Article I Definitions, General Provisions, and Court Jurisdiction
Article II Intestacy, Wills, and Donative Transfers
Article III Probate of Wills and Administration
Article IV Foreign Personal Representatives and Ancillary Administration
Article V Protection of an Individual Under Disability and His or Her Property
Article VI Nonprobate Transfers On Death
Article VII Michigan Trust Code
Article VIII Miscellaneous Provisions

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 700 > Act 386 of 1998

  • Ability to pay: means the ability of a responsible party to pay for the cost of services, as determined by the department under sections 818 and 819. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Accommodations: means the room or other space provided for sleeping, including furnishings and other accessories therein. See Michigan Laws 141.861
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Active business operations: means all business operations that are not inactive business operations. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • Active duty firearms standard: means the in-service standard for the training and qualification of active duty law enforcement officers as mandated by the commission under the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Added fat: means the addition of fat tissue originating from portions consisting of less than 12% muscle tissue in each portion. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Added water: means greater moisture content than normally found in meat and, except for poultry, is determined by total moisture minus 4 times the percentage of protein. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjudication of guilt: means any of the following:

    (i) Entry of a judgment or verdict of guilty, or guilty but mentally ill, following a trial. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Administrative admission: means the admission of an individual with a developmental disability to a center pursuant to section 509. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Administrator: means the official designated by the county to collect the tax and to administer and enforce the ordinance. See Michigan Laws 141.861
  • Adulterated: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) It bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance that may render it injurious to health unless the substance is not an added substance and the quantity of that substance in the food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health. See Michigan Laws 289.1105

  • Advertisement: means a representation disseminated in any manner or by any means, other than by labeling, for the purpose of inducing, or which is likely to induce, directly or indirectly, the purchase of food. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means this state, a state authority, agency, fund, commission, board, or department of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Agent: means an agent or attorney in fact acting under a written power of attorney and within the scope of his, her, or its authority. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Agent: includes , but is not limited to, an attorney-in-fact under a durable or nondurable power of attorney and an individual authorized to make decisions as a patient advocate concerning another's health care. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Agricultural use operation: means a maple syrup production facility or similar food establishment that finishes a raw commodity and is integral to the agricultural production of, and is located at, a farm. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 105 of the Michigan liquor control code of 1998, 1998 PA 58, MCL 436. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Alcoholic liquor: means that term as defined in section 1d of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allegation: means an assertion of fact made by an individual that has not yet been proved or supported with evidence. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Alternate valuation date: The earlier of the date six months after the decedent
  • Alternative devise: means a devise that is expressly created by the will and, under the terms of the will, can take effect instead of another devise on the happening of 1 or more events, including survival of the testator or failure to survive the testator, whether an event is expressed in condition-precedent, condition-subsequent, or another form. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Ancillary facility: means any revolving credit agreement, agreement establishing a line of credit or letter of credit, reimbursement agreement, interest rate exchange or similar agreement, currency exchange agreement, interest rate floor or cap, options, puts or calls to hedge payment, currency, rate, spread or similar exposure, or similar agreements, investment agreements, float agreements, forward agreements or other investment arrangements, insurance contract, surety bond, commitment to purchase or sell securities, purchase or sale agreements or commitments or other contracts or agreements and other security agreements approved by the authority, including without limitation any arrangements referred to in this act. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals committee: means a committee appointed by the director or by the board of a community mental health services program or licensed hospital under section 774. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Appellant: means the recipient, complainant, parent, or guardian who appeals a recipient rights finding or a respondent's action to an appeals committee. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicable environmental requirement: means an applicable federal environmental requirement, an applicable state environmental requirement, or an environmental requirement established by a local unit of government. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Applicable federal environmental requirement: means any of the following:

    (i) The federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Applicable state environmental requirement: means any of the following or a rule promulgated or permit, order, or other legally binding document issued under any of the following:

    (i) Article II or chapter 1 or 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Application: means a written request to the probate register for an order of informal probate or informal appointment under part 3 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Application period: means the period beginning when an application for a permit is received by the state and ending when the application is considered to be administratively complete under section 1305 and any applicable fee has been paid. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest card: means a paper form or an electronic format prescribed by the department that facilitates the collection and compilation of criminal and juvenile arrest history record information and biometric data. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Articles pyrotechnic: means pyrotechnic devices for professional use that are similar to consumer fireworks in chemical composition and construction but not intended for consumer use, that meet the weight limits for consumer fireworks but are not labeled as such, and that are classified as UN0431 or UN0432 under 49 CFR 172. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Artificial flavoring: means any flavoring containing any sapid or aromatic constituent manufactured by synthesis or similar process. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Ascertainable standard: means a standard relating to an individual's health, education, support, or maintenance within the meaning of section 2041(b)(1)(A) or 2514(c)(1) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 2041 and 2514. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Assessment: means the amount levied against an owner of a transient facility within an assessment district computed by application of the applicable percentage against aggregate room charges with respect to that transient facility during the applicable assessment period. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Assessment: means the amount levied against an owner of a transient facility within an assessment district, computed by application of the applicable percentage against aggregate room charges with respect to that transient facility during the applicable assessment period. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Assessment: means the amount levied against an owner of a transient facility within an assessment district computed by application of the applicable percentage against aggregate room charges with respect to that transient facility during the applicable assessment period. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Assessment: means the amount levied against an owner under this act. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Assessment district: means a municipality or a combination of municipalities as described in a marketing program. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Assessment district: means a municipality or combination of municipalities as described in a marketing program. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Assessment district: means a county having a population of more than 1,500,000 and, if so designated by the bureau in the marketing program notice, any county or counties contiguous with it. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Assessment revenues: means the money derived from the assessment, including any interest and penalties on the assessment, imposed by this act. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Assessment revenues: means the money derived from the assessment, including any interest and penalties on the assessment, imposed by this act. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Assessment revenues: means the money derived from the assessment, including any interest and penalties on the assessment, imposed by this act. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Assessment revenues: means the money collected by a regional marketing organization from the assessment, including any interest and penalties on the assessment, imposed under this act. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Associated equipment: means any of the following that are not radio equipment:

    (i) An original system, part, or component of a personal watercraft at the time that boat was manufactured, or a similar part or component manufactured or sold for replacement. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attended terminal: means a terminal, other than a remote control terminal, where an individual knowledgeable in the aboveground liquid storage tank filling operation is physically in attendance and control during the entire delivery of a flammable liquid and has as his or her primary responsibility supervising the storage tank filling operation. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Attorney: means , if appointed to represent a child under the provisions referenced in section 5213, an attorney serving as the child's legal advocate in the manner defined and described in section 13a of chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means a regional convention facility authority created under section 7. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Authority: means the Michigan tobacco settlement finance authority created under section 4. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Authority: means the Michigan finance authority created by Executive Reorganization Order No. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Authorized individual: means an individual who by section 2959 or by the laws of the United States, including members of the diplomatic and consular service of the United States designated by foreign service regulations, is empowered to supervise the execution of international wills. See Michigan Laws 700.2951
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Base state: means the state selected by a motor carrier according to the procedures established by the uniform program. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bed and breakfast: means a private residence that offers sleeping accommodations to transient tenants in 14 or fewer rooms for rent, is the innkeeper's residence in which the innkeeper resides while renting the rooms to transient tenants, and serves breakfasts, or other meals in the case of a bed and breakfast described in section 1107(t)(ii), at no extra cost to its transient tenants. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Beneficiary: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) In relation to a trust, a person that is a trust beneficiary as defined in section 7103. See Michigan Laws 700.1103

  • Beneficiary designation: means the naming in a governing instrument of a beneficiary of an insurance or annuity policy, of an account with POD designation, of a security registered in beneficiary form (TOD), of a pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan, or of another nonprobate transfer at death. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Beneficiary form: means a registration of a security that indicates the present owner of the security and the owner's intention regarding the person who will become the security's owner upon the owner's death. See Michigan Laws 700.6301
  • Benefited parties: means persons, firms, or corporations that enter into ancillary facilities with the authority according to the provisions of this act. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Binders: means food and nonfood substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats for binding, stabilizing, thickening, or maintaining viscosity of the product. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Biometric data: means all of the following:

    (i) Fingerprint images recorded in a manner prescribed by the department. See Michigan Laws 28.241a

  • Board: means the board of directors of a bureau. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Board: means the board of directors of an authority. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Board: means the municipal fire service classification board created by section 2. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • Board: means the state fire safety board created in section 3b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Board: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund board established in section 1905. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Board: means the board of directors elected by the members of a bureau. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Board: means the board of directors of a bureau. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • board: means the environmental science board created in section 2603. See Michigan Laws 324.2601
  • Board: means the board of directors elected by the members of a regional marketing organization. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Board: means the local emergency financial assistance loan board created under section 2. See Michigan Laws 141.931
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Boat: means a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Boat livery: means that term as defined in section 44501. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Boating safety certificate: means either of the following:

    (i) The document issued by the department under this part that certifies that the individual named in the document has successfully completed a boating safety course and passed an examination approved and administered as required under section 80211. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Boating safety course: means a course that meets both of the following requirements:

    (i) Provides instruction on the safe operation of a personal watercraft that meets or exceeds the minimum course content for boating or personal watercraft education established by the national association of state boating law administrators education committee (October 1996). See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Bond: means a bond, note, or other obligation issued by the authority under this act. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Bonds: means bonds of the authority issued under this act with a maturity greater than 3 years. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Bonds or other evidences of indebtedness: means any instrument providing for the payment of money, executed by or on behalf of a public corporation or which a public corporation has assumed and agreed to pay, including, without limitation on the foregoing bonds, notes, contracts, leases and certificates, but shall not include bonds or other evidences of indebtedness issued pursuant to Act No. See Michigan Laws 141.151
  • Borrower: means a public corporation exercising the power to issue bonds as provided in this act or a county treasurer exercising the power to issue notes as provided in this act. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Budget: means a plan of financial operation for a given period of time, including an estimate of all proposed expenditures from the funds of a local unit and the proposed means of financing the expenditures. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Building: means a structure, framework, or place for housing 1 or more persons or a tank, receptacle, or container for the storage of commodities or other materials. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Bureau: means a nonprofit corporation incorporated under the laws of this state existing solely to promote convention business and tourism within this state or a portion of this state and that complies with all of the following:
  (i) Has not less than 200 dues-paying members, of which not fewer than 25 are owners of transient facilities. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Bureau: means the bureau of fire services created in section 1b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Bureau: means a nonprofit corporation existing to promote convention business or tourism within this state or a portion of this state. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Bureau: means a nonprofit corporation incorporated under the laws of this state existing solely to promote convention business and tourism within this state or a portion of this state, and which complies with all of the following:

    (i) Has not less than 400 dues paying members, of which not less than 50 are owners of transient facilities. See Michigan Laws 141.882

  • Business operations: means engaging in commerce in any form with a state sponsor of terror, including by acquiring, developing, maintaining, owning, selling, possessing, leasing, or operating equipment, facilities, personnel, products, services, personal property, real property, or any other apparatus of business or commerce. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • By-products or variety meats: means hearts, livers, brains, tongues, tripe, stomach, lungs, melts, eyes, weasand meats, head meat, cheek meat, salivary glands, udder, lips, ears, snouts, skin, feet, spleens, slaughterhouse by-products, spinal cords, cracklings or crackling meal, packinghouse by-products, food processor by-products, partially defatted fatty tissues, and partially defatted chopped meat. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Candling: means the examination, in a partially darkened room or place, of the interior of an egg by twirling the egg before a bright light passing through an aperture in an opaque shield or by another approved method. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Capitalization grant: means the federal grant made to this state by the United States environmental protection agency for either of the following purposes:
  •   (i) For the purpose of establishing a state water pollution control revolving fund, as provided in title VI of the federal water pollution control act, 33 USC 1381 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Certificate: means a commission-issued document that identifies a qualified retired law enforcement officer who is certified under 18 USC 926C and this act. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Certificate: means a numbered document issued by the state fire marshal to a person who has obtained certification under this act. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Certificate holder: means a qualified retired law enforcement officer who is issued a certificate by the commission. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Certification: means either of the following:

    (i) A determination by the state fire marshal that a person meets the certification requirements for a position within the fire service, as established by the council under this act. See Michigan Laws 29.362

  • certified: means official recognition by the commission that a retired law enforcement officer has met the active duty firearms standard in this state and is eligible to carry a concealed firearm under 18 USC 926C. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Certified health department: means a county, district, or city health department that meets the criteria for certification of health departments established by this act and that is authorized by the director to enforce this act for retail groceries, food processors, or fair concessions. See Michigan Laws 289.3103
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Channel: means either of the following:

