Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 490 > ARTICLE 4A - FUNDS TRANSFERS
- Advanced practice registered nurse: means a person licensed pursuant to chapter 457. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Alcohol dependence: means any use of alcohol which produces a pattern of pathological use causing impairment in social or occupational functioning or produces physiological dependency evidenced by physical tolerance or withdrawal. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Alcohol or drug dependence outpatient services: means alcohol or drug dependence nonresidential treatment provided on an ambulatory basis to patients with alcohol or drug dependence problems that includes interventions prescribed and performed by qualified physicians, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, licensed marriage and family therapists, licensed mental health [counselors], or advanced practice registered nurses. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- beneficiary: means a person who is a member, subscriber, enrollee, or dependent of a member, subscriber, or enrollee of or otherwise covered under a prescription drug benefit plan. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Bicycle: means :
(1) A vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, and including any vehicle generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels except a toy bicycle; or
- Bodily injury: means physical pain, illness, or any impairment of physical condition. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Business district: means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, or office buildings, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet of frontage on one side or three hundred feet collectively on both sides of the highway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Certified substance abuse counselor: means a person who is certified pursuant to § 321-193. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Commissioner: means the insurance commissioner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
- Commissioner: means the insurance commissioner of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conversion: means the transfer or sale of a significant amount of a nonprofit entity's assets to a for-profit entity or through any other means as determined by the commissioner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Crosswalk: means :
(1) That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or
(2) Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Day treatment services: means treatment services provided by a hospital, mental health outpatient facility, or nonhospital facility to patients who, because of their conditions, require more than periodic hourly service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Detoxification services: means the process whereby a person intoxicated by alcohol, drugs, or both, or a person who is dependent upon alcohol, drugs, or both, is assisted through the period of time necessary to eliminate, by metabolic or other means, the intoxicating alcohol or drug dependency factors, as determined by a physician or advanced practice registered nurse, while keeping the physiological risk to the person at a minimum. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Driver: means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Drug dependence: means any pattern of pathological use of drugs causing impairment in social or occupational functioning and producing psychological or physiological dependency or both, evidenced by physical tolerance or withdrawal. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
- For-profit entity: means a corporation organized under chapter 414, including a stock insurance company. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
- Gap group individuals: means medically uninsured persons who are residents of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431N-2
- Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Hazardous financial condition: means that, based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired or insolvent, is unlikely to be able to:
(1) Meet obligations to policyholders with respect to known claims and reasonably anticipated claims; or
(2) Pay other obligations in the normal course of business. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Health care coverage: means contractually arranged medical, personal, or other services, including preventive services, education, case management, and outreach, provided to an eligible member. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431N-2
- Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained and those private streets, as defined in § 46-16, over which the application of this chapter has been extended by ordinance, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Hospital: means a facility licensed as a hospital by the department of health and accredited by The Joint Commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- In-hospital services: means the provision of medical, nursing, or therapeutic services twenty-four hours a day in a hospital. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Insurance: means primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting and distributing risk which is determined to be insurance under the laws of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Intersection: means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
- Liability: means legal liability for damages, including costs of defense, legal costs and fees, and other claims expenses because of injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to those other persons resulting from or arising out of:
(1) Any business, whether for profit or nonprofit, trade, product, services, including professional services, premises, or operations; or
(2) Any activity of any state or county government, or any agency or political subdivision;
but does not include personal risk liability and an employer's liability with respect to its employees other than legal liability under the Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Licensed clinical social worker: means a person who is a licensed clinical social worker pursuant to chapter 467E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Licensed dietitian: means a person who uses the title of licensed dietitian or dietitian and has been licensed to practice dietetics under chapter 448B. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Licensed marriage and family therapist: means a person licensed in marriage and family therapy practice pursuant to chapter 451J. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Licensed mental health counselor: means a person:
(1) Who engages in the practice of [mental] health counseling and uses the title of licensed mental health counselor;
(2) Who is licensed in mental health counseling practice pursuant to chapter 453D; and
(3) Whose license is in effect and not revoked or suspended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Mental health outpatient facility: means a mental health establishment, clinic, institution, center, or community mental health center that provides for the diagnosis, treatment, care, or rehabilitation of mentally ill persons and has been accredited by The Joint Commission or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities or certified by the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Mental illness: means a syndrome of clinically significant psychological, biological, or behavioral abnormalities that results in personal distress or suffering, impairment of capacity for functioning, or both. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Moped: means a device upon which a person may ride that has:
(1) Two or three wheels in contact with the ground;
(2) A motor having a maximum power output capability measured at the motor output shaft, in accordance with SAE International standards, of two horsepower (one thousand four hundred ninety-two watts) or less and, if it is a combustion engine, a maximum piston or rotor displacement of 3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Motor scooter: means :
