|Title 1||County Services to Cities and Towns|
|Title 2||Counties Having Power to Assess Property for Tax Purposes|
|Title 3||State Services to Counties, Cities, Towns and Villages|
|Title 4||Application of Article; Adoption of Local Laws|
Terms Used In New York Laws > Real Property Tax > Article 15-A
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Borrower: shall mean a student attending a covered institution in this state, or a parent or person in parental relation to such student, who also obtains an educational loan from a lending institution to pay for or finance higher education expenses. See N.Y. Education Law 620
- Commercial driver: shall mean every person who is self-employed or employed by a commercial motor carrier and who drives a commercial motor vehicle for hire or profit. See N.Y. Vehicle and Traffic Law 509-P
- Commercial motor carrier: shall mean any person, corporation, or entity, who directs one or more commercial motor vehicles and who operates a commercial motor vehicle wholly within or partly within and partly without this state in connection with the operation or administration of any business. See N.Y. Vehicle and Traffic Law 509-P
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Covered institution employee: shall mean any employee, agent, contractor, director, officer or trustee of a covered institution. See N.Y. Education Law 620
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Educational loan: shall mean any loan that is made, insured, or guaranteed under Part B of Title IV of the Federal Higher Education Act of nineteen hundred sixty-five, as amended, any high risk loan or any private loan issued by a lending institution for the purposes of paying for or financing higher education expenses. See N.Y. Education Law 620
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- GVWR: shall mean the weight of a vehicle consisting of the unladen weight and the maximum carrying capacity recommended by the manufacturer of such vehicle. See N.Y. Vehicle and Traffic Law 509-P
- Higher education expenses: shall include the following:
a. See N.Y. Education Law 620
- Lending institution: shall mean :
a. See N.Y. Education Law 620
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Motel or hotel: shall mean establishments distinguished as hotels, motels, bungalow colonies, or any other establishment comparable or equivalent to any of those previously mentioned. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1399-J
- Officer: shall mean the commissioner, the health commissioner of a city with a population of over fifty thousand, the health commissioner of a county or part-county health district, the state district health officer, in whose jurisdiction a children's overnight camp, summer day camp, or the primary inclement weather facility of the children's traveling summer day camp is located, or if there be no such facility then the state district health officer in whose jurisdiction the central office is located, any county health director having all the powers and duties prescribed in section three hundred fifty-two of this chapter, the state district sanitary engineer or a grade one public health administrator qualified and appointed pursuant to part eleven of the sanitary code and serving as primary administrator of all health programs in a county or part-county health district. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1392
- Officer: shall mean the health commissioner of a city of fifty thousand population and over or of a county or part-county health district, or the state district health officer, in whose jurisdiction a hotel or motel is located or any county health director having all the powers and duties prescribed in section three hundred fifty-two of this chapter. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1399-J
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summer day camp: shall mean a property consisting of a tract of land and any tents, vehicles, buildings or other structures that may be pertinent to its use, any part of which may be occupied on a scheduled basis at any time between June first and September fifteenth in any year by children under sixteen years of age under general supervision, for the purpose of indoor or outdoor organized group activities, involving nonpassive recreational activities with significant risk of injury, as such activities are defined by the department in rules and regulations, for a period of less than twenty-four hours on any day the property is so occupied, and on which no provisions are made for overnight occupancy by such children. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1392
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Traveling summer day camp: shall mean a summer day camp which regularly operates in the period between May fifteenth and September fifteenth and which regularly transports children under the age of sixteen on a regular schedule to a facility, site, or property, including any tract of land, beach, park, stadium, building, tents or other structures pertinent to its use and primarily for the purposes of organized group activity. See N.Y. Public Health Law 1392
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
- Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC