§ 11-27-1 Short title — Recital of authority required on face of bonds
§ 11-27-2 Definitions
§ 11-27-2 v2 Definitions
§ 11-27-3 Action by resolution of governing body — Purposes for bond issue — Exchange or sale — Interest rate limitations inapplicable — Principal amount — Investment of proceeds — Safekeeping and application of proceeds — Computing indebtedness — Payment o
§ 11-27-3.5 Tax levy to pay state refunding bonds — Sinking fund — Payments — Abatement of tax — Investment of fund — Interest rates on bonds — Security for bonds
§ 11-27-4 Publication of resolution — Notice of bond issue — Contest of resolution or proceeding
§ 11-27-5 Negotiability of bonds — Intent and construction of chapter — Budget for payment of bonds — Proceedings limited to those required by chapter — No election required — Application of chapter
§ 11-27-6 Bonds and interest exempt from taxation except corporate franchise tax
§ 11-27-7 Chapter inapplicable to anticipation bonds and obligations
§ 11-27-8 Chapter controlling in conflict of laws
§ 11-27-9 Prerequisites to issuance of state general obligation refunding bonds
§ 11-27-10 Legal investment status of refunding bonds

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 11 > Chapter 27

  • Adjudicative proceeding: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Advance refunding bonds: means refunding bonds issued for the purpose of refunding outstanding bonds in advance of their maturity. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory committee: means the committee that proposes to the Supreme Court rules or changes in rules related to:
    (a) civil procedure;
    (b) criminal procedure;
    (c) juvenile procedure;
    (d) appellate procedure;
    (e) evidence; and
    (f) professional conduct. See Utah Code 36-32-102
  • Agency: means a board, commission, institution, department, division, officer, council, office, committee, bureau, or other administrative unit of the state, including the agency head, agency employees, or other persons acting on behalf of or under the authority of the agency head, the Legislature, the courts, or the governor, but does not mean a political subdivision of the state, or any administrative unit of a political subdivision of the state. See Utah Code 63A-1-103
  • Aggregate daily expenditures: means :
    (a) for a single lobbyist, principal, or government officer, the total of all expenditures made within a calendar day by the lobbyist, principal, or government officer for the benefit of an individual public official;
    (b) for an expenditure made by a member of a lobbyist group, the total of all expenditures made within a calendar day by every member of the lobbyist group for the benefit of an individual public official; or
    (c) for a multiclient lobbyist, the total of all expenditures made by the multiclient lobbyist within a calendar day for the benefit of an individual public official, regardless of whether the expenditures were attributed to different clients. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Aggregate daily expenditures: means :
    (a) for a single lobbyist, principal, or government officer, the total of all expenditures made within a calendar day by the lobbyist, principal, or government officer for the benefit of an individual local official or education official;
    (b) for an expenditure made by a member of a lobbyist group, the total of all expenditures made within a calendar day by every member of the lobbyist group for the benefit of an individual local official or education official; or
    (c) for a multiclient lobbyist, the total of all expenditures made by the multiclient lobbyist within a calendar day for the benefit of an individual local official or education official, regardless of whether the expenditures were attributed to different clients. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Alternate means: means a method of filing a legible and complete notice or other document with the registry other than electronically, as established by the division by rule. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Anticipated improvement: means the improvement:
    (a) for which preconstruction service is performed; and
    (b) that is anticipated to follow the performing of preconstruction service. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicable county recorder: means the office of the recorder of each county in which any part of the property on which a claimant claims or intends to claim a preconstruction or construction lien is located. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Appointed officer: means any person appointed to any statutory office or position or any other person appointed to any position of employment with a city or with a community reinvestment agency under Title 17C, Limited Purpose Local Government Entities - Community Reinvestment Agency Act. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved activity: means an event, a tour, or a meeting:
    (a) 
    (i) to which a legislator or another nonexecutive branch public official is invited; and
    (ii) attendance at which is approved by:
    (A) the speaker of the House of Representatives, if the public official is a member of the House of Representatives or another nonexecutive branch public official; or
    (B) the president of the Senate, if the public official is a member of the Senate or another nonexecutive branch public official; or
    (b) 
    (i) to which a public official who holds a position in the executive branch of state government is invited; and
    (ii) attendance at which is approved by the governor or the lieutenant governor. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Assessments: means a special tax levied against property within a special improvement district to pay all or a portion of the costs of making improvements in the district. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board of education: means :
    (a) a local school board described in Title 53G, Chapter 4, School Districts;
    (b) the State Board of Education;
    (c) the State Charter School Board created under Section 53G-5-201; or
