Title W Provisions Relating to Firearms, Fireworks, Pornography Equipment and Vehicles Used in the Transportation of Gambling Records
Title X Organized Crime Control Act
Title Y Hate Crimes Act of 2000
Title Y-1 Enacted Without Title Heading.
Title Y-2 Corrupting the Government
Title Z Laws Repealed; Time of Taking Effect

Terms Used In New York Laws > Penal > Part 4

  • Accused: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has not yet entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • Adoption: means the delivery to any natural person eighteen years of age or older, for the limited purpose of harboring a pet, of any dog, seized or surrendered, or any cat. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • advertising: means all representations, other than the required label statements made in any manner or by any means relating to seed within the scope of this act. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • AEM: means agricultural environmental management. See N.Y. Tax Law 1204
  • AEM plan: means a document prepared or approved by a certified AEM planner and accepted by a participating farmer which documents a course of action for the environmental management of a farm operation, including, but not limited to, measures to abate and control agricultural nonpoint source water pollution, air pollution and other adverse environmental impacts from farm operations through the implementation of best management practices, in a way which maintains the viability of the farm operation. See N.Y. Tax Law 1204
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated mammals. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Animal: means any animal, domestic or feral, or any domesticated bird. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved program: means a program for the education of physician assistants which has been formerly approved by the department. See N.Y. Penal Law 480.25
  • approved program: means a program for the education of specialist assistants which has been approved by the department. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.01
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attest: means providing the following public accountancy services which all require the independence of licensees:

    a. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A

  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • auction: means a public sale of cattle, swine or horses to the highest bidder. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • auctioneer: means a person who sells, or makes a business of selling cattle, swine or horses, at auction. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Authorized agency: shall mean an authorized agency as defined in the social services law and, for the purpose of this article, shall include such corporations incorporated or organized under the laws of this state as may be specifically authorized by their certificates of incorporation to receive children for purposes of adoption. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-943
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Biological agent: means any micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of

    any such micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, capable of causing:

    (a) death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism;

    (b) deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or material of any kind; or

    (c) deleterious alteration of the environment. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • Biological weapon: means any biological agent, toxin, vector, or delivery system or combination thereof. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Brand: means each commercial feed identified by and differing from others either in name, trademark, descriptive designation or other method or marking, composition or guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • brand: shall mean a term, name, design, or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Brand name: means any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or registrant and distinguishing it from that of others. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Bystander: shall mean a person who observes a crime, impending crime, conflict, potentially violent or violent behavior, or conduct that is in violation of rules or policies of an institution. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • camelid: means the entire family of camelidae. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • cattle: means the entire family of bovidae. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Chairman: means the chairman of the dormitory authority. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • Chemical weapon: means the following, together or separately:

    (a) a toxic chemical or its precursors;

    (b) a munition or device specifically designed to cause death or other harm through the toxic properties of a toxic chemical or its precursors, which would be released as a result of the employment of such munition or device;

    (c) any equipment specifically designed for use directly in connection with the employment of munitions or devices; or

