Part 1 Recording 20-9-101 – 20-9-104
Part 2 Jurors 20-9-201 – 20-9-203
Part 3 Arguments 20-9-301 – 20-9-304
Part 4 Dismissal 20-9-401
Part 5 Deliberation and Verdict 20-9-501 – 20-9-510
Part 6 Tennessee Court Reporter Act of 2009 20-9-601 – 20-9-616

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 20 > Chapter 9

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Annual report: means the form required by §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Articles of conversion: means the form of articles provided for in chapter 204 of this title creating a new LLC and evidencing the conversion of an existing partnership or corporation to the new LLC which shall have all of the assets and liabilities of the former partnership. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • articles of organization: means , in the case of an LLC, articles of organization or, to the extent applicable with respect to an LLC initially formed under and governed by the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, articles of conversion, taken together with all of the following, to the extent they modify, correct, restate or otherwise affect the articles of organization or articles of conversion: articles of amendment, articles of correction, certificates of merger and all documents required to be filed with any of the articles of amendment, articles of correction and certificates of merger, as part of the formation and continuation of an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
  • articles of organization: means in the case of an LLC organized under chapters 201-248 of this title, articles of organization, articles of amendment, articles of correction, certificates of merger, and all similar documents required to be filed with any of the foregoing as part of the formation and continuation of an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Tennessee board of court reporting. See Tennessee Code 20-9-602
  • Board: means a G&T cooperative's board of directors or the necessary number of the board of directors to take action. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
  • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
  • board of directors: means the governing board of a corporation, whether denominated the board of directors or otherwise, except that no person or group of persons is the board of directors because of powers delegated to that person or group pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
  • board of governors: means the board of governors of an LLC electing to be board-managed or, in the case of a foreign limited liability company, its equivalent. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Board-managed: means an LLC organized pursuant to this title that elected pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Business: means every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity, and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets, whether or not carried on for profit. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets whether or not carried on for profits. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
  • Bylaws: means the code or codes of rules (other than the charter) adopted pursuant to chapters 51-68 of this title for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • Charitable purpose: means a purpose that:

    • (A) Would make a corporation operated exclusively for that purpose eligible to be exempt from taxation under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201

    • Charter: includes amended and restated charters and articles of merger. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    • Class: when used with reference to membership interests, means a category of membership interests that differs in one (1) or more rights or preferences from another category of membership interests of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
    • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    • Confirmation of good standing: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that at the time such confirmation is issued an LLC or a foreign LLC is current on all taxes and penalties to the satisfaction of the commissioner. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
    • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    • Contribution agreement: means a binding agreement between a person and an LLC under which:

      • (A) The person has an obligation to make a contribution to the LLC in the future. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

      • Contribution allowance agreement: means an agreement between a person and an LLC, under which:

        • (A) The person has the right, but not the obligation, to make a contribution to the LLC in the future. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

        • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
        • Court: includes every court and judge having jurisdiction in the case. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
        • Court reporting: means the making of a verbatim record by means of manual shorthand, machine shorthand, closed microphone voice dictation silencer or by electronic recording of any testimony given under oath before or for submission to, any court, referee or court examiner, by any board, commission or other body or in any other proceeding where a verbatim record is required. See Tennessee Code 20-9-602
        • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
        • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
        • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
        • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
        • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
        • Devise: To gift property by will.
        • Director: means an individual who is vested with authority as a director under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
        • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the charter or bylaws or elected or appointed by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons elected or appointed to act as members of the board, irrespective of the names or titles by which such persons are described. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
        • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
        • Dissolution: means that the LLC has incurred an event under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Dissolution avoidance consent: means the consent to continue the existence and business of the LLC without dissolution, which consent is given as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property (except its own membership interests) with or without consideration, or an incurrence or issuance of indebtedness, (whether directly or indirectly, including through a guaranty) by an LLC to or for the benefit of any of its members in respect of membership interests. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Distribution cooperative: means an electric cooperative that has been heretofore incorporated under the former Electric Cooperative Law, formerly compiled in title 65, chapter 25, part 1, or that has been or hereafter is incorporated under the Rural Electric and Community Services Cooperative Act, compiled in title 65, chapter 25, or that has been or is created as an electric cooperative, electric power association or other similar nonprofit organization or association under the laws of another state, and that is also engaged, in whole or in part, in the distribution of electrical power at retail to its members as the ultimate end-users of such electrical power and energy. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
        • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
        • Document: means :

