Chapter 1 Judgment in General
Chapter 1.5 Dismissal for Delay in Prosecution
Chapter 2 Judgment Upon Failure to Answer
Chapter 3 Issues-The Mode of Trial and Postponements
Chapter 4 Trial by Jury
Chapter 4.5 Voluntary Expedited Jury Trials
Chapter 4.6 Mandatory Expedited Jury Trials in Limited Civil Cases
Chapter 5 Trial by the Court
Chapter 6 Of References and Trials by Referees
Chapter 7 Provisions Relating to Trials in General
Chapter 8 The Manner of Giving and Entering Judgment

Terms Used In California Codes > Code of Civil Procedure > Part 2 > Title 8 - OF THE TRIAL AND JUDGMENT IN CIVIL ACTIONS

  • Abandoned excavation: means any abandoned mining shaft, pit, well, septic tank, cesspool, or other abandoned excavation dangerous to persons legally on the premises where the abandoned excavation is located or to minors under the age of 12 years. See California Government Code 50230
  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means the California School Finance Authority Act. See California Education Code 17173
  • Action: includes an action commenced by cross-complaint or other pleading that asserts a cause of action or claim for relief. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Evidence Code 105
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advertisement: means any written or printed communication or any communication by means of recorded telephone messages or by radio, television, or similar communications media, published in connection with the offer or sale of plan contracts. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Advertisement: means any written or printed communication, including a directory listing, except a free telephone directory listing that does not allow space for a license number. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affiliation period: means a period that, under the terms of the health care service plan contract, is required to elapse before health care services under the contract become effective. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Labor Code 18.5
  • Agency: means the agency authorized under Section 66957 to expend money in the fund. See California Government Code 66953
  • Agent: means a county or city board of education or superintendent of schools acting with the board's consent, on behalf of one or more school districts for any purpose of this chapter, the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges or the Chancellor of the California Community Colleges acting with the Board of Governors' consent, on behalf of one or more community college districts for any purpose of this chapter, and the school district, county office of education, or other chartering entity acting with the consent of, and on behalf of, one or more charter schools for any purpose of this chapter. See California Education Code 17173
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative dispute resolution: means mediation, arbitration, conciliation, or other nonjudicial procedure that involves a neutral party in the decisionmaking process. See California Civil Code 5925
  • Alternative payment program: means a local government agency or nonprofit organization that has contracted with the department pursuant to Section 8220. See California Education Code 8208
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved laboratory: as used in this chapter means a laboratory approved by the department, or any other laboratory whose director is licensed by the department according to law. See California Health and Safety Code 120675
  • armory: means and includes any building or portion thereof, rifle range, camp site, airport, arsenal, vessel, quarters, accommodations, or training facilities devoted to the use of the militia. See California Military and Veterans Code 430
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Asset forfeiture: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assistive device: means any instrument, apparatus, or contrivance, including any component or part thereof or accessory thereto, that is used or intended to be used, to assist an individual with a disability in the mitigation or treatment of an injury or disease or to assist or affect or replace the structure or any function of the body of an individual with a disability, except that this term does not include prescriptive lenses and other ophthalmic goods unless they are sold or dispensed to a blind person, as defined in Section 19153 of the Welfare and Institutions Code and unless they are intended to assist the limited vision of the person so disabled. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Authority: means the California School Finance Authority, or any board, body, commission, department, or officer succeeding to the principal functions of the authority, or to which the powers conferred upon the authority by this chapter shall be given by law. See California Education Code 17173
  • auxiliary dolly: is a vehicle, not designed for carrying persons or property on its own structure, which is so constructed and used in conjunction with a semitrailer as to support a portion of the weight of the semitrailer and any load thereon, but not permanently attached to the semitrailer, although a part of the weight of such dolly may rest on another vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 225
  • average daily attendance: means the average daily attendance used to compute a school district's second principal apportionment. See California Education Code 41860
  • axle: is a structure or portion of a structure consisting of one or more shafts, spindles, or bearings in the same vertical transverse plane by means of which, in conjunction with wheels mounted on said shafts, spindles, or bearings, a portion of the weight of a vehicle and its load, if any, is continuously transmitted to the roadway when the vehicle is in motion. See California Vehicle Code 230
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Basic health care services: includes ambulance and ambulance transport services provided through the "911" emergency response system. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Basic system: as used in this article , means a telephone service which automatically connects a person dialing the digits "911" to an established public safety answering point through normal telephone service facilities. See California Government Code 53107
  • battalion: when used in connection with the infantry of the National Guard. See California Military and Veterans Code 281
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 17243
  • board: means the board of supervisors of a county. See California Health and Safety Code 1440
  • building: means any multifloor building, other than structural steel framed building, more than two stories high in the course of construction. See California Labor Code 7100
  • Building: includes structures of all kinds during the course of construction, regardless of the purposes for which they are intended and whether such construction be below or above the level of the ground. See California Labor Code 7200
  • building: means any multifloor structural steel framed building more than two stories high in the course of construction. See California Labor Code 7250
  • Building ordinances: means ordinances of a county or city regulating building and construction and removal of buildings, including ordinances relating to the matters set forth in Section 38660 and similar matters, and including ordinances relating to building permits and building inspection. See California Government Code 53090
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Evidence Code 110
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Evidence Code 115
  • bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.4
  • Bureau: means the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Vehicle Code 233
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Vehicle Code 234
  • business opportunity: shall include the sale or lease of the business and goodwill of an existing business enterprise or opportunity. See California Business and Professions Code 10030
  • Cable television operator: means the person or entity providing cable television services through the cable television system. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Cable television system: means a community antenna television system, under common ownership and control, serving a franchise area or two or more contiguous or electronically connected franchise areas. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • California state preschool program: means part-day and full-day educational programs for low-income or otherwise disadvantaged three- and four-year-old children. See California Education Code 8208
  • camper: is a structure designed to be mounted upon a motor vehicle and to provide facilities for human habitation or camping purposes. See California Vehicle Code 243
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Capitol area: includes both of the following:

    California Government Code 8160.1

  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Catalog or similar sale: means a sale in which neither the seller nor any employee or agent of the seller nor any person related to the seller nor any person with a financial interest in the sale participates in the diagnosis of the buyer's condition or in the selection or fitting of the device. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Central city: means that area of the City of Sacramento bounded on the north by the American River, on the west by the Sacramento River, and on the south and east by Interstate Highway 80. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Certificate: means a document signed by the examining physician and surgeon who is licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a notice from a public health agency, a unit of the American Lung Association, or any other private or public source, any of which indicates examination for, and freedom from, active tuberculosis. See California Health and Safety Code 121480
  • Certificate: as used in this chapter , means a document signed by the examining physician and surgeon who is licensed under Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 2 of the Business and Professions Code, or a notice from a public health agency that indicates freedom from infectious tuberculosis. See California Health and Safety Code 121525
  • certified family home: means an individual or family certified by a licensed foster family agency and issued a certificate of approval by that agency as meeting licensing standards, and used exclusively by that foster family agency for placements. See California Health and Safety Code 1506
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Charter school: means a school established pursuant to Part 26. See California Education Code 17173
  • chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.5
  • Chief: means the Chief of the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Child: means a child described in Section 22775 of the Government Code and subdivisions (n) to (p), inclusive, of Section 599. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Child care and development programs: means those programs that offer a full range of services for children from infancy to 13 years of age, for any part of a day, by a public or private agency, in centers and family child care homes. See California Education Code 8208
  • Child care and development services: means those services designed to meet a wide variety of needs of children and their families, while their parents or guardians are working, in training, seeking employment, incapacitated, or in need of respite. See California Education Code 8208
  • Children with exceptional needs: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 8208

  • City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 255
  • City: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 18
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Evidence Code 120
  • Classification: means that each position in the classified service shall have a designated title, a regular minimum number of assigned hours per day, days per week, and months per year, a specific statement of the duties required to be performed by the employees in each such position, and the regular monthly salary ranges for each such position. See California Education Code 45101
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
  • Clothing: means any wearing apparel, worn for any purpose, including under and outer garments, shoes, and accessories composed primarily of woven material, natural or synthetic yarn, fiber, or leather or similar fabric. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Collateral: means any specific vehicle, trailer, boat, recreational vehicle, motor home, appliance, or other property that is subject to a security agreement. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Food and Agricultural Code 26
  • Committee: means the Lake Tahoe Acquisitions Finance Committee created by Section 66955. See California Government Code 66953
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Act: means Sections 104730, 104830 to 104860, inclusive, 113150, 113155, Part 1 (commencing with Section 120100) of, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 120325, but excluding Section 120380) of Part 2 of, Part 3 (commencing with Section 120500) of, and Part 5 (commencing with Section 121350) of, Division 105. See California Health and Safety Code 27
  • Community care facility: means any facility, place, or building that is maintained and operated to provide nonmedical residential care, day treatment, adult daycare, or foster family agency services for children, adults, or children and adults, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally impaired, incompetent persons, and abused or neglected children, and includes the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1502

  • Community crisis home: means a facility certified by the State Department of Developmental Services pursuant to Article 8 (commencing with Section 4698) of Chapter 6 of Division 4. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • company: when used in connection with the infantry of the National Guard. See California Military and Veterans Code 281
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: includes a cross-complaint. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • Complaint: includes a cross-complaint or other initial pleading. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Complaint: means the facts of the underlying transaction upon which the criminal restitution order is based. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • compliance audit: means an audit that ascertains and verifies whether or not funds provided through apportionment, contract, or grant, either federal or state, have been properly disbursed and expended as required by law or regulation or both and includes the verification of each of the following:

    California Education Code 14501

  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Evidence Code 125
  • conscientiously and in good faith: means that no party potentially liable to the claimant in the underlying transaction was intentionally and without good cause omitted from the complaint, that no party named in the complaint who otherwise reasonably appeared capable of responding in damages was dismissed from the complaint intentionally and without good cause, and that the claimant employed no other procedural means contrary to the diligent prosecution of the complaint in order to seek to qualify for the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Construction elevator: includes any means used to hoist persons or material of any kind on a building under course of construction, when operated by any power other than muscular power. See California Labor Code 7200
  • Consumables: means any product that is intended for consumption by individuals, or use by individuals for purposes of personal care or in the performance of services ordinarily rendered within the household, and that usually is consumed or expended in the course of consumption or use. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Consumer goods: means any new product or part thereof that is used, bought, or leased for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, except for clothing and consumables. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuing education program: means educational programs designed to increase the knowledge and skills of health workers. See California Health and Safety Code 1496
  • Core area: means that area of the City of Sacramento within the area bounded by "G" Street on the north, "R" Street on the south, 5th Street on the west, and 17th Street on the east. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Cost: includes , but is not limited to, expenditures that are related to the operation of child care and development programs. See California Education Code 8208
  • County: includes city and county. See California Food and Agricultural Code 29
  • County: includes city and county. See California Health and Safety Code 14
  • County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Vehicle Code 270
  • County: includes city and county. See California Business and Professions Code 17
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Court: means the court in which the action is pending. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Crane: means a machine for lifting or lowering a load and moving it horizontally, in which the hoisting mechanism is an integral part of the machine. See California Labor Code 7371
  • Crane employer: means an employer who is responsible for the maintenance and operation of a tower crane. See California Labor Code 7371
  • Creditable coverage: means :

