Title 1 General Provisions
Title 2 Residential Programs for Adults
Title 3 Residential Programs for Children
Title 4 Registry of Community Residential Facilities

Terms Used In New York Laws > Social Services > Article 7

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agreements: shall mean continuing care at home or continuing care retirement contracts as defined in this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Business income: when used in this chapter shall mean unincorporated business entire net income minus investment income. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • certificate of authority: shall mean an authorization in writing, approved by the council and issued by the commissioner, for an operator to operate a continuing care retirement community and to enter into continuing care retirement contracts and continuing care at home contracts pertaining to such community. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Commissioner: shall mean the commissioner of health. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Commissioner of finance: when used in this chapter shall mean the commissioner of finance of the city. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • community: shall mean a facility or facilities established to provide a comprehensive, cohesive living arrangement for the elderly, oriented to the enhancement of the quality of life and which, pursuant to a contract, at a minimum:

    a. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • continuing care at home contract: shall mean a single contract to provide a person the services provided by a continuing care retirement community. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Council: shall mean the continuing care retirement community council, established pursuant to section forty-six hundred two of this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department of finance: when used in this chapter shall mean the department of finance of the city. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entrance fee: shall mean an initial or deferred transfer to an operator of a sum of money, made or promised to be made by a person or persons entering into a continuing care retirement contract or continuing care at home contract, for the purpose of ensuring services pursuant to such a contract. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Facility: shall mean any place in which an operator undertakes to provide a resident with the services of a continuing care retirement community, pursuant to a contract, whether such place is constructed, owned, leased, rented, or otherwise contracted for by the operator. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Home resident: shall mean a continuing care at home contract holder who resides in a private residence off of the continuing care retirement community campus. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Life care contract: shall mean a single continuing care retirement contract or a continuing care at home contract to provide a person, for the duration of such person's life, the services provided by the continuing care retirement community, which services shall include unlimited services of the affiliated community's nursing facility or affiliated nursing home. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Living unit: shall mean an apartment, room, cottage, or other area within a community set aside for the exclusive use of one or more residents, or in the case of a continuing care at home contract, the contract holder's private residence. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Majority leader: see Floor Leaders
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Monthly care fee: shall mean the monthly cost to a resident for prepayment of any services, including rent, rendered pursuant to a contract, exclusive of entrance fees or other prepayments, and any other regular periodic charges to the resident, determined on a monthly basis, pursuant to the provisions of a contract. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Operator: shall mean a legal entity operating a continuing care retirement community pursuant to a certificate of authority. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Organ: means a human kidney, heart, heart valve, lung, pancreas, liver or any other organ designated by the commissioner in regulation in consultation with the transplant council. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4360
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Priority reservation agreement: shall mean a cancelable agreement between a prospective continuing care retirement community applicant, an applicant for a certificate of authority or an operator and a prospective resident, for the purpose of evaluating market demand for a proposed continuing care retirement community and for the purpose of

    guaranteeing to prospective residents an opportunity for priority placement in a continuing care retirement community, under which the prospective resident will pay a refundable priority reservation fee. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601

  • Priority reservation fee: shall mean the refundable sum of money paid by a prospective resident for deposit with the escrow agent for a prospective continuing care retirement community applicant, an applicant for a certificate of authority or an operator pursuant to a priority reservation agreement. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • procurement organization: means a person, facility, or institution engaged in procuring organs for transplantation or therapy purposes, but does not include (a) facilities or institutions which permit procurement activities to be conducted on their premises by employees or agents of an approved organ procurement organization, or (b) facilities or consortia of facilities which conduct transplantation activities in accordance with article twenty-eight of this chapter when the organ is procured through an approved organ procurement organization, licensed bank or storage facility, or a living donor. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4360
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Resident: shall mean any person who, pursuant to a continuing care retirement contract or continuing care at home contract, is entitled to reside in and/or receive services from a continuing care retirement community. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Residential health care demonstration facility: shall mean a residential health care facility containing up to sixty beds, within the defined geographical boundary of each health systems agency established under the provisions of subdivision (c) of section twenty-nine hundred four of this chapter, provided that such residential health care facility is an integrated part of a comprehensive system of residential and support services for the elderly, providing either directly or through one or more affiliated entities, prior to the effective date of this subdivision, on or adjacent to the site of the proposed residential health care facility, independent living units, an adult care facility as defined in section two of the social services law and a range of health care and social services, which may include home health care, counselling, case management and information and referral. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Service area: means the geographic area of service approved by the secretary of health and human services, or, in the absence of such approval, by the department. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4360
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Social services: shall mean those services which may include, but not be limited to counseling, case management, and information and referral. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • state: when used in this chapter shall mean the state of New York. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • storage facility: means any person or facility, which procures, stores or arranges for the storage of (a) non-transplant organs, or (b) tissue for transplantation, therapy, education, research, or fertilization purposes, including autologous procedures. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4360
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Superintendent: shall mean the superintendent of financial services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4601
  • Tax appeals tribunal: when used in this chapter shall mean the tax appeals tribunal established by section one hundred sixty-eight of the charter. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 11-501
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tissue: means a human eye, skin, bone, bone marrow, heart valve, spermatozoon, ova, artery, vein, tendon, ligament, pituitary gland or a fluid other than blood or a blood derivative. See N.Y. Public Health Law 4360
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.