally qualified health centers;
(13) A program licensed or funded by the Department of Children and Families, provided such program is not a psychiatric residential treatment facility;
(14) Any nonprofit facility, institution or provider that has a contract with, or is certified or licensed to provide a service for, a state agency or department for a service that would otherwise require a certificate of need. The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to a short-term acute care general hospital or children’s hospital, or a hospital or other facility or institution operated by the state that provides services that are eligible for reimbursement under Title XVIII or XIX of the federal Social Security Act, 42 USC 301, as amended;
(15) A health care facility operated by a nonprofit educational institution exclusively for students, faculty and staff of such institution and their dependents;
(16) An outpatient clinic or program operated exclusively by or contracted to be operated exclusively by a municipality, municipal agency, municipal board of education or a health district, as described in section 19a-241;
(17) A residential facility for persons with intellectual disability licensed pursuant to section 17a-227 and certified to participate in the Title XIX Medicaid program as an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities;
(18) Replacement of existing imaging equipment if such equipment was acquired through certificate of need approval or a certificate of need determination, provided a health care facility, provider, physician or person notifies the unit of the date on which the equipment is replaced and the disposition of the replaced equipment;
(19) Acquisition of cone-beam dental imaging equipment that is to be used exclusively by a dentist licensed pursuant to chapter 379;
(20) The partial or total elimination of services provided by an outpatient surgical facility, as defined in section 19a-493b, except as provided in subdivision (6) of subsection (a) of this section and section 19a-639e;
(21) The termination of services for which the Department of Public Health has requested the facility to relinquish its license; or
(22) Acquisition of any equipment by any person that is to be used exclusively for scientific research that is not conducted on humans.
(c) (1) Any person, health care facility or institution that is unsure whether a certificate of need is required under this section, or (2) any health care facility that proposes to relocate pursuant to section 19a-639c shall send a letter to the unit that describes the project and requests that the unit make a determination as to whether a certificate of need is required. In the case of a relocation of a health care facility, the letter shall include information described in section 19a-639c. A person, health care facility or institution making such request shall provide the unit with any information the unit requests as part of its determination process.
(d) The executive director of the Office of Health Strategy may implement policies and procedures necessary to administer the provisions of this section while in the process of adopting such policies and procedures as regulation, provided the executive director holds a public hearing prior to implementing the policies and procedures and posts notice of intent to adopt regulations on the office’s Internet web site and the eRegulations System not later than twenty days after the date of implementation. Policies and procedures implemented pursuant to this section shall be valid until the time final regulations are adopted.