    (d) a charter school governing board described in Title 53G, Chapter 5, Charter Schools. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Bona fide loan: means a loan to an owner or owner-builder by a lender in which the owner or owner-builder has no financial or beneficial interest greater than 5% of the voting shares or other ownership interest. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Bond: means any revenue bond, general obligation bond, tax increment bond, special improvement bond, local building authority bond, or refunding bond. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Business entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, association, joint venture, corporation, firm, trust, foundation, or other organization or entity used in carrying on a business. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Capitol hill complex: means the same as that term is defined in Section 63C-9-102. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • City: includes , depending on population, a metro township as defined in Section 10-3c-102. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Claimant: means a person entitled to claim a preconstruction or construction lien. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Committee: means the Judicial Rules Review Committee created in Section 36-32-201. See Utah Code 36-32-102
  • Compensation: includes :
    (i) a salary or commission;
    (ii) a bonus;
    (iii) a benefit;
    (iv) a contribution to a retirement program or account;
    (v) a payment includable in gross income, as defined in Section 62, Internal Revenue Code, and subject to Social Security deductions, including a payment in excess of the maximum amount subject to deduction under Social Security law;
    (vi) an amount that the individual authorizes to be deducted or reduced for salary deferral or other benefits authorized by federal law; or
    (vii) income based on an individual's ownership interest. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Compensation: includes :
    (i) a salary or commission;
    (ii) a bonus;
    (iii) a benefit;
    (iv) a contribution to a retirement program or account;
    (v) a payment includable in gross income, as defined in Section 62, Internal Revenue Code, and subject to social security deductions, including a payment in excess of the maximum amount subject to deduction under social security law;
    (vi) an amount that the individual authorizes to be deducted or reduced for salary deferral or other benefits authorized by federal law; or
    (vii) income based on an individual's ownership interest. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Compensation: means the payment of money for a service rendered or an expense incurred, whether based on:
    (a) time and expense, lump sum, stipulated sum, percentage of cost, cost plus fixed or percentage fee, or commission; or
    (b) a combination of the bases listed in Subsection (6)(a). See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Compensation: means anything of economic value, however designated, which is paid, loaned, granted, given, donated, or transferred to any person or business entity by anyone other than the governmental employer for or in consideration of personal services, materials, property, or any other thing whatsoever. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Compensation payor: means a person who pays compensation to a public official in the ordinary course of business:
    (a) because of the public official's ownership interest in the compensation payor; or
    (b) for services rendered by the public official on behalf of the compensation payor. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Compensation payor: means a person who pays compensation to a local official or education official in the ordinary course of business:
    (a) because of the local official's or education official's ownership interest in the compensation payor; or
    (b) for services rendered by the local official or education official on behalf of the compensation payor. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Construction lender: means a person who makes a construction loan. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Construction lien: means a lien under this chapter for construction work. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Construction project: means an improvement that is constructed pursuant to an original contract. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Contestable notice: means a notice of preconstruction service under Section 38-1a-401, a preliminary notice under Section 38-1a-501, or a notice of completion under Section 38-1a-506. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Contesting person: means an owner, original contractor, subcontractor, or other interested person. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council-mayor form of government: means the form of municipal government that:
    (a) 
    (i) is provided for in Laws of Utah 1977, Chapter 48;
    (ii) may not be adopted without voter approval; and
    (iii) consists of two separate, independent, and equal branches of municipal government; and
    (b) on and after May 5, 2008, is described in Part 2, Council-Mayor Form of Municipal Government. See Utah Code 10-3b-102
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County legislative body: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Court rule: means any of the following:
    (a) rules of procedure, evidence, or practice for use of the courts of this state;
    (b) rules governing and managing the appellate process adopted by the Supreme Court; or
    (c) rules adopted by the Judicial Council for the administration of the courts of the state. See Utah Code 36-32-102
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Administrative Services. See Utah Code 63A-1-103
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Designated agent: means the third party the division contracts with as provided in Section 38-1a-202 to create and maintain the registry. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Division: means the Division of Occupational and Professional Licensing created in Section 58-1-103. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Education action: means :
    (a) a resolution, policy, or other official action for consideration by a board of education;
    (b) a nomination or appointment by an education official or a board of education;