    California Health and Safety Code 1357.500

  • Creditable coverage: means :

    California Health and Safety Code 1357

  • Crime: means an act committed in this state which, if committed by a competent adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Dangerous drugs: means any controlled substances as defined in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11053) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Deadly weapon: means and includes any instrument or weapon of the kind commonly known as a blackjack, slungshot, billy, sandclub, sandbag, metal knuckles, dirk, dagger, pistol, or revolver, or any other firearm, any knife having a blade longer than five inches, any razor with an unguarded blade, and any metal pipe or bar used or intended to be used as a club. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Vehicle Code 285

  • Debtor: means any person obligated under a security agreement. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Evidence Code 135
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a cross-defendant. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • Defendant: includes a cross-defendant or other person against whom an action is commenced. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Demotion: means assignment to an inferior position or status, without the employee's written voluntary consent. See California Education Code 45101
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Food and Agricultural Code 32
  • Department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 121480
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 20
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Vehicle Code 290
  • department: refers to the State Department of Health Services. See California Business and Professions Code 550
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Department: means the Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Dependent: means the spouse or registered domestic partner, or child, of an eligible employee, subject to applicable terms of the health care service plan contract covering the employee, and includes dependents of guaranteed association members if the association elects to include dependents under its health coverage at the same time it determines its membership composition pursuant to subdivision (m). See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Dependent: means the spouse or child of an eligible employee, subject to applicable terms of the health care plan contract covering the employee, and includes dependents of guaranteed association members if the association elects to include dependents under its health coverage at the same time it determines its membership composition pursuant to subdivision (o). See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Dependent person: includes any person who is admitted as an inpatient to a 24-hour health facility, as defined in Sections 1250, 1250. See California Evidence Code 177
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • direct evidence: means evidence that directly proves a fact, without an inference or presumption, and which in itself, if true, conclusively establishes that fact. See California Evidence Code 410
  • director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs, unless the context indicates otherwise. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.1
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 14602
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 21
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Director: means the Director of General Services. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • Director: means the Director of Social Services. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Director: means the Director of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Director: means the Director of Consumer Affairs. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Disability: means a medical condition, mental disability, or physical disability, as those terms are defined in subdivisions (i), (j), and (l) of Section 12926 of the Government Code. See California Elections Code 354.5
  • Disciplinary action: includes any action whereby an employee is deprived of any classification or any incident of any classification in which he has permanence, including dismissal, suspension, demotion, or any reassignment, without his voluntary consent, except a layoff for lack of work or lack of funds. See California Education Code 45101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispute resolution: includes , but is not limited to, mediation, conciliation, and arbitration. See California Business and Professions Code 466
  • Distributor: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that stands between the manufacturer and the retail seller in purchases, consignments, or contracts for sale of consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • distributor: is a ny person other than a manufacturer who sells or distributes new vehicles subject to registration under this code, new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Vehicle Code 296
  • Division: as used in this article , means the Public Safety Communications Division within the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 53108.5
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Business and Professions Code 302
  • Division: means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drawbar: is a rigid structure forming a connection between a trailer and a towing vehicle, securely attached to both vehicles by nonrigid means and carrying no part of the load of either vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 300
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 305
  • Educational facility: means any property, facility, structure, equipment, or furnishings used or operated in conjunction with one or more public schools, including charter schools, or community colleges, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 17173

  • Election board: means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter. See California Elections Code 319
  • Electronic format: includes , but is not limited to, a text message, email, or Internet posting. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Eligible employee: means either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1357.500

  • Eligible employee: means either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1357

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • employee: means an individual who works for an employer, is listed on the employer's payroll records, and is under the employer's direction and control. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.9
  • employer: means a person who employs an individual for wages or salary, lists the individual on the employer's payroll records, and withholds all legally required deductions and contributions. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.8
  • Enforcement action: means a civil action or proceeding, other than a cross-complaint, for any of the following purposes:

    California Civil Code 5925

  • English learner: means a pupil who is "limited English proficient" as that term is defined in the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (20 U. See California Education Code 306
  • Enhanced behavioral supports home: means a facility certified by the State Department of Developmental Services pursuant to Article 3. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Enrollee: means a person who is enrolled in a plan and who is a recipient of services from the plan. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact. See California Evidence Code 140
  • Evidence of coverage: means any certificate, agreement, contract, brochure, or letter of entitlement issued to a subscriber or enrollee setting forth the coverage to which the subscriber or enrollee is entitled. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exchange: means the California Health Benefit Exchange created by Section 100500 of the Government Code. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Expense of an emergency response: means reasonable costs incurred by a public agency in reasonably making an appropriate emergency response to the incident, but shall only include those costs directly arising because of the response to the particular incident. See California Government Code 53156
  • expert: means a physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, or any person described by subdivision (b), (c), or (e) of Section 1010. See California Evidence Code 240
  • Family: means the subscriber and his or her dependent or dependents. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial and compliance audit: means an audit that complies with the financial and compliance audit requirements of the Standards for Audit of Governmental Organizations, Programs, Activities and Functions published by the United States General Accounting Office. See California Government Code 53131
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Vehicle Code 462
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Foster family agency: means any public agency or private organization, organized and operated on a nonprofit basis, engaged in any of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1502

  • Foster family home: means any residential facility providing 24-hour care for six or fewer foster children that is owned, leased, or rented and is the residence of the foster parent or parents, including their family, in whose care the foster children have been placed. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Four-year-old children: means children who will have their fourth birthday on or before December 1 of the fiscal year in which they are enrolled in a California state preschool program. See California Education Code 8208
  • Full-service adoption agency: means any licensed entity engaged in the business of providing adoption services, that does all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1502

