Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Application: means a document:
completed by an applicant to provide information about the risk to be insured; and
that contains information that is used by the insurer to evaluate risk and decide whether to:
insure the risk under:
the coverage as originally offered; or
a modification of the coverage as originally offered; or
decline to insure the risk; or
used by the insurer to gather information from the applicant before issuance of an annuity contract. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Appraisal: A determination of property value.
APRN: means a person who is:
certified or licensed as an advance practice registered nurse under Subsection 58-31b-301(2)(d);
an independent practitioner;
acting under a consultation and referral plan with a physician; and
acting within the scope of practice for that person, as provided by law, rule, and specialized certification and training in that person's area of practice. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Best interest: means that the benefits to the person resulting from a treatment outweigh the burdens to the person resulting from the treatment, taking into account:
the effect of the treatment on the physical, emotional, and cognitive functions of the person;
the degree of physical pain or discomfort caused to the person by the treatment or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment;
the degree to which the person's medical condition, the treatment, or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment, result in a severe and continuing impairment of the dignity of the person by subjecting the person to humiliation and dependency;
the effect of the treatment on the life expectancy of the person;
the prognosis of the person for recovery with and without the treatment;
the risks, side effects, and benefits of the treatment, or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment; and
the religious beliefs and basic values of the person receiving treatment, to the extent these may assist the decision maker in determining the best interest. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Capacity to appoint an agent: means that the adult understands the consequences of appointing a particular person as agent. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Capitol hill complex: means the grounds and buildings within the area bounded by 300 North Street, Columbus Street, 500 North Street, and East Capitol Boulevard in Salt Lake City. See Utah Code 52-4-103
Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
Certificate: means evidence of insurance given to:
Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Convening: means the calling together of a public body by a person authorized to do so for the express purpose of discussing or acting upon a subject over which that public body has jurisdiction or advisory power. See Utah Code 52-4-103
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Corporation: means an insurance corporation, except when referring to:
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Escrow: means :
a transaction that effects the sale, transfer, encumbering, or leasing of real property, when a person not a party to the transaction, and neither having nor acquiring an interest in the title, performs, in accordance with the written instructions or terms of the written agreement between the parties to the transaction, any of the following actions:
the explanation, holding, or creation of a document; or
Life sustaining care: means any medical intervention, including procedures, administration of medication, or use of a medical device, that maintains life by sustaining, restoring, or supplanting a vital function. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Life with dignity order: means an order, designated by the Department of Health under Section 75-2a-106(5)(a), that gives direction to health care providers, health care facilities, and emergency medical services providers regarding the specific health care decisions of the person to whom the order relates. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Meeting: means the convening of a public body or a specified body, with a quorum present, including a workshop or an executive session, whether in person or by means of electronic communications, for the purpose of discussing, receiving comments from the public about, or acting upon a matter over which the public body or specific body has jurisdiction or advisory power. See Utah Code 52-4-103
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
Participate: means the ability to communicate with all of the members of a public body, either verbally or electronically, so that each member of the public body can hear or observe the communication. See Utah Code 52-4-103
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Public body: includes :
an interlocal entity or joint or cooperative undertaking, as those terms are defined in Section 11-13-103;
a governmental nonprofit corporation as that term is defined in Section 11-13a-102; and
readily able to be contacted without undue effort; and
willing and able to act in a timely manner considering the urgency of the circumstances. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Recording: means an audio, or an audio and video, record of the proceedings of a meeting that can be used to review the proceedings of the meeting. See Utah Code 52-4-103
Reinsurance: means an insurance transaction where an insurer, for consideration, transfers any portion of the risk it has assumed to another insurer. See Utah Code 31A-1-301
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Substituted judgment: means the standard to be applied by a surrogate when making a health care decision for an adult who previously had the capacity to make health care decisions, which requires the surrogate to consider:
specific preferences expressed by the adult:
when the adult had the capacity to make health care decisions; and
at the time the decision is being made;
the surrogate's understanding of the adult's health care preferences;
the surrogate's understanding of what the adult would have wanted under the circumstances; and
to the extent that the preferences described in Subsections (22)(a) through (c) are unknown, the best interest of the adult. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Surrogate: means a health care decision maker who is:
an appointed agent;
a default surrogate under the provisions of Section 75-2a-108; or