§ 75-A Legislative intent
§ 75-B Definitions
§ 75-C Security measures
§ 75-D List of facilities
§ 75-E Consumer safety information
§ 75-F Enforcement and statistics
§ 75-G Report of compliance
§ 75-H Compliance with local building code and all other applicable provisions of law
§ 75-I Facilities not subject to this article
§ 75-J Civil penalties
§ 75-K Collection of penalties
§ 75-L Preemption
§ 75-M Variances and exemptions from automated teller machine security measures
§ 75-N Rules and regulations
§ 75-O Severability

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Terms Used In New York Laws > Banking > Article 2-AA - Atm Safety Act

  • Account: means any of the two accounts created under section seven thousand seven hundred six of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrator: means any person designated by a provider to be responsible for administration of service contracts, including servicing, claims management and processing, recordkeeping, customer service and collection of fees. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Adoption date: means the date the board of directors of the mutual life insurer adopts the plan of reorganization. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • charitable organization: shall mean entities established pursuant to the not-for-profit corporation law or otherwise established pursuant to law. See N.Y. Social Services Law 42
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • contract holder: means a person who is the purchaser or holder of a service contract. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Contractual obligations: means any obligation under covered policies, but shall not include any obligation with respect to policyholder dividends unpaid or unapplied, retrospective rate credits or similar benefits or provisions. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Corporation: means The Life and Health Insurance Company Guaranty Corporation of New York created under section seven thousand seven hundred six of this article unless the context otherwise requires. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Covered policy: means any of the kinds of insurance specified in paragraph one, two or three of subsection (a) of section one thousand one hundred thirteen of this chapter, any supplemental contract, or any funding agreement referred to in section three thousand two hundred twenty-two of this chapter, or any portion or part thereof, within the scope of this article under section seven thousand seven hundred three of this article, except that any certificate issued to an individual under any group or blanket policy or contract shall be considered to be a separate covered policy for purposes of section seven thousand seven hundred eight of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • disabled: shall mean a person having a disability as so defined in § 292 of the executive law. See N.Y. Social Services Law 326-B
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Effective date: means , in the case of the reorganization of a mutual life insurer, the date upon which the reorganization of the mutual life insurer shall be effective in accordance with section eight thousand nine of this article as a result of reorganization proceedings pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Eligible applicant: shall mean a not-for-profit corporation or charitable organization which operates single room occupancy units qualifying as an eligible project. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Eligible cost: shall mean the cost to deliver one or more services to eligible residents to assist such residents to live independently, including information and referral, resident services coordination, crisis intervention, and other like services. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Eligible project: shall mean those single room occupancy units occupied by eligible residents, within a building or portion thereof which is operated by an eligible applicant. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Eligible resident: shall mean a person residing in a single room occupancy unit who is in need of services to live independently. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Final Average Salary: shall mean the regular compensation earned from such participating employer by a member during the twelve months of actual service immediately preceding the date of such employee's retirement, exclusive of any lump sum payments for sick leave, or accumulated vacation credit, or any form of termination pay; provided, however, if the compensation earned in said twelve months exceeds that of the previous twelve months by more than twenty per centum, the amount in excess of twenty per centum shall be excluded in the computation of final average salary; provided further, however, that the benefits computed pursuant to this paragraph shall be payable unless the member would otherwise be entitled to a greater benefit under other provisions of this subdivision, in which case such greater benefit shall be payable. See N.Y. Retirement and Social Security Law 302
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Health insurance: means the kinds of insurance specified under items (i) and (ii) of paragraph three and paragraph thirty-one of subsection (a) of section one thousand one hundred thirteen of this chapter, and section one thousand one hundred seventeen of this chapter; medical expense indemnity, dental expense indemnity, hospital service, or health service under article forty-three of this chapter; and comprehensive health services under Article 44 of the public health law. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Homeless project: shall mean a specific facility, including lands, buildings and improvements acquired, constructed, renovated or rehabilitated and operated by a not-for-profit corporation, charitable organization, wholly owned subsidiary of a not-for-profit corporation or of a charitable organization, public corporation or a municipality to increase the availability of housing for homeless persons, which may include other non-housing services such as but not limited to dining, recreational, sanitary, social, medical and mental health services as may be deemed by the commissioner to be essential to such a project. See N.Y. Social Services Law 42
  • In-kind expenditures: shall mean the cash value of eligible costs that are not reimbursed under this title and may include but not be limited to materials, equipment, space or paid or volunteer staff. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvent insurer: means a member insurer which after the effective date of this article becomes insolvent for the purposes of section one thousand three hundred nine of this chapter and is placed under a final order of liquidation, rehabilitation or conservation by a court of competent jurisdiction. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Long-term care insurance: means an insurance policy, rider, or certificate advertised, marketed, offered, or designed to provide coverage, subject to eligibility requirements, for not less than twenty-four consecutive months for each covered person on an expense incurred, indemnity, prepaid or other basis and provides at least the benefits set forth in part fifty-two of title eleven of the official compilation of codes, rules and regulations of this state. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • member: means a member of such mutual holding company as provided in subsection (c) of section eight thousand seventeen of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Member insurer: means :

    (A) any life insurance company licensed to transact in this state any kind of insurance to which this article applies under section seven thousand seven hundred three of this article; provided, however, that the term "member insurer" also means any life insurance company formerly licensed to transact in this state any kind of insurance to which this article applies under section seven thousand seven hundred three of this article; and