    (i) The deepest part of a stream, bay, or straight through which the main current flows. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Charitable trust: means a trust, or portion of a trust, created for a charitable purpose described in section 7405(1). See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • charter county: means a home rule county created under Act No. See Michigan Laws 330.1200a
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • chief of an organized fire department: means the chief operating officer of an organized fire department. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Child: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take as a child under this act by intestate succession from the parent whose relationship is involved. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Child: means an individual less than 14 years of age. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Child: means an individual less than 17 years of age. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Circumstantial evidence: All evidence except eyewitness testimony.
  • Citation: means that term as described in section 17a. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Claim: includes , but is not limited to, in respect to a decedent's or protected individual's estate, a liability of the decedent or protected individual, whether arising in contract, tort, or otherwise, and a liability of the estate that arises at or after the decedent's death or after a conservator's appointment, including funeral and burial expenses and costs and expenses of administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Class member: includes , but is not limited to, an individual who fails to survive the testator but who would have taken under a devise in the form of a class gift had he or she survived the testator. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Clean corporate citizen: means a facility that has demonstrated environmental stewardship and a strong environmental ethic by meeting the criteria in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Clearinghouse: means the missing child information clearinghouse established under section 9. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Clinical certificate: means the written conclusion and statements of a physician or a licensed psychologist that an individual is a person requiring treatment, together with the information and opinions, in reasonable detail, that underlie the conclusion, on the form prescribed by the department or on a substantially similar form. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Code: means the United States internal revenue code of 1986, as amended, and any successor provision of law. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Color additive: means a dye, pigment, or other substance that is made by a process of synthesis or similar artifice or is extracted, isolated, or otherwise derived, with or without intermediate or final change of identity from a vegetable, animal, mineral, or other source, or when added or applied to a food or any part of a food is capable alone or through reaction with other substances of imparting color to the food. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Combustible liquid: means a liquid with a flash point at or above 100 degrees Fahrenheit and below 200 degrees Fahrenheit. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Commanding officer: means the director of the department of state police or the director's designee. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Commercial manufacturer: means a person engaged in the manufacture of consumer fireworks. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Comminuted: means chopped, diced, flaked, ground, or otherwise reduced to minute particles. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Commission: means the commission on law enforcement standards established under section 3 of the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in section 3 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.562
  • Commission: means the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards created in this act or, by express delegation of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards, its executive director and staff. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Commission: means the commission on law enforcement standards created under the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Commission: means the Michigan law enforcement officers memorial monument fund commission created in section 4. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Commission: means the school safety commission created in section 5. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the office of financial and insurance regulation of the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 445.1601
  • Common disaster: A sudden and extraordinary misfortune that brings about the simultaneous or near-simultaneous deaths of two or more associated persons, such as husband and wife.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community foundation: means an organization that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Has been in existence for at least 10 years. See Michigan Laws 128.3

  • Community water supply: means a community water supply as defined in part 54 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Company: means any sole proprietorship, organization, association, corporation, partnership, joint venture, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, or other entity or business association, including all wholly owned subsidiaries, majority-owned subsidiaries, parent companies, or affiliates of those entities or business associations, that exists for profit-making purposes. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • Competent clinical opinion: means the clinical judgment of a physician, psychiatrist, or licensed psychologist. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Complainant: means an individual who files a rights complaint. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concession: means an agreement between the department and a person under terms and conditions as specified by the department to provide services or recreational opportunities for public use. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conservator: means a person appointed by a court to manage a protected individual's estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Consumer: means an individual who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processor, and does not offer the food for resale. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Consumer fireworks: means fireworks devices that are designed to produce visible effects by combustion, that are required to comply with the construction, chemical composition, and labeling regulations promulgated by the United States consumer product safety commission under 16 CFR parts 1500 and 1507, and that are listed in APA standard 87-1, 3. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Consumer fireworks certificate: means a certificate issued under section 4. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Contaminated with filth: means contaminated as a result of not being securely protected from dust, dirt, and, as far as may be necessary by all reasonable means, from all foreign or injurious contaminations. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Contested case: means that term as defined in section 3 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Controlled substance: means that term as defined in section 7104 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Convention and entertainment facilities: means all or any part, or any combination of convention halls, auditoriums, stadiums, music halls, arenas, meeting rooms, exhibit areas, and related public areas. See Michigan Laws 141.861
  • Convention facility: means all or any part of, or any combination of, a convention hall, auditorium, arena, meeting rooms, exhibition area, and related adjacent public areas that are generally available to the public for lease on a short-term basis for holding conventions, meetings, exhibits, and similar events, together with real or personal property, and easements above, on, or under the surface of real or personal property, used or intended to be used for holding conventions, meetings, exhibits, and similar events, together with appurtenant property, including covered walkways, parking lots, or structures, necessary and convenient for use in connection with the convention facility. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means a final conviction, the payment of a fine, a plea of guilty or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, a finding of guilt, or a probate court or family division disposition on a violation of this part, regardless of whether the penalty is rebated or suspended. See Michigan Laws 324.80101
  • Conviction: means a plea of guilty, guilty but mentally ill, or nolo contendere if accepted by the court, or a jury verdict or court finding that a defendant is guilty or guilty but mentally ill for a criminal law violation, or a juvenile adjudication or disposition for a criminal law violation that if committed by an adult would be a crime. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Coordinator: means the coordinator of environmental education provided for in section 2503. See Michigan Laws 324.2502
  • Core item: means a provision in the food code that is not designated as a priority item or a priority foundation item. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Corrections officer of the department of corrections: means a state correctional officer as that term is defined in section 2 of the correctional officers' training act of 1982, 1982 PA 415, MCL 791. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Cost of services: means the total operating and capital costs incurred by the department or a community mental health services program with respect to, or on behalf of, an individual. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Cost-of-living adjustment factor: means a fraction, the numerator of which is the United States consumer price index for the prior calendar year and the denominator of which is the United States consumer price index for 1997. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • costs: means the costs of purchasing, acquiring, constructing, improving, enlarging, extending, or repairing a public improvement, including any engineering, architectural, legal, accounting, financial, and other expenses incident to the public improvement. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Cottage food operation: means a person who produces or packages cottage food products only in a kitchen of that person's primary domestic residence within this state. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Cottage food product: means a food that is not potentially hazardous food as that term is defined in the food code. See Michigan Laws 289.1105
  • Council: means the firefighters training council created under section 3. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Council: means the criminal justice information policy council created in section 2. See Michigan Laws 28.211a
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County payment program: means the program authorized under chapter 192, 35 Stat. See Michigan Laws 141.1301
  • County treasurer: means an elected county treasurer or a county treasurer appointed under section 5 of 1923 PA 199, MCL 201. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health services for the county of residence of the subject of a petition, or for the county in which the subject of a petition was found. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health matters for the county in which an individual with a developmental disability resides or was found. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Court: means the probate court or, when applicable, the family division of circuit court. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Court: means the probate court for the county in which an individual, for whom a request for substance use disorder treatment and rehabilitation services has been made or a petition for involuntary treatment has been filed, either resides or is found. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health services for the county in which a minor who has requested hospitalization, for whom a request for hospitalization has been made, or who has been hospitalized pursuant to this chapter either resides or was found. See Michigan Laws 330.1498b
  • Court: means the probate court or the court with responsibility with regard to mental health services for the county of residence of an individual with developmental disability, or for the county in which the individual was found if a county of residence cannot be determined. See Michigan Laws 330.1600
  • Credit card: means a card or device issued by a person licensed under 1984 PA 379, MCL 493. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Credit card: means a card or device issued under a credit card arrangement by a person licensed under 1984 PA 379, MCL 493. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Credit card arrangement: means an unsecured extension of credit for purchasing goods or services from the credit card issuer or any other person that is made to the holder of a credit card and that is accessed with a credit card. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Credit card policy: means a policy adopted by resolution of a local unit under section 3. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Credit granting institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank, a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, a state or federally chartered credit union, the Michigan state housing development authority, or a business entity making or purchasing mortgage loans, that has a main office, branch office, or service center in the state of Michigan at which it conducts that business. See Michigan Laws 445.1601
  • Criminal abuse: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) An assault that is a violation or an attempt or conspiracy to commit a violation of sections 81 to 90 of the Michigan penal code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 330.1700

  • Criminal history record information: means name; date of birth; personal descriptions including identifying marks, scars, amputations, and tattoos; aliases and prior names; social security number, driver's license number, and other identifying numbers; and information on misdemeanor arrests and convictions and felony arrests and convictions. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Criteria for judicial admission: means the criteria specified in section 515 for admission of an adult with a developmental disability to a center, private facility, or alternative program of care and treatment under section 518. See Michigan Laws 330.1500
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means a person and an authorized representative of that person who annually purchases from a manufacturer, or who is engaged in selling or manufacturing, 6 or more personal watercraft that require certificates of number under part 801. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delinquent tax revenues: means the delinquent taxes, interest, penalties and fees, and chargebacks of uncollected delinquent taxes due or to become due to local units of government to be collected by a county treasurer as agent for the local unit of government in connection with a delinquent tax system and pledged to any borrowing by a county treasurer under section 7b. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Delinquent tax system: means the delinquent tax revolving fund in any county created and designated under section 87b of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Department: means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Department: means the department of labor and economic growth. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Department: means the department, agency, or officer authorized by this act to approve or deny an application for a particular permit. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.2301
  • Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.2701
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.196
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Department: means the department of state police. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 141.1301
  • Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Dependent: means any individual who was substantially reliant for support upon the income of the deceased public safety officer. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • deposit: includes the purchase of, or investment in, shares of a credit union. See Michigan Laws 129.44
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository: means that department of the financial institution which is responsible for managing, investing, and reinvesting funds placed in an investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Depository library: means a depository library designated under section 10 of the library of Michigan act, 1982 PA 540, MCL 397. See Michigan Laws 141.422d
  • Descendant: means , in relation to an individual, all of his or her descendants of all generations, with the relationship of parent and child at each generation being determined by the definitions of child and parent contained in this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devise: includes , but is not limited to, an alternative devise, a devise in the form of a class gift, and an exercise of a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Devise: means , when used as a noun, a testamentary disposition of real or personal property and, when used as a verb, to dispose of real or personal property by will. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Devisee: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    (i) A class member if the devise is in the form of a class gift. See Michigan Laws 700.2601

  • Devisee: means a person designated in a will to receive a devise. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Direct and proximate: means that the antecedent event is a substantial factor in the result. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Director: means the chief executive officer of the Michigan economic development corporation or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Director: means the director of the department of labor and economic growth. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Director: means the director of the state department authorized under this act to approve or deny an application for a particular permit or the director's designee. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Director: means the president of the Michigan strategic fund. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.2301
  • Director: means the director of the department of commerce. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Director: means the director of commerce. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Director: means the director of the department of management and budget. See Michigan Laws 141.951
  • Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 141.1301
  • Disability: means cause for a protective order as described in section 5401. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Disclaimable interest: includes , but is not limited to, property, the right to receive or control property, and a power of appointment. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discretionary trust provision: means a provision in a trust, regardless of whether the terms of the trust provide a standard for the exercise of the trustee's discretion and regardless of whether the trust contains a spendthrift provision, that provides that the trustee has discretion, or words of similar import, to determine 1 or more of the following:

    (i) Whether to distribute to or for the benefit of an individual or a class of beneficiaries the income or principal or both of the trust. See Michigan Laws 700.7103

  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Display fireworks: means large fireworks devices that are explosive materials intended for use in fireworks displays and designed to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration, or detonation, as provided in 27 CFR 555. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Distributee: means a person that receives a decedent's property from the decedent's personal representative or trust property from the trustee other than as a creditor or purchaser. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Distribution: means the amount of money a county receives under sections 4 and 5. See Michigan Laws 141.472
  • DNA identification profiling: means a validated scientific method of analyzing components of deoxyribonucleic acid molecules in a biological specimen to determine a match or a nonmatch between a reference sample and an evidentiary sample. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Do-not-resuscitate order: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan do-not-resuscitate procedure act, 1996 PA 193, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic residence: means a single-family dwelling or an area within a rental unit where a single person or family actually resides. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • Elector: means an individual who has the qualifications of an elector under section 492 of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • electric revenue certificates: means evidences of obligations, incurred by any city or village for or to provide funds for the extension or improvement of its electric plant or system, which are payable solely from the revenues derived from the operation of said plant or system, in whatever form. See Michigan Laws 141.312
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Emergency loan board loan: means a loan made by the state of Michigan to a governmental unit pursuant to the emergency municipal loan act, 1980 PA 243, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Encumbered tobacco revenues: means that portion of the TSRs that is pledged by the authority to the repayment of any bonds under the terms of the applicable authority resolution, trust agreement, or trust indenture. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Enhanced driver license: means an operator's or chauffeur's license issued to an individual under this act for the following purposes:

    (i) Use in entering the United States at land and sea ports. See Michigan Laws 28.302

  • Enhanced official state personal identification card: means an official state personal identification card issued under this act to an individual who is a United States citizen who resides in this state for the following purposes:

    (i) Use in entering the United States at land and sea ports. See Michigan Laws 28.302

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental education: means the teaching of factual information regarding the natural environment, including basic sciences, ecological sciences, agricultural sciences, and other relevant subject matter, and the interdisciplinary process of developing a citizenry that is knowledgeable about the total environment and has the capacity and the commitment to engage in inquiry, problem solving, decision making, and action that will assure environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.2502
  • Environmental law: means a federal, state, or local law, rule, regulation, or ordinance that relates to the protection of the environment or human health. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Environmental management system: means the part of an overall management system that addresses environmental concerns through allocating resources, assigning responsibilities, and evaluating practices, procedures, and processes to achieve sound environmental performance. See Michigan Laws 324.1401
  • Environmental policy: means a policy, signed by an authorized official of the facility, that does all of the following:

    (i) Articulates the facility's environmental mission and values. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Estate: includes the property of the decedent, trust, or other person whose affairs are subject to this act as the property is originally constituted and as it exists throughout administration. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Estimated equalized value: means 50% of the final estimated value of a state facility as determined by the director. See Michigan Laws 141.951
  • Evaluation: means a food safety audit, inspection, or food safety and sanitation assessment, whether announced or unannounced, that identifies violations or verifies compliance with this act and determines the degree of active control by food establishment operators over foodborne illness risk factors. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive director: means the executive director of the commission appointed under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Executive secretary: means the executive secretary of the council. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Exempt property: means property of a decedent's estate that is described in section 2404. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • exhibition: means an organized water event of limited duration that is conducted according to a prearranged schedule. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Extended retail food establishment: means a retail grocery that does both of the following:

    (i) Serves or provides an unpackaged food for immediate consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1107

  • Extenders: means food substances used as an ingredient in comminuted meats primarily for replacement of meat ingredients. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Facility: means any of the following that is situated in this state and is subject to an applicable state environmental requirement or applicable federal environmental requirement:

    (i) A source as defined in section 5501. See Michigan Laws 324.1401

  • Facility: means all of the following that regularly admit individuals with developmental disability and provide residential and other services:

    (i) A facility as defined in section 100b. See Michigan Laws 330.1600

  • Fair: means a fair or exhibition operated and managed under 1929 PA 11, MCL 46. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2403. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fat: means the quantity of adipose tissue determined by chemical analysis. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Federal act: means the federal food, drug, and cosmetic act, chapter 675, 52 Stat. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Federal bankruptcy code: means the federal bankruptcy code, 11 USC 101 to 1330. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Federal safe drinking water act: means title XIV of the public health service act, chapter 373, 88 Stat. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Federal water pollution control act: means 33 USC 1251 to 1387. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Felony: means a violation of the laws of this state, another state, or the United States that is designated as a felony. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Felony: means a violation of a penal law of this state for which the offender may be punished by imprisonment for more than 1 year or an offense expressly designated by law to be a felony. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Felony: means a violation of a penal law of this state for which the offender may be punished by imprisonment for more than 1 year or an offense expressly designated by law to be a felony. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Felony: means , except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, that term as defined in section 1 of chapter I of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 761. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Festival: means an event, staged by a local community or local organization, that centers on and celebrates a certain aspect of that community or organization. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, an agent, a conservator, a guardian if no conservator has been appointed, a guardian ad litem, a personal representative, a trustee, a probate court acting through a protective order under this act, and a temporary, successor, or foreign fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Fiduciary: means any of the following:

    (i) The Michigan legislative retirement system board of trustees for the Tier 1 retirement plan available under the Michigan legislative retirement system act, 1957 PA 261, MCL 38. See Michigan Laws 129.292

  • Fiduciary: includes , but is not limited to, a personal representative, funeral representative, guardian, conservator, trustee, plenary guardian, partial guardian, and successor fiduciary. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Fiduciary power: means a management power relating to the administration or management of assets similar to those powers granted to a personal representative in section 3715 and a trustee in sections 7816 and 7817, and granted by law to a fiduciary or conferred upon a fiduciary in a governing instrument. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and, except as provided in subsection (2), maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.16
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.45
  • financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and that maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Financial institution: means a state or nationally chartered bank or a state or federally chartered savings and loan association, savings bank, or credit union whose deposits are insured by an agency of the United States government and which maintains a principal office or branch office located in this state under the laws of this state or the United States and which is eligible to be a depository of surplus funds belonging to the state under section 6 of 1855 PA 105, MCL 21. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Financial institution: means an organization authorized to do business under state or federal laws relating to a financial institution and includes, but is not limited to, a bank, trust company, savings bank, building and loan association, savings and loan company or association, credit union, insurance company, and entity that offers mutual fund, securities brokerage, money market, or retail investment accounts. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Financial transaction device: means any of the following:

    (i) An electronic funds transfer card. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Financing costs: means all capitalized interest, operating and debt service reserves, costs of issuance, fees for credit and liquidity enhancements, any item of expense directly or indirectly payable or reimbursable by the authority and related to the authorization, sale, or issuance of bonds, including without limitation underwriting fees, counsel fees, fees of the attorney general and fees and expenses of consultants and fiduciaries, and other costs as the authority determines to be desirable in issuing, securing, and marketing the bonds. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Fire alarm system: means an assemblage of components that indicates or provides a warning of a fire emergency, installation of which is required by the bureau under rules promulgated under section 3c. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fire hazard: means a building, premises, place, or thing that, because of its nature, location, occupancy, condition, or use, may cause loss, damage, or injury to persons or property by fire, explosion, or action of the elements. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fire instructor: means an employee of or volunteer assigned by a political subdivision to assist an organized fire department or public safety department, or other individual who is certified to instruct 1 or more council-approved fire service training programs. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Fire service: means the engaging in the directing or management of emergency response activities, fire safety prevention inspection, plans examination, fire investigation, hazardous material response, technical rescue response, airport rescue response, airport rescue firefighting, fire service instruction, and the enforcement of the general fire laws of this state and the communities therein by fire service members and organized fire departments and public safety departments. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Fire service classification scale: means the criteria by which a fire service delivery system is evaluated. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • Fire service delivery system: means all the equipment, personnel, procedures, and resources which are utilized in the prevention and suppression of fire. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • Fire service discipline: means each of the respective certifiable fire service positions included under this act. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Fire suppression system: means an integrated combination of a fire alarm system and fire suppression equipment that, as a result of predetermined temperature, rate of temperature rise, products of combustion, flame, or human intervention, will discharge a fire extinguishing substance over a fire area, installation of which is required by the bureau under rules promulgated under section 3c. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Firearm: means that term as defined in section 1 of 1927 PA 372, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • firearm: except as otherwise specifically defined in statute, includes any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 8.3t
  • Firearm: means any weapon which will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by action of an explosive. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Firearms records: means any form, information, or record required for submission to a government agency under sections 2, 2a, 2b, and 5b, or any form, permit, or license issued by a government agency under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Firefighter: means a regularly employed member of a fire department of a city, county, township, village, state university, or community college or any authority, district, board, or other entity created in whole or in part by 1 or more cities, counties, villages, or townships, or a member of the department of natural resources who is employed to fight fires. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Firefighter: means a member of an organized fire department, including a volunteer member or a member paid on call, who is responsible for, or is in a capacity that includes responsibility for, the extinguishment of fires, the directing of the extinguishment of fires, the prevention and detection of fires, and the enforcement of the general fire laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Firefighter: means that term as defined in section 2 of the firefighters training council act, 1966 PA 291, MCL 29. See Michigan Laws 29.331
  • Firefighter: means a member of an organized fire department or public safety department who is responsible for, or is in a capacity that includes responsibility for, the extinguishment of fires, the directing of the extinguishment of fires, the directing or management of emergency response activities, fire safety prevention inspection, plans examination, fire investigation, hazardous materials response, technical rescue response, airport rescue response, airport rescue firefighting, fire service instruction, and the enforcement of the general fire laws of this state and the community where he or she serves. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Firefighter training: means that term as defined in section 2 of the firefighters training council act, 1966 PA 291, MCL 29. See Michigan Laws 29.331
  • Firefighter training: means an education or training program including a program eligible to receive funding from the fireworks safety fund created in section 11 of the Michigan fireworks safety act, 2011 PA 256, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • fireworks: means any composition or device, except for a starting pistol, a flare gun, or a flare, designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Fireworks safety fund: means the fireworks safety fund created in section 11. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Firm: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, association, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Fiscal year: means an annual period that begins on October 1 and ends on September 30 or the fiscal year for an authority established by the board of the authority. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fiscal year: means , unless otherwise provided in this act, the fiscal year of the municipality applying for a loan under this act. See Michigan Laws 141.931
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flammable liquid: means a liquid with a flash point below 100 degrees Fahrenheit and a vapor pressure that does not exceed 40 pounds per square inch absolute at 100 degrees Fahrenheit. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Food: means articles used for food or drink for humans or other animals, chewing gum, and articles used for components of any such article. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food additive: means any substance, the intended use of which, directly or indirectly, results in or may be reasonably expected to result in its becoming a component or otherwise affecting the characteristics of any food if that substance is not generally recognized among experts as having been adequately shown through scientific procedures to be safe under the conditions of its intended use. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food code: means "Food Code, 2009 Recommendations of the United States Public Health Service Food and Drug Administration" which regulates the design, construction, management, and operation of certain food establishments. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food establishment: means an operation where food is processed, packed, canned, preserved, frozen, fabricated, stored, prepared, served, vended, sold, or offered for sale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food processor: means a food establishment that processes, manufactures, wholesales, packages, labels, or stores food. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food safety and sanitation assessment: means judging or assessing specific food handling activities, events, conditions, or management systems to determine their potential effectiveness in controlling risks for foodborne illness and their compliance with this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food safety audit: means the methodical examination and review of records, food sources, food handling procedures, and facility cleaning and sanitation practices for compliance with this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service establishment: means a fixed or mobile restaurant, coffee shop, cafeteria, short order cafe, luncheonette, grill, tearoom, sandwich shop, soda fountain, tavern, bar, cocktail lounge, nightclub, drive-in, industrial feeding establishment, private organization serving the public, rental hall, catering kitchen, delicatessen, theater, commissary, food concession, or similar place in which food or drink is prepared for direct consumption through service on the premises or elsewhere, and any other eating or drinking establishment or operation where food is served or provided for the public. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Food service program: means the systematic activity of the department and a local health department for effective administration and enforcement of the food code and this act, including all of the following:

    (i) Periodic evaluations of food service establishments, temporary food service establishments, vending machines, and vending machine locations for compliance with law. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Food warehouse: means a food establishment that stores or distributes food for wholesale. See Michigan Laws 289.1107
  • Foodborne illness outbreak: means an incident where any of the following occur:

    (i) Two or more persons, not of the same household, have ingested a common food and have a similar disease or similar symptoms or excrete the same pathogens, and there is a time, place, or person association between these persons. See Michigan Laws 289.3103

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the United States, that authorizes the issuance of support orders and 1 or more of the following:

    (i) That has been declared under the law of the United States to be a foreign reciprocating country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Foreign personal representative: means a personal representative appointed by another jurisdiction. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Forest recreation account: means the forest recreation account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2005. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Formal proceedings: means proceedings conducted before a judge with notice to interested persons. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Formal voluntary hospitalization: means hospitalization of an individual based on both of the following:

    (i) The execution of an application for voluntary hospitalization by the individual or by a patient advocate designated under the estates and protected individuals code, 1998 PA 386, MCL 700. See Michigan Laws 330.1400

  • Former employing law enforcement agency: means a law enforcement agency in this state that was the employer of, or that issued an oath of office to, a law enforcement officer licensed under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.562
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fresh meat: means meat that has undergone no cooking, heating, or other processing except boning, cutting, comminuting, or freezing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Full-time: means employment during which an individual works scheduled shifts, is paid for all hours he or she works, and works sufficient hours weekly to be classified as a full-time employee by the applicable employing political subdivision. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Fully marketable form: means a municipal obligation duly executed and accompanied by all of the following:
  •   (i) An approving legal opinion of a bond counsel approved by the authority and of nationally recognized standing in the field of municipal law. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Fund: means the environmental pollution prevention fund created in section 11130 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Fund: means a budget stabilization fund. See Michigan Laws 141.441
  • Fund: means the health and safety fund created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 141.472
  • Funds: means the money of a public corporation, the investment of which is not otherwise subject to a public act of this state or bond authorizing ordinance or resolution of a public corporation that permits investment in fewer than all of the investment options listed in subsection (1) or imposes 1 or more conditions upon an investment in an option listed in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Funeral establishment: means that term as defined in section 1801 of the occupational code, 1980 PA 299, MCL 339. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative: means an individual designated to have the right and power to make decisions about funeral arrangements and the handling, disposition, or disinterment of a decedent's body, including, but not limited to, decisions about cremation, and the right to possess cremated remains of the decedent as provided in section 3206. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Funeral representative designation: means a written document executed and with the effect as described in sections 3206 to 3206b. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Game and fish protection account: means the game and fish protection account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2010. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General personal representative: means a personal representative other than a special personal representative. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means the legislative body, council, commission, board, or other body having legislative powers of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, the township board of a township, the council, common council, or commission of a city, the council, commission or board of trustees of a village, the board of education or district board of a school district, the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district, the legislative body of a metropolitan district, the port commission of a port district and, in the case of any other public corporation, the official or official body to whom is designated general governing or legislative powers by law. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Governing body: means the legislative body or the official or official body that exercises the general governing powers of a public corporation, or in the case of this state or an agency of this state, the official body designated by law to issue the obligation to be replaced. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Governing body: means the board, council, or other official body that has general governing powers over a local unit. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Governing body: means any of the following:

    (i) The council, commission, or other entity vested with the legislative power of a village. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Governing body: means any of the following:

    (i) The council, commission, or other entity vested with the legislative power of a village. See Michigan Laws 129.241

  • Governing body: means for a county, the board of commissioners; for a city, the body having legislative powers; for a village, the body having legislative powers; for a township, the township board; for a school district, the board of education; for a port district, the port commission; for a metropolitan district, the legislative body of the district; for a municipal health facilities corporation, the board of trustees; for a nonprofit subsidiary municipal health facilities corporation, the nonprofit subsidiary board; and for an authority, the body in which is lodged general governing powers. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Governing entity: means either of the following, as applicable:

    (i) For any public body except a public body described in subparagraph (ii), the governing board of the public body. See Michigan Laws 28.582

  • Governing instrument: includes , but is not limited to, a court order. See Michigan Laws 700.1501
  • Governing instrument: means a deed, assignment, bill of sale, will, trust, beneficiary designation, contract, instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney, or another instrument under which property devolves, a property right is created, or a contract right is created. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Governing instrument: means a deed; will; trust; funeral representative designation; insurance or annuity policy; account with POD designation; security registered in beneficiary form (TOD); pension, profit-sharing, retirement, or similar benefit plan; instrument creating or exercising a power of appointment or a power of attorney; or dispositive, appointive, or nominative instrument of any similar type. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Governmental unit: means this state, a county, city, township, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college, public university, authority, district, any other body corporate and politic or other political subdivision, any agency or instrumentality of the foregoing, or any group self-insurance pool formed pursuant to 1951 PA 35, MCL 124. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Grade: means the fire protection level which a fire service delivery system achieves on the fire service classification scale. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • grantor: may be construed as including every person from or by whom any estate in lands passes in or by any deed. See Michigan Laws 8.3e
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: means a person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or a legally incapacitated individual under a parental or spousal nomination or a court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in sections 5205, 5206, and 5306. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Guide for the control of molluscan shellfish: means section II, model ordinance, national shellfish sanitation program guide for the control of molluscan shellfish, 2009, recommendations of the U. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • HACCP plan: means a written document that delineates the formal procedures for following the hazard analysis and critical control point principles developed by the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Hazardous material: means explosives, pyrotechnics, flammable gas, flammable compressed gas, nonflammable compressed gas, flammable liquid, combustible liquid, oxidizing material, poisonous gas, poisonous liquid, irritating material, etiologic material, radioactive material, corrosive material, or liquefied petroleum gas. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Hazardous materials: means any of the following:

    (i) "Hazardous waste" as that term is defined in section 11103 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 29.472

  • Hazardous substance: means a substance defined as hazardous or toxic or otherwise regulated by an environmental law. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Health care corporation: means a nonprofit health care corporation operating under the nonprofit health care corporation reform act, Act No. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Health care insurer: means an insurer authorized to provide health insurance in this state or a legal entity that is self-insured and provides health care benefits to its employees. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Health facility or agency: means that term as defined in article 17 of the public health code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 29.411
  • Health maintenance organization: means an organization licensed under part 210 of the public health code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Health professional: means an individual licensed or otherwise authorized to engage in a health profession under article 15 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Heir: means , except as controlled by section 2720, a person, including the surviving spouse or the state, that is entitled under the statutes of intestate succession to a decedent's property. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • Highly restricted personal information: means an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Highly restricted personal information: includes an individual's photograph or image, social security number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information and source documents presented by an applicant to obtain a personal identification card under section 1. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Home improvement loan: means a secured or unsecured loan used for the purpose of repairing, rehabilitating, or remodeling an existing residential dwelling designed for occupancy by 4 or fewer families, as stated by the borrower in the loan application and as recorded on the books of the credit granting institution. See Michigan Laws 445.1601
  • Homestead allowance: means the allowance prescribed in section 2402. See Michigan Laws 700.1104
  • hospital: means a public or nonpublic corporation, association, institution, or establishment located within this state for the care of the sick or wounded or of those who require medical treatment or nursing care or home for the aged or which provides retirement housing facilities described in subdivision (f)(iii) operated without profit to an individual, corporation, or association. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • Hospital: means a hospital licensed under part 215 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Hospital facilities: means any of the following:

    (i) A building or structure suitable and intended for, or incidental or ancillary to, use by a hospital and includes nursing homes, homes for the aged, outpatient clinics, laboratories, laundries, nurses', doctors', or interns' residences, administration buildings, facilities for research directly involved with hospital care, maintenance, storage, or utility facilities, parking lots, and garages and all necessary, useful, or related equipment, furnishings, and appurtenances and all lands necessary or convenient as a site for these facilities. See Michigan Laws 331.33

  • Imminent or substantial hazard: means a condition at a food establishment that the director determines requires immediate action to prevent endangering the health of people. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Inactive business operations: means the mere continued holding or renewal of rights to property previously operated for the purpose of generating revenues but not presently deployed for that purpose. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • Incapacitated individual: means an individual who is impaired by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, or other cause, not including minority, to the extent of lacking sufficient understanding or capacity to make or communicate informed decisions. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Income: includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this state. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Income tax collections: means the total collection of a municipality under the city income tax act, 1964 PA 284, MCL 141. See Michigan Laws 141.931
  • Income-withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by the support and parenting time enforcement act, 1982 PA 295, MCL 552. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Incorporating unit: means a county, city, village, or township or a combination of 1 or more counties, cities, villages, or townships incorporating a local authority pursuant to this act. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: means the individual, minor or adult, who receives services from the department or a community mental health services program or from a provider under contract with the department or a community mental health services program. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Informal proceedings: means proceedings for probate of a will or appointment of a personal representative conducted by the probate register without notice to interested persons. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • inhabitant: means a resident of a city, township, village, district or county. See Michigan Laws 8.3f
  • initiate a service credit purchase: means to complete payment or to enter into a tax-deferred payment arrangement in a form and manner prescribed by the retirement system. See Michigan Laws 38.1379b
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inpatient services: means 24-hour care and treatment services provided by a state facility or a licensed hospital. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Inspection: means the checking or testing of observable practices against standards established in or adopted by this act, accompanied by a report of findings. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Institution of higher education: means a college or university described in section 4, 5, or 6 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963 or a junior college or community college established pursuant to section 7 of article VIII of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 29.411
  • Insurance benefits: means payments made in accordance with insurance coverage for the cost of health care services provided to an individual. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Insurance coverage: means any policy, plan, program, or fund established or maintained for the purpose of providing for its participants or their dependents medical, surgical, or hospital benefits. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interested person or entity: means an adult relative or friend of the respondent, an official or representative of a public or private agency, corporation, or association concerned with the individual's welfare, or any other person found suitable by the court. See Michigan Laws 330.1600
  • Interests of the trust beneficiaries: means the beneficial interests provided in the terms of the trust. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • International will: means a will executed in conformity with this part. See Michigan Laws 700.2951
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investigating law enforcement agency: means the law enforcement agency responsible for the investigation of the offense for which the individual is arrested or convicted. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Investigation: means a detailed inquiry into and systematic examination of an allegation raised in a rights complaint. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Investment: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) A commitment or contribution of funds or property. See Michigan Laws 129.312

  • Investment officer: means the treasurer or other person designated by statute or charter of a public corporation to act as the investment officer. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Investment pool: means a local government investment pool authorized in section 3. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Involuntary mental health treatment: means court-ordered hospitalization, alternative treatment, or combined hospitalization and alternative treatment as described in section 468. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Iran: means any agency or instrumentality of Iran. See Michigan Laws 129.312
  • Iran linked business: means either of the following:

    (i) A person engaging in investment activities in the energy sector of Iran, including a person that provides oil or liquefied natural gas tankers or products used to construct or maintain pipelines used to transport oil or liquefied natural gas for the energy sector of Iran. See Michigan Laws 129.312

  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issue: means an individual's descendant. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Jail facility: means a jail, holding cell, holding center, or lockup as those terms are defined in section 62 of Act No. See Michigan Laws 141.472
  • Joint property: means property that is owned by 2 or more persons with rights of survivorship, and includes a tenancy by the entireties in real property, a tenancy in personal property as provided in section 1 of 1927 PA 212, MCL 557. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Juice: means the aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from 1 or more fruits or vegetables, purees of the edible portions of 1 or more fruits or vegetables, or any concentrates of such liquid or puree. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Juvenile facility: means a county facility or an institution operated as an agency of the county or the juvenile division of the probate court for the housing or detention of juveniles. See Michigan Laws 141.472
  • Juvenile history record information: means name; date of birth; personal descriptions including identifying marks, scars, amputations, and tattoos; aliases and prior names; social security number, driver's license number, and other identifying numbers; and information on juvenile offense arrests and adjudications or convictions. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Juvenile offense: means an offense committed by a juvenile that, if committed by an adult, would be a felony, a criminal contempt conviction under section 2950 or 2950a of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter on the immediate container of any article and includes a requirement imposed under this act that any word, statement, or other information appearing on the display also appear on the outside container or wrapper of the retail package of the article or be easily legible through the outside container or wrapper. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter upon an article, any of its containers or wrappers, or accompanying the article. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Lamb: means meat derived from sheep less than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Law enforcement agency: means an entity that is established and maintained in accordance with the laws of this state and is authorized by the laws of this state to appoint or employ law enforcement officers. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Law enforcement agency: means the police department of a city, township, or village, the sheriff's department of a county, the department, or any other governmental law enforcement agency of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.241a
  • Law enforcement agency: means the department; a police agency of a city, village, or township; a sheriff's department; or any other governmental law enforcement agency in this state. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Law enforcement officer: means :

    (i) Except as provided in subparagraph (ii), an individual employed by a law enforcement agency as 1 or more of the following:

    (A) An individual authorized by law, including common law, to prevent and detect crime and enforce the general criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law enforcement officer: means an individual involved in crime and juvenile delinquency control or reduction or enforcement of the criminal law. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Law enforcement officer: means that term as defined in section 2 of the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Law enforcement training academy: means any of the following:

    (i) An agency basic law enforcement training academy. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Law of another state: means a law or ordinance enacted by any of the following:

    (i) Another state. See Michigan Laws 324.80102

  • Lawyer-guardian ad litem: means an attorney appointed under section 5213 or 5219 who has the powers and duties referenced by and provided in section 5213. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Lease: means a conveyance by the department to a person of a portion of the state's interest in land under specific terms and for valuable consideration, thereby granting to the lessee the possession of that portion conveyed during the period stipulated. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • Lease: includes , but is not limited to, an oil, gas, or other mineral lease. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legally incapacitated individual: means an individual, other than a minor, for whom a guardian is appointed under this act or an individual, other than a minor, who has been adjudged by a court to be an incapacitated individual. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Legislative body: means the board, council, commission, or other body having legislative or general governing power of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 141.162
  • Legislative body: means any of the following:

    (a) The council, commission, or other entity vested with the legislative power of a village. See Michigan Laws 141.422d

  • LEIN: means law enforcement information network regulated under the C. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Letters: includes , but is not limited to, letters testamentary, letters of guardianship, letters of administration, and letters of conservatorship. See Michigan Laws 700.1105
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means documentation of licensure by the commission under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • License holder: means the person who is legally responsible for the operation of a food establishment including the owner, the owner's agent, or other person operating under apparent authority of the owner and who possesses a valid license to operate a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • License limitation: means an action by which the director imposes restrictions or conditions, or both, on a license of a food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Licensing standards: means the requirements with which a person must comply for licensure as a law enforcement officer under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Licensure: means a determination by the commission that both of the following occurred in compliance with this act and rules promulgated under this act:

    (i) The person to whom the license is issued commenced employment as a law enforcement officer, subject to a written oath of office or other written instrument conferring law enforcement authority. See Michigan Laws 28.602

  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • Line of duty: means either of the following:

    (i) Any action which an officer whose primary function is crime control or reduction, enforcement of the criminal law, or suppression of fires is obligated or authorized by rule, regulations, condition of employment or service, or law to perform, including those social, ceremonial, or athletic functions to which the officer is assigned, or for which the officer is compensated, by the public agency he or she serves. See Michigan Laws 28.632

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan application: means a written application for a mortgage loan or home improvement loan. See Michigan Laws 445.1601
  • Local administration: means administration by a personal representative appointed in this state under an appointment proceeding described in article III. See Michigan Laws 700.4101
  • Local authority: means a public municipal corporation incorporated under this act. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • Local corrections officer: means that term as defined in section 2 of the local corrections officers training act, 2003 PA 125, MCL 791. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Local government: means a county or city. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Local government agency: means a county, city, village, or township in this state. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Local health department: means that term as defined in section 1105 of the public health code, Act No. See Michigan Laws 141.472
  • Local personal representative: includes a personal representative appointed in this state under an appointment proceeding described in article III and excludes a foreign personal representative who acquires the power of a local personal representative under section 4203. See Michigan Laws 700.4101
  • Local school district: means a school district organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 129.221
  • Local school district: means a school district organized under the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 129.241
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, school district, authority, or any other political subdivision organized under the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Local unit: means a county, city, village, township, authority created pursuant to state law or municipal charter, special assessment district, municipal board or commission established under state law or municipal charter, or intergovernmental board, commission, or council established pursuant to the urban cooperation act of 1967, Act No. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Local unit: means any of the following:

    (i) A village. See Michigan Laws 129.221

  • Local unit: means any of the following:

    (i) A village. See Michigan Laws 129.241

  • local unit: means a county, township, city, village, authority or school district empowered by the constitution or by law to prepare budgets of estimated expenditures and revenues. See Michigan Laws 141.411
  • Local unit of government: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Local unit of government: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination thereof, which authority is legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Local unit of government: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Local unit of government or public authority: means a county, city, township, village, school district, the Huron-Clinton metropolitan authority, or any authority composed of counties, cities, townships, villages, or school districts, or any combination of these entities, and legally constituted to provide public recreation. See Michigan Laws 324.1901.amended
  • Low-impact fireworks: means ground and handheld sparkling devices as that phrase is defined under APA standard 87-1, 3. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Low-risk food: means any of the following:

    (i) Raw or prepackaged food that is not potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food). See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufacturer: means a person engaged in any of the following:

    (i) The manufacture, construction, or assembly of personal watercraft or associated equipment. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Marine law: means this part, a local ordinance adopted in conformity with this part, or a rule promulgated under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marine safety act: means former Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marine safety program: means marine law enforcement, search and rescue operations, water safety education, recovery of drowned bodies, and boat livery inspections. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • Marketing program: means a program established by a bureau to develop, encourage, solicit, and promote convention business and tourism within this state or a portion of this state within which the bureau operates. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Marketing program: means a program established by a bureau to develop, encourage, solicit, and promote convention business or tourism within this state or a portion of this state within which the bureau operates. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Marketing program: means a program established by a bureau to develop, encourage, solicit, and promote convention business and tourism within this state or a portion of this state within which the bureau operates. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Marketing program notice: means the notice described in section 3. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Marketing program notice: means the notice described in section 3. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Marketing program notice: means the notice described in section 3. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Master plan: means the comprehensive, long-range master plan developed by the Michigan travel commission and the travel bureau under section 2c of the Michigan tourism policy act, 1945 PA 106, MCL 2. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Master settlement agreement: means the settlement agreement and related documents entered into on November 23, 1998, and incorporated into a consent decree and final judgment entered into on December 7, 1998, in Kelley Ex Rel. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Meat: means the edible part of clean, sound striated muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, deer and other cervids, goat, turkey, duck, ratite, or chicken slaughtered in compliance with all applicable laws, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat, and sinew, nerve, gland, and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissues and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Mediation: means a private, informal dispute resolution process in which an impartial, neutral individual, in a confidential setting, assists parties in reaching their own settlement of issues in a dispute and has no authoritative decision-making power. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Medical benefit plan: means a plan to provide for the payment of medical, optical, or dental benefits, including, but not limited to, hospital and physician services, prescription drugs, and related benefits. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • member: means a person described in subdivision (a), (h), (j), (k), (l), (m), (n), (u), (z), (cc), (ee), or (hh). See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew: means an emergency medical technician, a medical first responder, or a paramedic, as those terms are defined in sections 20904, 20906, and 20908 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • mental disability: includes Alzheimer's disease and dementia. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Mental health professional: means an individual who is trained and experienced in the area of mental illness or developmental disabilities and who is 1 of the following:

    (i) A physician who is licensed to practice medicine or osteopathic medicine and surgery in this state under article 15 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 700.1106

  • Mental illness: means a substantial disorder of thought or mood that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality, or ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Michigan bridge card: means the card used for the electronic benefit transfer system for food stamp distribution required under section 14h of the social welfare act, 1939 PA 280, MCL 400. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund: means the Michigan conservation and recreation legacy fund established in section 40 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 2002. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Michigan prudent investor rule: means the fiduciary investment and management rule prescribed by part 5 of this article. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Michigan state parks endowment fund: means the Michigan state parks endowment fund established in section 35a of article IX of the state constitution of 1963 and provided for in section 74119. See Michigan Laws 324.1901.amended
  • Michigan tribal law enforcement officer: means an individual employed as a law enforcement officer by a federally recognized Indian tribe that has trust lands located within this state, subject to a written instrument authorizing the individual to enforce the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Michigan vehicle code: means Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Micro market: means an operation that does all of the following:

    (i) Offers for sale commercially prepackaged foods properly labeled for individual sale as required under section 3-201. See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Milk product: means cream, light cream, light whipping cream, heavy cream, heavy whipping cream, whipped cream, whipped light cream, sour cream, acidified sour cream, cultured sour cream, half-and-half, sour half-and-half, acidified sour half-and-half, cultured sour half-and-half, reconstituted or recombined milk and milk products, concentrated milk, concentrated milk products, skim milk, lowfat milk, frozen milk concentrate, eggnog, buttermilk, cultured milk, cultured lowfat milk, cultured skim milk, yogurt, lowfat yogurt, nonfat yogurt, acidified milk, acidified lowfat milk, acidified skim milk, low-sodium milk, low-sodium lowfat milk, low-sodium skim milk, lactose-reduced milk, lactose-reduced lowfat milk, lactose-reduced skim milk, aseptically processed and packaged milk, milk products with added safe and suitable microbial organisms, and any other milk product made by the addition or subtraction of milkfat or addition of safe and suitable optional ingredients for protein, vitamin, or mineral fortification. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Minor: means an individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Minor: means an individual 14 or more years of age and less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Minor requiring treatment: means either of the following:

    (i) A minor with a substantial disorder of thought or mood that significantly impairs judgment, behavior, capacity to recognize reality, or ability to cope with the ordinary demands of life. See Michigan Laws 330.1498b

  • Minor ward: means a minor for whom a guardian is appointed solely because of minority. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misbranded: means food to which any of the following apply:

    (i) Its labeling is false or misleading in any particular. See Michigan Laws 289.1109

  • Misdemeanor: means either of the following:

    (i) A violation of a penal law of this state that is not a felony or a violation of an order, rule, or regulation of a state agency that is punishable by imprisonment or a fine that is not a civil fine. See Michigan Laws 28.241a

  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Misdemeanor: means a violation of a penal law of this state or violation of a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a violation of a penal law of this state that is not a felony or a violation of an order, rule, or regulation of a state agency that is punishable by imprisonment or a fine that is not a civil fine, or both. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Missing senior or vulnerable adult: means a resident of this state who is 1 of the following:

    (i) At least 60 years of age and is believed to be incapable of returning to his or her residence without assistance and is reported missing by a person familiar with that individual. See Michigan Laws 28.712

  • Mix: means ice cream mix, yogurt mix, sherbet mix, and any other unfrozen pasteurized liquid mixture which is to be manufactured into a frozen dessert including a liquid mixture intended for processing into quiescently frozen confections. See Michigan Laws 288.575
  • Mobile food establishment: means a food establishment operating from a vehicle, including a watercraft, that returns to a mobile food establishment commissary for servicing and maintenance at least once every 24 hours. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Money: means legal tender or a note, draft, certificate of deposit, stock, bond, check, or credit card. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Monument fund: means the Michigan police officers memorial monument fund created in section 3. See Michigan Laws 28.782
  • Mortgage: means a conveyance, agreement, or arrangement in which property is encumbered or used as security. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Mortgage loan: means a loan secured by a mortgage on real property designed for occupancy by 4 or fewer families, including an individual unit of a condominium or cooperative, a refinancing of an existing mortgage loan on real property designed for occupancy by 4 or fewer families involving an increase in the outstanding balance of the principal due, or a loan secured by a junior lien on real property designed for occupancy by 4 or fewer families undertaken for any purpose. See Michigan Laws 445.1601
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor carrier: means a person engaged in the transportation of hazardous materials by highway. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Motorboat: means a vessel propelled wholly or in part by machinery. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Municipal obligation: means a bond or note or evidence of debt issued by a governmental unit for a purpose authorized by law. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Municipality: means a city, county, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Municipality: means a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 128.3
  • Municipality: means a city, village, township, or county. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, district library, or another local governmental authority in this state that has the power to issue a security. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Municipality: means a county, city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 141.441
  • Municipality: means a county with a population of less than 650,000 or a city, village, or township within a county with a population of less than 650,000. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Municipality: means a county, city, village, or township in this state. See Michigan Laws 141.931
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 141.951
  • Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National forest: means federally owned land for which money is paid to the state under the county payment program, as that land is situated on June 30 of the fiscal year for which the money is paid. See Michigan Laws 141.1301
  • Net proceeds: means the amount of proceeds remaining following each sale of bonds which are not required by the authority to establish and fund reserve or escrow funds or termination or settlement payments under ancillary facilities and to provide the financing costs and other expenses and fees directly related to the authorization and issuance of bonds. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Net revenues: means the revenues of a public improvement remaining after deducting the reasonable expenses of administration, operation, and maintenance of the public improvement. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • NFPA: means the national fire protection association headquartered at 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Noncommercial transportation: means the occasional transportation of personal property by an individual not for compensation or in the furtherance of a commercial enterprise, and transportation not regulated under the motor carrier safety act of 1963, 1963 PA 181, MCL 480. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Noncommunity water supply: means a noncommunity water supply as defined in part 54 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Nonperishable food: means food that is not perishable food. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Nonprofit dental care corporation: means a dental care corporation incorporated under Act No. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Nonpublic information: means information to which access, use, or dissemination is restricted by a law or rule of this state or the United States. See Michigan Laws 28.211a
  • Nonrecourse carveout: means a specific exception, if any, to the nonrecourse provisions set forth in the loan documents for a nonrecourse loan that has the effect of creating, if specified events occur, personal liability of the borrower or a guarantor or other surety of the loan for all or some amounts owed to the lender. See Michigan Laws 445.1592
  • Nonrecourse loan: means a commercial loan secured by a mortgage on real property located in this state and evidenced by loan documents that meet any of the following:
  •   (i) Provide that the lender will not enforce the liability or obligation of the borrower by an action or proceeding in which a money judgment is sought against the borrower. See Michigan Laws 445.1592
  • Nonrecourse provisions: means 1 or more of the provisions described in subdivision (b)(i) to (v), whether or not the loan is subject to a nonrecourse carveout or carveouts. See Michigan Laws 445.1592
  • Nonresident decedent: means a decedent who was domiciled in another jurisdiction at the time of his or her death. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Nonresidential services: means care or treatment services that are not inpatient or residential services. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Notes: means an obligation of the authority issued as provided in this act, including commercial paper, with a maturity of 3 years or less. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Novelties: means that term as defined under APA standard 87-1, 3. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Nursing home: means that term as defined in section 20109 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k
  • Obligation: means evidence of indebtedness including, but not limited to, a bond, refunding bond, revenue bond, note, certificate of indebtedness and other like instrument issued by a public corporation, and any coupon representing interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Obligations: means any evidence of indebtedness, such as bonds, bills, notes, orders, certificates of indebtedness or other like instruments, issued by a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Obligee: means 1 or more of the following:

    (i) An individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to be owed or in whose favor a support order or a judgment determining parentage of a child has been issued. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Obligor: means either of the following:

    (i) A person or entity that has borrowed the proceeds of an obligation from a public corporation and is contractually obligated to make loan repayments sufficient to pay principal of and interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Obligor: means an individual about whom 1 of the following is true, or the estate of a decedent about whom 1 of the following was true before the individual's death:

    (i) Owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102

  • Off-road vehicle account: means the off-road vehicle account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2015. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Office: means all of the following:

    (i) With respect to a rights complaint involving services provided directly by or under contract with the department, unless the provider is a community mental health services program, the state office of recipient rights created under section 754. See Michigan Laws 330.1772

