Title W Provisions Relating to Firearms, Fireworks, Pornography Equipment and Vehicles Used in the Transportation of Gambling Records
Title X Organized Crime Control Act
Title Y Hate Crimes Act of 2000
Title Y-1 Enacted Without Title Heading.
Title Y-2 Corrupting the Government
Title Z Laws Repealed; Time of Taking Effect

Terms Used In New York Laws > Penal > Part 4 - Administrative Provisions

  • Accused: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has not yet entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adoption: means the delivery to any natural person eighteen years of age or older, for the limited purpose of harboring a pet, of any dog, seized or surrendered, or any cat. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Adulterated: means the same as set forth in section two hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • advertising: means all representations, other than the required label statements made in any manner or by any means relating to seed within the scope of this act. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Aggregate employment shares: means the sum of all employment shares maintained by an eligible business in a taxable year. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Animal: means cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated mammals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Animal: means any animal, domestic or feral, or any domesticated bird. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • approved program: means a program for the education of physician assistants which has been formerly approved by the department. See
  • approved program: means a program for the education of specialist assistants which has been approved by the department. See
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attest: means providing the following public accountancy services which all require the independence of licensees:

    a. See

  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • auction: means a public sale of cattle, swine or horses to the highest bidder. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • auctioneer: means a person who sells, or makes a business of selling cattle, swine or horses, at auction. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Authority: shall mean the New York job development authority created by subdivision one of section eighteen hundred two of this title. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Authorized agency: shall mean an authorized agency as defined in the social services law and, for the purpose of this article, shall include such corporations incorporated or organized under the laws of this state as may be specifically authorized by their certificates of incorporation to receive children for purposes of adoption. See
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Brand: means each commercial feed identified by and differing from others either in name, trademark, descriptive designation or other method or marking, composition or guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • brand: shall mean a term, name, design, or trademark used in connection with one or several grades of commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Brand name: means any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof, identifying the commercial feed of a distributor or registrant and distinguishing it from that of others. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Bystander: shall mean a person who observes a crime, impending crime, conflict, potentially violent or violent behavior, or conduct that is in violation of rules or policies of an institution. See
  • camelid: means the entire family of camelidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • Carcass: means all parts, including viscera of a slaughtered animal, that are capable of being used for human food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • cattle: means the entire family of bovidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Chairman: means the chairman of the dormitory authority. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk: means the clerk of any county, town, city or village where licenses are validated or issued pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Clinic: shall mean a facility located either within or outside of a state university health care facility providing services related to the medical education mission of the university, but shall not include state university student health services. See
  • Code of conduct: shall mean the written policies adopted by an institution governing student behavior, rights, and responsibilities while such student is matriculated in the institution. See
  • Commercial feed: means all materials except unmixed whole seeds or physically altered entire unmixed seeds, when not adulterated within the meaning of subdivision one of section one hundred thirty-two of this article, which are distributed for use as feed or for mixing in feed, and includes pet food and specialty pet food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • commercial fertilizer: shall mean any substances containing one or more recognized plant nutrients which is used for its plant nutrient content, and which is designed for use or claimed to have value in promoting plant growth, except unmanipulated animal and vegetable manures, agricultural liming material, wood ashes, gypsum and other products exempted by regulation of the commissioner. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets of the state of New York. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Commissioner: means the state commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of education of the state of New York. See
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community garden: shall mean public or private lands upon which citizens of the state have the opportunity to garden on lands which they do not individually own. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Compilation: means providing a service that presents, in the form of financial statements, information that is the representation of the management or owners of the client without undertaking to express any assurance of the accuracy of the information in the statements, to be performed in accordance with standards, developed by a federal governmental agency, commission or board or a recognized international or national professional accountancy organization, that are acceptable to the department in accordance with the commissioner's regulations. See
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Compounding: means the combining, admixing, mixing, diluting, pooling, reconstituting, or otherwise altering of a drug or bulk drug substance to create a drug. See
  • Comptroller: shall mean the comptroller of the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Computerized test: means any test form administered to test subjects by means of a computer. See
  • Conferees: Legislators appointed to serve on conference committees. They are also called "managers." Conferees are usually appointed from the committee or committees that reported the legislation; they are expected to try and uphold their chamber's position on measures when they negotiate with conferees from the other chamber.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: shall mean any county in this state, except a county wholly within a city. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • CPA: means any person who has received a license from the department or any other state as a certified public accountant for the practice of public accountancy. See