    (d) any device that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk: means the clerk of any county, town, city or village where licenses are validated or issued pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Clinic: shall mean a facility located either within or outside of a state university health care facility providing services related to the medical education mission of the university, but shall not include state university student health services. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Code of conduct: shall mean the written policies adopted by an institution governing student behavior, rights, and responsibilities while such student is matriculated in the institution. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • Commercial feed: means all materials except unmixed whole seeds or physically altered entire unmixed seeds, when not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision one of section one hundred thirty-two of this article, which are distributed for use as feed or for mixing in feed, and includes pet food and specialty pet food. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • commercial fertilizer: shall mean any substances containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is used for its plant nutrient content, and which is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, agricultural liming material, wood ashes, gypsum and other products exempted by regulation of the commissioner. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Commissioner: means the state commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of education of the state of New York. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets of the state of New York. See N.Y. Penal Law 496.07
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community garden: shall mean public or private lands upon which citizens of the state have the opportunity to garden on lands which they do not individually own. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • Compilation: means providing a service that presents, in the form of financial statements, information that is the representation of the management or owners of the client without undertaking to express any assurance of the accuracy of the information in the statements, to be performed in accordance with standards, developed by a federal governmental agency, commission or board or a recognized international or national professional accountancy organization, that are acceptable to the department in accordance with the commissioner's regulations. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Computerized test: means any test form administered to test subjects by means of a computer. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Consumer: means any natural person who purchases an autographed sports collectible from a dealer for personal, family or household purposes. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-715
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: shall mean any county in this state, except a county wholly within a city. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • CPA: means any person who has received a license from the department or any other state as a certified public accountant for the practice of public accountancy. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A
  • crop seeds: include the seeds of grass, forage, cereal, field beans, and fiber crops, including "industrial hemp" as defined in section five hundred five of this chapter, or any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural seeds, lawn seeds, and mixtures of such seeds. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • curd: as used in this article applies to the substance otherwise known as "pot cheese" or "cottage cheese. See N.Y. Penal Law 470.00
  • Custom slaughtered meat: means meat from animals which have been slaughtered by a custom slaughterer for the owner exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Custom slaughterer: means a person, firm, corporation or association who or which operates a place or establishment where animals are delivered by the owner thereof for slaughter exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees, provided, that such custom slaughterer does not engage in the business of buying or selling any carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat products of any animal. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Customer-formula feed: means commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser, including feed mixed from components supplied by the purchaser. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • dairy product: means all milk and milk products defined by the definitions and standards of identity promulgated pursuant to section forty-six-a of this chapter and such other food products derived from milk as the commissioner shall designate by regulation. See N.Y. Penal Law 496.07
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dangerous dog: means any dog which (i) without justification attacks a person, companion animal as defined in subdivision five of section three hundred fifty of this chapter, farm animal as defined in subdivision four of section three hundred fifty of this chapter or domestic animal as defined in subdivision seven of this section and causes physical injury or death, or (ii) behaves in a manner which a reasonable person would believe poses a serious and unjustified imminent threat of serious physical injury or death to one or more persons, companion animals, farm animals or domestic animals or (iii) without justification attacks a service dog, guide dog or hearing dog and causes physical injury or death. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • dealer: includes an auctioneer who sells such collectibles at public auction, and includes persons who are consignors or principals of auctioneers. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-715
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Decharacterization: means the uniform application of sufficient quantities of dye, charcoal, malodorous fish oil, acid, or any other agent approved by the commissioner upon and into the freely slashed flesh of meat or meat product not being rendered so as to unequivocally preclude its use for human food. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • deer: means any member of the family of cervidae. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery system: means :

    (a) any apparatus, equipment, device, or means of delivery specifically designed to deliver or disseminate a biological agent, toxin, or vector; or