  • Fund: means the Lake Tahoe Acquisitions Fund. See California Government Code 66953
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Elections Code 324

  • General public paratransit vehicle: means any motor vehicle designed for carrying no more than 24 persons and the driver, that provides local transportation to the general public, including transportation of pupils at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a public or private school or school activity, under the exclusive jurisdiction of a publicly owned and operated transit system through one of the following modes: dial-a-ride, subscription service, or route-deviated bus service. See California Vehicle Code 336
  • governing authority: means the governing board of each school district or the authority of each other private or public institution responsible for the operation and control of the institution or the principal or administrator of each school or institution. See California Health and Safety Code 120335
  • Governing authority: means the governing board of each school district or the authority of each other private or public institution responsible for the operation and control of the institution or the principal or administrator of each school or institution. See California Health and Safety Code 121480
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • grade span: means each of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 120335

  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grandfathered health plan: has the meaning set forth in Section 1251 of PPACA. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Group contract: means a contract which by its terms limits the eligibility of subscribers and enrollees to a specified group. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Group home: means a residential facility that provides 24-hour care and supervision to children, delivered at least in part by staff employed by the licensee in a structured environment. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Guaranteed association: means a nonprofit organization comprised of a group of individuals or employers who associate based solely on participation in a specified profession or industry, accepting for membership any individual or employer meeting its membership criteria, and that (1) includes one or more small employers as defined in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (k), (2) does not condition membership directly or indirectly on the health or claims history of any person, (3) uses membership dues solely for and in consideration of the membership and membership benefits, except that the amount of the dues shall not depend on whether the member applies for or purchases insurance offered to the association, (4) is organized and maintained in good faith for purposes unrelated to insurance, (5) has been in active existence on January 1, 1992, and for at least five years prior to that date, (6) has included health insurance as a membership benefit for at least five years prior to January 1, 1992, (7) has a constitution and bylaws, or other analogous governing documents that provide for election of the governing board of the association by its members, (8) offers any plan contract that is purchased to all individual members and employer members in this state, (9) includes any member choosing to enroll in the plan contracts offered to the association provided that the member has agreed to make the required premium payments, and (10) covers at least 1,000 persons with the health care service plan with which it contracts. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Guaranteed association: means a nonprofit organization comprised of a group of individuals or employers who associate based solely on participation in a specified profession or industry, accepting for membership any individual or employer meeting its membership criteria, and that (1) includes one or more small employers as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (l), (2) does not condition membership directly or indirectly on the health or claims history of any person, (3) uses membership dues solely for and in consideration of the membership and membership benefits, except that the amount of the dues shall not depend on whether the member applies for or purchases insurance offered to the association, (4) is organized and maintained in good faith for purposes unrelated to insurance, (5) has been in active existence on January 1, 1992, and for at least five years prior to that date, (6) has included health insurance as a membership benefit for at least five years prior to January 1, 1992, (7) has a constitution and bylaws, or other analogous governing documents that provide for election of the governing board of the association by its members, (8) offers any plan contract that is purchased to all individual members and employer members in this state, (9) includes any member choosing to enroll in the plan contracts offered to the association provided that the member has agreed to make the required premium payments, and (10) covers at least 1,000 persons with the health care service plan with which it contracts. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Health benefit plan: means a health care service plan contract that provides medical, hospital, and surgical benefits for the covered eligible employees of a small employer and their dependents. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Health hazard: means any personal effects that if retained would produce an unsanitary or unhealthful condition, or which might damage other personal effects. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Evidence Code 145
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Vehicle Code 360
  • Home electronic product: means any television, radio, antenna rotator, audio or video recorder or playback equipment, video camera, video game, video monitor, computer equipment, telephone, telecommunications equipment, electronic alarm system, electronic appliance control system, or other kind of electronic product, if it is normally used or sold for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Civil Code 1791
  • home-to-school transportation: includes all of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Implied warranty of fitness: means (1) that when the retailer, distributor, or manufacturer has reason to know any particular purpose for which the consumer goods are required, and further, that the buyer is relying on the skill and judgment of the seller to select and furnish suitable goods, then there is an implied warranty that the goods shall be fit for such purpose and (2) that when there is a sale of an assistive device sold at retail in this state, then there is an implied warranty by the retailer that the device is specifically fit for the particular needs of the buyer. See California Civil Code 1791.1
  • In force business: means an existing health benefit plan contract issued by the plan to a small employer. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • In force business: means an existing health benefit plan contract issued by the plan to a small employer. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent public accountants: means a certified public accountant, or a public accountant who is licensed by the California Board of Accountancy who holds a valid permit to practice accountancy. See California Government Code 53131
  • independent service dealer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity, not an employee or subsidiary of a manufacturer or distributor, that engages in the business of servicing and repairing consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Intentionally wrongful conduct: means conduct intended to injure another person or property. See California Government Code 53156
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Judge: means the administrative law judge presiding over the dismissal or suspension hearing. See California Education Code 44990
  • Judgment: means the criminal restitution order. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Judgment debtor: means any defendant who is the subject of the criminal restitution order. See California Business and Professions Code 10471
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Jury instructions: A judge's directions to the jury before it begins deliberations regarding the factual questions it must answer and the legal rules that it must apply. Source: U.S. Courts
  • knowingly: import s only a knowledge that the facts exist which bring the act or omission within the provisions of this code. See California Penal Code 7
  • Language acquisition programs: refers to educational programs designed to ensure English acquisition as rapidly and as effectively as possible, and that provide instruction to pupils on the state-adopted academic content standards, including the English language development standards. See California Education Code 306
  • Late enrollee: means an eligible employee or dependent who has declined enrollment in a health benefit plan offered by a small employer at the time of the initial enrollment period provided under the terms of the health benefit plan and who subsequently requests enrollment in a health benefit plan of that small employer, provided that the initial enrollment period shall be a period of at least 30 days. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Evidence Code 160
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means any contract for the lease or bailment for the use of consumer goods by an individual, for a term exceeding four months, primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, whether or not it is agreed that the lessee bears the risk of the consumer goods' depreciation. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal owner: means a person holding a security interest in any collateral where the collateral is subject to a security agreement, a lien against any collateral, an assignment or a repossession order, or an interest in any collateral that is subject to a lease agreement. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legislative body: means the legislative body of a local agency. See California Government Code 50230
  • legislative body: means the board of supervisors in the case of a county or a city and county, the city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, and the board of directors or other governing body in the case of a district or other public agency, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 53000
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means an individual who leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Lessor: means a person who regularly leases consumer goods under a lease. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means , and "licensed" refers to, a license as a plan pursuant to Section 1353. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • license: means license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Business and Professions Code 23.7
  • license: means a basic permit to operate a community care facility. See California Health and Safety Code 1503
  • license: shall include a permit or a certificate issued by a state agency. See California Penal Code 23
  • licensed: refers to , a license as a plan pursuant to Section 1353. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter and includes, but is not limited to, private patrol operator and armored contract carrier. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.6
  • Licensee: means an individual, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation licensed under this chapter as a repossession agency. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • licensing agency: means a panel of the Division of Medical Quality. See California Business and Professions Code 825
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Business and Professions Code 30
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life estate: A property interest limited in duration to the life of the individual holding the interest (life tenant).
  • listing: as used in this part includes, but is not limited to:

    California Business and Professions Code 10027

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means a city, a city and county, or a county. See California Government Code 50230
  • Local agency: means an agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary function within limited boundaries. See California Government Code 53090
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, joint-powers agency, public corporation, nonprofit corporation, or any other agency that is eligible to receive federal block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • Local educational agency: means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district. See California Education Code 8208
  • magistrate: signifies any one of the officers mentioned in Section 808. See California Penal Code 7
  • maliciously: import a wish to vex, annoy, or injure another person, or an intent to do a wrongful act, established either by proof or presumption of law. See California Penal Code 7
  • manager: means the individual under whose direction, control, charge, or management the business of a licensee is operated. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.7
  • mandatory supervision: shall mean the portion of a defendant's sentenced term during which time he or she is supervised by the county probation officer pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (5) of subdivision (h) of Section 1170. See California Penal Code 19.9
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that manufactures, assembles, or produces consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • Metropolitan area: means the greater metropolitan Sacramento area, including the City of Sacramento, the County of Sacramento, and the eastern part of Yolo County. See California Government Code 8160.1
  • mineral right: means an interest in minerals, regardless of character, whether fugacious or nonfugacious, organic or inorganic, that is created by grant or reservation, regardless of form, whether a fee or lesser interest, mineral, royalty, or leasehold, absolute or fractional, corporeal or incorporeal, and includes express or implied appurtenant surface rights. See California Civil Code 883.110
  • Minor: means any person under 18 years of age. See California Education Code 44990
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • Mobile tower crane: means a tower crane which is mounted on a crawler, truck, or similar carrier for travel or transit. See California Labor Code 7371
  • Mobilehome: is a structure as defined in Section 18008 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Vehicle Code 396
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Civil Code 14
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Penal Code 7
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • moped: is a two-wheeled or three-wheeled device having fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power, or having no pedals if powered solely by electrical energy, and an automatic transmission and a motor that produces less than 4 gross brake horsepower and is capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on level ground. See California Vehicle Code 406
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Vehicle Code 415
  • motor-driven cycle: is a ny motorcycle with a motor that displaces less than 150 cubic centimeters. See California Vehicle Code 405
  • motorcycle: is a motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider, designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground. See California Vehicle Code 400
  • motorized quadricycle: is a four-wheeled device, and a "motorized tricycle" is a three-wheeled device, designed to carry not more than two persons, including the driver, and having either an electric motor or a motor with an automatic transmission developing less than two gross brake horsepower and capable of propelling the device at a maximum speed of not more than 30 miles per hour on level ground. See California Vehicle Code 407
  • motorized scooter: is a ny two-wheeled device that has handlebars, has a floorboard that is designed to be stood upon when riding, and is powered by an electric motor. See California Vehicle Code 407.5
  • motortruck: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See California Vehicle Code 410
  • Multiple licensee: means a repossession agency holding more than one repossession license under this chapter, with one fictitious trade style and ownership, conducting repossession business from additional licensed locations other than the location shown on the original license. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • municipally owned transit system: means a transit system owned by a city, or by a district created under Part 1 (commencing with Section 24501) of Division 10 of the Public Utilities Code. See California Education Code 39800
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • New business: means a health care service plan contract issued to a small employer that is not the plan's in force business. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Noncustodial adoption agency: means any licensed entity engaged in the business of providing adoption services, that does all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1502

  • nonrepairable vehicle: is a vehicle of a type otherwise subject to registration that meets the criteria specified in subdivision (a), (b), or (c). See California Vehicle Code 431
  • nonrepairable vehicle certificate: is a vehicle ownership document issued to the owner of a nonrepairable vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 432
  • Nonresident: is a person who is not a resident of this State. See California Vehicle Code 435
  • Oath: includes affirmation or declaration under penalty of perjury. See California Evidence Code 165
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Military and Veterans Code 15
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Vehicle Code 460
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or of a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Ownership or management: means the ownership or management of a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Parent: means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the child. See California Education Code 8208
  • Participating party: means :

