Terms Used In Idaho Code > Title 55
- Accessory to a corner: means any exclusively identifiable physical object whose spatial relationship to the corner is recorded. See Idaho Code 55-1603
- Activity and use limitations: means restrictions or obligations created under this chapter with respect to real property. See Idaho Code 55-3002
- Administrator: means the administrator of the division of building safety. See Idaho Code 55-2202
- Agency: means the Idaho department of environmental quality or any other state or federal agency that determines or approves the environmental response project pursuant to which the environmental covenant is created. See Idaho Code 55-3002
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
- Authorized person: means :
Idaho Code 55-2401
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings. Benchmark: means a material object, natural or artificial, whose elevation is referenced to an adopted datum. See Idaho Code 55-1603 Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC Board: means the board of licensure of professional engineers and professional land surveyors. See Idaho Code 55-1603 Board: means the damage prevention board. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records. Commission: means the Idaho real estate commission. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Common interest community: means a condominium, cooperative, or other real property with respect to which a person, by virtue of the person’s ownership of a parcel of real property, is obligated to pay property taxes or insurance premiums, or for maintenance, or improvement of other real property described in a recorded covenant that creates the common interest community. See Idaho Code 55-3002 Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action. Conservation easement: means a nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property imposing limitations or affirmative obligations the purposes of which include retaining or protecting natural, scenic, or open-space values of real property, assuring its availability for agricultural, forest, recreational, or open-space use, protecting natural resources, maintaining or enhancing air or water quality, or preserving the historical, architectural, archaeological, or cultural aspects of real property. See Idaho Code 55-2101 Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time. Continuing garnishment: means a garnishment of wages of the judgment debtor that continues, subject to the limitations found in section 11-705, Idaho Code, until the debt is satisfied. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Contractor: means any person, sole proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, corporation, or other business entity doing business in the state of Idaho which contracts, subcontracts or otherwise agrees or undertakes to perform any function or activity upon any land, building, highway, waterway or other premises. See Idaho Code 55-2401 conveyance: as used in this chapter , embraces every instrument in writing by which any estate or interest in real property is created, alienated, mortgaged or encumbered, or by which the title to any real property may be affected, except wills. See Idaho Code 55-813 Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name. Damage: means any impact or exposure that results in the substantial weakening of structural or lateral support of an underground facility, or the penetration, impairment, or destruction of any underground protective coating, housing, or other protective device, or the partial or complete destruction of the facility, or the severance, partial or complete, of any underground facility to the extent that the project owner or the affected underground facility owner determines that repairs are required. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Decedent: A deceased person. Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another. Default: means the failure to perform, on time, any obligation or duty set forth in the rental agreement. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another. Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial. Disposable earnings: means that part of the earnings of any individual remaining after the deduction from those earnings of any amounts required by law to be withheld. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Disposition: includes sale, lease, assignment, award by lottery or any other transaction concerning a subdivision, if undertaken for gain or profit. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Earnings: means compensation paid or payable for personal services, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus or otherwise, and includes periodic payments pursuant to a pension or retirement program. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Emergency: means any sudden or unforeseen condition constituting a clear and present danger to life, health or property, or a customer service outage, or the blockage of roads or transportation facilities that requires immediate action. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Environmental covenant: means a servitude arising under an environmental response project that imposes activity and use limitations. See Idaho Code 55-3002 Environmental response project: means a plan or work performed for environmental remediation of real property and conducted:
Idaho Code 55-3002
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met. Excavation: means any operation in which earth, rock, or other material in the ground is moved or otherwise displaced by any means including, but not limited to, explosives. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Excavator: means any person who engages directly in excavation. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Excavator downtime: means lost time for an excavation project due to failure of one (1) or more stakeholders to comply with applicable damage prevention regulations. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state. Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller. Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator. Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC Financial institution: means any state bank, national bank, trust company, savings and loan association, savings bank, federal savings and loan association, federal savings bank or credit union, as those terms are defined in title 26, Idaho Code, or any federal credit union organized under the federal credit union act, 12 U. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another. Garnishee: means a person or institution that is indebted to or is in possession of property, money or credits of a debtor whose property has been subjected to garnishment. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Garnishment: means a judicial proceeding in which a creditor or potential creditor asks the court to order a third party who is indebted to, or is in possession of, property, money or credits of the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor’s property, money or credits held by that third party. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value. Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it. High voltage: means voltage in excess of six hundred (600) volts measured between conductors or between a conductor and the ground. See Idaho Code 55-2401 Holder: means :
Idaho Code 55-2101
Holder: means the grantee of an environmental covenant as specified in section 55-3003(1), Idaho Code. See Idaho Code 55-3002 Idaho coordinate system: shall mean that system of plane coordinates as established and designated by chapter 17, title 55, Idaho Code. See Idaho Code 55-1902 Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury. Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person. Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit. Intestate: Dying without leaving a will. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases. Land survey: means measuring the field location of corners that:
Idaho Code 55-1902
