Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
Agent: means an adult designated in an advance health care directive to make health care decisions for the declarant. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
APRN: means an individual who is:
certified or licensed as an advance practice registered nurse under Subsection 58-31b-301(2)(e);
an independent practitioner;
acting under a consultation and referral plan with a physician; and
acting within the scope of practice for that individual, as provided by law, rule, and specialized certification and training in that individual's area of practice. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Armed forces: means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, and Coast Guard. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
base period: means the first four of the last five completed calendar quarters next preceding the first day of the individual's benefit year with respect to any individual whose benefit year commences on or after January 5, 1986. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
Benefit cost rate: means benefit costs of all individuals paid in a calendar year, as defined in Subsection (2), including the state's share of extended benefit costs, divided by the total wages paid by all employers subject to contributions in the same calendar year, calculated to four decimal places, disregarding the remaining fraction, if any. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
Benefit costs: means the net money payments made to individuals who were employed by employers subject to contributions, excluding extended benefit costs, as provided in this chapter with respect to unemployment. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
Benefit year: means the 52 consecutive week period beginning with the first week with respect to which an individual files for benefits and is found to have an insured status. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Benefits: means the money payments payable to an individual as provided in this chapter with respect to the individual's unemployment. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Best interest: means that the benefits to the person resulting from a treatment outweigh the burdens to the person resulting from the treatment, taking into account:
the effect of the treatment on the physical, emotional, and cognitive functions of the person;
the degree of physical pain or discomfort caused to the person by the treatment or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment;
the degree to which the person's medical condition, the treatment, or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment, result in a severe and continuing impairment of the dignity of the person by subjecting the person to humiliation and dependency;
the effect of the treatment on the life expectancy of the person;
the prognosis of the person for recovery with and without the treatment;
the risks, side effects, and benefits of the treatment, or the withholding or withdrawal of treatment; and
the religious beliefs and basic values of the person receiving treatment, to the extent these may assist the decision maker in determining the best interest. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Calendar quarter: means the period of three consecutive months ending on March 31, June 30, September 30, or December 31, or the equivalent, as the department may by rule prescribe. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Capacity to appoint an agent: means that the adult understands the consequences of appointing a particular person as agent. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
Contribution: means the money payments required by this chapter to be made into the Unemployment Compensation Fund by any employing unit on account of having individuals in its employ. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Contribution year: means any calendar year beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Declarant: means an adult who has completed and signed or directed the signing of an advance health care directive. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
Default surrogate: means the adult who may make decisions for an individual when either:
an agent or guardian has not been appointed; or
an agent is not able, available, or willing to make decisions for an adult. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
Emergency medical services provider: means a person that is licensed, designated, or certified under 1. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
employer: means :
an individual or employing unit which employs one or more individuals for some portion of a day during a calendar year, or that, as a condition for approval of this chapter for full tax credit against the tax imposed by the Federal Unemployment Tax Act, is required, under the act, to be an employer;
an employing unit that, having become an employer under Subsection (1)(a), has not, under Sections 35A-4-303 and 35A-4-310, ceased to be an employer subject to this chapter; or
for the effective period of its election under Subsection 35A-4-310(3), an employing unit that has elected to become fully subject to this chapter. See Utah Code 35A-4-203
Employing unit: means :
any individual or type of organization that has or subsequent to January 1, 1935, had one or more individuals performing services for it within the state including any:
joint stock company;
limited liability company;
limited liability partnership;
corporation, whether domestic or foreign;
the receiver, trustee in bankruptcy, trustee or successor of any entity listed in Subsections (1)(a)(i)(A) through (J);
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
Fiscal year: means the year beginning with July 1 of one year and ending June 30 of the next year. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Fund: means the Unemployment Compensation Fund established by this chapter. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
Health care provider: means the same as that term is defined in Section 78B-3-403, except that "health care provider" does not include an emergency medical services provider. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Hospital: means an institution that is licensed, certified, or approved by the Department of Health as a hospital. See Utah Code 35A-4-202
Insured average fiscal year weekly wage: means the insured average fiscal year wage determined in Subsection (11), divided by 52, calculated to two decimal places, disregarding any fraction of one cent. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Insured status: means that an individual has, during the individual's base-period, performed services and earned wages in employment sufficient to qualify for benefits under Section 35A-4-403. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Life sustaining care: means any medical intervention, including procedures, administration of medication, or use of a medical device, that maintains life by sustaining, restoring, or supplanting a vital function. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
New employer: means any employer who has been an employer as defined in this chapter and whose account has been chargeable with benefits for less than one fiscal year immediately preceding the computation date. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
POLST order: means an order, on a form designated by the Department of Health and Human Services under Section 75-2a-106, that gives direction to health care providers, health care facilities, and emergency medical services providers regarding the specific health care decisions of the individual to whom the order relates. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
Reasonably available: means :
readily able to be contacted without undue effort; and
willing and able to act in a timely manner considering the urgency of the circumstances. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Reserve: means that amount of money in the fund which has been appropriated or is subject to appropriation by the Legislature, exclusive of money transferred to the fund under the Federal Employment Security Administrative Financing Act of 1954, 42 U. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
State: includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Substituted judgment: means the standard to be applied by a surrogate when making a health care decision for an adult who previously had the capacity to make health care decisions, which requires the surrogate to consider:
specific preferences expressed by the adult:
when the adult had the capacity to make health care decisions; and
at the time the decision is being made;
the surrogate's understanding of the adult's health care preferences;
the surrogate's understanding of what the adult would have wanted under the circumstances; and
to the extent that the preferences described in Subsections (22)(a) through (c) are unknown, the best interest of the adult. See Utah Code 75-2a-103
Surrogate: means a health care decision maker who is:
an appointed agent;
a default surrogate under the provisions of Section 75-2a-108; or
Tribal unit: means a subdivision, subsidiary, or business enterprise wholly owned by an American Indian tribe. See Utah Code 35A-4-201
Unemployment experience: means all factors, including benefit costs and taxable wages, which bear a direct relation to an employer's unemployment risk. See Utah Code 35A-4-301
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Vessel: when used with reference to shipping, includes a steamboat, canal boat, and every structure adapted to be navigated from place to place. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
wages: means wages as currently defined by Section 3306(b), Internal Revenue Code of 1986, with modifications, subtractions, and adjustments provided in Subsections (2), (3), and (4). See Utah Code 35A-4-208
Week: means the period or periods of seven consecutive calendar days as the department may prescribe by rule. See Utah Code 35A-4-201