    California Education Code 17173

  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
  • passenger vehicle: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a motortruck, truck tractor, or a bus, as defined in Section 233, and used or maintained for the transportation of persons. See California Vehicle Code 465
  • peace officer: signify any one of the officers mentioned in Chapter 4. See California Penal Code 7
  • Pedestrian: includes a person who is operating a self-propelled wheelchair, motorized tricycle, or motorized quadricycle and, by reason of physical disability, is otherwise unable to move about as a pedestrian, as specified in subdivision (a). See California Vehicle Code 467
  • Pedicab: means any of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 467.5

  • permanent employee: includes tenure in the classification in which the employee passed the required probationary period, and includes all of the incidents of that classification. See California Education Code 45101
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Evidence Code 175
  • person: includes any individual, firm, company, association, organization, partnership, and corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7580.3
  • person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other legal entity that engages in any of these businesses. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Health and Safety Code 19
  • person: as used in this article includes an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or cooperative association. See California Business and Professions Code 653
  • Person: means any person, individual, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, foundation, labor organization, corporation, limited liability company, public agency, or political subdivision of the state. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Person: as used in this chapter includes an individual, a firm, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association or other organization, or any combination thereof. See California Business and Professions Code 7025
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Labor Code 18
  • Person: includes any individual, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Vehicle Code 470
  • Personal effects: means any property that is not the property of the legal owner. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Place of business: means , for the purposes of any retail seller that sells consumer goods by catalog or mail order, the distribution point for consumer goods. See California Civil Code 1791
  • Plaintiff: includes a cross-complainant. See California Code of Civil Procedure 587.5
  • Plaintiff: includes a cross-complainant or other person by whom an action is commenced. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: refers to health care service plans and specialized health care service plans. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Plan contract: means a contract between a plan and its subscribers or enrollees or a person contracting on their behalf pursuant to which health care services, including basic health care services, are furnished. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • PPACA: means the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148), as amended by the federal Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-152), and any rules, regulations, or guidance issued thereunder. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
  • Preexisting condition provision: means a contract provision that excludes coverage for charges or expenses incurred during a specified period following the employee's effective date of coverage, as to a condition for which medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment was recommended or received during a specified period immediately preceding the effective date of coverage. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Private alternative boarding school: means a group home licensed by the department to operate a program pursuant to Section 1502. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Private alternative outdoor program: means a group home licensed by the department to operate a program pursuant to Section 1502. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Program: means an entity that provides dispute resolution. See California Business and Professions Code 466
  • Program director: means a person who, pursuant to Sections 8244 and 8360. See California Education Code 8208
  • Project: means the acquisition, construction, expansion, remodeling, renovation, improvement, furnishing, or equipping of an educational facility to be financed or refinanced pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 17173
  • project: means any major, localized, undertaking by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources, or by or under the jurisdiction of the State Department of Water Resources and the federal government, jointly, which has a duration, estimated by the Director of the Department of Water Resources, of more than three years. See California Education Code 41930
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Civil Code 14
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Provider: means any professional person, organization, health facility, or other person or institution licensed by the state to deliver or furnish health care services. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • public agency: as used in this article , means a district, public authority, public agency, and any other political subdivision or public corporation in the state, but does not include the state or a county, city and county, or city. See California Government Code 53050
  • Public agency: as used in this article , means the state, and any city, county, city and county, municipal corporation, public district, or public authority located in whole or in part within this state which provides or has authority to provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53101
  • Public agency: means the state and any city, county, municipal corporation, district, or public authority located, in whole or in part, within this state which provides or may provide firefighting, police, ambulance, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53156
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Evidence Code 200
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public safety agency: as used in this article , means a functional division of a public agency which provides firefighting, police, medical, or other emergency services. See California Government Code 53102
  • qualified manager: is a person who possesses a valid qualification certificate in accordance with the provisions of Article 5 (commencing with Section 7504) and is in active control or management of, and who is a director of, the licensee's place of business. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • qualifier: as used in this chapter , means a person who qualifies for a license pursuant to Section 7068. See California Business and Professions Code 7025
  • Quarantine: as used in this chapter , means the strict confinement, upon the private premises of the owner, under restraint by leash, closed cage, or paddock, of all animals specified in the order of the department. See California Health and Safety Code 121580
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rabies: as used in this chapter , includes rabies, and any other animal disease dangerous to human beings that may be declared by the department as coming under this chapter. See California Health and Safety Code 121575
  • Rating period: means the period for which premium rates established by a plan are in effect and shall be no less than six months. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Real property: as used in this article is coextensive with lands, tenements, and hereditaments and includes land, any interest or estate in land, and any servitude upon land. See California Government Code 50301
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recovery Account: shall be deemed to refer to the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Business and Professions Code 10450.6
  • referral agency: means a private, profit or nonprofit agency which is engaged in the business of referring persons for remuneration to any extended care, skilled nursing home or intermediate care facility or a distinct part of a facility providing extended care, skilled nursing home care, or intermediate care. See California Health and Safety Code 1401
  • Referral method: as used in this article , means a telephone service which, upon the receipt of a telephone request for emergency services, provides the requesting party with the telephone number of the appropriate public safety agency or other provider of emergency services. See California Government Code 53106
  • Regents of the University of California: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 92020