Last known address: means that address provided by the lessee in the rental agreement or the address provided by lessee to the operator in a subsequent written notice of a change of address. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC Leased space: means the individual storage space at the self-service storage facility which is or may be rented to a lessee pursuant to a rental agreement. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Lessee: means a person, sublessee, successor, or assignee entitled to the use of a leased space at a self-service storage facility under a rental agreement. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt. Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant). Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors. Marking: means the use of stakes, paint, or other clearly identifiable materials to show the field location of underground facilities, in accordance with the current color code standard of the American public works association. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Idaho Code 73-114 Monument: means a physical structure that occupies the exact position of a corner. See Idaho Code 55-1603 Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan. Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money. Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money. Offer: includes any inducement, solicitation or attempt to encourage a person to acquire an interest in land, if undertaken for gain or profit. See Idaho Code 55-1802 One-number notification service: means a service through which a person can notify owners of underground facilities and request field-marking of their underground facilities. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC Operator: means any person authorized by the owner to manage the facility. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Overhead line: means all electrical conductors installed above ground. See Idaho Code 55-2401 Owner: means the person who holds legal title to the self-service storage facility. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses. Person: means an individual, corporation, government, governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, unincorporated association, two (2) or more of any of the foregoing having a joint or common interest or any other legal or commercial entity. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Person: means an individual, partnership, association, corporation, a state, a city, a county, or any subdivision or instrumentality of a state, and its employees, agents, or legal representatives. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Person: means any individual or business entity of any kind. See Idaho Code 55-2401 Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Idaho Code 55-3002 Personal property: means those items placed within the leased space and includes, but is not limited to, goods, wares, merchandise, motor vehicles, watercraft and household items and furnishings. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, evidences of debt and general intangibles as defined in the uniform commercial code — secured transactions. See Idaho Code 73-114 Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit. Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents. Probate: Proving a will Professional land surveyor: means any person who is authorized by the laws of this state to practice land surveying. See Idaho Code 55-1603 psychologically impacted: means the effect of certain circumstances surrounding real property which include, but are not limited to, the fact or suspicion that real property might be or is impacted as a result of facts or suspicions including, but not limited to the following:
Idaho Code 55-2801
Public land survey corner: means any point actually established and monumented in an original survey or resurvey that determines the boundaries of remaining public lands, or public lands patented, represented on an official plat and in the field notes thereof, accepted and approved under authority delegated by congress to the U. See Idaho Code 55-1603 Public land survey corner: is a ny point actually established and monumented in an original survey or resurvey that determines the boundaries of remaining public lands, or public lands patented, represented on an official plat and in the field notes thereof, accepted and approved under authority delegated by congress to the U. See Idaho Code 55-1902 Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide. Public utility: means any publicly, cooperatively or privately owned utility which owns or operates a high voltage overhead line. See Idaho Code 55-2401 Purchaser: means a person who acquires or attempts to acquire or succeeds to an interest in land. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business. reasonably accurate: means location within twenty-four (24) inches horizontally of the outside dimensions of each side of an underground facility. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Reference point: means a special monumented point that does not occupy the same geographical position as the corner itself, and where the spatial relationship to the corner is recorded, and which serves to locate the corner. See Idaho Code 55-1603 Registered mail: includes certified mail. See Idaho Code 73-114 Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant. Rental agreement: means a signed, written agreement or contract that establishes conditions or rules concerning the use and occupancy by a lessee of a self-service storage facility and includes any signed written amendment to such an agreement. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation. Residential real property: means real property that is improved by a building or other structure that has one (1) to four (4) dwelling units or an individually owned unit in a structure of any size. See Idaho Code 55-2503 Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action. Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC Rural underground facility owner: means an underground facility owner that is a public utility or a member-owned cooperative that serves fewer than five thousand (5,000) total customers in a county or counties with populations that do not exceed fifty thousand (50,000) people. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Self-service storage facility: means any real property used for renting or leasing individual storage space in which the lessees themselves store and remove their own personal property on a "self-service" basis. See Idaho Code 55-2301 Seller: means the owner of residential real property as defined in this chapter. See Idaho Code 55-2503 Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party. Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims. Stakeholder: means any party with an interest in protecting underground facilities including, but not limited to, persons, property owners, underground facility owners, excavators, contractors, cities, counties, highway districts, railroads, public entities that deliver irrigation water and those engaged in agriculture. See Idaho Code 55-2202 State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Idaho Code 55-3002 subdivided lands: means and includes the following:
Idaho Code 55-1802
Subdivider: means any owner of subdivided land who offers it for disposition or the principal agent of an inactive owner. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony. Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents. Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system. Surveyor: shall mean every person authorized by the state of Idaho to practice the profession of land surveying. See Idaho Code 55-1902 Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent Testify: Answer questions in court. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. Third-party right of enforcement: means a right provided in a conservation easement to enforce any of its terms granted to a governmental body, charitable corporation, charitable association, or charitable trust, which, although eligible to be a holder, is not a holder. See Idaho Code 55-2101 Time shared property: means any real property in which the use and occupancy rights are divided or proposed to be divided into more than thirteen (13) units, interests or parcels in accordance with a fixed or variable time schedule on a periodic basis that allocates the use or occupancy among the persons holding similar interests, whether such use or occupancy rights are granted by deed, contract or share certificate. See Idaho Code 55-1802 Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident. Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence. Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor. Underground facility: means any item buried or placed below ground for use in connection with the storage or conveyance of water (unless being delivered primarily for irrigation), sewage, electronic, telephonic or telegraphic communications, cable television, electric energy, petroleum products, gas, gaseous vapors, hazardous liquids, or other substances and including, but not limited to, pipes, sewers, conduits, cables, valves, lines, wires, manholes, attachments, and those parts of poles or anchors below ground. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Underground facility owner: means any person who owns or operates an underground facility. See Idaho Code 55-2202 Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried. Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge. Wage garnishment: means any legal or equitable procedure through which the earnings of any individual are required to be withheld for payment of any debt. See Idaho Code 28-36-111 Witness corner: means a monumented point on a lot line or boundary line of a survey, near a corner, and established in situations where it is impracticable to occupy or monument the corner. See Idaho Code 55-1603