  • officer: means any individual serving a public agency or any authority, district, board, or other entity created in whole or in part by 1 or more cities, counties, villages, or townships, in an official capacity, with or without compensation, as a law enforcement officer, firefighter, or member of a rescue squad or ambulance crew. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Officer: means the village president, clerk, or treasurer, a village trustee, or an appointed person authorized by the council. See Michigan Laws 61.1a
  • Operate: means to be in control of a vessel while the vessel is under way and is not secured in some manner such as being docked or at anchor. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Operate: means to be in control of a personal watercraft while the personal watercraft is under way and is not docked or at anchor or secured in another way. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Operating expenses: means the reasonable operating expenses of the authority, including without limitation the cost of preparation of accounting and other reports, costs of maintenance of the ratings on the bonds, insurance premiums, and costs of authority meetings or other required activities of the authority, counsel fees, including the fees of the attorney general, and fees and expenses incurred for consultants and fiduciaries and any other costs described in section 4(12). See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Operator: means the person who is in control or in charge of a vessel while that vessel is underway. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Operator: means the person who is in control or in charge of a personal watercraft while that vessel is under way. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Order: means the legislative enactment of a county treasurer's powers under this act. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Ordinance: means an ordinance, resolution, or other appropriate legislative enactment of the governing body of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Organization: means a corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or joint venture; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or another legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Organized fire department: means an organization or department which provides a fire service delivery system within a municipality and is a fire department of a municipality or is a fire service delivery system designated by a municipality pursuant to a contract with that municipality. See Michigan Laws 28.651
  • Organized fire department: means a department, authority, or other governmental entity that safeguards life and property from damage from explosion, fire, or disaster and that provides fire suppression and other related services in this state. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Organized fire department: means that term as defined in section 2 of the firefighters training council act, 1966 PA 291, MCL 29. See Michigan Laws 29.331
  • Organized fire department: means that term as defined in section 1 of the fire prevention code, 1941 PA 207, MCL 29. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Outstanding: means , when used with respect to bonds, all bonds other than bonds that shall have been paid in full at maturity or that may be considered not outstanding under the applicable authority resolution, trust indenture or trust agreement authorizing the issuance of the bonds and when used with respect to ancillary facilities, all ancillary facilities other than ancillary facilities that have been paid in full or that may be considered not outstanding under such ancillary facilities. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the owner of a transient facility located within the assessment district or, if the transient facility is operated or managed by a person other than the owner, then the operator or manager of that transient facility. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Owner: means a person who claims or is entitled to lawful possession of a vessel by virtue of that person's legal title or equitable interest in a vessel. See Michigan Laws 324.80103
  • Owner: means a person with an ownership interest in property, and includes a trustee, a board of trustees of property, and a person with a freehold interest in property. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Owner: means a person who claims or is entitled to lawful possession of a personal watercraft by virtue of that person's legal title or equitable interest in a personal watercraft. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Owner: means the owner of a transient facility to be served by the bureau or, if the transient facility is operated or managed by a person other than the owner, then the operator or manager of that transient facility. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Owner: means the owner of a transient facility located within the assessment district or, if the transient facility is operated or managed by a person other than the owner, then the operator or manager of that transient facility. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Owner: means the owner of a transient facility that is located within the regional assessment district or, if the transient facility is operated or managed by a person other than the owner, then the operator or manager of that transient facility. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Paid on-call: means employment during which an individual works on an on-call basis, is paid for all hours he or she works, and only occasionally works scheduled shifts. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • paid on-call firefighter: means an individual who is charged with the prevention or suppression of fires and who is directly engaged in the hazards of firefighting or in charge of a designated fire company or companies that are directly engaged in the hazards of firefighting on a volunteer or paid on-call basis. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Parent: includes , but is not limited to, an individual entitled to take, or who would be entitled to take, as a parent under this act by intestate succession from a child who dies without a will and whose relationship is in question. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Parents: means the legal father and mother of an unmarried individual who is less than 18 years of age. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Park: means an area of land or water, or both, dedicated to 1 or more of the following uses:

    (i) Recreational purposes, including but not limited to landscaped tracts; picnic grounds; playgrounds; athletic fields; camps; campgrounds; zoological and botanical gardens; swimming, boating, hunting, fishing, and birding areas; and foot and bridle paths. See Michigan Laws 141.321

  • Parole or probation officer of the department of corrections: means any individual employed by the department of corrections to supervise felony probationers or parolees or that individual's immediate supervisor. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Part-time: means employment during which an individual is paid for all hours he or she works and works scheduled shifts but works fewer hours weekly than the hours necessary to be classified as a full-time employee by the applicable employing political subdivision. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Partial guardian: means that term as defined in section 600 of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Partial guardian: means a guardian who possesses fewer than all of the legal rights and powers of a plenary guardian, and whose rights, powers, and duties have been specifically enumerated by court order. See Michigan Laws 330.1600
  • Participant: means a local unit which has entered into a contract with a financial institution and has placed funds in an investment pool managed by that financial institution. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Participant: means a local unit participating in the investment pool. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Participating county: means a county that has been authorized by the county governing body to enter into a contract with another local unit pursuant to section 4. See Michigan Laws 129.142
  • Participating state: means a state electing to participate in the uniform program by entering a base state agreement. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patient advocate: means an individual designated to exercise powers concerning another individual's care, custody, and medical or mental health treatment or authorized to make an anatomical gift on behalf of another individual, or both, as provided in section 5506. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Patient advocate designation: means the written document executed and with the effect as described in sections 5506 to 5515. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Paying agent: means any one of the banks or trust companies or other financial institutions where the obligations or interest coupons are made payable. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Paying agent: means either of the following:

    (i) For an obligation that is not registered as to payment of principal by or on behalf of the public corporation that issued the obligation, any bank or trust company designated by the public corporation to make payment of principal of or interest on the obligation. See Michigan Laws 129.131

  • Payor: means a trustee, insurer, business entity, employer, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or other person authorized or obligated by law or a governing instrument to make payments. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Peace officer: means an officer of a law enforcement agency of the state, the federal government, or a county, township, city, or village who is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and enforcement of the criminal laws of this state, and includes a motor carrier officer appointed under section 6d of 1935 PA 59, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Peace officer: means any of the following:

    (i) A sheriff. See Michigan Laws 324.80104

  • Peace officer: means 1 or both of the following:

    (i) A law enforcement officer as that term is defined in section 2 of the commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Peace officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual who is employed as a law enforcement officer, as that term is defined under section 2 of the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Perishable food: means any food that the manufacturer, packer, or retailer, in conjunction with the department, determines to have a significant risk of spoilage, loss of value, or loss of palatability within 90 days of the date of packaging. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Permanent and total disability: means medically determinable consequences of a catastrophic, line-of-duty injury that permanently prevent a former public safety officer from performing any gainful work. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Permanent building or structure: is a building or structure that is affixed to a foundation on a site that has fixed utility connections and that is intended to remain on the site for more than 180 consecutive calendar days. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Permit: means a permit or operating license required by any of the following sections or by rules promulgated thereunder, or, in the case of section 9112, by an ordinance adopted thereunder:

    (i) Section 3104, floodplain alteration permit. See Michigan Laws 324.1301

  • Person: means an individual, agent, association, charitable organization, company, limited liability company, corporation, labor organization, legal representative, partnership, unincorporated organization, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, company, limited liability company, cooperative, association, firm, trustee, educational institution, state or local government unit, or corporation. See Michigan Laws 288.576
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, or voluntary association. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Person: includes an entity and an individual, but does not include a fiduciary, an estate, or a trust. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, limited or general partnership, association, joint venture, limited liability company, or a governmental entity, including this state. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Person: means any of the following:

    (i) An individual, corporation, company, limited liability company, business association, partnership, society, trust, or any other nongovernmental entity, organization, or group. See Michigan Laws 129.312

  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Person: means an individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Person: means a natural person, partnership, fiduciary, association, corporation, or other entity. See Michigan Laws 141.861
  • Person: means an individual or an organization. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Person in loco parentis: means an individual who is not the parent or guardian of a child or minor but who has legal custody of the child or minor and is providing support and care for the child or minor. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Person in loco parentis: means a person who is not the parent or guardian of a minor, but who has either legal custody of a minor or physical custody of a minor and is providing support and care for the minor. See Michigan Laws 330.1498c
  • person requiring treatment: means (a), (b), (c), or (d):

    (a) An individual who has mental illness, and who as a result of that mental illness can reasonably be expected within the near future to intentionally or unintentionally seriously physically injure himself, herself, or another individual, and who has engaged in an act or acts or made significant threats that are substantially supportive of the expectation. See Michigan Laws 330.1401

  • Person-centered planning: means a process for planning and supporting the individual receiving services that builds upon the individual's capacity to engage in activities that promote community life and that honors the individual's preferences, choices, and abilities. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including an individual's driver identification number, name, address not including zip code, and telephone number. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Personal information: means information that identifies an individual, including the individual's photograph or image, name, address (but not the 5-digit zip code), driver license number, social security number, telephone number, digitized signature, and medical and disability information. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal representative: includes , but is not limited to, an executor, administrator, successor personal representative, and special personal representative, and any other person, other than a trustee of a trust subject to article VII, who performs substantially the same function under the law governing that person's status. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Personal watercraft: means a vessel that meets all of the following requirements:

    (i) Uses a motor-driven propeller or an internal combustion engine powering a water jet pump as its primary source of propulsion. See Michigan Laws 324.80201

  • Pesticide chemical: means any substance that, alone, in chemical combination, or in formulation with 1 or more other substances, is a pesticide within the meaning of the federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide act, 7 USC 136 to 136y, and is used in the production, storage, or transportation of raw agricultural commodities. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Petition: means a written request to the court for an order after notice. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Petitioner: means a person that institutes a proceeding under section 281a. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Physician orders for scope of treatment form: means that term as defined in section 5674 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Pipeline: means a pipeline that conveys a flammable liquid from a crude petroleum wellhead collection site to a refinery or terminal or from a refinery to a terminal. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Pistol: means a loaded or unloaded firearm that is 26 inches or less in length, or a loaded or unloaded firearm that by its construction and appearance conceals it as a firearm. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Place of public assemblage: means a room or other space in a building if the room or other space can accommodate 50 or more individuals, including connected rooms and spaces that share a common means of entrance and egress. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Plenary guardian: means that term as defined in section 600 of the mental health code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Plenary guardian: means a guardian who possesses the legal rights and powers of a full guardian of the person, or of the estate, or both. See Michigan Laws 330.1600
  • Political subdivision: means any county, metropolitan authority, municipality, or combination of those entities in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Political subdivision: means a county, metropolitan authority, municipality, or combination of those entities in this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • political subdivision: as used in this act shall be construed to mean any county, city, village, township, school district or other local unit of this state. See Michigan Laws 141.265
  • Pollution prevention: means eliminating or minimizing the initial generation of waste at the source, reuse of waste, or utilizing environmentally sound on-site or off-site recycling. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Portfolio: means all property of every kind and character held by a fiduciary on behalf of a fiduciary estate. See Michigan Laws 700.1501
  • Post closing solvency covenant: means any provision of the loan documents for a nonrecourse loan, whether expressed as a covenant, representation, warranty, or default, that relates solely to the solvency of the borrower, including, without limitation, a provision requiring that the borrower maintain adequate capital or have the ability to pay its debts, with respect to any period of time after the date the loan is initially funded. See Michigan Laws 445.1592
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Power of withdrawal: means a presently exercisable general power of appointment other than a power that is either of the following:

    (i) Exercisable by a trustee and limited by an ascertainable standard. See Michigan Laws 700.7103

  • Power unit: means a motor vehicle that provides motor power to the entire combination, or to the vehicle if a single unit. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Preadmission screening unit: means a service component of a community mental health services program established under section 409. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premises: means a lot or parcel of land, exclusive of buildings, and includes a parking lot, tourist camp, trailer camp, airport, stockyard, junkyard, wharf, pier, and any other place or enclosure. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Prior conviction: means a conviction for any of the following, whether under a law of this state, a local ordinance substantially corresponding to a law of this state, a law of the United States substantially corresponding to a law of this state, or a law of another state substantially corresponding to a law of this state:

    (i) A violation or an attempted violation of section 80176(1), (3), (4), (5), (6), or (7), except that only 1 violation or attempted violation of section 80176(6), a local ordinance substantially corresponding to section 80176(6), or a law of another state substantially corresponding to section 80176(6), or a law of the United States substantially corresponding to section 80176(6) may be used as a prior conviction other than for enhancement purposes as provided in section 80178a(1)(b). See Michigan Laws 324.80104

  • Priority foundation item: means a provision in the food code whose application supports, facilitates, or enables 1 or more priority items. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Priority item: means a provision in the food code whose application contributes directly to the elimination, prevention, or reduction to an acceptable level of hazards associated with foodborne illness or injury if there is no other provision that more directly controls the hazard. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • Private facility: means an adult foster care facility operated under contract with a community mental health services program or on a private pay basis that agrees to do both of the following:

    (i) Accept the judicial admission of an individual with developmental disability. See Michigan Laws 330.1500

  • Privileged communication: means a communication made to a psychiatrist or psychologist in connection with the examination, diagnosis, or treatment of a patient, or to another person while the other person is participating in the examination, diagnosis, or treatment or a communication made privileged under other applicable state or federal law. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • probate register: means the official of the court designated to perform the functions of register as provided in section 1304. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes an application and a petition, and may be an action at law or a suit in equity. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Processing deadline: means the last day of the processing period. See Michigan Laws 324.1301
  • Processing period: means the following time period after the close of the application period, for the following permit, as applicable:

    (i) Twenty days for a permit under section 61525 or 62509. See Michigan Laws 324.1301

  • Professional conservator: means a person that provides conservatorship services for a fee. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Professional guardian: means a person that provides guardianship services for a fee. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • profile: means the results of the DNA identification profiling of a sample, including a paper, electronic, or digital record. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • Program: means a permit program or regulatory program administered by the department under this act. See Michigan Laws 324.2701
  • Program: means a hospital, clinic, organization, or health professional licensed under part 62 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Project: means a sewage treatment works project or a nonpoint source project, or both, as defined in part 53 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Project costs: means the total of the reasonable or necessary costs incurred for carrying out the works and undertakings for the acquisition or construction of hospital facilities under this act. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership, and includes both real and personal property or an interest in real or personal property. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protected individual: means a minor or other individual for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in part 4 of article V. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Protective proceeding: means a proceeding under the provisions of part 4 of article V. See Michigan Laws 700.1106
  • Public body: means either of the following, within this state:

    (i) A multicounty metropolitan district authorized and established pursuant to state law by 2 or more counties with a combined population of not less than 3,000,000, for the purpose of cooperative planning, promoting, acquiring, constructing, owning, developing, maintaining, or operating parks. See Michigan Laws 28.582

  • Public corporation: means a county, city, village, township, port district, drainage district, special assessment district, or metropolitan district of this state, or a board, commission, or another authority or agency created by or under an act of the legislature of this state. See Michigan Laws 129.91
  • Public corporation: means any county, city, village, township, charter township, school district, community college district, port district, metropolitan district, drainage district, the state or any officer, agency, commission or department thereof, or any other public or governmental authority or agency within the state with the power to issue obligations. See Michigan Laws 129.122
  • Public corporation: means a body corporate organized pursuant to the laws of this state to carry out a public governmental or proprietary function, including, but not limited to, this state, an agency of this state, or a school district, intermediate school district, city, village, township, county, district, commission, authority, university, college, or any combination of these, which is a corporate entity. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Public corporation: means a county, city, village, township, school district, port district, or metropolitan district of the state or a combination of these if authorized by law to act jointly; an authority created by or under an act of the legislature; or a municipal health facilities corporation or subsidiary municipal health facilities corporation incorporated as provided in the municipal health facilities corporations act, 1987 PA 230, MCL 331. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Public corporation: means any body corporate organized by or pursuant to the laws of this state to carry out a public governmental or propriety function, including, without limitation on the foregoing, the state or any school district, city, village, township, county, district, commission, authority, university, college, or any combination thereof, which is a corporate entity. See Michigan Laws 141.151
  • Public corporation: means a county, city, village, township, charter township, port authority, metropolitan district, or authority of this state, or a combination of these entities when authorized by law to act jointly. See Michigan Laws 141.162
  • Public entity: means this state or an agency or authority of this state, school district, community college district, intermediate school district, city, village, township, county, public authority, or public airport authority. See Michigan Laws 129.312
  • Public health code: means 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 289.1109
  • public improvement: means the whole or a part of any of these improvements or of any combination of these improvements or any interest or participation in these improvements, as determined by the governing body. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Public improvements: means only the following improvements: housing facilities; garbage disposal plants; rubbish disposal plants; incinerators; transportation systems, including plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with those systems; sewage disposal systems, including sanitary sewers, combined sanitary and storm sewers, plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, or disposal of sewage or industrial wastes; storm water systems, including storm sewers, plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with the collection, treatment, or disposal of storm water; water supply systems, including plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with obtaining a water supply, the treatment of water, or the distribution of water; utility systems for supplying light, heat, or power, including plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with those systems; approved cable television systems, approved cable communication systems, or telephone systems, including plants, works, instrumentalities, and properties used or useful in connection with those systems; automobile parking facilities, including within or as part of the facilities areas or buildings that may be rented or leased to private enterprises serving the public; yacht basins; harbors; docks; wharves; terminal facilities; elevated highways; bridges over, tunnels under, and ferries across bodies of water; community buildings; public wholesale markets for farm and food products; stadiums; convention halls; auditoriums; dormitories; hospitals and other health care facilities; buildings devoted to public use; museums; parks; recreational facilities; reforestation projects; aeronautical facilities; and marine railways; or any right or interest in or equipment for these improvements. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public safety department: means a department of a political subdivision providing both law enforcement and fire services either separately or utilizing a combined response force with personnel trained and certified as both firefighters under this act and law enforcement officers under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • public threat: means a clear, present, persistent, ongoing, and random threat to public safety. See Michigan Laws 28.672
  • Purchaser: means a person who receives a pistol from another person by purchase or gift. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Qualified city: means a city with a population of more than 700,000 according to the most recent decennial census that contains a qualified convention facility. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Qualified convention facility: means a publicly owned convention facility with not less than 600,000 square feet of usable exhibition area and that is located in a qualified city. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Qualified county: means a county that contains a qualified city. See Michigan Laws 141.1355
  • Qualified retired law enforcement officer: means that term as defined in 18 USC 926C(c). See Michigan Laws 28.512
  • Qualified trust beneficiary: means a trust beneficiary to whom 1 or more of the following apply on the date the trust beneficiary's qualification is determined:

    (i) The trust beneficiary is a distributee or permissible distributee of trust income or principal. See Michigan Laws 700.7103

  • Qualifying statute: means that term as defined in the master settlement agreement, which is 1999 PA 244, MCL 445. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rates: means the charges, fees, rentals, and rates that may be fixed and imposed for the services, facilities, and commodities furnished by a public improvement. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Raw agricultural commodity: means any food in its raw or natural state including fruits that are washed, colored, or otherwise treated in their unpeeled natural form before marketing. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recreation improvement account: means the recreation improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2020. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Recreation passport fee: means a state park and state-operated public boating access site recreation passport fee paid under section 805 of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Regional assessment district: means a region of this state composed of a number of counties in which a regional marketing organization operates. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Regional marketing organization: means a nonprofit corporation that promotes tourism within a region of this state. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Registering entity: means a person who originates or transfers a security title by registration, and includes a broker maintaining security accounts for customers and a transfer agent or other person acting for or as an issuer of securities. See Michigan Laws 700.6301
  • Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Registrar: means the state registrar as defined in section 2805 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 28.258
  • Regulatory authority: means the department, the local health department, or the authorized representative having jurisdiction over the food establishment. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Release: means the transfer of an individual who is subject to an order of combined hospitalization and alternative treatment from 1 treatment program to another in accordance with his or her individual plan of services. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remote control terminal: means a terminal where filling an aboveground liquid storage tank with a flammable liquid is controlled at a remote location by the individual who conveyed the flammable liquid to the terminal. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Replacement obligation: means an obligation and any coupon representing interest in connection with the obligation issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 129.131
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Reserve fund: means a bond reserve fund or note reserve fund created and established under section 16. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • reserve officer: means , except as otherwise provided in this act, an individual authorized on a voluntary or irregular basis by a duly authorized police agency of this state or a political subdivision of this state to act as a law enforcement officer, who is responsible for the preservation of the peace, the prevention and detection of crime, and the enforcement of the general criminal laws of this state, and who is otherwise eligible to possess a firearm under this act. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Residence address: means the place that is the settled home or domicile at which a person legally resides, which meets the definition of residence as defined in section 11 of the Michigan election law, 1954 PA 116, MCL 168. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Resident: means every person who resides in this state and establishes that he or she is legally present in the United States. See Michigan Laws 28.291a
  • Resident creditor: means a person domiciled or doing business in this state that is, or could be, a claimant against a nonresident decedent's estate. See Michigan Laws 700.4101
  • Residential services: means 24-hour dependent care and treatment services provided by adult foster care facilities under contract to the department or a community mental health services program or provided directly by a community mental health services program. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Residual interests: means 1 or more of the following as provided in any sale agreement:

    (i) The unencumbered tobacco revenues. See Michigan Laws 129.263

  • Respondent: means the service provider that had responsibility at the time of an alleged rights violation for the services with respect to which a rights complaint has been filed. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Respondent: means an individual alleged in a petition filed under section 281a to be an individual who has a substance use disorder and who may be ordered under section 281b or 281c to undergo involuntary treatment. See Michigan Laws 330.1260
  • Respondent: means the individual who is the subject of a petition for guardianship filed under this chapter. See Michigan Laws 330.1600
  • Responding tribunal: means the authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Responsible party: means a person who is financially liable for services furnished to the individual. See Michigan Laws 330.1800
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restraint: means the use of a physical device to restrict an individual's movement. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Retail food establishment: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food directly to a consumer. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Retail grocery: means an operation that sells or offers to sell food to consumers for off-premises consumption. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Retail location: means a facility listed under NFPA 1124, 7. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Retailer: means a person who sells consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks for resale to an individual for ultimate use. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Retired federal law enforcement officer: means an individual who was an officer or agent employed by a law enforcement agency of the United States government whose primary responsibility was enforcing laws of the United States, who was required to carry a firearm in the course of his or her duties as a law enforcement officer, and who retired in good standing from his or her employment as a federal law enforcement officer. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • retired law enforcement officer: means an individual who was a police officer or law enforcement officer who was licensed or certified as described in the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Revenue: means an addition to the assets of a fund that does not increase a liability, does not represent the recovery of an expenditure, does not represent the cancellation of a liability without a corresponding increase in any other liability or a decrease in assets, and does not represent a contribution of fund capital in enterprise or in internal service funds. See Michigan Laws 141.422d
  • Revenues: means the income derived from the rates charged for the services, facilities, and commodities furnished by a public improvement. See Michigan Laws 141.103
  • Revenues: means the income derived from the tax, plus interest and penalties imposed by this act, levied and assessed under an ordinance adopted pursuant to this act. See Michigan Laws 141.861
  • Revenues: means all fees, charges, money, profits, payments of principal of or interest on municipal obligations and other investments, gifts, grants, contributions, and all other income derived or to be derived by the authority under this act. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Rights complaint: means a written or oral statement that meets the requirements of section 776. See Michigan Laws 330.1772
  • Room: means a room or other space provided for sleeping, including the furnishings and other accessories in the room. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Room: means a room or other space provided for sleeping that can be rented independently, including the furnishings and other accessories in the room. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Room: means a room or other space provided for sleeping, including the furnishings and other accessories in the room. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Room: means a room or other space provided for sleeping that can be rented independently, including the furnishings and other accessories in the room. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Room charge: means the charge imposed for the use or occupancy of a room, excluding charges for food, beverages, state use tax, telephone service or like services paid in connection with the charge, and reimbursement of the assessment imposed by this act. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Room charge: means the charge imposed for the use or occupancy of a room, excluding charges for food, beverages, state use tax, telephone service, or like services paid in connection with the charge, and excluding reimbursement of the assessment imposed by this act. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Room charge: means the charge imposed for the use or occupancy of a room, excluding charges for food, beverages, state use tax, telephone service, or like services paid in connection with the room charge, and reimbursement of the assessment as allowed in section 6. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Roundtable: means the agriculture and rural communities roundtable convened under section 2303. See Michigan Laws 324.2301
  • Rule: means that term as defined in section 7 of the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated under the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 28.602
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301
  • Rules: means administrative rules promulgated under this act pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Rural county: means a county with a population of less than 70,000. See Michigan Laws 324.2301
  • Sale agreement: means any agreement authorized under this act in which this state provides for the sale of all or a portion of the state's tobacco receipts under section 8. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Sample: means a portion of an individual's blood, saliva, or tissue collected from the individual. See Michigan Laws 28.172
  • School: means a public school, nonpublic school, or public school academy as those terms are defined in section 5 of the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 28.803
  • School loan act: means an act to implement section 16 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963, including, but not limited to, former 1961 PA 108, 1961 PA 112, MCL 388. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Scrutinized company: means , except for a company described in subdivision (i), and for a social development company or a company that only meets the criteria of this subdivision because an independently owned franchisee of that company is a scrutinized company, any company that has business operations that involve contracts with or provision of supplies or services to a state sponsor of terror; companies in which a state sponsor of terror has any direct or indirect equity share, consortiums, or projects commissioned by a state sponsor of terror; or companies involved in consortiums and projects commissioned by a state sponsor of terror and 1 or more of the following:

    (i) More than 10% of the company's total revenues or assets are directly invested in or earned from or significantly contributed to a state sponsor of terror and the company has failed to take substantial action. See Michigan Laws 129.292

  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:

    (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n

  • Seclusion: means the temporary placement of a recipient in a room, alone, where egress is prevented by any means. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Security: means an evidence of debt such as a bond, note, contract, obligation, refunding obligation, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument issued by an agency, which pledges payment of the debt by the agency from an identified source of revenue. See Michigan Laws 129.173
  • Security: means a share, participation, or other interest in property, in a business, or in an obligation of an enterprise or other issuer, and includes a certificated security, uncertificated security, and security account. See Michigan Laws 700.6301
  • Security: includes , but is not limited to, a note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate, or interest in a regulated investment company or other entity generally referred to as a mutual fund or, in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or a certificate of interest or participation for, a temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any of the items listed in this subdivision. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Security account: includes all of the following:

    (i) A reinvestment account associated with a security. See Michigan Laws 700.6301

  • Seller: means a person who sells or gives a pistol to another person. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • Serious impairment of a body function: means that term as defined in section 58c of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Serious violation: means a violation of this act, an order issued under this act, or a rule promulgated or adopted by reference under this act for which a substantial probability exists that death or serious impairment of a body function to a person other than the violator may result unless the violator did not and could not, with the exercise of reasonable diligence, know of the presence of the violation. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Settlement: means , in reference to a decedent's estate, the full process of administration, distribution, and closing. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Settlor: means a person, including a testator or a trustee, who creates a trust. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Shellfish: means all species of any of the following:

    (i) Oyster, clams, or mussels whether shucked or in the shell, raw, including postharvest processed, frozen or unfrozen, or whole or in parts. See Michigan Laws 289.7113