  • region: means the area consisting of Lake Tahoe, the adjacent parts of the Counties of Placer and El Dorado lying within the Tahoe Basin in the State of California, and that additional and adjacent part of the County of Placer outside the Tahoe Basin in the State of California which lies southward and eastward of a line starting at the intersection of the basin crestline and the north boundary of Section 1, thence west to the northwest corner of Section 3, thence south to the intersection of the basin crestline and the west boundary of Section 10. See California Government Code 66953
  • Registered domestic partner: means a person who has established a domestic partnership as described in Section 297 of the Family Code. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Registered owner: means the individual listed in the records of the Department of Motor Vehicles, on a conditional sales contract, or on an assignment or a repossession order, as the registered owner. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Registrant: means a person registered under this chapter. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Relevant evidence: means evidence, including evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant, having any tendency in reason to prove or disprove any disputed fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action. See California Evidence Code 210
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • remanufactured vehicle: is a vehicle that has been constructed by a licensed remanufacturer and consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but not limited to, frame, engine, transmission, axles, brakes, or suspension. See California Vehicle Code 507.5
  • remanufacturer: is a ny person who for commission, money, or other thing of value, produces a vehicle that consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but not limited to, frame, engine, transmission, axles, brakes, or suspension which is subject to registration under this code. See California Vehicle Code 507.8
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • repossession order: means any written authorization by the legal owner, lienholder, lessor, lessee, or registered owner, or the agent of any of them, to skip trace, locate, or repossess any collateral, including, but not limited to, collateral registered under the Vehicle Code that is subject to a security agreement that contains a repossession clause. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Representative of the respondent: means either counsel for, or an exclusive labor representative of, the respondent. See California Education Code 44990
  • required number: means :

    California Penal Code 888.2

  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, or a resident-owned mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Resident: means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. See California Vehicle Code 516
  • Resident: means a person who maintains a residence in a cooperative or condominium for floating homes. See California Civil Code 800.300
  • Resident-owned mobilehome park: means any entity other than a subdivision, cooperative, or condominium for mobilehomes, through which the residents have an ownership interest in the mobilehome park. See California Civil Code 799
  • Residential facility: means any family home, group care facility, or similar facility determined by the department, for 24-hour nonmedical care of persons in need of personal services, supervision, or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Respondent: means the party against whom a petition has been filed. See California Education Code 44990
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retail buyer: means any individual who buys consumer goods from a person engaged in the business of manufacturing, distributing, or selling consumer goods at retail. See California Civil Code 1791
  • retail sale: is a sale of goods to a person for the purpose of consumption and use, and not for resale to others, including, but not limited to, an arrangement where a motor vehicle is consigned to a dealer for sale. See California Vehicle Code 520
  • retailer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship that engages in the business of selling or leasing consumer goods to retail buyers. See California Civil Code 1791
  • retarder: is a device, other than a brake, which, when activated by the driver, applies a retarding force to the wheels of a vehicle without the use of friction. See California Vehicle Code 521
  • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, lease obligations, certificates of participation, commercial paper, and any other evidences of indebtedness. See California Education Code 17173
  • Risk adjusted employee risk rate: means the rate determined for an eligible employee of a small employer in a particular risk category after applying the risk adjustment factor. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Risk adjustment factor: means the percentage adjustment to be applied equally to each standard employee risk rate for a particular small employer, based upon any expected deviations from standard cost of services. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Risk category: means the following characteristics of an eligible employee: age, geographic region, and family composition of the employee, plus the health benefit plan selected by the small employer. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Road: means any existing vehicle route established before January 1, 1979, with significant evidence of prior regular travel by vehicles subject to registration pursuant to Article 1 (commencing with Section 4000) of Chapter 1 of Division 3. See California Vehicle Code 527
  • Roster: means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. See California Elections Code 349.5
  • Sale: means either of the following:

    California Civil Code 1791

  • Salesperson: when used without modification, means a person licensed as a salesperson under any of the provisions of this part. See California Business and Professions Code 10013
  • scaffolding: includes scaffolding and staging. See California Labor Code 7150
  • school district with an anticipated increase in enrollment: means a school district in which the level of enrollment is projected by the district to be higher during any of the five years, including the year in which the projection is made, than the year preceding the year in which the projection is made. See California Education Code 17243
  • school pupil activity bus: is a ny motor vehicle, other than a schoolbus, operated by a common carrier, or by and under the exclusive jurisdiction of a publicly owned or operated transit system, or by a passenger charter-party carrier, used under a contractual agreement between a school and carrier to transport school pupils at or below the 12th-grade level to or from a public or private school activity, or used to transport pupils to or from residential schools, when the pupils are received and discharged at off-highway locations where a parent or adult designated by the parent is present to accept the pupil or place the pupil on the bus. See California Vehicle Code 546
  • schoolbus: is a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of any school pupil at or below the 12th grade level to or from a public or private school or to or from public or private school activities, except the following:

    California Vehicle Code 545

  • Security agreement: means an obligation, pledge, mortgage, chattel mortgage, lease agreement, deposit, or lien, given by a debtor as security for payment or performance of his or her debt, by furnishing the creditor with a recourse to be used in case of failure in the principal obligation. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Food and Agricultural Code 44
  • Service: includes return of summons. See California Code of Civil Procedure 583.110
  • Service area: means a geographical area designated by the plan within which a plan shall provide health care services. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Services: means any duty or labor to be rendered by one person for another. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Short-term residential therapeutic program: means a residential facility operated by a public agency or private organization and licensed by the department pursuant to Section 1562. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Elections Code 354.5

  • Site supervisor: means a person who, regardless of his or her title, has operational program responsibility for a child care and development program at a single site. See California Education Code 8208
  • Small employer: means any of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1357.500

  • Small employer: means either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1357