  • crop seeds: include the seeds of grass, forage, cereal, field beans, and fiber crops, including "industrial hemp" as defined in section five hundred five of this chapter, or any other kinds of seeds commonly recognized within this state as agricultural seeds, lawn seeds, and mixtures of such seeds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Custom slaughtered meat: means meat from animals which have been slaughtered by a custom slaughterer for the owner exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Custom slaughterer: means a person, firm, corporation or association who or which operates a place or establishment where animals are delivered by the owner thereof for slaughter exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees, provided, that such custom slaughterer does not engage in the business of buying or selling any carcasses, parts of carcasses, meat or meat products of any animal. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Customer-formula feed: means commercial feed which consists of a mixture of commercial feeds and/or feed ingredients, each batch of which is manufactured according to the specific instructions of the final purchaser, including feed mixed from components supplied by the purchaser. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • dairy product: means all milk and milk products defined by the definitions and standards of identity promulgated pursuant to section forty-six-a of this chapter and such other food products derived from milk as the commissioner shall designate by regulation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dangerous dog: means any dog which (i) without justification attacks a person, companion animal as defined in subdivision five of section three hundred fifty of this chapter, farm animal as defined in subdivision four of section three hundred fifty of this chapter or domestic animal as defined in subdivision seven of this section and causes physical injury or death, or (ii) behaves in a manner which a reasonable person would believe poses a serious and unjustified imminent threat of serious physical injury or death to one or more persons, companion animals, farm animals or domestic animals or (iii) without justification attacks a service dog, guide dog or hearing dog and causes physical injury or death. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Decharacterization: means the uniform application of sufficient quantities of dye, charcoal, malodorous fish oil, acid, or any other agent approved by the commissioner upon and into the freely slashed flesh of meat or meat product not being rendered so as to unequivocally preclude its use for human food. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • deer: means any member of the family of cervidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Department: means the department of agriculture and markets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Detection dog: means any dog that is trained and is actually used for such purposes or is undergoing training to be used for the purpose of detecting controlled substances, explosives, ignitable liquids, firearms, cadavers, or school or correctional facility contraband. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disposal plant: means the premises or place where bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of dead, dying, diseased, disabled or condemned animals or inedible meat are received and held for the purpose of burning, processing or rendering or otherwise obtaining the hides, skins, grease or meat therefrom in any manner whatsoever. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, exchange, or barter commercial feed; or to supply, furnish, or otherwise provide commercial feed to a contract feeder. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • distribute: means to offer for sale, sell, barter, exchange or otherwise supply commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Distributor: means any person who distributes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • distributor: means any person who distributes and includes, but is not limited to, manufacturing plants, blending plants and bulk storage facilities. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Dog: means any member of the species canis familiaris. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Dog control officer: means any individual appointed by a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article or any authorized officer, agent or employee of an incorporated humane society or similar incorporated dog protective association under contract with a municipality to assist in the enforcement of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Domestic animal: means any domesticated sheep, horse, cattle, fallow deer, red deer, sika deer, whitetail deer which is raised under license from the department of environmental conservation, llama, goat, swine, fowl, duck, goose, swan, turkey, confined domestic hare or rabbit, pheasant or other bird which is raised in confinement under license from the state department of environmental conservation before release from captivity, except that the varieties of fowl commonly used for cock fights shall not be considered domestic animals for the purposes of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • domestic animals: as used in this article shall mean domesticated sheep, horses, cattle, swine and goats. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 105-D
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dormitory facilities revenue fund: means the fund established pursuant to section sixteen hundred eighty-q of the public authorities law. See
  • Dormitory facilities revenues: means all moneys, including rents, fees and charges, derived from the use or occupancy of dormitory facilities. See
  • Dormitory facility: means a dormitory, as such term is defined in paragraph (a) of subdivision two of section sixteen hundred seventy-six of the public authorities law. See
  • Drug: means any article intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in animals other than man and articles other than feed intended to affect the structure or any function of the animal body. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • ear tag: means a unique, tamper-resistant device which, when affixed to the ears of cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Eligible aggregate employment shares: means the amount, if any, by which the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by an eligible business in an eligible area in the taxable year in which such eligible business claims a credit pursuant to a local law enacted in accordance with section twenty-five-z of this article exceeds the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by an eligible business in an eligible area in the taxable year immediately preceding the taxable year during which such eligible business first relocates as defined in subdivision (j) of this section. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Eligible area: means an area of a city having a population of one million or more, excluding the area lying south of the center line of 96th Street, in the borough of Manhattan in the city of New York. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Eligible business: means any person subject to a tax imposed under a local law enacted pursuant to part two or three of section one, or section two, of chapter seven hundred seventy-two of the laws of nineteen hundred sixty-six or a gross receipts tax imposed under a local law enacted pursuant to subdivision (a) of section twelve hundred one of the tax law that: (1) has been conducting substantial business operations at one or more business locations outside an eligible area for the twenty-four consecutive months immediately preceding the taxable year during which such eligible business relocates as defined in subdivision (j) of this section; and (2) on or after May twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred eighty-seven relocates as defined in subdivision (j) of this section all or part of such business operations; and (3) either (i) on or after May twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred eighty-seven first enters into a contract to purchase or lease the premises to which it relocates as defined in subdivision (j) of this section, or a parcel on which will be constructed such premises, or (ii) as of May twenty-seventh, nineteen hundred eighty-seven owns such parcel or premises and has not prior to such date made application for benefits pursuant to a local law enacted in accordance with title two-D of article four of the real property tax law. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Eligible premises: means : (1) nonresidential premises which are wholly contained in real property which is certified as eligible to receive benefits pursuant to a local law enacted in accordance with title two-C or title two-D of article four of the real property tax law, provided that such premises have been improved by construction or renovation, that expenditures have been made for improvements to such real property in excess of fifty per centum or, in the case of industrial property, in excess of twenty-five per centum, of the value at which such real property was assessed for tax purposes for the tax year in which such improvements commenced and such expenditures have been made within thirty-six months or, in the case of expenditures for such improvements to such real property in excess of fifty million dollars within seventy-two months from such commencement and, provided further, that such real property is located in an eligible area;

