Terms Used In Vermont Statutes > Title 15 > Chapter 20 - Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act
Abandoned: means left without provision for reasonable and necessary care or supervision. See
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Allegation: something that someone says happened.
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Central authority: means the entity designated by the United States or a foreign country to perform the functions specified in the Convention. See
Child: means an individual, whether over or under the age of majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent. See
Child: means an individual who has not attained 18 years of age. See
Child custody determination: means a judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. See
Child custody proceeding: means a proceeding in which legal custody or parental rights, physical custody, or visitation or parent child contact with respect to a child is an issue. See
Child support order: means a support order for a child, including a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state or foreign country. See
Commencement: means the filing of the first pleading in a proceeding. See
Convention: means the Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, concluded at the Hague on November 23, 2007. See
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
Court: means an entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination. See
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Domestic: when applied to a corporation, company, association, or copartnership shall mean organized under the laws of this State; "foreign" when so applied, shall mean organized under the laws of another state, government, or country. See
Duty of support: means an obligation imposed or imposable by law to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied obligation to provide support. See
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Fees: shall mean earnings due for official services, aside from salaries or per diem compensation. See
following: when used by way of reference to a section of the law shall mean the next preceding or following section. See
Foreign country: means a country, including a political subdivision thereof, other than the U. See
Foreign support order: means a support order of a foreign tribunal. See
Foreign tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity of a foreign country which is authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
General partner: means a person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a general partner in accordance with the partnership agreement and named in the certificate of limited partnership as a general partner. See
Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
Home state: means the state in which a child lived with a parent or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding. See
Income: includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the law of this State. See
Income withholding order: means an order or other legal process directed to an obligor's employer or other debtor, as defined by 15 Vt. See
Initial determination: means the first child custody determination concerning a particular child. See
Issuing court: means the court that makes a child custody determination for which enforcement is sought under this chapter. See
Issuing state: means the state in which a tribunal issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage of a child. See
Issuing tribunal: means the tribunal of a state or foreign country that issues a support order or renders a judgment determining parentage of a child. See
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Justice: when applied to a person, other than a Justice of the Supreme Court, shall mean a justice of the peace for the county for which he or she is elected or appointed. See
Law: includes decisional and statutory law and rules and regulations having the force of law. See
Limited partner: means a person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner in accordance with the partnership agreement. See
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Modification: means a child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination. See
Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
Oath: shall include affirmation where by law an affirmation may be substituted. See
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Obligee: means :
Obligor: means an individual or the estate of a decedent that:
Partner: means a limited or general partner. See
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Partnership agreement: means any valid agreement, written or oral, of the partners as to the affairs of a limited partnership and the conduct of its business. See
Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government or governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See
Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government; governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality; public corporation; or any other legal or commercial entity. See
Person acting as a parent: means a person, other than a parent, who:
Petitioner: means a person who seeks enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See
Physical custody: means the physical care and supervision of a child. See
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See
Register: means to file in a tribunal of this State a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child issued in another state or a foreign country. See
Registering tribunal: means a tribunal in which a support order or judgment determining parentage of a child is registered. See
Respondent: means a person against whom a proceeding has been commenced for enforcement of an order for return of a child under the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction or enforcement of a child custody determination. See
Responding state: means a state in which a petition or comparable pleading for support or to determine parentage of a child is filed or to which a petition or comparable pleading is forwarded for filing from another state or a foreign country. See
Responding tribunal: means the authorized tribunal in a responding state or foreign country. See
Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
State: means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See
State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U. See
State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the U. See
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Support enforcement agency: means a public official, governmental entity, or private agency authorized to:
Support order: means a judgment, decree, order, decision, or directive whether temporary, final, or subject to modification, issued in a state or foreign country for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a former spouse, which provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, retroactive support, or reimbursement for financial assistance provided to an individual obligee in place of child support. See
sworn: shall include affirmed. See
Testify: Answer questions in court.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
Tribunal: means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine parentage of a child. See
Warrant: means an order issued by a court authorizing law enforcement officers to take physical custody of a child. See