    (c) an administrative action taken by a vote of a board of education;
    (d) an adjudicative proceeding over which an education official has direct or indirect control;
    (e) a purchasing or contracting decision;
    (f) drafting or making a policy, resolution, or rule;
    (g) determining a rate or fee; or
    (h) making an adjudicative decision. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Education official: means :
    (a) a member of a board of education;
    (b) an individual appointed to or employed in a position under a board of education if that individual:
    (i) occupies a policymaking position or makes purchasing or contracting decisions;
    (ii) drafts resolutions or policies or drafts or makes rules;
    (iii) determines rates or fees; or
    (iv) makes adjudicative decisions; or
    (c) an immediate family member of an individual described in Subsection (6)(a) or (b). See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Elected officer: means a person:
    (a) elected or appointed to the office of mayor, commissioner, or council member; or
    (b) who is considered to be elected to the office of mayor, commissioner, or council member by a municipal legislative body in accordance with Section 20A-1-206. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Entry number: means the reference number that:
    (a) the designated agent assigns to each notice or other document filed with the registry; and
    (b) is unique for each notice or other document. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Event: means entertainment, a performance, a contest, or a recreational activity that an individual participates in or is a spectator at, including a sporting event, an artistic event, a play, a movie, dancing, or singing. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Event: means entertainment, a performance, a contest, or a recreational activity that an individual participates in or is a spectator at, including a sporting event, an artistic event, a play, a movie, dancing, or singing. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive action: means :
    (a) a nomination or appointment by the governor;
    (b) the proposal, drafting, amendment, enactment, or defeat by a state agency of a rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act;
    (c) agency ratemaking proceedings; or
    (d) an adjudicative proceeding of a state agency. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Executive director: means the executive director of the Department of Administrative Services. See Utah Code 63A-1-103
  • Expenditure: means any of the items listed in this Subsection (8)(a) when given to or for the benefit of a public official unless consideration of equal or greater value is received:
    (i) a purchase, payment, or distribution;
    (ii) a loan, gift, or advance;
    (iii) a deposit, subscription, or forbearance;
    (iv) services or goods;
    (v) money;
    (vi) real property;
    (vii) a ticket or admission to an event; or
    (viii) a contract, promise, or agreement, whether or not legally enforceable, to provide any item listed in Subsections (8)(a)(i) through (vii). See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Expenditure: means any of the items listed in this Subsection (8)(a) when given to or for the benefit of a local official or education official unless consideration of equal or greater value is received:
    (i) a purchase, payment, or distribution;
    (ii) a loan, gift, or advance;
    (iii) a deposit, subscription, or forbearance;
    (iv) services or goods;
    (v) money;
    (vi) real property;
    (vii) a ticket or admission to an event; or
    (viii) a contract, promise, or agreement, whether or not legally enforceable, to provide any item listed in Subsections (8)(a)(i) through (vii). See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Final completion: means :
    (a) the date of issuance of a permanent certificate of occupancy by the local government entity having jurisdiction over the construction project, if a permanent certificate of occupancy is required;
    (b) the date of the final inspection of the construction work by the local government entity having jurisdiction over the construction project, if an inspection is required under a state-adopted building code applicable to the construction work, but no certificate of occupancy is required;
    (c) unless the owner is holding payment to ensure completion of construction work, the date on which there remains no substantial work to be completed to finish the construction work under the original contract, if a certificate of occupancy is not required and a final inspection is not required under an applicable state-adopted building code; or
    (d) the last date on which substantial work was performed under the original contract, if, because the original contract is terminated before completion of the construction work defined by the original contract, the local government entity having jurisdiction over the construction project does not issue a certificate of occupancy or perform a final inspection. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Final lien waiver: means a form that complies with Subsection 38-1a-802(4)(c). See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • First preliminary notice filing: means a preliminary notice that:
    (a) is the earliest preliminary notice filed on the construction project for which the preliminary notice is filed;
    (b) is filed on a construction project that, at the time the preliminary notice is filed, has not reached final completion; and
    (c) is not cancelled under Section 38-1a-307. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Five-member council form of government: means the form of municipal government described in Part 4, Five-Member Council Form of Municipal Government. See Utah Code 10-3b-102
