Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Agent: means a person other than a holder of any dealer's or salesperson's license issued under this chapter, who for salary, commission, or compensation of any kind, negotiates in any way for the sale, purchase, order, or exchange of three or more motor vehicles for any other person in any 12-month period. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Alternative fuel vehicle: means a motor vehicle that is not powered exclusively by a petroleum fuel source. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Auction: means a dealer engaged in the business of auctioning motor vehicles, either owned or consigned, to the general public. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Authorized service center: means an entity that:
is in the business of repairing exclusively the motor vehicles of the same line-make as the motor vehicles a single direct-sale manufacturer manufactures;
the direct-sale manufacturer described in Subsection (4)(a) authorizes to complete warranty repair work for motor vehicles that the direct-sale manufacturer sells, displays for sale, or offers for sale or exchange; and
conducts business primarily from an enclosed commercial repair facility that is permanently located in the state. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
Body shop: means a person engaged in rebuilding, restoring, repairing, or painting the body of motor vehicles for compensation. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Business entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or other entity or association used to carry on a business for profit. See Utah Code 13-57-102
City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Cost savings: means a decrease in an expenditure, including a future replacement expenditure, by a political subdivision resulting from a performance efficiency measure adopted under this chapter. See Utah Code 11-44-102
County: means a unit of local government that is a body corporate and politic and a legal subdivision of the state, with geographic boundaries as described in Section 17-50-104, and powers as provided in Part 3, County Powers. See Utah Code 17-50-101
Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
Direct-sale manufacturer: means a person:
that is both a manufacturer and a dealer;
that, in this state, sells, displays for sale, or offers for sale or exchange only new motor vehicles of the person's own line-make that are:
exclusively propelled through the use of electricity, a hydrogen fuel cell, or another non-fossil fuel source;
passenger vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of 14,000 pounds or less; or
trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of 14,000 pounds or less; and
manufactured by the person;
that is not a franchise holder;
that is domiciled in the United States; and
whose chief officers direct, control, and coordinate the person's activities as a direct-sale manufacturer from a physical location in the United States. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Direct-sale manufacturer salesperson: means an individual who for a salary, commission, or compensation of any kind, is employed either directly, indirectly, regularly, or occasionally by a direct-sale manufacturer to sell, purchase, or exchange or to negotiate for the sale, purchase, or exchange of a motor vehicle manufactured by the direct-sale manufacturer who employs the individual. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Dismantler: includes a person who dismantles three or more motor vehicles in any 12-month period. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Distributor: means a person who has a franchise from a manufacturer of motor vehicles to distribute motor vehicles within this state and who in whole or in part sells or distributes new motor vehicles to dealers or who maintains distributor representatives. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Distributor branch: means a branch office similarly maintained by a distributor for the same purposes a factory branch is maintained. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Distributor representative: means a person and each officer and employee of the person engaged as a representative of a distributor or distributor branch of motor vehicles to make or promote the sale of the distributor or the distributor branch's motor vehicles, or for supervising or contacting dealers or prospective dealers of the distributor or the distributor branch. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Division: means the Division of Consumer Protection of the Department of Commerce established in Section 13-2-1. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Facility: means a building, structure, or other improvement that is constructed on property owned by a political subdivision. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Factory branch: means a branch office maintained by a person who manufactures or assembles motor vehicles for sale to distributors, motor vehicle dealers, or who directs or supervises the factory branch's representatives. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Factory representative: means a person and each officer and employee of the person engaged as a representative of a manufacturer of motor vehicles or by a factory branch to make or promote the sale of the manufacturer's or factory branch's motor vehicles, or for supervising or contacting the dealers or prospective dealers of the manufacturer or the factory branch. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Franchise: means a contract or agreement between a dealer and a manufacturer of new motor vehicles or a manufacturer's distributor or factory branch by which the dealer is authorized to sell any specified make or makes of new motor vehicles. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Legal funding: means a payment of $500,000 or less to an individual in exchange for the right to receive an amount out of the potential proceeds of any realized settlement, judgment, award, or verdict the individual may receive in a civil legal action. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Line-make: means motor vehicles that are offered for sale, lease, or distribution under a common name, trademark, service mark, or brand name of the manufacturer. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Maintenance funding agreement: means an agreement between an individual and a maintenance funding provider under which the maintenance funding provider provides legal funding to the individual. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Maintenance funding provider: means a business entity that engages in the business of legal funding. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Manufacturer: means a person engaged in the business of constructing or assembling new motor vehicles, ownership of which is customarily transferred by a manufacturer's statement or certificate of origin, or a person who constructs three or more new motor vehicles in any 12-month period. See Utah Code 41-3-102