  • Shellfish dealer: means an interstate wholesaler handling shellfish. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Shellfish dealer certification: means the issuance of a numbered certificate to a person indicating that the person is in compliance with the requirements of the guide for the control of molluscan shellfish and that the person has permission from the department to conduct 1 or more of the following shellfish activities, as defined in the guide for the control of molluscan shellfish:

    (i) Shellstock shipper. See Michigan Laws 289.1111

  • Slow--no wake speed: means the use of a vessel at a very slow speed so that the resulting wake or wash is minimal. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Snowmobile account: means the snowmobile account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2025. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Social development company: means a company licensed by the United States department of treasury pursuant to the federal trade sanction reform and export enhancement act of 2000, P. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • Special effects: means a combination of chemical elements or chemical compounds capable of burning independently of the oxygen of the atmosphere and designed and intended to produce an audible, visual, mechanical, or thermal effect as an integral part of a motion picture, radio, television, theatrical, or opera production or live entertainment. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Special personal representative: means a personal representative as described by sections 3614 to 3618. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Special transitory food unit: means a temporary food establishment that is licensed to operate throughout the state without the 14-day limits or a mobile food establishment that is not required to return to a commissary. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Specified risk materials: means items, associated with the nervous system of beef cattle, that are prohibited from human food as defined in 9 CFR 310. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Spendthrift provision: means a term of a trust that restrains either the voluntary or involuntary transfer of a trust beneficiary's interest. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Standard driver license: means an operator's license or chauffeur's license issued under the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Standard official state personal identification card: means an official state personal identification card issued under 1972 PA 222, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 28.302
  • Standing committees: means the committees of the senate and house of representatives with primary responsibility for agriculture. See Michigan Laws 324.2301
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • State authority: means the hospital finance authority created by this act. See Michigan Laws 331.33
  • State court judge: means a judge of the district court, circuit court, probate court, or court of appeals or justice of the supreme court of this state who is serving either by election or appointment. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State court retired judge: means a judge or justice described in subdivision (q) who is retired, or a retired judge of the recorders court. See Michigan Laws 28.421
  • State equalized valuation of real and personal property of the municipality: means the valuation determined under 1911 PA 44, MCL 209. See Michigan Laws 141.931
  • State facility: means state owned real property associated with buildings primarily used for office purposes, state prisons, or hospitals, institutions of higher education, and state owned real and inventory personal property associated with a state proprietary function, the inventory personal property of which shall be valued on the basis of the average monthly inventory for the preceding state fiscal year. See Michigan Laws 141.951
  • State fire marshal: means the state fire marshal appointed under section 1b of the fire prevention code, 1941 PA 207, MCL 29. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • State fire marshal: means the individual appointed by the director under section 1b. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • State forest: means those lands designated as state forests by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.83101
  • State park improvement account: means the state park improvement account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2030. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • State sponsor of terror: means , subject to section 10 as to applicability, any country determined by the United States secretary of state to have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • State treasurer: means the state treasurer of this state or his or her designee who shall be designated by a written instrument signed by the state treasurer and maintained in a permanent file and whose signature shall have the same force and effect as the signature of the state treasurer for all purposes under this act. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Stepchild: means a child of the surviving, deceased, or former spouse of the testator or of the donor of a power of appointment, who is not the testator's or donor's child. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Subject of a petition: means an individual regarding whom a petition has been filed with the court asserting that the individual is or is not a person requiring treatment or for whom an objection to involuntary mental health treatment has been made under section 484. See Michigan Laws 330.1400
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substantial action: means adopting, publicizing, and implementing a formal plan to cease scrutinized business operations within 1 year and to refrain from any new business operations. See Michigan Laws 129.292
  • Successor: means a person, other than a creditor, who is entitled to property of a decedent under the decedent's will or this act. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Successor personal representative: means a personal representative, other than a special personal representative, who is appointed to succeed a previously appointed personal representative. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Suitable for hospitalization: means a determination concerning a minor that all of the following criteria are met:

    (i) The minor is a minor requiring treatment. See Michigan Laws 330.1498c

  • Sulfiting agents: means any of the following:

    (i) Sulfur dioxide. See Michigan Laws 289.1111

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervised administration: means the proceedings described in part 5 of article III. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Supervisor: means the supervisor of a township elected under chapter XVI of the Michigan election law, Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Supplemental environmental project: means an environmentally beneficial project that an alleged violator agrees to undertake in settlement of an enforcement action, but which the alleged violator is not otherwise legally required to undertake. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive, whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Support plan: means a written plan that specifies the personal support services or any other supports that are to be developed with and provided for a recipient. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Support provision: means a provision in a trust that provides the trustee shall distribute income or principal or both for the health, education, support, or maintenance of a trust beneficiary, or language of similar import. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Surplus: means an excess of the assets of a fund over its liabilities and reserves. See Michigan Laws 141.422d
  • Surplus funds: means money which belongs to or is under the control of the local unit and is available for investment, not being required by law or agreement with bondholders to be segregated and invested in a specified manner. See Michigan Laws 129.112
  • Survive: means that an individual neither predeceases an event, including the death of another individual, nor is considered to predecease an event under section 2104 or 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • surviving descendant: means a devisee or a descendant who neither predeceased the testator nor is considered to have predeceased the testator under section 2702. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Surviving spouse: means the husband or wife of the deceased officer at the time of the officer's death, and includes a spouse living apart from the officer at the time of the officer's death for any reason. See Michigan Laws 28.632
  • Survivor: means any of the following:

    (i) A spouse of a law enforcement officer killed on duty. See Michigan Laws 28.782

  • Tax obligation: means a bond, note, contract obligation, assessment, or other evidence of indebtedness payable primarily or secondarily from ad valorem taxes as a general or full faith and credit obligation of a public corporation. See Michigan Laws 141.162
  • Temporary food establishment: means a food establishment that operates at a fixed location for a temporary period not to exceed 14 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Temporary license: means a written authorization issued by the director to operate for a specified limited time period. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy by the entirety: A type of joint tenancy between husband and wife that is recognized in some States. Neither party can sever the joint tenancy relationship; when a spouse dies, the survivor acquires full title to the property.
  • Terminal: means a location where an aboveground liquid storage tank containing a flammable liquid is located. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • terms of the trust: means the manifestation of the settlor's intent regarding a trust's provisions as expressed in the trust instrument or as may be established by other evidence that would be admissible in a judicial proceeding. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testacy proceeding: means a proceeding to establish a will or determine intestacy. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: includes the donee of a power of appointment if the power is exercised in the testator's will. See Michigan Laws 700.2601
  • Testator: includes an individual of either gender. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Tourism marketing program: means a program established by a regional marketing organization to develop, encourage, solicit, and promote tourism within a region of this state. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Tourism marketing program notice: means the notice described in section 3. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Township board: means the township board of a township constituted as provided in section 70. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transient facility: means a building that contains 35 or more rooms used in the business of providing dwelling, lodging, or sleeping to transient guests, whether or not membership is required for the use of the rooms. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Transient facility: means a building or combination of buildings under common ownership, operation, or management that contains 10 or more rooms used in the business of providing dwelling, lodging, or sleeping to transient guests, whether or not membership is required for the use of the rooms. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Transient facility: means a building which contains 35 or more rooms used in the business of providing dwelling, lodging, or sleeping to transient guests, whether or not membership is required for the use of the rooms. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Transient facility: means a building or combination of buildings under common ownership, operation, or management that contains 10 or more rooms used in the business of providing dwelling, lodging, or sleeping to transient guests, whether or not membership is required for the use of the rooms. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Transient guest: means a natural person who occupies a room in a transient facility for less than 30 consecutive days regardless of who pays the room charge. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Transient guest: means a person who occupies a room in a transient facility for less than 30 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 141.872
  • Transient guest: means a person who occupies a room in a transient facility for less than 30 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 141.882
  • Transient guest: means a person who occupies a room in a transient facility for less than 30 consecutive days. See Michigan Laws 141.892
  • Travel bureau: means the Michigan travel bureau created under section 2a of the Michigan tourism policy act, 1945 PA 106, MCL 2. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Treasurer: means the treasurer of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Treatment plan: means a written plan that specifies the goal-oriented treatment or training services, including rehabilitation or habilitation services, that are to be developed with and provided for a recipient. See Michigan Laws 330.1700
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See Michigan Laws 552.2102
  • Trimming: means removing leaves, roots, and other extraneous materials in preparation for grading, sorting, and sale as a whole fruit or vegetable. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Trust: means a fiduciary relationship with respect to property that subjects the person who holds title to the property to equitable duties to deal with the property for the benefit of another person, which fiduciary relationship arises as a result of a manifestation of an intention to create it. See Michigan Laws 700.2901
  • Trust: includes , but is not limited to, an express trust, private or charitable, with additions to the trust, wherever and however created. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust beneficiary: means a person to whom 1 or both of the following apply:

    (i) The person has a present or future beneficial interest in a trust, vested or contingent. See Michigan Laws 700.7103

  • Trust fund: means the Michigan natural resources trust fund established in section 35 of article IX of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 324.1901
  • Trust instrument: means a governing instrument that contains the terms of the trust, including any amendment to a term of the trust. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Trust protector: means a person or committee of persons appointed pursuant to the terms of the trust who has the power to direct certain actions with respect to the trust. See Michigan Laws 700.7103
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustee: means a trustee of a township elected under chapter XVI of Act No. See Michigan Laws 41.1b
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by the court. See Michigan Laws 700.1107
  • trustee of a trust created by will: includes a trustee to whom property is transferred by will to the extent of the devised property. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • TSRs: means the portion, which may include any or all, of this state's tobacco receipts sold to the authority under this act and any sale agreement. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Unencumbered tobacco revenues: means that portion of the TSRs that are not encumbered tobacco revenues. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Uniform application: means the uniform registration and permit application form established under the uniform program. See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • Uniform commercial code: means the uniform commercial code, 1962 PA 174, MCL 440. See Michigan Laws 129.263
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uniform program: means the uniform state hazardous materials transportation registration and permit program established in the report submitted and amended pursuant to 49 USC 5119(b). See Michigan Laws 29.472
  • United States consumer price index: means the annual average of the United States consumer price index for all urban consumers as defined and reported by the United States department of labor, bureau of labor statistics, or its successor agency, and as certified by the state treasurer. See Michigan Laws 700.1103
  • Unlimited tax pledge: means an undertaking by a public corporation to secure and pay a tax obligation from ad valorem taxes to be levied on all taxable property within the boundaries of the public corporation without limitation as to rate or amount and in addition to other taxes which the public corporation may be authorized to levy. See Michigan Laws 141.162
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Use: means operate, navigate, or employ. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Use: means operate, navigate, or employ. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Use tax: means the tax imposed under the use tax act, 1937 PA 94, MCL 205. See Michigan Laws 141.1322
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Veal: means meat derived from a calf not more than 1 year of age. See Michigan Laws 289.7113
  • Vehicle: means a tank vehicle or bulk transportation vehicle, excluding the tractor of a tank vehicle or bulk transportation vehicle. See Michigan Laws 29.1
  • Vending company base location: means a vending machine location or other food establishment required to be separately licensed under section 4105(5). See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Vending machine: means a self-service device that, upon insertion of a coin, paper currency, token, card, or key, or by manual operation, dispenses unit servings of food in bulk or in packages without the necessity of replenishing the device between each vending operation. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Vending machine location: means the room, enclosure, space, or area in which 1 or more vending machines are installed and operated, or a micro market. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Vessel: means every description of watercraft used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on water. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Violation notice: means a written notice or formal enforcement action by the department, the United States environmental protection agency, or the enforcing agency of a local unit of government in response to a violation of an applicable environmental requirement. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Volunteer: means appointment or employment for which an individual receives no compensation for work provided, or appointment or employment for which an individual receives compensation in the form of reasonable expenses incurred during the course of his or her appointment or employment or other reasonable benefits, including, but not limited to, length of service awards or nominal fees. See Michigan Laws 29.362
  • Ward: means an individual for whom a guardian is appointed. See Michigan Laws 700.1108
  • Waste: means any environmental pollutant, waste, discharge, or emission, regardless of how it is regulated and regardless of whether it is released to the general environment or the workplace environment. See Michigan Laws 324.1403
  • Water supplier: means a water supplier as defined in part 54 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 141.1053
  • Watercraft: means a contrivance used or designed for navigation on water, including a vessel, boat, motor vessel, steam vessel, vessel operated by machinery either permanently or temporarily affixed, scow, tugboat, or any marine equipment that is capable of carrying passengers, except a ferry. See Michigan Laws 324.80301
  • Waters of this state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state, and includes those waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80104
  • Waters of this state: means any waters within the territorial limits of this state, and includes those waters of the Great Lakes that are under the jurisdiction of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.80201
  • Waterways account: means the waterways account of the legacy fund provided for in section 2035. See Michigan Laws 324.2001
  • Wholesale: means selling other than directly to consumers. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Wholesaler: means any person who sells consumer fireworks or low-impact fireworks to a retailer or any other person for resale. See Michigan Laws 28.452
  • Wild game: means animals from their natural state and not cultivated, domesticated, or tamed. See Michigan Laws 289.1111
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.