    (b) any vector. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05

  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Detection dog: means any dog that is trained and is actually used for such purposes or is undergoing training to be used for the purpose of detecting controlled substances, explosives, ignitable liquids, firearms, cadavers, or school or correctional facility contraband. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal plant: means the premises or place where bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of dead, dying, diseased, disabled or condemned animals or inedible meat are received and held for the purpose of burning, processing or rendering or otherwise obtaining the hides, skins, grease or meat therefrom in any manner whatsoever. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, exchange, or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish, or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, barter, exchange or otherwise supply commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • distributor: means any person who distributes and includes, but is not limited to, manufacturing plants, blending plants and bulk storage facilities. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Dog: means any member of the species canis familiaris. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Dog control officer: means any individual appointed by a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article or any authorized officer, agent or employee of an incorporated humane society or similar incorporated dog protective association under contract with a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Domestic animal: means any domesticated sheep, horse, cattle, fallow deer, red deer, sika deer, whitetail deer which is raised under license from the department of environmental conservation, llama, goat, swine, fowl, duck, goose, swan, turkey, confined domestic hare or rabbit, pheasant or other bird which is raised in confinement under license from the state department of environmental conservation before release from captivity, except that the varieties of fowl commonly used for cock fights shall not be considered domestic animals for the purposes of this article. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormitory facilities revenue fund: means the fund established pursuant to section sixteen hundred eighty-q of the public authorities law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Dormitory facilities revenues: means all moneys, including rents, fees and charges, derived from the use or occupancy of dormitory facilities. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Dormitory facility: means a dormitory, as such term is defined in paragraph (a) of subdivision two of section sixteen hundred seventy-six of the public authorities law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Drug: means any article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and articles other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • ear tag: means a unique, tamper-resistant device which, when affixed to the ears of cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Eligible youth: means a youth who is eligible to be found a youthful offender. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-722
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm dressed meat: means meat from animals slaughtered by a bona fide farmer who, as an incident of such farm operation, slaughters his own domestic animals on his own premises exclusively for use, in his household, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Federal inspection: means the meat inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Federal inspection: means the poultry and poultry products inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2406
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Feed: means all edible materials which are consumed by animals and contribute energy or nutrients to the animal's diet. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Feed ingredient: means each of the constitutent materials making up a commercial feed. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fire retired employee: shall mean any person who was retired for service on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred and sixty-three, or retired for disability on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred sixty-four and receives, as a result of such retirement, a retirement allowance or pension from a retirement or pension system or plan of the city for members of the uniformed force of the fire department. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 13-671
  • Firm: means a domestic or foreign entity organized as a sole proprietorship, a professional service corporation, a partnership, a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability partnership, a foreign registered limited liability partnership, or any other form of organization that is established for the business purpose of lawfully engaging in the practice of public accountancy. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • flower seeds: includes seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts and commonly known and sold under the name of flower seeds in this state. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign dairy product: means any dairy product produced, processed or manufactured outside the United States. See N.Y. Penal Law 496.07
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garden: shall mean a piece or parcel of land appropriate for the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, nuts, honey, poultry for egg production, maple syrup, ornamental or vegetable plants, nursery products, or vegetables. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • grade: shall mean the percentages of total nitrogen, available phosphoric acid and soluble potash stated in the order and form required in the guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • guaranteed analysis: shall mean a statement of the minimum percentage of plant nutrients claimed expressed in the order and form provided in section one hundred forty-four hereof. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guide dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person who is blind and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Hearing dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person with a hearing impairment and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • horse: means the entire family of equidae. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law and authorized to employ physician assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See N.Y. Penal Law 480.25
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law and authorized to employ specialist assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.01
  • hybrid: means the first generation of a cross produced under controlled pollination. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Identification tag: means a tag issued by the licensing municipality which sets forth an identification number, together with the name of the municipality, the state of New York, contact information, including telephone number, for the municipality and such other information as the licensing municipality deems appropriate. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Identified dog: means any dog carrying an identification tag as provided in section one hundred eleven of this article. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inedible meat: means meat and meat products derived from dead, dying, disabled, diseased or condemned animals, and meat or meat products, regardless of origin, which are adulterated within the meaning of section two hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection legend: means a mark or a statement authorized by the provisions of the federal law, on a carcass, meat, meat by-product, or meat food product indicating the product has been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Institution: shall mean any college or university chartered by the regents or incorporated by special act of the legislature that maintains a campus in New York. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Judge: shall mean a judge of the family court of any county in the state. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-943