  • Small employer health care service plan contract: means a health care service plan contract issued to a small employer. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • Small family home: means any residential facility, in the licensee's family residence, that provides 24-hour care for six or fewer foster children who have mental disorders or developmental or physical disabilities and who require special care and supervision as a result of their disabilities. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Solicitation: means any presentation or advertising conducted by, or on behalf of, a plan, where information regarding the plan, or services offered and charges therefor, is disseminated for the purpose of inducing persons to subscribe to, or enroll in, the plan. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Solicitor: means any person who engages in the acts defined in subdivision ( l). See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Solicitor firm: means any person, other than a plan, who through one or more solicitors engages in the acts defined in subdivision ( l). See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • special education transportation: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 41850

  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
  • special permit: means a permit issued by the state department authorizing a community care facility to offer specialized services as designated by the director in regulations. See California Health and Safety Code 1504
  • specialized health care service plan: means either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 1345

  • Specialized health care service plan contract: means a contract for health care services in a single specialized area of health care, including dental care, for subscribers or enrollees, or which pays for or which reimburses any part of the cost for those services, in return for a prepaid or periodic charge paid by or on behalf of the subscribers or enrollees. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Evidence Code 215
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Health and Safety Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Business and Professions Code 14.2
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Civil Code 14
  • Standard employee risk rate: means the rate applicable to an eligible employee in a particular risk category in a small employer group. See California Health and Safety Code 1357
  • Standard reimbursement rate: means that rate established by the Superintendent pursuant to Section 8265. See California Education Code 8208
  • Standards board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board, within the department. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Startup costs: means those expenses an agency incurs in the process of opening a new or additional facility before the full enrollment of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Evidence Code 220
  • State: as used in this chapter , has the same meaning as set forth in Section 900. See California Health and Safety Code 121265
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 23
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State department: means that state organization designated by law or agreement that allocates block grant funds to local agencies or is otherwise responsible for administering block grant funds. See California Government Code 53131
  • state department: means the State Department of Social Services. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Evidence Code 225
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Evidence Code 230
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Food and Agricultural Code 49
  • Subscriber: means the person who is responsible for payment to a plan or whose employment or other status, except for family dependency, is the basis for eligibility for membership in the plan. See California Health and Safety Code 1345
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: means street superintendent, his assistants and deputies, or other public officer designated by the legislative body to perform the duties imposed by this article upon the superintendent. See California Government Code 50230
  • Supplemental appropriation: Budget authority provided in an appropriations act in addition to regular or continuing appropriations already provided. Supplemental appropriations generally are made to cover emergencies, such as disaster relief, or other needs deemed too urgent to be postponed until the enactment of next year's regular appropriations act.
  • Support person: means an adult attendant, victim advocate, or other witness who is able, because of education, experience, or familiarity with the minor, to ensure that the minor's mental health, welfare, and well-being are protected. See California Education Code 44990
  • Teacher: means a person with the appropriate permit issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing who provides program supervision and instruction that includes supervision of a number of aides, volunteers, and groups of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Total loss salvage vehicle: means either of the following:

    California Vehicle Code 544

  • tow dolly: is a vehicle towed by a motor vehicle and designed and used exclusively to transport another motor vehicle and upon which the front or rear wheels of the towed motor vehicle are mounted, while the other wheels of the towed motor vehicle remain in contact with the ground. See California Vehicle Code 617
  • Tower crane: means a crane in which a boom, swinging jib, or other structural member is mounted on a vertical mast or tower. See California Labor Code 7371
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Vehicle Code 620
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Vehicle Code 630
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transitional housing placement provider: means an organization licensed by the department pursuant to Section 1559. See California Health and Safety Code 1502
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 235
  • truck tractor: is a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load, other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and the load so drawn. See California Vehicle Code 655
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Vehicle Code 670
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Victim: means a person against whom a crime has been committed. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • Video provider: means any person, company, or service which provides one or more channels of video programming to a residence, including a home, condominium, apartment, or mobilehome, where some fee is paid, whether directly or as included in dues or rental charges, for that service, whether or not public rights-of-way are utilized in the delivery of the video programming. See California Government Code 53054.2
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Labor Code 22
  • Violent act: means any act that results in bodily harm or injury to any party involved. See California Business and Professions Code 7500.1
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Vote center: means a location established for holding elections that offers the services described in Sections 2170, 4005, and 4007. See California Elections Code 357.5
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
  • Waiting period: means a period that is required to pass with respect to an employee before the employee is eligible to be covered for benefits under the terms of the contract. See California Health and Safety Code 1357.500
  • war: shall mean : (a) whenever Congress has declared war and peace has not been formally restored. See California Military and Veterans Code 18
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • Will: includes codicil. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • willfully: when applied to the intent with which an act is done or omitted, implies simply a purpose or willingness to commit the act, or make the omission referred to. See California Penal Code 7
  • Witness: means any person who has been or is expected to testify for the prosecution, or who, by reason of having relevant information, is subject to call or likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, whether or not any action or proceeding has yet been commenced. See California Penal Code 679.01
  • Working capital: means funds to be used by, or on behalf of, a participating party to pay maintenance or operating expenses, or any other costs that would be treated as an expense item under generally accepted accounting principles in connection with the ownership or operation of an educational facility, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

    California Education Code 17173

  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Evidence Code 250
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • youth bus: is a ny bus, other than a schoolbus, designed for and when actually carrying not more than 16 persons and the driver, used to transport children at or below the 12th-grade level directly from a public or private school to an organized nonschool-related youth activity within 25 miles of the school or directly from a location which provides the organized nonschool-related youth activity to a public or private school within 25 miles of that location. See California Vehicle Code 680