(1) Every motor vehicle that has a handlebar and seating that requires the operator to straddle or sit astride on it and is designed to travel on no more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excludes a farm tractor; or
(2) Every motor vehicle that has a steering wheel and seating that does not require the operator to straddle or sit astride on it, and is designed to travel on three wheels in contact with the ground, called an autocycle, which is certified by the manufacturer to comply with all applicable Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards as of the date of manufacture,
with a motor that produces no more than five horsepower, but excludes a moped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Motor vehicle: means every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power but not operated upon rails but excludes a moped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground but excludes a farm tractor and a moped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Nonhospital facility: means a facility for the care or treatment of alcohol dependent, drug dependent, or mentally ill persons that has been accredited by The Joint Commission or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities or certified by the department of health and, if residential, has been licensed as a special treatment facility by the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Nonprofit entity: means any charitable organization operating pursuant to Title 26 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Owner: means a person, other than a lien holder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- parking: means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Partial hospitalization: means treatment services, including in-hospital treatment services or benefits, provided by a hospital or mental health outpatient facility to patients who, because of their conditions, require more than periodic hourly service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Pedestrian: means any person afoot, in an invalid chair, or in a vehicle propelled by a person afoot. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Pharmacy benefit manager: means any person, business, or entity that performs pharmacy benefit management, including but not limited to a person or entity under contract with a pharmacy benefit manager to perform pharmacy benefit management on behalf of a managed care company, nonprofit hospital or medical service organization, insurance company, third-party payor, or health program administered by the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
- Physician: means a person licensed in the practice of medicine or osteopathy pursuant to chapter 453. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Police officer: means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Prescription drug benefit plan: means an accident and sickness insurance plan or health benefits plan that includes coverage for prescription drugs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
- Prescription drug benefit plan provider: means a person who provides prescription drug coverage as part of an accident and health or sickness insurance contract or other type of health insurance or benefits plan that is offered by the person and is subject to regulation under article 10A of chapter 431, chapter 432, or chapter 432D. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
- Private road or driveway: means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Psychologist: means a person licensed in the practice of psychology pursuant to chapter 465. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- Purchasing group: means any group which:
(1) Has as one of its purposes the purchase of liability insurance on a group basis;
(2) Purchases this insurance only for its group members and only to cover their similar or related liability exposure, as described in [paragraph (3)];
(3) Is composed of members whose businesses or activities are similar or related with respect to the liability to which members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises, or operations; and
(4) Is domiciled in any state. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Qualified: means :
(1) Having skill in the diagnosis or treatment of substance use disorders, based on a practitioner's credentials, including but not limited to professional education, clinical training, licensure, board or other certification, clinical experience, letters of reference, other professional qualifications, and disciplinary action; or
(2) Being a licensed physician, psychologist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed marriage and family therapist, licensed mental health counselor, or advanced practice registered nurse, and certified pursuant to chapter 321. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Railroad: means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Retail community pharmacy: means a pharmacy, permitted by the board of pharmacy pursuant to § 461-14, that is open to the public, dispenses prescription drugs to the general public, and makes available face-to-face consultations between licensed pharmacists and the general public to whom prescription drugs are dispensed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
- Risk retention group: means any corporation or other limited liability association formed under the laws of any state, Bermuda, or the Cayman Islands:
(1) Whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the liability exposure of its group members;
(2) Which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under paragraph (1);
(A) Is chartered and licensed as a liability insurance company and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of any state; or
(B) Before January 1, 1985, was chartered or licensed and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of Bermuda or the Cayman Islands and, before this date, had certified to the insurance commissioner of at least one state that it satisfied the capitalization requirements of that state, except that any group shall be considered to be a risk retention group only if the group has been engaged in business continuously since this date and only for the purpose of continuing to provide insurance to cover product liability or completed operations liability, as defined in the Product Liability Risk Retention Act of 1981, 15 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- significant: means twenty per cent or more of the assets of the nonprofit entity or an amount where the for-profit entity gains control or majority ownership of total assets of the nonprofit entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
- standing: means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- State: means any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Street: means the entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Substance abuse services: means the provision of medical, psychological, nursing, counseling, or therapeutic services in response to a treatment plan for alcohol or drug dependence or both which shall include, when appropriate, a combination of aftercare and individual, group, and family counseling services provided by qualified staff. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Through highway: means every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to a stop sign, yield sign, or other official traffic-control device, when such signs or devices are erected as provided by law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
- Treatment episode: means one admission to an accredited hospital or nonhospital facility, or office of a qualified physician, psychologist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed marriage and family therapist, licensed mental health counselor, or advanced practice registered nurse for treatment of alcohol or drug dependence, or both, as stipulated in a prescribed treatment plan and that would generally produce remission in those who complete the treatment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
- Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
- Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a roadway or highway, including mopeds and bicycles, but excluding toy bicycles, devices other than bicycles moved by human power, and devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1