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively is known by one common name, for example, corn, oats, alfalfa, and timothy. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Label: means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • label: means the display of all written, printed or graphic matter upon the immediate container or statement accompanying a commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Labeling: means any and all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter (a) upon a commercial feed or any of its containers or wrappers or (b) accompanying such commercial feed. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • labeling: refers to statements written or imprinted on the seed container itself or on a tag or label securely attached to it as specified in the label requirements of this law. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • labelling: means all written, printed or graphic matter, upon or accompanying any commercial fertilizer, or advertisements, brochures, posters, television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of such commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Lawful custody: shall mean a custody (a) specifically authorized by statute or (b) pursuant to judgment, decree or order of a court or (c) otherwise authorized by law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-943
  • lawyer: shall mean an attorney or counselor governed by article fifteen of the judiciary law, who receives remuneration or other compensation from a school district or board of cooperative educational services in exchange for legal services provided to such district or board. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-965
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensee: means any person who has licensed a commercial feed manufacturing facility pursuant to section one hundred twenty-eight-a of this article. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • licensee: shall mean a person whose license, pursuant to section one hundred forty-six hereof, has been issued by the commissioner and is still in effect. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • lot: means a definite quantity of seed which is identified by a lot number or other mark, and which has been so handled that each portion or container is representative of the whole quantity. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufacture: means to grind, mix or blend, or further process a commercial feed for distribution. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Material support or resources: means currency or other financial securities, financial services, lodging, training, safehouses, false documentation or identification, communications equipment, facilities, weapons, lethal substances, explosives, personnel, transportation, and other physical assets, except medicine or religious materials. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Meat: means the edible part of the muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals which is skeletal or which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart or in the esophagus, with or without the accompanying or overlying fat, and the portions of bone, skin, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissue and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Meat: means the entire bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of animals or birds. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Meat by-product: means any edible part other than meat which has been derived from cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Meat food product: means any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any animal, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry, and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Meat label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter authorized by the provisions of the federal law on a container indicating the meat, meat by-products, or meat food products contained therein have been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • mortgage: shall include housing loans as defined below. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2402
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Municipality: means any county, town, city and village. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Municipality: shall mean any county, town, village, city, school district, board of cooperative educational services, other special district, or any office or agency thereof. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • noxious weed seeds: includes seeds of bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis), quackgrass (Elytrigia repens), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense), bedstraw (Galium spp. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: shall mean the office of community gardens. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • official backtag: means a unique device which, when affixed to cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Official sample: means a sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his authorized agent in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred thirty-five-a of this article. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • official sample: means any sample of commercial fertilizer taken by the commissioner or his agent in accordance with section one hundred forty-six-a hereof and designated as "official" by the commissioner. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Officially recognized: means recognized and designated by the laws or regulations of any state, the United States, any province of Canada, or the government of any foreign country wherein said seeds were produced, except that if said seeds are produced in New York state, section one hundred forty-one shall govern. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who harbors or keeps any dog. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • owner: shall be deemed to include, in addition to those mentioned hereinabove, all the officers, directors and persons having an interest in more than ten per cent of the issued and outstanding stock of the owner as herein defined, as holder or beneficial owner thereof, if such owner be a corporation other than a banking organization as defined in section two of the banking law, a national banking association, a federal savings and loan association, the mortgage facilities corporation, savings banks life insurance fund, the savings banks retirement system, an authorized insurer as defined in section one hundred seven of the insurance law, or a trust company or other corporation organized under the laws of this state all the capital stock of which is owned by at least twenty savings banks or by at least twenty savings and loan associations or a subsidiary corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by such trust company or other corporation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004