    (2) nonresidential premises which are: (i) wholly contained in or situated on real property which has been leased from an industrial development agency established pursuant to article eighteen-A of the general municipal law, provided that such premises were constructed or renovated subsequent to the approval of such construction or renovation

    by such agency, or (ii) wholly contained in or situated on real property owned by a city having a population of one million or more, a lease for which was approved in accordance with the applicable provisions of the charter of such city, provided that such premises were constructed or renovated subsequent to such approval, or (iii) wholly contained in or situated on real property which has been leased from the port authority of the state of New York and New Jersey or the New York state urban development corporation, or a subsidiary thereof, provided that such premises were constructed or renovated subsequent to the execution of such lease, or (iv) wholly contained in property which would be eligible to receive benefits pursuant to a local law enacted in accordance with title two-D of article four of the real property tax law except that such property is exempt from real property taxation; provided that expenditures have been made for improvements to such real property in excess of fifty per centum or, in the case of industrial property, in excess of twenty-five per centum, of the value at which such real property was assessed for tax purposes for the tax year in which such improvements commenced and such expenditures have been made within thirty-six months or, in the case of expenditures for such improvements to such real property in excess of fifty million dollars within seventy-two months from the date of such commencement, and provided further that such real property is located in an eligible area; or

    (3) in the case of a relocation, the date of which, as determined in subdivision (j) of this section, is on or after July first, two thousand three, nonresidential premises, located in an eligible area, for which a minimum expenditure has been made on or after July first, two thousand three, for improvements in excess of twenty-five dollars per square foot, provided, however, that if such premises are leased, such lease shall have a term that does not expire until at least three years after the later of the date of such relocation and the lease commencement date. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y

  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Excess shares: shall mean eligible aggregate employment shares that are apportioned pursuant to paragraph one of this subdivision to a relocation in excess of the limitation amount defined in subparagraphs (i) and (ii) of this paragraph for such relocation. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Farm dressed meat: means meat from animals slaughtered by a bona fide farmer who, as an incident of such farm operation, slaughters his own domestic animals on his own premises exclusively for use, in his household, by him and members of his household and his non-paying guests and employees. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Federal agency: shall mean the United States of America, and any officer, department, board, commissioner, bureau, division, corporation, agency or instrumentality thereof. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Federal inspection: means the meat inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Federal inspection: means the poultry and poultry products inspection maintained by the United States department of agriculture. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • Federal law: means the federal meat inspection act and all acts amendatory thereof and supplementary thereto. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Feed: means all edible materials which are consumed by animals and contribute energy or nutrients to the animal's diet. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Feed ingredient: means each of the constitutent materials making up a commercial feed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • fire retired employee: shall mean any person who was retired for service on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred and sixty-three, or retired for disability on or after April eighth, nineteen hundred sixty and prior to May first, nineteen hundred sixty-four and receives, as a result of such retirement, a retirement allowance or pension from a retirement or pension system or plan of the city for members of the uniformed force of the fire department. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 13-671
  • Firm: means a domestic or foreign entity organized as a sole proprietorship, a professional service corporation, a partnership, a professional service limited liability company, a foreign professional service limited liability company, a registered limited liability partnership, a foreign registered limited liability partnership, or any other form of organization that is established for the business purpose of lawfully engaging in the practice of public accountancy. See
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • flower seeds: includes seeds of herbaceous plants grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts and commonly known and sold under the name of flower seeds in this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign dairy product: means any dairy product produced, processed or manufactured outside the United States. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-U
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Game or wild game: means any deer or big game, or portions thereof, as defined in section 11-0103 of the environmental conservation law, taken by lawful hunting. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 71-Y
  • Garden: shall mean a piece or parcel of land appropriate for the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, nuts, honey, poultry for egg production, maple syrup, ornamental or vegetable plants, nursery products, or vegetables. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • grade: shall mean the percentages of total nitrogen, available phosphoric acid and soluble potash stated in the order and form required in the guaranteed analysis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • guaranteed analysis: shall mean a statement of the minimum percentage of plant nutrients claimed expressed in the order and form provided in section one hundred forty-four hereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Guide dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person who is blind and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Hearing dog: means any dog that is trained to aid a person who is deaf or hard of hearing and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • horse: means the entire family of equidae. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law and authorized to employ physician assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See
  • hospital: means an institution or facility possessing a valid operating certificate issued pursuant to article twenty-eight of the public health law and authorized to employ specialist assistants in accordance with rules and regulations of the public health and health planning council. See
  • hotel: includes an apartment hotel, a motel, boarding house or club, whether or not meals are served. See N.Y. General City Law 25-S
  • Hotel services: means any services which consist predominantly of the lodging of guests at a building or a portion thereof which is regularly used and kept open for such services. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • hybrid: means the first generation of a cross produced under controlled pollination. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Identification tag: means a tag issued by the licensing municipality which sets forth an identification number, together with the name of the municipality, the state of New York, contact information, including telephone number, for the municipality and such other information as the licensing municipality deems appropriate. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Identified dog: means any dog carrying an identification tag as provided in section one hundred eleven of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inedible meat: means meat and meat products derived from dead, dying, disabled, diseased or condemned animals, and meat or meat products, regardless of origin, which are adulterated within the meaning of section two hundred of this chapter. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inspection legend: means a mark or a statement authorized by the provisions of the federal law, on a carcass, meat, meat by-product, or meat food product indicating the product has been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Institution: shall mean any college or university chartered by the regents or incorporated by special act of the legislature that maintains a campus in New York. See
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Judge: shall mean a judge of the family court of any county in the state. See
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • kind: means one or more related species or subspecies which singly or collectively is known by one common name, for example, corn, oats, alfalfa, and timothy. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Label: means a display of written, printed or graphic matter upon or affixed to the container in which a commercial feed is distributed, or on the invoice or delivery slip with which a commercial feed is distributed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • label: means the display of all written, printed or graphic matter upon the immediate container or statement accompanying a commercial fertilizer. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Labeling: means any and all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter (a) upon a commercial feed or any of its containers or wrappers or (b) accompanying such commercial feed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • labeling: refers to statements written or imprinted on the seed container itself or on a tag or label securely attached to it as specified in the label requirements of this law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • labelling: means all written, printed or graphic matter, upon or accompanying any commercial fertilizer, or advertisements, brochures, posters, television and radio announcements used in promoting the sale of such commercial fertilizers. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Lawful custody: shall mean a custody (a) specifically authorized by statute or (b) pursuant to judgment, decree or order of a court or (c) otherwise authorized by law. See
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Licensed pharmacist: means a person licensed to practice pharmacy pursuant to article one hundred thirty-seven of this title. See
  • Licensee: means any person who has licensed a commercial feed manufacturing facility pursuant to section one hundred twenty-eight-a of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • licensee: shall mean a person whose license, pursuant to section one hundred forty-six hereof, has been issued by the commissioner and is still in effect. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • limitation amount: shall mean :