a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
New motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle that:
has never been titled or registered; and
for a motor vehicle that is not a trailer, travel trailer, or semitrailer, has been driven less than 7,500 miles. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Performance efficiency agreement: means an agreement between a political subdivision and a qualified performance efficiency service provider for evaluation, recommendation, and implementation of one or more performance efficiency measures. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Performance efficiency measure: includes :
insulation installed in a wall, roof, floor, foundation, or heating and cooling distribution system;
a storm window or door, multiglazed window or door, heat absorbing or heat reflective glazed and coated window or door system, additional glazing, or reduction in glass area;
an automatic energy control system;
a heating, ventilating, or air conditioning and distribution system modification or replacement in a facility;
caulking and weatherstripping;
a replacement or modification of a lighting fixture to increase the energy efficiency of the lighting system without increasing the overall illumination of a facility unless the increase in illumination is necessary to conform to the applicable building code for the proposed lighting system;
an energy recovery system;
a cogeneration system that produces steam or another form of energy for use primarily within a facility;
a renewable energy or alternate energy system;
a change in operation or maintenance practice;
a procurement of a low-cost energy supply, including electricity, natural gas, or water;
an indoor air quality improvement that conforms to applicable building code requirements;
a daylighting system;
a building operation program that provides cost savings, including computerized energy management and consumption tracking programs or staff and occupant training;
a service to reduce utility costs by identifying utility errors and optimizing rate schedules; or
the purchase and operation of an alternative fuel vehicle and the infrastructure to support the operation of alternative fuel vehicles. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Performance efficiency program: means a program established by a political subdivision under this chapter to adopt a performance efficiency measure. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Principal place of business: means a site or location in this state:
devoted exclusively to the business for which the dealer, manufacturer, remanufacturer, transporter, dismantler, crusher, or body shop is licensed, and businesses incidental to them;
sufficiently bounded by fence, chain, posts, or otherwise marked to definitely indicate the boundary and to admit a definite description with space adequate to permit the display of three or more new, or new and used, or used motor vehicles and sufficient parking for the public; and
that includes a permanent enclosed building or structure large enough to accommodate the office of the establishment and to provide a safe place to keep the books and other records of the business, at which the principal portion of the business is conducted and the books and records kept and maintained. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Process: as used in this chapter includes all writs, warrants, summonses and orders of the courts of justice or judicial officers. See Utah Code 17-22-1
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Qualified performance efficiency service provider: means a person who:
has a record of successful performance efficiency agreements; or
experience in the design, implementation, and installation of performance efficiency measures;
technical capabilities to ensure that a performance efficiency measure generates cost savings; and
the ability to secure the financing necessary to support the proposed performance efficiency measure. See Utah Code 11-44-102
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Remanufacturer: means a person who reconstructs used motor vehicles subject to registration under Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act, to change the body style and appearance of the motor vehicle or who constructs or assembles motor vehicles from used or new and used motor vehicle parts, or who reconstructs, constructs, or assembles three or more motor vehicles in any 12-month period. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
Salesperson: means an individual who for a salary, commission, or compensation of any kind, is employed either directly, indirectly, regularly, or occasionally by any new motor vehicle dealer or used motor vehicle dealer to sell, purchase, or exchange or to negotiate for the sale, purchase, or exchange of motor vehicles. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Special equipment: includes a truck mounted crane, cherry picker, material lift, post hole digger, and a utility or service body. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Special equipment dealer: means a new or new and used motor vehicle dealer engaged in the business of buying new incomplete motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of 12,000 or more pounds and installing special equipment on the incomplete motor vehicle. See Utah Code 41-3-102
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Transporter: means a person engaged in the business of transporting motor vehicles as described in Section 41-3-202. See Utah Code 41-3-102
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Used motor vehicle: means a vehicle that:
has been titled and registered to a purchaser other than a dealer; or
for a motor vehicle that is not a trailer, travel trailer, or semitrailer, has been driven 7,500 or more miles. See Utah Code 41-3-102
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
Wholesale motor vehicle auction: means a dealer primarily engaged in the business of auctioning consigned motor vehicles to dealers or dismantlers who are licensed by this or any other jurisdiction. See Utah Code 41-3-102