Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 53 > Chapter 3 > Part 1
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
CDL: means a license:
issued substantially in accordance with the requirements of Title XII, Pub. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Class D license: means the class of license issued to drive motor vehicles not defined as commercial motor vehicles or motorcycles under this chapter. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Extension: means a renewal completed in a manner specified by the division. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public, as a matter of right, for traffic. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Indigent: means that a person's income falls below the federal poverty guideline issued annually by the U. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
Motor vehicle: means every self-propelled vehicle and every vehicle propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except motorized wheel chairs and vehicles moved solely by human power. See Utah Code 53-1-102
Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Probate: Proving a will
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Regular identification card: means an identification card issued under this chapter to a person whose card was obtained by providing evidence of lawful presence in the United States with one of the document requirements described in Subsection 53-3-804(2)(i)(i). See Utah Code 53-3-102
Renewal: means to validate a license certificate so that it expires at a later date. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Reportable violation: means an offense required to be reported to the division as determined by the division and includes those offenses against which points are assessed under Section 53-3-221. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Resident: means an individual who:
has established a domicile in this state, as defined in Section 41-1a-202, or regardless of domicile, remains in this state for an aggregate period of six months or more during any calendar year;
engages in a trade, profession, or occupation in this state, or who accepts employment in other than seasonal work in this state, and who does not commute into the state;
declares himself to be a resident of this state by obtaining a valid Utah driver license certificate or motor vehicle registration; or
declares himself a resident of this state to obtain privileges not ordinarily extended to nonresidents, including going to school, or placing children in school without paying nonresident tuition or fees. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
School bus: means a commercial motor vehicle used to transport pre-primary, primary, or secondary school students to and from home and school, or to and from school sponsored events. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Taxicab: means any class D motor vehicle transporting any number of passengers for hire and that is subject to state or federal regulation as a taxi. See Utah Code 53-3-102
Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 53-1-102