    (A) for one or more relocations in an eligible business' latest year of relocation as determined pursuant to subdivision (j) of this section, the amount, if any, by which the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by the eligible business in the eligible area in the taxable year in which it is claiming the credit authorized by this article exceeds the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by it in the eligible area in the taxable year immediately preceding such year of relocation; or

    (B) for one or more relocations in a specified year of relocation that is not the latest such year of relocation by an eligible business, the amount, if any, by which the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by the eligible business in the eligible area in the taxable year in which it is claiming the credit authorized by this article exceeds the sum of (I) the number of total attributed eligible aggregate employment shares that are attributed in the taxable year in which the credit is claimed to relocations that took place in years of relocation later than the specified year of relocation and (II) the number of aggregate employment shares maintained by it in the eligible area in the taxable year immediately preceding such specified year of relocation. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y

  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan: shall mean (i) a mortgage loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation secured by a mortgage on a project, defined in subdivision fourteen (i) and (ii) of this section, made by a local development corporation, a project occupant or other person, firm or corporation; (ii) a loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation, a project occupant, or other person, firm or corporation secured by a loan agreement, contract or such other instrument deemed necessary or

    convenient on a project defined in subdivision fourteen (iii) of this section; (iii) a loan evidenced by a bond, note or other obligation of a local development corporation, a project occupant, or other person, firm or corporation secured by a security interest in machinery and equipment as provided in section eighteen hundred fourteen; and (iv) an employee ownership assistance loan made pursuant to paragraph (v) of subdivision fourteen of this section. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • Local development corporation: shall mean a non-profit corporation incorporated or reincorporated under the laws of this state, regardless of its particular name, which shall meet the additional requirements of section eighteen hundred twenty-five of this title. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • lot: means a definite quantity of seed which is identified by a lot number or other mark, and which has been so handled that each portion or container is representative of the whole quantity. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Manufacture: means to grind, mix or blend, or further process a commercial feed for distribution. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Meat: means the edible part of the muscle of cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals which is skeletal or which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart or in the esophagus, with or without the accompanying or overlying fat, and the portions of bone, skin, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissue and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat: means the entire bodies, carcasses or portions thereof of animals or birds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Meat by-product: means any edible part other than meat which has been derived from cattle, swine, sheep, goats, horses and other large domesticated animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat food product: means any product capable of use as human food which is made wholly or in part from any meat or other portion of the carcass of any animal, excepting products which contain meat or other portions of such carcasses only in a relatively small proportion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the meat food industry, and which are exempted from definition as a meat food product by the commissioner under such conditions as he may prescribe to assure that the meat or other portions of such carcasses contained in such product are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as meat food products. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat label: means a display of written, printed, or graphic matter authorized by the provisions of the federal law on a container indicating the meat, meat by-products, or meat food products contained therein have been inspected and passed. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Meat product: means any product which is made or derived wholly or in part from the body, carcass or portions thereof of animals or birds. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • mixed: means seed consisting of more than one kind, each in excess of five percent by weight of the whole. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • mortgage: shall include housing loans as defined below. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 2402
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Mulch: means a protective covering of any suitable substance placed with seed which acts to retain sufficient moisture to support seed germination and sustain early seedling growth and aid in the prevention of the evaporation of soil moisture, the control of weeds, and the prevention of erosion. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Municipality: shall mean any county, town, village, city, school district, board of cooperative educational services, other special district, or any office or agency thereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Municipality: shall mean any county, city, town or village in the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Municipality: means any county, town, city and village. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Office: shall mean the office of community gardens. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • official backtag: means a unique device which, when affixed to cattle, deer, swine or camelid, identifies and distinguishes such animals. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Official sample: means a sample of feed taken by the commissioner or his authorized agent in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred thirty-five-a of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Officially recognized: means recognized and designated by the laws or regulations of any state, the United States, any province of Canada, or the government of any foreign country wherein said seeds were produced, except that if said seeds are produced in New York state, section one hundred forty-one shall govern. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person who harbors or keeps any dog. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Owner of record: means the person in whose name any dog was last licensed pursuant to this article, except that if any license is issued on application of a person under eighteen years of age, the owner of record shall be deemed to be the parent or guardian of such person. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Part: means each portion of a test for which a score is calculated. See
  • Particular eligible premises: means the portion of such particular premises that meets the requirements for eligible premises specified in subdivision (e) of this section. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Particular premises: means all premises occupied by an eligible business within a single building. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • percentage: means the percentage by weight. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • percentage of germination: means the percentage of seeds, other than hard seeds, which are capable of producing normal seedlings under favorable conditions. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Person: means and includes any individual, partnership, association, joint-stock company, corporation, estate or trust, limited liability company, and any combination of the foregoing. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-G