  • Food reimbursement rate: means the total amount set by the director of the Division of Finance, by rule, under Section 63A-3-107, for in-state meal reimbursement, for an employee of the executive branch, for an entire day. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Food reimbursement rate: means the total amount set by the director of the Division of Finance, by rule, under Section 63A-3-107, for in-state meal reimbursement, for an employee of the executive branch, for an entire day. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing body: means the council, commission, county legislative body, board of directors, board of trustees, board of education, board of regents, or other legislative body of a public body designated in this chapter that is vested with the legislative powers of the public body, and, with respect to the state, the State Bonding Commission created by Section 63B-1-201. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Government obligations: means :
    (a) direct obligations of the United States of America, or other securities, the principal of and interest on which are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America; or
    (b) obligations of any state, territory, or possession of the United States, or of any of the political subdivisions of any state, territory, or possession of the United States, or of the District of Columbia described in Section 103(a), Internal Revenue Code of 1986. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Government officer: means :
    (i) an individual elected to a position in state or local government, when acting within the government officer's official capacity; or
    (ii) an individual appointed to or employed in a full-time position by state or local government, when acting within the scope of the individual's employment. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Government officer: means :
    (i) an individual elected to a position in state or local government, when acting in the capacity of the state or local government position;
    (ii) an individual elected to a board of education, when acting in the capacity of a member of a board of education;
    (iii) an individual appointed to fill a vacancy in a position described in Subsection (10)(a)(i) or (ii), when acting in the capacity of the position; or
    (iv) an individual appointed to or employed in a full-time position by state government, local government, or board of education, when acting in the capacity of the individual's appointment or employment. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Immediate family: means :
    (a) a spouse;
    (b) a child residing in the household; or
    (c) an individual claimed as a dependent for tax purposes. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Immediate family: means :
    (a) a spouse;
    (b) a child residing in the household; or
    (c) an individual claimed as a dependent for tax purposes. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Improvement: means :
    (a) a building, infrastructure, utility, or other human-made structure or object constructed on or for and affixed to real property; or
    (b) a repair, modification, or alteration of a building, infrastructure, utility, or object referred to in Subsection (21)(a). See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interested person: means a person that may be affected by a construction project. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Issuer: means the public body issuing any bond or bonds. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Judicial Council: means the administrative body of the courts, established in Utah Code 36-32-102
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Legislative action: means :
    (a) a bill, resolution, amendment, nomination, veto override, or other matter pending or proposed in either house of the Legislature or its committees or requested by a legislator; and
    (b) the action of the governor in approving or vetoing legislation. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Lobbying: means communicating with a public official for the purpose of influencing the passage, defeat, amendment, or postponement of legislative or executive action. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Lobbying: means communicating with a local official or education official for the purpose of influencing a local action or education action. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Lobbyist: means :
    (i) an individual who is employed by a principal; or
    (ii) an individual who contracts for economic consideration, other than reimbursement for reasonable travel expenses, with a principal to lobby a public official. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Lobbyist: means :
    (i) an individual who is employed by a principal; or
    (ii) an individual who contracts for economic consideration, other than reimbursement for reasonable travel expenses, with a principal to lobby a local official or education official. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Lobbyist group: means two or more lobbyists, principals, government officers, or any combination of lobbyists, principals, and officers who each contribute a portion of an expenditure made to benefit a public official or member of the public official's immediate family. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Lobbyist group: means two or more lobbyists, principals, government officers, or any combination of lobbyists, principals, and government officers, who each contribute a portion of an expenditure made to benefit a local official or education official or member of the local official's or education official's immediate family. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Local action: means :
    (a) an ordinance or resolution for consideration by a local government;
    (b) a nomination or appointment by a local official or a local government;
    (c) an administrative action taken by a vote of a local government's legislative body;
    (d) an adjudicative proceeding over which a local official has direct or indirect control;
    (e) a purchasing or contracting decision;
    (f) drafting or making a policy, resolution, or rule;
    (g) determining a rate or fee; or
    (h) making an adjudicative decision. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Local government: means :
    (a) a county, city, town, or metro township;
    (b) a local district governed by Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local Government Entities - Local Districts;
    (c) a special service district governed by Title 17D, Chapter 1, Special Service District Act;
    (d) a community reinvestment agency governed by Title 17C, Limited Purpose Local Government Entities - Community Reinvestment Agency Act;
