As used in this act:
(a) “Incapacitated individual” means an individual who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause, not including minority, to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate informed decisions.
Terms Used In Michigan Laws 700.1105
- Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Beneficiary: includes , but is not limited to, the following:
(i) In relation to a trust, a person that is a trust beneficiary as defined in section 7103. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Child: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take as a child under this act by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Claim: includes , but is not limited to, in respect to a decedent's or protected individual's estate, a liability of the decedent or protected individual, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and a liability of the estate that arises at or after the decedent's death or after a conservator's appointment, including funeral and burial expenses and costs and expenses of administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Descendant: means , in relation to an individual, all of his or her descendants of all generations, with the relationship of parent and child at each generation being determined by the definitions of child and parent contained in this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Devisee: means a person designated in a will to receive a devise. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Disability: means cause for a protective order as described in section 5401. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
- Estate: includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
- Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, a personal representative, funeral representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
- Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
- Heir: means , except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
- Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
- Personal representative: includes , but is not limited to, an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, and special personal representative, and any other person, other than a trustee of a trust subject to article VII, who performs substantially the same function under the law governing that person's status. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
- probate register: means the official of the court designated to perform the functions of register as provided in section 1304. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
- Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
- Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership, and includes both real and personal property or an interest in real or personal property. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
- Protected individual: means a minor or other individual for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in part 4 of article V. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
- State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
- Trust: includes , but is not limited to, an express trust, private or charitable, with additions to the trust, wherever and however created. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
- Ward: means an individual for whom a guardian is appointed. See Michigan Laws 700.1108
(b) “Informal proceedings” means proceedings for probate of a will or appointment of a personal representative conducted by the probate register without notice to interested persons.
(c) “Interested person” or “person interested in an estate” includes, but is not limited to, the incumbent fiduciary; an heir, devisee, child, spouse, creditor, and beneficiary and any other person that has a property right in or claim against a trust estate or the estate of a decedent, ward, or protected individual; a person that has priority for appointment as personal representative; and a fiduciary representing an interested person. Identification of interested persons may vary from time to time and shall be determined according to the particular purposes of, and matter involved in, a proceeding, and by the supreme court rules.
(d) “Issue” means an individual’s descendant.
(e) “Joint tenants with the right of survivorship” includes, but is not limited to, co-owners or ownership of property held under circumstances that entitle 1 or more to the whole of the property on the death of the other or others, but does not include forms of co-ownership registration in which the underlying ownership of each party is in proportion to that party’s contribution.
(f) “Jurisdiction,” with respect to a geographic area, includes a county, state, or country.
(g) “Lawyer-guardian ad litem” means an attorney appointed under section 5213 or 5219 who has the powers and duties referenced by and provided in section 5213.
(h) “Lease” includes, but is not limited to, an oil, gas, or other mineral lease.
(i) “Legally incapacitated individual” means an individual, other than a minor, for whom a guardian is appointed under this act or an individual, other than a minor, who has been adjudged by a court to be an incapacitated individual.
(j) “Letters” includes, but is not limited to, letters testamentary, letters of guardianship, letters of administration, and letters of conservatorship.