  • Owner of record: means the person in whose name any dog was last licensed pursuant to this article, except that if any license is issued on application of a person under eighteen years of age, the owner of record shall be deemed to be the parent or guardian of such person. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • packaged foreign dairy product: means a foreign dairy product which is enclosed in a container or wrapper (including a shipping container or wrapping used for the transportation of such product in bulk or quantity to manufacturers, packers, processors, or to wholesale or retail distributors) or which although not so enclosed has written, printed, or graphic matter pertaining to such foreign dairy product affixed or attached. See N.Y. Penal Law 496.07
  • Part: means each portion of a test for which a score is calculated. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • percentage: means the percentage by weight. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • percentage of germination: means the percentage of seeds, other than hard seeds, which are capable of producing normal seedlings under favorable conditions. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • percentage of hard seed: means the percentage of seeds which are incapable of sprouting promptly because their outer structures are impermeable to water. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1835-D
  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2406
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association or other organized group of persons, municipality, or other legal entity. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Person: means any natural person, partnership, corporation, company, trust, association or other entity, however organized. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-715
  • person: shall include any individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, or association. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • person: includes individual, partnership, association, firm or corporation. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • person: shall be deemed to include, in addition to those mentioned hereinabove, all the officers, directors and persons having an interest in more than ten percent of the issued and outstanding stock of the owner as herein defined, as holder or beneficial owner thereof, if such person be a corporation other than a banking organization as defined in section two of the banking law, a national banking association, a federal savings and loan association, the mortgage facilities corporation, savings banks life insurance fund, the savings banks retirement system, an authorized insurer as defined in section one hundred seven of the insurance law, or a trust company or other corporation organized under the laws of this state all the capital stock of which is owned by at least twenty savings banks or by at least twenty savings and loan associations or a subsidiary corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by such trust company or other corporation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004
  • Person with a disability: means any person with a disability as that term is defined in subdivision twenty-one of section two hundred ninety-two of the executive law. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Pet: means any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household(s) of the owner(s) thereof. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Pet food: means any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by pets. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Physical injury: means impairment of physical condition or substantial pain. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See N.Y. Penal Law 480.25
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.01
  • physician assistant: means a person who is licensed as a physician assistant pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Penal Law 480.25
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police work dog: means any dog owned or harbored by any state or municipal police department or any state or federal law enforcement agency, which has been trained to aid law enforcement officers and is actually being used for police work purposes. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • population: shall mean the number of people in the particular taxing jurisdiction as shown by the latest federal census. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • Poultry: means any domesticated bird, whether live or dead. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2406
  • poultry: means a domesticated fowl including chickens, turkeys, waterfowl, guinea fowl and game birds commonly used for the production of meat and eggs. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • poultry dealer: means any person who buys or sells poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Poultry product: means any poultry carcass, or part thereof; or any product which is made wholly or in part from any poultry carcass or part thereof, excepting products which contain poultry ingredients only in a relative small portion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry, and which are exempted by the commissioner from definition as a poultry product under such conditions as the commissioner may prescribe to assure that the poultry ingredients in such products are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry products. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2406
  • poultry transporter: means any person who transports poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Principal place of business: means the office location designated by the licensee from which the person directs, controls, and coordinates his or her professional services. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Private-placement adoption: shall mean any adoption other than that of a minor who has been placed for adoption by an authorized agency. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-943
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Processing: means any method whereby meat or meat products derived from animals are cut, boned, mixed, blended, canned, cured or otherwise prepared for purposes other than for human consumption. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Product name: means the name of the commmercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class, or specific use. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pure seed: means agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree, or shrub seeds exclusive of inert matter, weed seeds, and all other seeds distinguishable from the kinds, or kinds and varieties being considered. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Registrant: means any person who has registered a commercial feed manufacturing facility or brand of pet food or specialty pet food pursuant to the provisions of section one hundred twenty-nine of this article. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • registration number: means the number assigned to and that identifies a particular domestic animal, which number and the identifying characteristics of such domestic animal are set forth in a registry maintained by a breed association recognized by the department. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Respondent: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • seed: means botanical structures used for planting purposes and commonly referred to as "seed" within this state. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Select biological agent: shall mean a biological weapon which has been identified in regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision twenty-one of section two hundred six of the public health law. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Select chemical agent: shall mean a chemical weapon which has been identified in regulations promulgated pursuant to subdivision twenty of section two hundred six of the public health law. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.05
