§ 4001 Powers of Referees
§ R4011 Sequence of Trial
§ R4012 Marked Pleadings Furnished
§ R4013 Trial Elsewhere Than At Courthouse
§ R4014 Duration of Trial
§ R4015 Time for Motion for Referee or Advisory Jury
§ R4016 Opening and Closing Statements
§ 4017 Objections
§ R4018 Increased Damages
§ R4019 Recording in Camera Interviews of Infants

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 40

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.