          • (A) Any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

          • domestic: means a limited liability company formed under this chapter, or a limited liability company formed under the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act, compiled in chapters 201-248 of this title, that has elected to be governed by this chapter, or, where expressly indicated, a limited liability company formed under and governed by the Tennessee Limited Liability Company Act. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
          • domestic business corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to chapters 11-27 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the Tennessee Business Corporation Act, compiled in chapters 11-27 of this title, as amended. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
          • domestic nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under the laws of this state and subject to the Tennessee Nonprofit Corporation Act, compiled in chapters 51-68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Eligible entity: means a domestic or foreign unincorporated entity or a domestic or foreign business corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
          • Eligible interests: means interests or shares. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
          • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Energy acquisition corporation: means an entity created and operating pursuant to the authority established in the Energy Acquisitions Corporation Act, compiled in title 7, chapter 39. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
          • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
          • Entity: means , whether foreign or domestic and whether for profit or not-for-profit, limited liability companies, corporations, unincorporated associations, real estate investment trusts, statutory or business trusts or associations, estates, general partnerships, limited partnerships, registered or unregistered limited liability partnerships, limited liability limited partnerships or similar organizations, trusts, joint ventures, two (2) or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, and local, municipal, state, United States and foreign governments. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
          • Entity: includes the following, whether foreign or domestic: LLCs. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
          • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
          • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
          • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
          • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
          • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
          • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
          • Filing entity: means an unincorporated entity that is of a type that is created by filing a public organic document. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
          • Financial rights: means a member's or holder's rights to:

            • (A) Share in profits and losses, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102

            • Financial rights: means a member's rights to:

              • (A) Share in profits and losses as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101

              • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
              • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
              • foreign: means a limited liability company that is formed under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
              • Foreign business corporation: means a corporation for-profit incorporated under an organic law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
              • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit incorporated under a law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state, which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
              • Foreign unincorporated entity: means an unincorporated entity whose internal affairs are governed by an organic law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
              • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
              • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
              • Governance rights: means a right to vote on one (1) or more matters and all a member's rights as a member in the LLC other than financial rights and the right to assign financial rights. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Governing body: means the legislative body of the creating municipality or municipalities. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
              • Governing body: means the board of governors in the case of a board-managed LLC, the members in the case of a member-managed LLC, and the board of directors in the case of a corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Governmental electric system: means a state, municipal, county or other political subdivision or local governmental entity of this state or of any other state that is engaged, in whole or in part, in the distribution of electrical power at retail to its customers as the ultimate end-users of the electrical power and energy, and "governmental electric system" may, at the election of the G&T cooperative for purposes of membership in the G&T cooperative, include the Tennessee Valley authority, all as provided in the bylaws of the G&T cooperative. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
              • Governor: means a natural person or entity serving on the board of governors of a board-managed LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
              • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
              • holder: means a person, other than a member, owning any financial rights in an LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
              • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
              • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
              • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