    (e) a conservation district governed by Title 17D, Chapter 3, Conservation District Act;
    (f) a redevelopment agency; or
    (g) an interlocal entity or a joint or cooperative undertaking governed by Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Local official: means :
    (a) an elected member of a local government;
    (b) an individual appointed to or employed in a position in a local government if that individual:
    (i) occupies a policymaking position or makes purchasing or contracting decisions;
    (ii) drafts ordinances or resolutions or drafts or makes rules;
    (iii) determines rates or fees; or
    (iv) makes adjudicative decisions; or
    (c) an immediate family member of an individual described in Subsection (17)(a) or (b). See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Meeting: means a gathering of people to discuss an issue, receive instruction, or make a decision, including a conference, seminar, or summit. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Meeting: means a gathering of people to discuss an issue, receive instruction, or make a decision, including a conference, seminar, or summit. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Metro township: means the same as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403. See Utah Code 10-3b-102
  • Metro township council form of government: means the form of metro township government described in Part 5, Metro Township Council Form of Municipal Government. See Utah Code 10-3b-102
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Multiclient lobbyist: means a single lobbyist, principal, or government officer who represents two or more clients and divides the aggregate daily expenditure made to benefit a public official or member of the public official's immediate family between two or more of those clients. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Multiclient lobbyist: means a single lobbyist, principal, or government officer who represents two or more clients and divides the aggregate daily expenditure made to benefit a local official or education official or member of the local official's or education official's immediate family between two or more of those clients. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Municipal: means of or relating to a municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Municipal employee: means a person who is not an elected or appointed officer who is employed on a full- or part-time basis by a municipality or by a community reinvestment agency under Title 17C, Limited Purpose Local Government Entities - Community Reinvestment Agency Act. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Municipality: means :
    (a) a city of the first class, city of the second class, city of the third class, city of the fourth class, city of the fifth class;
    (b) a town, as classified in Section 10-2-301; or
    (c) a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Notice of commencement: means a notice required under Section 38-1b-201 for a government project, as defined in Section 38-1b-102. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Original contractor: means a person, including an owner-builder, that contracts with an owner to provide preconstruction service or construction work. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means the person that owns the project property. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Owner-builder: means an owner, including an owner who is also an original contractor, who:
    (a) contracts with one or more other persons for preconstruction service or construction work for an improvement on the owner's real property; and
    (b) obtains a building permit for the improvement. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, organization, association, trust, governmental agency, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Personal property: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Preconstruction lien: means a lien under this chapter for a preconstruction service. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Principal: means a person that employs an individual to perform lobbying, either as an employee or as an independent contractor. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Principal: means a person that employs an individual to perform lobbying, either as an employee or as an independent contractor. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Private project: means a construction project that is not a government project. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Project property: means the real property on or for which preconstruction service or construction work is or will be provided. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Proposal for court rule: means the proposed language in a court rule that is submitted to:
    (a) the Judicial Council;
    (b) the advisory committee; or
    (c) the Supreme Court. See Utah Code 36-32-102
  • Public body: means the state or any agency, authority, instrumentality, or institution of the state, or any municipal or quasi-municipal corporation, political subdivision, agency, school district, local district, special service district, or other governmental entity now or hereafter existing under the laws of the state. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Public official: means :
    (a) 
    (i) a member of the Legislature;
    (ii) an individual elected to a position in the executive branch of state government; or
    (iii) an individual appointed to or employed in a position in the executive or legislative branch of state government if that individual:
    (A) occupies a policymaking position or makes purchasing or contracting decisions;
    (B) drafts legislation or makes rules;
    (C) determines rates or fees; or
    (D) makes adjudicative decisions; or
    (b) an immediate family member of a person described in Subsection (19)(a). See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Public official type: means a notation to identify whether a public official is:
    (a) 
    (i) a member of the Legislature;
    (ii) an individual elected to a position in the executive branch of state government;