  • Serious physical injury: means physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death, or which causes death or serious or protracted disfigurement, protracted impairment of health or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Service dog: means any dog that has been or is being individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a person with a disability. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sheep: means any member of the genus ovis. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • Small business: means a business which is independently owned and operated, and which is not dominant in the field of operation. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • specialist assistant: means a person who is registered pursuant to this article as a specialist assistant for a particular medical specialty as defined by regulations promulgated by the commissioner of health pursuant to section thirty-seven hundred eleven of the public health law. See N.Y. Penal Law 490.01
  • specialty fertilizer: shall mean a commercial fertilizer distributed primarily for non-farm use, such as home gardens, lawns, shrubbery, flowers, golf courses, municipal parks, cemeteries, greenhouses and nurseries, and such other use as the commissioner may define by regulation. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Specialty pet: means any domesticated pet normally maintained in a cage or tank, such as, but not limited to, gerbils, hamsters, canaries, psittacine birds, mynahs, finches, tropical fish, goldfish, snakes and turtles. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • Specialty pet food: means any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by specialty pets. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-AA*3
  • State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U. See N.Y. Tax Law 1210-A
  • State agency: shall mean any department, bureau, commission, board, public authority or other agency of the state, including any public benefit corporation of which any member of whose board is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • State university health care facility: shall mean a hospital, as defined in section twenty-eight hundred one of the public health law, operated by the state university, or a clinic, as defined in subdivision six of this section, of a state university health sciences center at Brooklyn, Buffalo, Stony Brook and Syracuse, or the College of Optometry. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • stop-sale: means an administrative order provided by law, restraining the sale, use, disposition, and movement of a definite amount of seed. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surrogate: shall mean the surrogate of any county in the state and any other judicial officer while acting in the capacity of surrogate. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-943
  • swine: means the entire super family of suidoidae, both feral and domestic. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1824
  • test: means any test that is given in New York at the expense of the test subject and designed for use and used in the process of selection for post-secondary or professional school admissions. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Test agency: means any organization, association, corporation, partnership, or individual or person that develops, sponsors or administers a test. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Test form: means the test booklet or instrument used for each part of each test. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Test subject: means an individual to whom a test is administered. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Test year: means the twelve-month period commencing September first during which the test agency administers a particular test. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-998
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Therapy dog: means any dog that is trained to aid the emotional and physical health of patients in hospitals, nursing homes, retirement homes and other settings and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose, and does not qualify under federal or state law or regulations as a service dog. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Title IX Coordinator: shall mean the Title IX Coordinator and/or his or her designee or designees. See N.Y. Penal Law 415.00
  • ton: means a net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-L*4
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation service: means the operation within the state of a vehicle or vehicles by a person not otherwise licensed to operate a disposal plant, for the purpose of transporting for hire unprocessed animal bodies, carcasses or portions thereof, and meat or meat products which are not intended for eventual use for human consumption. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • treated: means that the seed has received an effective application of an approved substance or method designed to control or repel plant disease organisms, insects, or other pests; or has received some other treatment to improve its planting value. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • tree and shrub seeds: includes seeds of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree or shrub seeds in this state. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University centers: shall mean the university centers at Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo and Stony Brook. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2007
  • Use: shall mean to avail oneself of or to employ without conveyance of title gardens on vacant public lands by any individual or organization. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Vacant public land: shall mean any land owned by the state or a public corporation including a municipality that is not in use for a public purpose, is otherwise unoccupied, idle or not being actively utilized for a period of at least six months and is suitable for garden use. See N.Y. Penal Law 400.01
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • variety: means a subdivision of a kind characterized by growth, yield, disease resistance, plant, flower, fruit, seed or other characteristics by which it may be differentiated under certain conditions from other plants of the same kind. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • vegetable seeds: includes seeds of those food crops which are grown in gardens and on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable or herb seeds in this state. See N.Y. Tax Law 1202-E
  • Vehicle: means a conveyance or any piece of equipment whatsoever used in transportation service. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1837-C
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • War dog: means any dog which has been honorably discharged from the United States armed services. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Working search dog: means any dog that is trained to aid in the search for missing persons and is actually used for such purpose. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2422
  • Youth: means a person charged with a crime alleged to have been committed when he was at least sixteen years old and less than nineteen years old or a person charged with being a juvenile offender as defined in subdivision forty-two of section 1. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-722
  • Youthful offender finding: means a finding, substituted for the conviction of an eligible youth, pursuant to a determination that the eligible youth is a youthful offender. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-722