                • (A) The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

                • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

                  • (A) The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101

                  • Interest holder: means a person who holds of record an interest. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
                  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
                  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
                  • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
                  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
                  • Lease-sale: means an agreement whereby the possession and use of assets and properties would be transferred to a lessee-purchaser for a stated or determinable period in time, during or at the end of which the lessee-purchaser would have the right and be obligated, or would have the option, to purchase and acquire, or would without further act acquire fee simple title to the assets and properties for a price expressly stated in the agreement or for a price determinable by a formula contained in the agreement, whether or not any portion of any lease-hold or rental payments would be creditable as a part of the price. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
                  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
                  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
                  • LLC: means a limited liability company, organized under chapters 201-248 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Majority vote: means with respect to a vote of the members, if voting on a per capita basis, a majority in number of the members entitled to vote on a specific matter, or if the voting is determined otherwise, a majority of the voting interest (which may be expressed as a percentage) entitled to vote on a specific matter, and with respect to a vote of the governors, a majority in number of the governors entitled to vote on a specific matter. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Manager: means a person who is vested with authority as a manager under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Manager: means a person elected, appointed, or otherwise designated as a manager by the governing body, and any other person considered elected as a manager pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Member: means a person that has been admitted to an LLC as a member, as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Member: means a distribution cooperative or governmental electric system, as applicable, having the right through its duly appointed agent or representative to vote for the directors of a G&T cooperative and upon other matters as provided in this chapter and as provided in a G&T cooperative's charter or bylaws, and includes each incorporator of a G&T cooperative. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
                  • Member: means a person reflected in the required records of an LLC as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Member-managed: means an LLC organized pursuant to this title that has elected pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Membership: means the rights of a member in a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation and includes the rights and obligations a member has pursuant to a corporation's charter, bylaws and chapters 51-68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
                  • Membership: means the rights and obligations a member has pursuant to a corporation's charter, bylaws and chapters 51-68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                  • Membership interest: means a member's interest in an LLC consisting of a member's financial rights, a member's right to assign financial rights as provided in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Month: means the time from any day of any month to the corresponding day of the succeeding month, if any, and if none, the last day of the succeeding month. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
                  • Municipality: means any municipality or county incorporated or existing under the laws of Tennessee, or any combination of any municipality or county incorporated or existing under the laws of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
                  • Mutual benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which becomes by operation of law a mutual benefit corporation pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                  • Nonfiling entity: means an unincorporated entity that is of a type that is not created by filing a public organic document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                  • Officer: means an individual, who is vested with authority as an officer under §. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Operating agreement: means a written agreement described in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Organic document: means a public organic document or a private organic document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Organic law: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation or unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Owners: means members in the case of an LLC, shareholders in the case of a corporation, partners in the case of general or limited partnerships and the equivalent with respect to other entities. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                  • Patron: means a person agreeing to receive or already receiving, or who in the past has received, one (1) or more of the services rendered by a G&T cooperative, whether the person is a member or not. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
                  • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Person: means an individual or an entity. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Person: includes any natural person, firm, association, corporation, cooperative, membership corporation, distribution cooperative, electric power association, business trust, partnership and federal, state or local governments, or departments, agencies or any other political subdivision thereof, including, without limitation, an energy acquisition corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
                  • Person: includes individual and entity. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
                  • PLLC: has the meaning given in §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
                  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
                  • Principal executive office: means the office, in or out of this state, that is designated as the principal executive office of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Principal executive office: means an office, in or out of this state, where the principal office of the chief manager of the LLC or foreign LLC is located. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Proceeding: means any threatened, pending or completed action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative, and whether formal or informal. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Project: means any facilities or group of facilities to be owned or controlled (either through ownership, lease or an easement) by the authority or other governmental entity and that is available for use by the public including, without limitation, visitor centers, recreational facilities such as greenways and trails, and other governmentally-owned tourist attractions. See Tennessee Code 7-69-102
                  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Public benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which becomes by operation of law a public benefit corporation pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                  • Public organic document: means the document, if any, that is filed of public record to create an unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
                  • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                  • Record date: means the date established under chapter 16 or 17 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders for purposes of chapters 11-27 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Registered agent: means the person designated as the registered agent of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Registered office: means the office in this state that is designated as the registered office of a domestic or foreign LLC in its articles or in an application for a certificate of authority, as applicable, as thereafter changed from time to time in accordance with this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Registered office: means the place in this state designated in the articles as the registered office of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                  • Representative: means , as to a foreign LLC, a director, manager, officer, employee or other agent of a foreign LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Representative: means a governor, manager, employee or other agent of a foreign LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the bylaws or the board of directors has delegated responsibility under §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • Secretary of state: means the individual who holds the office of secretary of state of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                  • Secretary of state: means the person who holds the office of secretary of state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Series: means a category of membership interests, within a class of membership interests, that have some of the same rights and preferences as other membership interests within the same class, but that differ in one (1) or more rights and preferences from another category of membership interests within that class. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                  • Share: means the unit into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                  • signature: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document:

                    • (A) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

                    • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                    • Subscription: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • Subsidiary: means a corporation more than fifty percent (50%) of whose outstanding voting shares are owned by its parent and/or the parent's other wholly-owned subsidiaries. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Survivor: means the corporation or unincorporated entity that is in existence immediately after consummation of a merger or entity conversion pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
                    • Termination: means the end of an LLC's existence as a legal entity and occurs when the articles of termination are filed with the secretary of state under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                    • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                    • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
                    • Transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift and transfer by operation of law. See Tennessee Code 48-249-102
                    • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                    • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                    • TVA area: means the area of the Tennessee Valley authority as described in §?15(d)(a) of the Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933 (16 U. See Tennessee Code 48-69-103
                    • Unincorporated entity: means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation, an estate, a trust, a state, the United States, or a foreign government. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • United States: includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                    • Voting group: means all shares of one (1) or more classes or series that under the charter or chapters 11-27 of this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Voting memberships: means memberships that entitle their holders to vote unconditionally in the election of directors. See Tennessee Code 48-61-101
                    • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote which is contingent upon the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
                    • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
                    • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                    • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
                    • Written action: means a written document signed by those persons required to take the action described. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
                    • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105