  • Person: means any natural person, partnership, corporation, company, trust, association or other entity, however organized. See
  • Person: means any person, firm, corporation, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, association or other organized group of persons, municipality, or other legal entity. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • person: shall be deemed to include, in addition to those mentioned hereinabove, all the officers, directors and persons having an interest in more than ten percent of the issued and outstanding stock of the owner as herein defined, as holder or beneficial owner thereof, if such person be a corporation other than a banking organization as defined in section two of the banking law, a national banking association, a federal savings and loan association, the mortgage facilities corporation, savings banks life insurance fund, the savings banks retirement system, an authorized insurer as defined in section one hundred seven of the insurance law, or a trust company or other corporation organized under the laws of this state all the capital stock of which is owned by at least twenty savings banks or by at least twenty savings and loan associations or a subsidiary corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by such trust company or other corporation. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 27-2004
  • Person: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • person: shall include any individual, partnership, corporation, company, society, or association. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • person: includes individual, partnership, association, firm or corporation. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Person with a disability: means any person with a disability as that term is defined in subdivision twenty-one of section two hundred ninety-two of the executive law. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Pet: means any domesticated animal normally maintained in or near the household(s) of the owner(s) thereof. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Pet food: means any commercial feed prepared and distributed for consumption by pets. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Pharmacy intern: means a person practicing under a limited permit pursuant to section sixty-eight hundred six of this title. See
  • Physical injury: means impairment of physical condition or substantial pain. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See
  • physician: means a practitioner of medicine licensed to practice medicine pursuant to article one hundred thirty-one of this chapter. See
  • physician assistant: means a person who is licensed as a physician assistant pursuant to this article. See
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plant: shall mean real property, the buildings, improvements and structures thereon and the fixtures thereon other than machinery or equipment used by a project occupant in its operations. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police work dog: means any dog owned or harbored by any state or municipal police department or any state or federal law enforcement agency, which has been trained to aid law enforcement officers and is actually being used for police work purposes. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • population: shall mean the number of people in the particular taxing jurisdiction as shown by the latest federal census. See N.Y. Tax Law 1215
  • poultry: means a domesticated fowl including chickens, turkeys, waterfowl, guinea fowl and game birds commonly used for the production of meat and eggs. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Poultry: means any domesticated bird, whether live or dead. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • poultry dealer: means any person who buys or sells poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Poultry product: means any poultry carcass, or part thereof; or any product which is made wholly or in part from any poultry carcass or part thereof, excepting products which contain poultry ingredients only in a relative small portion or historically have not been considered by consumers as products of the poultry food industry, and which are exempted by the commissioner from definition as a poultry product under such conditions as the commissioner may prescribe to assure that the poultry ingredients in such products are not adulterated and that such products are not represented as poultry products. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Z-21
  • poultry transporter: means any person who transports poultry as a business enterprise. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Principal place of business: means the office location designated by the licensee from which the person directs, controls, and coordinates his or her professional services. See
  • Private law: A private bill enacted into law. Private laws have restricted applicability, often addressing immigration and naturalization issues affecting individuals.
  • Private-placement adoption: shall mean any adoption other than that of a minor who has been placed for adoption by an authorized agency. See
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Processing: means any method whereby meat or meat products derived from animals are cut, boned, mixed, blended, canned, cured or otherwise prepared for purposes other than for human consumption. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Product name: means the name of the commmercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class, or specific use. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • Project: shall mean (i) the construction of a new industrial or manufacturing plant, a new research and development building or other new eligible business facility, (ii) the acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement of a former or existing industrial or manufacturing plant, of a former or existing building to be used for research and development, of a former or existing other eligible business facility, (iii) the construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement of pollution control facilities, (iv) the purchase of machinery and equipment, for which financial assistance from the authority is sought, or (v) assistance to employees under an employee ownership assistance loan agreement made pursuant to subtitle six of this title; provided, however, that any such plant, building, facility or machinery and equipment therefore shall not be primarily used in making retail sales of goods or services to customers who personally visit such facilities to obtain such goods or services, or used primarily as a hotel, apartment house or other place of business which furnishes dwelling space or accommodations to either residents or transients. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Project cost: shall mean the aggregate costs incurred to finance the construction, acquisition, rehabilitation, or improvement of a project, and which are determined by the authority to be or to have been reasonably necessary therefor, including, without intending thereby to limit the generality of such costs: the cost of acquiring real property therefor; the cost of constructing or reconstructing buildings and improvements thereon, including, to the extent such costs are not borne by the municipality or other taxing district within which the project is located, the cost of constructing means of access to and from such project; the cost of constructing extensions to the project site of existing utility systems if such costs are customarily borne by the consumer; insurance premiums, financing charges, interest costs, commitment fees and the like incurred prior to or during the period of construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement; any fees or charges imposed by the authority in respect of an application for a mortgage loan; the cost of preparing project specifications, maps, plans, surveys, estimates, applications and other documents, including costs related to determination of the feasibility of the project in the planning stages; and all such other costs, charges, fees, and expenses, including labor costs, overhead costs, the costs of materials and supplies, and engineering, accounting and legal expenses, as may be reasonably incident to the construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement of the project; provided, however, that the term "project

