(1) Except as provided in section 18-6720 [this section], Idaho Code, no person may install or use a pen register or a trap and trace device without first obtaining a court order under section 18-6722, Idaho Code.
(2)  The prohibition of subsection (1) of this section does not apply with respect to the use of a pen register or a trap and trace device by a provider of electronic or wire communication service:
(a)  Relating to the operation, maintenance, and testing of a wire or electronic communication service or to the protection of the rights or property of such provider, or to the protection of users of that service from abuse of service or unlawful use of service; or
(b)  To record the fact that a wire or electronic communication was initiated or completed in order to protect such provider, another provider furnishing service toward the completion of the wire communication, or a user of that service, from fraudulent, unlawful or abusive use of service; or
(c)  Where the consent of the user of that service has been obtained.

Terms Used In Idaho Code 18-6720

  • Electronic communication: means any transfer of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, data or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photooptical system, but does not include:
Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Person: means any employee or agent of the state or political subdivision thereof and any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, cooperative, or corporation. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Idaho Code 73-114
  • User: means any person or entity who:
  • Idaho Code 18-6701
  • Wire communication: means any aural transfer made in whole or in part through the use of facilities for the transmission of communications by the aid of wire, cable, or other like connection between the point of origin and the point of reception (including the use of such connection in a switching station), furnished or operated by any person engaged in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of intrastate, interstate or foreign communications. See Idaho Code 18-6701
  • (3)  Whoever knowingly violates the provisions of subsection (1) of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.