§ 750.135 Children; exposing with intent to injure or abandon; surrender of child to emergency service provider; applicability of subsection (1); definitions
§ 750.135a Leaving child unattended in vehicle; prohibition; violation; definitions
§ 750.136 Labia majora or labia minor or clitoris; surgical procedure prohibited; exceptions; violation as felony; penalty; violation of law arising from same transaction
§ 750.136a Transporting person for conduct violating MCL 750.136; felony; penalty; violation arising out of same transaction
§ 750.136b Definitions; child abuse; degrees; penalties; exception; affirmative defense; enhanced sentence; “prior conviction” defined
§ 750.136c Transfer or acquisition of legal or physical custody of individual; prohibited conduct; exceptions; violation as felony; penalty
§ 750.136d Violation of MCL 750.136b in presence of child other than victim; penalty; laws arising out of same transaction
§ 750.137 Purchases from minors
§ 750.138 Children; legal custody; interference
§ 750.139 Child under 16 years of age; confinement; commitment or trial; presence at trial of adults; transportation with adults charged with or convicted of crime; exception; violation as misdemeanor
§ 750.139.amended Child under 18 years of age; confinement; commitment or trial; presence at trial of adults; transportation with adults charged with or convicted of crime; exception; violation as misdemeanor
§ 750.140 Children; exhibition; employ; apprentice
§ 750.141 Presence of minor under 17 in places where liquor is sold, given away, or furnished; attendance of minors at dances
§ 750.141a Definitions; prohibited conduct by person having control of real property; applicability of section; violation of subsection (2) as misdemeanor; penalty; evidence of rebuttable presumption; selling or
§ 750.142 Furnishing obscene publications or criminal news to minors
§ 750.143 Children; exhibition of obscene matter
§ 750.143a Information about rating system; posting sign by video game retailer required; violation; fine; definitions
§ 750.144 Minor; boarding houses, licensing
§ 750.145 Minor; contributing to neglect or delinquency
§ 750.145a Accosting, enticing or soliciting child for immoral purpose
§ 750.145b Accosting, enticing or soliciting child for immoral purpose; prior conviction; penalty
§ 750.145c Definitions; child sexually abusive activity or material; penalties; possession of child sexually abusive material; expert testimony; defenses; acts of commercial film or photographic print processor;
§ 750.145d Use of internet or computer system; prohibited conduct; violation; penalty; jurisdiction; order to reimburse state or local governmental unit; definitions
§ 750.145e Dissemination of sexually explicit visual material of another person; prohibition; exceptions; other violations of law; violation; penalty; definitions
§ 750.145f Violation of MCL 750.145e; penalty
§ 750.145g Child sexually abusive activity or material; second or subsequent offense; mandatory minimum

Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 750 > Act 328 of 1931 > Chapter XX - Children

  • Accredited veterinarian: means a veterinarian approved by the administrator of the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service in accordance with 9 CFR part 161, and considered preapproved to perform certain functions of federal and cooperative state/federal programs. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Administrator: means the director of the department or his or her designated representative. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Animal: means mollusks, crustaceans, and vertebrates other than human beings including, but not limited to, livestock, exotic animals, aquaculture species, and domestic animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Animal: means any vertebrate animal, other than human beings, including mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians, and any domesticated insect. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Animal feed: means edible material that is consumed by an animal and contributes energy, nutrients, or both, to the animal's diet. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Animal movement certificate: means animal movement authorization established in a manner approved and issued by the director that contains, at a minimum, the following information regarding animals or an animal:
  (i) The point of origin and point of destination. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Animal welfare: means the well-being of animals based upon animal husbandry, animal science, and veterinary science practices and standards. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved laboratory: means a state, federal, or private veterinary diagnostic laboratory approved by the United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, veterinary services, to conduct approved official laboratory tests for a specific reportable animal disease. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Aquaculture: means the propagation and rearing of aquaculture species on the approved list of aquaculture species under the Michigan aquaculture development act, 1996 PA 199, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Aquaculture facility: means that term as defined in the Michigan aquaculture development act, 1996 PA 199, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Aquaculture lot: means a group of aquatic animals that share approximately the same risk of exposure to a pathogenic agent or toxin within a defined location due to common management or sharing a common aquatic environment. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Aquaculture species: means that term as defined in the Michigan aquaculture development act, 1996 PA 199, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of organization: means the original documents filed to organize a limited liability company, as amended or restated by certificates of correction, amendment, or merger, by restated articles, or by other instruments filed or issued under any statute. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Autogenous veterinary biological: means all bacteria, viruses, serums, toxins, or analogous products from a specific herd that are custom-made with herd-specific antigens. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Brand: means a word, name, symbol, or device, or a combination of any of these that identifies the commercial feed of a manufacturer or distributor and distinguishes it from that of other manufacturers or distributors. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Carcasses: means the dead bodies of domestic animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Cattle: means ruminating and nonruminating bovine animals sold for slaughter, ruminating and nonruminating bovine animals produced in this state to be fed for slaughter, and ruminating and nonruminating bovine animals to be fed for slaughter and sold in this state more than 30 days after arrival in this state. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Cattle: means all bovine (genus bos) animals, bovinelike animals (genus bison) also commonly referred to as American buffalo or bison, and any cross of these species unless otherwise specifically provided. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Cease order: means a cease order issued by the director pursuant to section 15. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Commercial feed: means all materials or combination of materials, including feed ingredients, that are distributed or intended for distribution for use as animal feed or for mixing in animal feed. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Commingling: means concurrently or subsequently sharing or subsequent use by livestock or other domestic animals of the same pen or same section in a facility or same section in a transportation unit where there is physical contact or contact with bodily excrements, aerosols, or fluids from other livestock or domestic animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Commission: means the state beef industry commission. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • commission: means the public trust commission as hereinbefore created. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Commission: means the commission of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consignee: means a person receiving animals at the point of destination named on an official interstate or intrastate health certificate, official interstate certificate of veterinary inspection or animal movement certificate, entry authorization form, fish disease inspection report, owner-shipper statement, or sales invoice. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Consignor: means a person moving animals from a point of origin named on an official interstate or intrastate health certificate, official interstate certificate of veterinary inspection or animal movement certificate, entry authorization form, fish disease inspection report, owner-shipper statement, or sales invoice. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Constituent: means a party to a plan of merger, including the survivor. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract feeder: means a person that is an independent contractor that feeds animals pursuant to a contract if the feed is supplied, furnished, or otherwise provided to the person. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Contribution: means anything of value that a person contributes to the limited liability company as a prerequisite for, or in connection with, membership, including cash, property, services performed, or a promissory note or other binding obligation to contribute cash or property, or to perform services. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Customer-formula feed: means commercial feed that consists of a mixture of commercial feeds or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser or purchaser's agent. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means a person required to be licensed under 1937 PA 284, MCL 287. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the state department of agriculture. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Department: means the department of licensing and regulatory affairs. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • depositary: shall include all persons who propose to act, or who are now acting, in connection with a protective committee for the purpose of accepting securities for deposit under and/or consents to a protective committee agreement. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Direct movement: means transfer of animals to a destination without unloading the animals en route. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Director: means the director of agriculture. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • Director: means the director of the state department of agriculture. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Director: means the director of the department or his or her authorized representative. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Director: means the director of the department or the director's authorized representative. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disease: means any animal health condition with potential for economic impact, public or animal health concerns, or food safety concerns. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribute: means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a veterinary biological. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Distribute: means either of the following:
  •   (i) To offer for sale, hold for sale, sell, exchange, or barter commercial feed. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property or the incurrence of indebtedness by a limited liability company to or for the benefit of its members or assignees of its members in respect of the members' membership interests. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Distributor: means a person that distributes. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Domestic animal: means a species of animal that lives under the husbandry of humans. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • domestic limited liability company: means an entity that is an unincorporated membership organization formed under this act. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • domestic limited partnership: means a limited partnership formed under the Michigan revised uniform limited partnership act, 1982 PA 213, MCL 449. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Drug: means either of the following:
  •   (i) Any article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in animals. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • electronically transmitted: means any form of communication that meets all of the following:
  •   (i) It does not directly involve the physical transmission of paper. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Embargo order: means an embargo order issued by the director pursuant to section 15. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Equidae: means all animals of the equine family and includes horses, asses, jacks, jennies, hinnies, mules, donkeys, burros, ponies, and zebras. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exhibition facility: means a facility used or intended to be used for public view, show, display, swap, exchange, entertainment, advertisement, educational event, or competition involving animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Exhibition or exposition: means a congregation, gathering, or collection of animals that are presented or exposed to public view for show, display, swap, exchange, entertainment, educational event, instruction, advertising, or competition. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Exhibitor: means a person that presents an animal for public display, exhibition, or competition or enters an animal in a fair, show, exhibition, or exposition. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Exotic animal: means a species of animal that is not native to the United States. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Fair: means a competition and educational exhibition of agricultural commodities and manufactured products for which premiums may be paid. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Feed ingredient: means each of the constituent materials making up a commercial feed. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • felony: when used in this act, shall be construed to mean an offense for which the offender, on conviction may be punished by death, or by imprisonment in state prison. See Michigan Laws 750.7
  • Feral swine: means swine that have lived their life or any part of their life as free roaming. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish disease inspection report: means a document prepared by a fish health laboratory approved by the director, a veterinarian, or a fish health official giving evidence of inspections and diagnostic work performed. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Fish health official: means a veterinarian or a fish health specialist approved by the director who is responsible for conducting aquaculture facility inspections and issuing fish disease inspection reports. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Flock: means all of the poultry on 1 premises or, in the discretion of the department, a group of poultry that is segregated from all other poultry on the same premises. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Food additive: means that term as defined in 21 USC 321(s). See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company formed under laws other than the laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means the feed control fund created in section 17. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Garbage: means any animal origin products, including those of poultry and fish origin, or other animal material resulting from the handling, processing, preparation, cooking, or consumption of foods. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Genetically engineered: refers to an organism whose genome, chromosomal or extrachromosomal, is modified permanently and heritably using recombinant nucleic acid techniques, or the progeny thereof. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guarantor: means a person that agrees to be responsible for labeling, information, guarantees, and claims. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Herd: means an isolated group of livestock maintained on common ground for any purpose, or 2 or more groups of livestock under common ownership or supervision that are geographically separated but that have an interchange or movement of livestock without regard to health status as determined by the director. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Herd or flock of origin: means any herd or flock in which animals are born and remain until movement or any herd or flock in which animals remain for at least 30 days immediately following direct movement into the herd or flock from another herd or flock. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Humane method: means either: (1) A method whereby the animal is rendered insensible to pain by mechanical, electrical, chemical or other means that is rapid and effective, before being shackled, hoisted, thrown, cast or cut; or (2) a method in accordance with ritual requirements of any religious faith whereby the animal suffers loss of consciousness by anemia of the brain caused by the simultaneous and instantaneous severance of the carotid arteries with a sharp instrument. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • in bulk: means feed that is not divided into parts or packaged in separate units or any lot that is not in a closed container at the time it passes to the possession of the purchaser and includes that feed at any stage of distribution. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Infected zone: means an area in this state that has a defined dimension determined by the director in which a specific reportable animal disease is present in animals and separated from a disease-free zone by a surveillance zone. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Infectious disease: means a disorder caused by an organism, including, but not limited to, a bacteria, virus, fungus, parasite, prion, or analogous organism, and that can be directly or indirectly passed from animal to animal. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvent: means being unable to pay debts as they become due in the usual course of a debtor's business. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Integrated operator: means a person located within this state that manufactures animal feed for other integrated operators if there is a minimum of 5% ownership by all persons involved in each aspect of the operation that supply or share feed and ingredients. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • interest: means a member's rights in the limited liability company, including, but not limited to, any right to receive distributions of the limited liability company's assets and any right to vote or participate in management. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Intrastate movement: means movement from 1 premises to another within this state. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Isolated: means the physical separation of animals by a physical barrier or geographical distance in such a manner that other animals do not have access to the isolated animals' bodies, excrement, aerosols, or discharges, as approved by the director. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Labeling: means all labels and other written, printed, electronic, or graphic matter, and includes advertising. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Law enforcement agency: means the department of state police, the department of natural resources, a law enforcement agency of a county, township, city, or village, or a tribal law enforcement agency that is responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and enforcement of the criminal laws of this state. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a commercial feed license issued under this act. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Licensed person: means an individual who is licensed or otherwise legally authorized to practice a professional service by a court, department, board, commission, or an agency of this state or another jurisdiction, any corporation or professional services corporation all of whose shareholders are licensed persons, any partnership all of whose partners are licensed persons, or any limited liability company all of whose members and managers are licensed persons. See Michigan Laws 450.4902
  • Licensee: means a person that has been issued a license. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Livestock: means cattle, calves, sheep, swine, horses, mules, goats and any other animal which can or may be used in and for the preparation of meat or meat products. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • Livestock: means those species of animals used for human food or for fiber or those species of animals used for service to humans. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Local unit of government: means a county, township, city, or village. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Low-profit limited liability company: means a limited liability company that has included in its articles of organization a purpose that meets, and that at all times conducts its activities to meet, all of the following requirements:
  •   (i) The limited liability company significantly furthers the accomplishment of 1 or more charitable or educational purposes described in section 170(c)(2)(B) of the internal revenue code of 1986, 26 USC 170, and would not have been formed except to accomplish those charitable or educational purposes. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Majority in interest: means a majority of votes as allocated by an operating agreement, or by the statute in the absence of an allocation by operating agreement, and held by members entitled to vote on a matter submitted for a vote by members. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • managers: means a person or persons designated to manage the limited liability company pursuant to a provision in the articles of organization stating that the business is to be managed by or under the authority of managers. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Manufacture: means to prepare, grind, mix, package, repackage, or relabel commercial feed for distribution. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Manufacturer: means a person that manufactures. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Market agency: means a person, including a producer, who sells, offers for sale, markets, distributes, trades, or processes cattle which have been purchased or acquired from a producer or other, or which is marketed on behalf of a producer, and includes meat packing firms and their agents which purchase or consign to purchase cattle. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Member: means a person who has been admitted to a limited liability company as provided in section 501, or, in the case of a foreign limited liability company, a person that is a member of the foreign limited liability company in accordance with the laws under which the foreign limited liability company is organized. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Member capital: means the assets that a member must provide by payment, transfer, or allocation of net savings to a cooperative as a condition of admission to or retention of membership and with respect to which the member has rights to dividends, redemption, or distributions on dissolution under this chapter. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Membership fee: means a nonredeemable fee that a member must pay to a cooperative as a condition of admission to or retention of membership in the cooperative that is not member capital or a fee for goods, services, or facilities. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Poultry Improvement Plan: means a plan for the control or eradication of certain poultry diseases that is published in 9 CFR parts 56, 145, 146, and 147. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Native: means an animal born and raised in this state, or legally imported into this state and having complied with entry requirements prescribed by the director, and having been maintained in this state for at least 30 days. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • New world camelids: means animals belonging to the genus llama and vicuna of the family camelidae of the order artiodactyla including, but not limited to, the llama, alpaca, vicuna, and guanaco. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Noncommercial feed: means all materials or combination of materials, not distributed or intended for distribution, that are for manufacturing and use as feed or for mixing in feed. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Offal: means the waste parts resulting from the processing of animals, poultry, fish, and aquaculture species. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Official identification: means an identification ear tag, tattoo, electronic identification, or other identification approved by the United States Department of Agriculture or the department. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • official interstate certificate of veterinary inspection: means a form in paper or electronic format approved by the director with a unique identifier that documents the information required under section 20 and that is issued for animals that are being imported to or exported from this state not more than 30 days prior to the importation or exportation of those animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • official intrastate certificate of veterinary inspection: means a form in paper or electronic format approved by the director with a unique identifier that documents the information required under section 20 and that is issued for animals that are being moved within this state not more than 30 days prior to the movement of those animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Official sample: means a sample of feed taken by the director in accordance with section 7. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Official test: means a sample of specific material collected from an animal with official identification by an accredited veterinarian, state or federal veterinary medical officer, or other person authorized by the director and analyzed by a laboratory certified by the United States Department of Agriculture or the department to conduct the test, or a diagnostic injection administered and analyzed by an accredited veterinarian or a state or federal veterinary medical officer. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Official vaccination: means a vaccination that the director has designated for a reportable animal disease, administered by an accredited veterinarian or a state or federal veterinary medical officer, and documented on a form supplied by the department. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Operating agreement: means a written agreement by the member of a limited liability company that has 1 member, or between all of the members of a limited liability company that has more than 1 member, pertaining to the affairs of the limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Originate: means the direct movement of animals from a herd or flock of origin. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Packer: means any person engaged in the business of slaughtering, or of manufacturing or preparing meat or meat products for sale, either by such person or others; or of manufacturing or preparing livestock products for sale by such person or others. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Patron: means a person whose economic exchange is a regular part of the business of a cooperative or foreign cooperative, if the economic exchange is the same type of regular economic exchange engaged in by any class of members. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Patronage: means the selling or providing of goods, services, or facilities to, or the buying of goods, services, or facilities from members or other persons, or providing labor or services to or by a cooperative. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • percentage: means the percentage by weight. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation or association doing business in this state, in whole or in part. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • Person: means a natural person, partnership, corporation, company, association, society, or trust, or other business unit or organization. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, cooperative, association, joint venture, or other legal entity including, but not limited to, contractual relationships. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, trust, custodian, estate, association, corporation, governmental entity, or any other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • persons: shall include natural persons, corporations, partnerships, associations, companies, and syndicates. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Poultry: means , but is not limited to, chickens, guinea fowl, turkeys, waterfowl, pigeons, doves, peafowl, and game birds that are propagated and maintained under the husbandry of humans. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Prior entry permit: means a code that is obtained from the department for specific species of animals imported into this state that is recorded on the official interstate health certificate, official interstate certificate of veterinary inspection, or fish disease inspection report before entry into this state. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Prior movement permit: means prior documented permission given by the director before intrastate movement of an animal. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Privately owned cervid: means all species of the cervid family including, but not limited to, deer, elk, moose, and all other members of the family cervidae propagated and maintained under the husbandry of humans for the production of meat and other agricultural products, sport, exhibition, or any other purpose approved by the director. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Producer: means a person who raises or feeds cattle for market. See Michigan Laws 287.602
  • Product name: means the name of the commercial feed that identifies it as to kind, class, or specific use and distinguishes it from all other products bearing the same brand name. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Professional service: means a type of personal service to the public that requires as a condition precedent to the rendering of the service the obtaining of a license or other legal authorization. See Michigan Laws 450.4902
  • Professional services corporation: means a corporation formed under former 1962 PA 192 or a corporation incorporated under and governed by chapter 2A of the business corporation act, 1972 PA 284, MCL 450. See Michigan Laws 450.4902
  • protective committee: shall include all persons who propose or purport to act, or who are now acting, for and in behalf of others and/or themselves with respect to a security and/or for the purpose of protecting and preserving the common interests of the holders or owners of the particular security. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pullorum-typhoid: means a disease of poultry caused by Salmonella pullorum or Salmonella gallinarum. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Pullorum-typhoid clean flock: means a flock that receives and maintains this status by fulfilling the requirements prescribed in the National Poultry Improvement Plan. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Quantity statement: means a writing containing the net weight of a solid or net weight or net volume of a liquid. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Quarantine: means enforced isolation of an animal or group of animals or restriction of movement of an animal or group of animals, equipment, feed and food products, or vehicles to or from any structure, premises, or area of this state, including the entirety of this state, determined by the director. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Ratite: means flightless birds having a flat breastbone without the keellike prominence characteristic of most flying birds. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reasonable assistance: means safely controlling an animal by corralling, stabling, kenneling, holding, tying, chemically restraining, or confining by halter or leash or crowding the animal in a safe and sensible manner so an examination or testing procedure considered necessary by the director can be performed. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Recombinant nucleic acid techniques: means laboratory techniques through which genetic material is isolated and manipulated in vitro and then inserted into an organism. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Redemption: means any method by which a cooperative exchanges cash or debt instruments for member capital, including, but not limited to, repurchase, redemption, refund, or repayment. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Referendum: means a method of member voting that utilizes secret ballot and established polling places as provided in the cooperative's bylaws or under section 409. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • Rendered products: means waste material derived in whole or in part from meat of an animal or other animal material and other refuse of any character that has been associated with any such material at any time during the handling, preparation, cooking, or consumption of food that has been ground and heat-treated to a minimum temperature of 170 degrees Fahrenheit for a minimum of 30 minutes to make products including, but not limited to, animal protein meal, poultry protein meal, fish protein meal, grease, or tallow. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Reportable animal disease: means an animal disease on the current reportable animal disease list maintained by the state veterinarian that poses a serious threat to the animal industry, public health, or animal health. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • sale: means the exchange of ownership. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:
  •   (a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n
  • securities: shall include bonds, notes, debentures, and any other instrument of like character used to evidence indebtedness. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Seizure order: means a seizure order issued by the director pursuant to section 15. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services in a learned profession: means services rendered by a dentist, an osteopathic physician, a physician, a surgeon, a doctor of divinity or other clergy, or an attorney-at-law. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c
  • Slaughter premises: means all facilities, buildings, structures, including all immediate grounds where slaughtering occurs under federal or state inspection, or otherwise authorized by the director. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Slaughterer: means any person regularly engaged in the commercial slaughtering of livestock. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • solicitor: shall include all persons who procure or solicit directly or indirectly, or who are now procuring or soliciting directly or indirectly the deposit of securities with a depositary under a protective committee agreement or similar instrument and/or who procure or solicit directly or indirectly, or who are now procuring or soliciting directly or indirectly, the consent of holders or owners of securities to a protective committee agreement or similar instrument. See Michigan Laws 451.302
  • Sow: means a female swine that has farrowed or given birth to or aborted 1 litter or more. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • State veterinarian: means the chief animal health official of this state as appointed by the director under section 7, or his or her authorized representative. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stockyard: means any place, establishment or facility commonly known as a stockyard, conducted or operated for compensation or profit as a public market, consisting of pens or other enclosures, and their appurtenances, for the handling, keeping and holding of livestock for the purpose of sale or shipment. See Michigan Laws 287.551
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surveillance zone: means an area in this state that has a defined dimension determined by the director to be at risk for a specific reportable animal disease and is located adjacent and contiguous to an infected zone. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • survivor: means the constituent that survives a merger, as identified in the certificate of merger. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Swine: means any of the ungulate mammals of the family suidae. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Ton: means a net weight of 2,000 pounds avoirdupois. See Michigan Laws 287.523
  • Toxic substance: means a natural or synthetic chemical or radiologic material in concentrations that alone or in combination with other natural or synthetic chemicals presents a threat to the health, safety, or welfare of human or animal life or that has the capacity to produce injury or illness through ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the body surface. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Toxicological disease: means any condition caused by or related to a toxic substance. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unincorporated cooperative: means either of the following:
  •   (i) An association of 2 or more persons that is organized on a cooperative basis and that is not a corporation. See Michigan Laws 450.3104
  • United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veterinarian: means a person licensed to practice veterinary medicine under article 15 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Veterinary biological: means all bacteria, viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products of natural or synthetic origin, or products prepared from any type of genetic engineering, such as diagnostics, antitoxins, vaccines, live microorganisms, killed microorganisms, or the antigenic or immunizing components of microorganisms intended for use in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of diseases in animals. See Michigan Laws 287.703
  • Vote: means an affirmative vote, approval, or consent. See Michigan Laws 450.4102
  • Wild animal: means that term as defined in section 43508 of the natural resources and environmental protection act, 1994 PA 451, MCL 324. See Michigan Laws 287.703