    cost" except when used in subtitle III of this title shall not include the cost of any machinery or equipment (other than fixtures) or personal property to be used by the project occupant in its operations or any expenses related to the installation, replacement or rehabilitation thereof. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • Project occupant: shall mean the business enterprise which proposes to use a project after construction, acquisition, rehabilitation or improvement. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Pure seed: means agricultural, vegetable, flower, tree, or shrub seeds exclusive of inert matter, weed seeds, and all other seeds distinguishable from the kinds, or kinds and varieties being considered. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Registrant: means any person who has registered a commercial feed manufacturing facility or brand of pet food or specialty pet food pursuant to the provisions of section one hundred twenty-nine of this article. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • registration number: means the number assigned to and that identifies a particular domestic animal, which number and the identifying characteristics of such domestic animal are set forth in a registry maintained by a breed association recognized by the department. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Relocate: means to transfer pre-existing business operations to premises that are or will become eligible premises in accordance with subdivision (e) of this section, or to establish new business operations at such premises, provided that an eligible business shall not be deemed to have relocated unless at least one employee, partner or sole proprietor of the eligible business is transferred to such premises from pre-existing business operations conducted outside the eligible area. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Rendering: means the method by which animal bodies, carcasses or portions thereof, and meat or meat product are melted down and the fat or grease extracted therefrom. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Respondent: shall mean a person accused of a violation who has entered an institution's judicial or conduct process. See
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail activity: means any activity which consists predominantly of the sale, other than through the mail or by the telephone or by means of the internet, of tangible personal property to any person, for any purpose unrelated to the trade or business of such person, or which consists predominantly of the selling of services to individuals which generally involve the physical, mental and/or spiritual care of such individuals, or the physical care of the personal property of any person unrelated to the trade or business of such person, or which consists predominantly of the provision of retail banking services. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Revitalization area: means any area of a city having a population of one million or more, provided that in the city of New York a revitalization area shall mean any district that is zoned C4, C5, C6, M1, M2 or M3 in accordance with the zoning resolution of such city in any area such city except the area lying south of the center line of 96th Street in the borough of Manhattan. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • seed: means botanical structures used for planting purposes and commonly referred to as "seed" within this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Serious physical injury: means physical injury which creates a substantial risk of death, or which causes death or serious or protracted disfigurement, protracted impairment of health or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily organ. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Service dog: means any dog that has been or is being individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of a person with a disability. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sheep: means any member of the genus ovis. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • Small business: means a business which is independently owned and operated, and which is not dominant in the field of operation. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1695
  • specialist assistant: means a person who is registered pursuant to this article as a specialist assistant for a particular medical specialty as defined by regulations promulgated by the commissioner of health pursuant to section thirty-seven hundred eleven of the public health law. See
  • Specialty pet: means any domesticated pet normally maintained in a cage or tank, such as, but not limited to, gerbils, hamsters, canaries, psittacine birds, mynahs, finches, tropical fish, goldfish, snakes and turtles. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 128
  • State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U. See
  • State: shall mean the state of New York. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801
  • State agency: shall mean any department, bureau, commission, board, public authority or other agency of the state, including any public benefit corporation of which any member of whose board is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • State agency: shall mean any officer, department, board, commission,