    (iii) an individual appointed to or employed in a position in the legislative branch of state government who meets the definition of public official under Subsection (19)(a)(iii); or
    (iv) an individual appointed to or employed in a position in the executive branch of state government who meets the definition of public official under Subsection (19)(a)(iii); or
    (b) an immediate family member of a person described in Subsection (19)(a). See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Quarterly reporting period: means the three-month period covered by each financial report required under Subsection 36-11-201(2)(a). See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Quarterly reporting period: means the three-month period covered by each financial report required under Section 36-11a-201. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • record: means :Utah Code 63A-12-100.5
  • Refunding bonds: means bonds issued under the authority of this chapter for the purpose of refunding outstanding bonds. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Registry: means the State Construction Registry under Part 2, State Construction Registry. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Related person: means a person, agent, or employee who knowingly and intentionally assists a lobbyist, principal, or government officer in lobbying. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Related person: means a person, agent, or employee who knowingly and intentionally assists a lobbyist, principal, or government officer in lobbying. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Relative: means a spouse, child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, brother, sister, parent-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, nephew, niece, aunt, uncle, first cousin, or spouse of any of these individuals. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Relative: means :
    (a) a spouse;
    (b) a child, parent, grandparent, grandchild, brother, sister, parent-in-law, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, nephew, niece, aunt, uncle, or first cousin; or
    (c) a spouse of an individual described in Subsection (23)(b). See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Required notice: means :
    (a) a notice of preconstruction service under Section 38-1a-401;
    (b) a preliminary notice under Section 38-1a-501 or Section 38-1b-202;
    (c) a notice of commencement;
    (d) a notice of construction loan under Section 38-1a-601;
    (e) a notice under Section 38-1a-602 concerning a construction loan default;
    (f) a notice of intent to obtain final completion under Section 38-1a-506; or
    (g) a notice of completion under Section 38-1a-507. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Resolution: means a resolution of the governing body of a public body taking formal action under this chapter. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Six-member council form of government: means the form of municipal government described in Part 3, Six-Member Council Form of Municipal Government. See Utah Code 10-3b-102
  • Special improvement bond: means any bond, note, warrant, certificate of indebtedness, or other obligation of a public body or any predecessor of any public body that is payable from assessments levied on benefitted property and from any special improvement guaranty fund. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Special improvement guaranty fund: means any special improvement guaranty fund established under Title 10, Chapter 6, Uniform Fiscal Procedures Act for Utah Cities; Title 11, Chapter 42, Assessment Area Act; or any predecessor or similar statute. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • state archives: means the Division of Archives and Records Service; and
  • Utah Code 63A-12-100.5
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subcontractor: means a person that contracts to provide preconstruction service or construction work to:
    (a) a person other than the owner; or
    (b) the owner, if the owner is an owner-builder. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Substantial interest: means the ownership, either legally or equitably, by an individual, the individual's spouse, or the individual's minor children, of at least 10% of the outstanding shares of a corporation or 10% interest in any other business entity. See Utah Code 10-3-1303
  • Supervisory subcontractor: means a person that:
    (a) is a subcontractor under contract to provide preconstruction service or construction work; and
    (b) contracts with one or more other subcontractors for the other subcontractor or subcontractors to provide preconstruction service or construction work that the person is under contract to provide. See Utah Code 38-1a-102
  • Tax increment bond: means any bond, note, warrant, certificate of indebtedness, or other obligation of a public body issued under authority of Title 17C, Limited Purpose Local Government Entities - Community Reinvestment Agency Act. See Utah Code 11-27-2
  • Testify: means to make an oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Tour: means visiting a location, for a purpose relating to the duties of a public official, and not primarily for entertainment, including:
    (a) viewing a facility;
    (b) viewing the sight of a natural disaster; or
    (c) assessing a circumstance in relation to which a public official may need to take action within the scope of the public official's duties. See Utah Code 36-11-102
  • Tour: means the visit of a location by a local official or education official, for a purpose relating to the duties of the local official or education official, and not primarily for entertainment, including:
    (a) viewing a facility;
    (b) viewing the sight of a natural disaster; or
    (c) assessing a circumstance in relation to which a local official or education official may need to take action within the scope of the local official's or education official's duties. See Utah Code 36-11a-102
  • Town: means a municipality classified by population as a town under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
  • Town: includes , depending on population, a metro township as defined in Section 10-3c-102. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
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