    (B) an insurer licensed or formerly licensed to write accident and health insurance or salary protection insurance in this state, corporation organized pursuant to article forty-three of this chapter, reciprocal insurer organized pursuant to article sixty-one of this chapter, cooperative property/casualty insurance company operating under or subject to article sixty-six of this chapter, nonprofit property/casualty insurance company organized pursuant to article sixty-seven of this chapter, and health maintenance organization certified pursuant to Article 44 of the public health law. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Membership interests: means , with reference to an institution that is a mutual life insurer or a mutual holding company, the rights as members arising under the charter of such institution or this chapter or otherwise by law including the rights to vote and to participate in any distribution of the surplus of such institution, whether or not incident to a liquidation thereof. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Mutual holding company: means a corporation organized under section eight thousand seventeen of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Mutual life insurer: means a domestic mutual life insurer. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Offer: includes every offer to buy or acquire, solicitation of an offer to sell, tender offer for, or request or invitation for tenders of a security or interest in a security for value. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual or legal entity, including a corporation, partnership, association, limited liability company, trust, or voluntary organization. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, incorporated or unincorporated association, joint stock company, reciprocal, syndicate or any similar entity or combination of entities acting in concert. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, joint-stock company, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, trust, government or governmental agency, state or political subdivision thereof, public or private corporation, board, association, estate, trustee or fiduciary, any similar entity or any combination of the foregoing acting in concert. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: means a plan adopted by a mutual life insurer in compliance with this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Policyholder: means a person, as determined by the records of the reorganizing insurer or reorganized insurer, who is deemed to be the "policyholder" of a policy or annuity contract which is of a type described in paragraph one, two or three of subsection (a) of section one thousand one hundred thirteen of this chapter for purposes of paragraph three of subsection (a) of section four thousand two hundred ten of this chapter. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Premium: means the consideration paid to an insurer for a service contract reimbursement insurance policy. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Premiums: means direct gross insurance premiums and annuity and funding agreement considerations received on covered policies, less return premiums and considerations thereon and dividends paid or credited to policyholders or contract holders on such direct business, subject to such modifications as the superintendent may establish by regulation or order as necessary to facilitate the equitable administration of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Provider: means a person who markets, sells, offers for sale, issues, makes or proposes to make or administers a service contract, and who is contractually obligated to provide service under a service contract. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Provider fee: means the total purchase price or consideration paid for a service contract. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Public corporation: shall mean a municipal corporation, a district corporation, or a public benefit corporation. See N.Y. Social Services Law 42
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public offering: means a stock offering required to be registered pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, United States Code, title 15, § 77e. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reorganized insurer: means the stock life insurer into which a mutual life insurer has been reorganized in accordance with the provisions of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Reorganizing insurer: means , in the case of a plan of reorganization of a mutual life insurer under this article, the mutual life insurer that is reorganizing pursuant to such plan. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means a person to whom a contractual obligation is owed and who either: (1) resides in this state on the date of entry of a court order of liquidation or rehabilitation with respect to a member insurer that is an impaired or insolvent insurer; or (2) resided in this state at the time a member insurer issued a covered policy to such person. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7705
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service contract: means a contract or agreement, for a separate or additional consideration, for a specific duration to perform the repair, replacement or maintenance of property, or indemnification for repair, replacement or maintenance, due to a defect in materials or workmanship or wear and tear, with or without additional provision for indemnity payments for incidental damages, provided any such indemnity payment per incident shall not exceed the purchase price of the property serviced. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Service contract reimbursement insurance policy: means a policy of service contract reimbursement insurance. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Single room occupancy unit: shall mean a private room providing living and sleeping space for no more than two persons with access to bathing and toilet facilities, within a building or portion thereof which is operated by an eligible applicant; provided, however, that in no event shall such unit be located in:

    (a) hotels, motels or other dwellings occupied transiently;

    (b) shelters for families or adults, as defined by the commissioner;

    (c) residential facilities or institutions which are required to be licensed by any state agency;

    (d) college or school dormitories;

    (e) clubhouses;

    (f) housing intended for use primarily or exclusively by the employees of a single company or institution; or

    (g) convents or monasteries. See N.Y. Social Services Law 45
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Stock holding company: means a corporation incorporated under the laws of any jurisdiction in the United States, at least fifty-one percent of the voting stock of which is owned, directly or through another stock holding company, by a mutual holding company and which holds, directly or indirectly, voting stock in at least one reorganized insurer. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Systems: means plumbing, electrical, heating, cooling, ventilation, and other systems used in residential real property, including without limitation:

    (A) plumbing systems which include gas supply lines and fittings, water supply, waste and vent pipes and their fittings, septic tanks and their drain fields, water, gas and sewer service piping, and their extensions to the tie-in of a public utility connection, or on-site well and sewage disposal system;

    (B) electrical systems which include all wiring, electrical boxes, switches, outlets, and connections up to the public utility connection; and

    (C) heating, cooling and ventilation systems which include all duct work, steam, water and refrigerant lines, registers, convectors, radiation elements and dampers. See N.Y. Insurance Law 7902
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voting security: includes voting securities as defined in paragraph forty-five of subsection (a) of section one hundred seven of this chapter, any reorganization certificate or subscription (including subscription rights issued pursuant to a plan of reorganization), or any security convertible (with or without consideration) into any such security, or carrying any warrant or right to subscribe for or purchase any such security, or any such warrant or right. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Voting stock: means capital stock that constitutes voting securities as defined in paragraph forty-five of subsection (a) of section one hundred seven of this chapter. See N.Y. Insurance Law 8001
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.