    bureau, division, public corporation, agency or instrumentality of the state. See N.Y. Public Authorities Law 1801

  • State university health care facility: shall mean a hospital, as defined in section twenty-eight hundred one of the public health law, operated by the state university, or a clinic, as defined in subdivision six of this section, of a state university health sciences center at Brooklyn, Buffalo, Stony Brook and Syracuse, or the College of Optometry. See
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surrogate: shall mean the surrogate of any county in the state and any other judicial officer while acting in the capacity of surrogate. See
  • swine: means the entire super family of suidoidae, both feral and domestic. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 90-B
  • test: means any test that is given in New York at the expense of the test subject and designed for use and used in the process of selection for post-secondary or professional school admissions. See
  • Test agency: means any organization, association, corporation, partnership, or individual or person that develops, sponsors or administers a test. See
  • Test form: means the test booklet or instrument used for each part of each test. See
  • Test subject: means an individual to whom a test is administered. See
  • Test year: means the twelve-month period commencing September first during which the test agency administers a particular test. See
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Therapy dog: means any dog that is trained to aid the emotional and physical health of patients in hospitals, nursing homes, retirement homes and other settings and is actually used for such purpose, or any dog during the period such dog is being trained or bred for such purpose, and does not qualify under federal or state law or regulations as a service dog. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108
  • Title IX Coordinator: shall mean the Title IX Coordinator and/or his or her designee or designees. See
  • ton: means a net weight of two thousand pounds avoirdupois. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 143
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Total attributed eligible aggregate employment shares: means , for any relocation, the sum of the number of eligible aggregate employment shares apportioned to such relocation pursuant to paragraph one of this subdivision, less any excess shares determined with respect to such relocation pursuant to paragraph two of this subdivision, plus any excess shares attributed to such relocation pursuant to paragraph three of this subdivision. See N.Y. General City Law 25-Y
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transportation service: means the operation within the state of a vehicle or vehicles by a person not otherwise licensed to operate a disposal plant, for the purpose of transporting for hire unprocessed animal bodies, carcasses or portions thereof, and meat or meat products which are not intended for eventual use for human consumption. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • treated: means that the seed has received an effective application of an approved substance or method designed to control or repel plant disease organisms, insects, or other pests; or has received some other treatment to improve its planting value. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University centers: shall mean the university centers at Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo and Stony Brook. See
  • Use: shall mean to avail oneself of or to employ without conveyance of title gardens on vacant public lands by any individual or organization. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Vacant public land: shall mean any land owned by the state or a public corporation including a municipality that is not in use for a public purpose, is otherwise unoccupied, idle or not being actively utilized for a period of at least six months and is suitable for garden use. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 31-G
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • variety: means a subdivision of a kind characterized by growth, yield, disease resistance, plant, flower, fruit, seed or other characteristics by which it may be differentiated under certain conditions from other plants of the same kind. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • vegetable seeds: includes seeds of those food crops which are grown in gardens and on truck farms and are generally known and sold under the name of vegetable or herb seeds in this state. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 136
  • Vehicle: means a conveyance or any piece of equipment whatsoever used in transportation service. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 96-Y
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • War dog: means any dog which has been honorably discharged from the United States armed services. See N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law 108