Part 1 General Provisions 11-14-101 – 11-14-103
Part 2 Bond Elections 11-14-201 – 11-14-208
Part 3 Issuance of Bonds 11-14-301 – 11-14-318
Part 4 Miscellaneous Provisions 11-14-401 – 11-14-406
Part 5 Government Security Interests 11-14-501

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 11 > Chapter 14

  • Account: means the Pawnbroker and Secondhand Merchandise Operations Restricted Account created in Section 13-32a-113. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Adjudicative proceeding: means :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Award: means a final order of the commission as to the amount of compensation due:
    (i) an injured employee; or
    (ii) a dependent of a deceased employee. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Board: means the Secondhand Merchandise Advisory Board created by this chapter. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Child: includes :
    (i) a posthumous child; or
    (ii) a child legally adopted prior to an injury. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Coin: means a piece of currency, usually metallic and usually in the shape of a disc that is:
    (a) stamped metal, and issued by a government as monetary currency; or
    (b) 
    (i) worth more than its current value as currency; and
    (ii) worth more than its metal content value. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Coin dealer: means a person or business whose sole business activity is the selling and purchasing of coins and precious metals. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Commission: means the Labor Commission created in Section 34A-1-103. See Utah Code 34A-1-102
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the commission appointed under Section 34A-1-201. See Utah Code 34A-1-102
  • Compensation: means the payments and benefits provided for in this chapter or Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Customer: means a person that:
    (a) causes a molder to fabricate, cast, or otherwise make a mold; or
    (b) provides a molder with a mold to make a product for the customer. See Utah Code 13-31-102
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • database: means the electronic database created and operated under Section 13-32a-105. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Decision: includes :
    (A) an award or denial of a medical, disability, death, or other related benefit under this chapter or Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act; or
    (B) another adjudicative ruling in accordance with this chapter or Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Director: means the director of the division, unless the context requires otherwise. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Disability: means an administrative determination that may result in an entitlement to compensation as a consequence of becoming medically impaired as to function. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Division: means the Division of Industrial Accidents. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Protection in Chapter 1, Department of Commerce. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Highway: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Identification: means a valid United States federal or state-issued photo personal identification, including a United States passport, a United States passport card, United States military personal identification, and a driver license. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Impairment: is a purely medical condition reflecting an anatomical or functional abnormality or loss. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Local law enforcement agency: means the law enforcement agency that has direct responsibility for ensuring compliance with central database reporting requirements for the jurisdiction where the pawnshop or secondhand business is located. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mold: includes a die, form, or pattern. See Utah Code 13-31-102
  • Molder: includes a tool or die maker. See Utah Code 13-31-102
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Municipal: means of or relating to a municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Municipality: means :
    (a) a city of the first class, city of the second class, city of the third class, city of the fourth class, city of the fifth class;
    (b) a town, as classified in Section 10-2-301; or
    (c) a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Oath: includes "affirmation. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Order: means an action of the commission that determines the legal rights, duties, privileges, immunities, or other interests of one or more specific persons, but not a class of persons. See Utah Code 34A-2-102
  • Original victim: means a victim who is not a party to the pawn or sale transaction and includes:
    (a) an authorized representative designated in writing by the original victim; and
    (b) an insurer who has indemnified the original victim for the loss of the described property. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Pawn and secondhand business: means any business operated by a pawnbroker or secondhand merchandise dealer, or the owner or operator of the business. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Pawn transaction: means an extension of credit in which an individual delivers property to a pawnbroker for an advance of money and retains the right to redeem the property for the redemption price within a fixed period of time. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Pawnbroker: means a person whose business engages in the following activities:
    (a) loans money on one or more deposits of personal property;
    (b) deals in the purchase, exchange, or possession of personal property on condition of selling the same property back again to the pledgor or depositor;
    (c) loans or advances money on personal property by taking chattel mortgage security on the property and takes or receives the personal property into his possession, and who sells the unredeemed pledges;
    (d) deals in the purchase, exchange, or sale of used or secondhand merchandise or personal property; or
    (e) engages in a licensed business enterprise as a pawnshop. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Pawnshop: means the physical location or premises where a pawnbroker conducts business. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Person: means :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association, trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Personal property: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Pledgor: means a person who conducts a pawn transaction with a pawnshop. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • precious metals: means ingots, monetized bullion, art bars, medallions, medals, tokens, and currency that are marked by the refiner or fabricator indicating their fineness and include:
    (a) . See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Professional corporation: means a corporation organized under this chapter. See Utah Code 13-14-308
  • Professional service: means the personal service rendered by:
    (a) a physician, surgeon, or doctor of medicine holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of medicine;
    (b) a doctor of dentistry holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 69, Dentist and Dental Hygienist Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of dentistry;
    (c) an osteopathic physician or surgeon holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of osteopathy;
    (d) a chiropractor holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 73, Chiropractic Physician Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of chiropractics;
    (e) a podiatric physician holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 5a, Podiatric Physician Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of podiatry;
    (f) an optometrist holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 16a, Utah Optometry Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of optometry;
    (g) a veterinarian holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 28, Veterinary Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of veterinary medicine;
    (h) an architect holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 3a, Architects Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of architecture;
    (i) a public accountant holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 26a, Certified Public Accountant Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of public accounting;
    (j) a naturopath holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 71, Naturopathic Physician Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of naturopathy;
    (k) a pharmacist holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 17b, Pharmacy Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of pharmacy;
    (l) an attorney granted the authority to practice law by:
    (i) the Utah Supreme Court; or
    (ii) the Supreme Court, other court, agency, instrumentality, or regulating board that licenses or regulates the authority to practice law in any state or territory of the United States other than Utah;
    (m) a professional engineer registered under Title 58, Chapter 22, Professional Engineers and Professional Land Surveyors Licensing Act;
    (n) a principal broker, associate broker, or sales agent holding a license under Title 61, Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the selling, exchanging, purchasing, renting, or leasing of real estate;
    (o) a psychologist holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 61, Psychologist Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of psychology;
    (p) a clinical or certified social worker holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 60, Part 2, Social Worker Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of social work;
    (q) a physical therapist holding a license under Title 58, Chapter 24b, Physical Therapy Practice Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of physical therapy;
    (r) a nurse licensed under Title 58, Chapter 31b, Nurse Practice Act, or Title 58, Chapter 44a, Nurse Midwife Practice Act;
    (s) a landscape architect licensed under Title 58, Chapter 53, Landscape Architects Licensing Act, and any subsequent laws regulating landscape architects; or
    (t) an individual licensed, certified, or registered under Title 61, Chapter 2g, Real Estate Appraiser Licensing and Certification Act, and any subsequent laws regulating the practice of appraising real estate. See Utah Code 13-14-308
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Property: means any tangible personal property. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Register: means the record of information required under this chapter to be maintained by pawn and secondhand businesses. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Regulating board: means the board that is charged with the licensing and regulation of the practice of the profession which the professional corporation is organized to render. See Utah Code 13-14-308
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Road: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Scrap jewelry: means any item purchased solely:
    (a) for its gold, silver, or platinum content; and
    (b) for the purpose of reuse of the metal content. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Secondhand merchandise dealer: means an owner or operator of a business that:
    (i) deals in the purchase, exchange, or sale of used or secondhand merchandise or personal property; and
    (ii) does not function as a pawnbroker. See Utah Code 11-14-306
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Utah Code: means the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code, as amended, unless the text expressly references a portion of the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code as it existed:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vessel: when used with reference to shipping, includes a steamboat, canal boat, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
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