(1) Unless otherwise specified, the terms used in this article have the same meaning as those terms defined in 49 C.F.R. 40.3.

(2) For purposes of this article, "employer" includes all motor carriers or employers who employ drivers who operate commercial motor vehicles and who are required to have a drug and alcohol testing program pursuant to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, 49 C.F.R. 382, or to a consortium to which the carrier or employer belongs and consortiums or third party administrators who perform drug and alcohol testing services pursuant to 49 C.F.R. 382 for an owner-operator.

(3) For purposes of this article, "employee" includes a person holding a resident or nonresident commercial motor vehicle driver’s license employed by an employer described in subsection (2) who performs a safety sensitive function, or an owner-operator subject to testing by a consortium or third party administrator who performs drug and alcohol testing services pursuant to 49 C.F.R. 382.

(4) For purposes of this article, "applicant" means a person holding a resident or nonresident commercial motor vehicle driver’s license seeking employment with an employer described in subsection (2) who will perform a safety sensitive function as part of his employment.