Article 1 Riot and Unlawful Assembly 18.2-404 – 18.2-414.2
Article 2 Disorderly Conduct 18.2-415
Article 3 Abusive and Insulting Language 18.2-416 – 18.2-417
Article 4 Picketing of Dwelling Places 18.2-418 – 18.2-419
Article 5 Activities Tending to Cause Violence 18.2-420 – 18.2-423.2
Article 6 Unlawful Use of Telephones 18.2-425.1 – 18.2-431.1
Article 8 Unlawful Paramilitary Activity 18.2-433.1 – 18.2-433.3

Terms Used In Virginia Code > Title 18.2 > Chapter 9 - Crimes Against Peace and Order

  • Abandoned motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer that:

    1. See Virginia Code 46.2-1200

  • Accredited septic system inspector: means a person who possesses the qualifications required by the provisions of this chapter. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.7
  • agent: means a person not less than 16 years of age charged by an entity with the responsibility of navigating and operating a personal delivery device. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bank: means any bank or trust company organized under the laws of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-925
  • Bank: means a corporation authorized by statute to accept deposits and to hold itself out to the public as engaged in the banking business in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Board: means the State Air Pollution Control Board. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • Bond with surety: includes the payment in cash of the full amount of the required bond and, in such case, no surety shall be required. See Virginia Code 1-205
  • Buyer: means a natural person who enters into a health club contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • cancellation: means that the document or privilege cancelled has been annulled or terminated because of some error, defect, or ineligibility, but the cancellation is without prejudice and reapplication may be made at any time after cancellation. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Certificate of emissions inspection: means a document, device, or symbol, prescribed by the Director and issued pursuant to this article, which indicates that (i) a motor vehicle has satisfactorily complied with the emissions standards and passed the emissions inspection provided for in this article; (ii) the requirement of compliance with such emissions standards has been waived; or (iii) the motor vehicle has failed such emissions inspection. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • Civil disorder: means any public disturbance within the United States or any territorial possessions thereof involving acts of violence by assemblages of three or more persons, which causes an immediate danger of or results in damage or injury to the property or person of any other individual. See Virginia Code 18.2-433.1
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services, or a member of his staff to whom he may delegate his duties under this chapter. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Courts of record: means the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, and the circuit courts. See Virginia Code 1-212
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles of the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Environmental Quality. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • driver: means every person who either (i) drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle on a highway or (ii) is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Emergency personnel: means any persons, paid or volunteer, who receive calls for dispatch of police, fire, or emergency medical services personnel, and includes law-enforcement officers, firefighters, including special forest wardens designated pursuant to § 10. See Virginia Code 18.2-426
  • Emissions inspection station: means any facility or portion of a facility that has obtained an emissions inspection station permit from the Director authorizing the facility to perform emissions inspections in accordance with this article. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Explosive or incendiary device: means (i) dynamite and all other forms of high explosives, (ii) any explosive bomb, grenade, missile, or similar device, or (iii) any incendiary bomb or grenade, fire bomb, or similar device, including any device which consists of or includes a breakable container including a flammable liquid or compound, and a wick composed of any material which, when ignited, is capable of igniting such flammable liquid or compound, and can be carried or thrown by one individual acting alone. See Virginia Code 18.2-433.1
  • Facility: means a location where health club services are offered as designated in a health club contract. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • FDIC: means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See Virginia Code 6.2-800
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Firearm: means any weapon that will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel single or multiple projectiles by the action of an explosion of a combustible material; or the frame or receiver of any such weapon. See Virginia Code 18.2-433.1
  • Fitzpatrick scale: means the following scale for classifying a skin type, based on the skin's reaction to the first 10 to 45 minutes of sun exposure after the winter season:

    aSkin Type:Sunburning and Tanning History
    b1Always burns easily; never tans
    c2Always burns easily; tans minimally
    d3Burns moderately; tans gradually
    e4Burns minimally; always tans well
    f5Rarely burns; tans profusely
    g6Never burns; deeply pigmented

    "Owner" means a person who owns or operates a tanning facility. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.1

  • Fleet emissions inspection station: means any inspection facility operated under a permit issued to a qualified fleet owner or lessee as determined by the Director. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • Governing body: means the board of supervisors of a county, council of a city, or council of a town, as context may require. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health club: means any person, firm, corporation, organization, club or association whose primary purpose is to engage in the sale of memberships in a program consisting primarily of physical exercise with exercise machines or devices, or whose primary purpose is to engage in the sale of the right or privilege to use exercise machines or devices. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Health club contract: means an agreement whereby the buyer of health club services purchases, or becomes obligated to purchase, health club services. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Health club services: means and includes services, privileges, or rights offered for sale or provided by a health club. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel in the Commonwealth, including the streets and alleys, and, for law-enforcement purposes, (i) the entire width between the boundary lines of all private roads or private streets that have been specifically designated "highways" by an ordinance adopted by the governing body of the county, city, or town in which such private roads or streets are located and (ii) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place used for purposes of vehicular travel on any property owned, leased, or controlled by the United States government and located in the Commonwealth. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Improper means: includes theft, bribery, misrepresentation, use of a computer or computer network without authority, breach of a duty or inducement of a breach of a duty to maintain secrecy, or espionage through electronic or other means. See Virginia Code 59.1-336
  • Initiation fee: means a nonrecurring fee charged at or near the beginning of a health club membership, and includes all fees or charges not part of the monthly fee. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any officer as defined in § 9. See Virginia Code 18.2-433.1
  • Law-enforcement officer: means any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of this title or local ordinances authorized by law. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • License plate: means a device containing letters, numerals, or a combination of both, attached to a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer to indicate that the vehicle is properly registered with the Department. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Misappropriation: means :

    1. See Virginia Code 59.1-336

  • Monthly fee: means the total consideration, including but not limited to, equipment or locker rental, credit check, finance, medical and dietary evaluation, class and training fees, and all other similar fees or charges and interest, but excluding any initiation fee, to be paid by a buyer, divided by the total number of months of health club service use allowed by the buyer's contract, including months or time periods called "free" or "bonus" months or time periods and such months or time periods that are described in any other terms suggesting that they are provided free of charge, which months or time periods are given or contemplated when the contract is initially executed. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle that:

    1. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176

  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle as defined in this section that is self-propelled or designed for self-propulsion except as otherwise provided in this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground and is capable of traveling at speeds in excess of 35 miles per hour. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See Virginia Code 1-228
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • On-road testing: means tests of motor vehicle emissions or emissions control devices by means of roadside pullovers or remote sensing devices. See Virginia Code 46.2-1176
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Out of business: means the status of a facility that is permanently closed and for which there is no comparable alternate facility. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Owner: means a person who holds the legal title to a vehicle; however, if a vehicle is the subject of an agreement for its conditional sale or lease with the right of purchase on performance of the conditions stated in the agreement and with an immediate right of possession vested in the conditional vendee or lessee or if a mortgagor of a vehicle is entitled to possession, then the conditional vendee or lessee or mortgagor shall be the owner for the purpose of this title. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company or association. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.1
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other entity. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.7
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Virginia Code 59.1-336
  • Phototherapy device: means a piece of equipment that emits ultraviolet radiation and that is used by a health care provider in the treatment of a disease. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.1
  • Prepayment: means payment of any consideration for services or the use of facilities made prior to the day on which the services or facilities of the health club are fully open and available for regular use by the members. See Virginia Code 59.1-296
  • Receivership court: means the circuit court that appoints a receiver for a bank pursuant to this article. See Virginia Code 6.2-925
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • revocation: means that the document or privilege revoked is not subject to renewal or restoration except through reapplication after the expiration of the period of revocation. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulder. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Scrap metal processor: means any person who is engaged in the business of processing motor vehicles into scrap for remelting purposes who, from a fixed location, utilizes machinery and equipment for processing and manufacturing ferrous and nonferrous metallic scrap into prepared grades, and whose principal product is metallic scrap. See Virginia Code 46.2-1200
  • Semitrailer: means every vehicle of the trailer type so designed and used in conjunction with a motor vehicle that some part of its own weight and that of its own load rests on or is carried by another vehicle. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Septic system: means an onsite method of disposing of sewage when sewers or sewerage facilities are not available and includes septic tanks, septic tank lines and drainage fields or other onsite, residential sewage systems. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.7
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shoulder: means that part of a highway between the portion regularly traveled by vehicular traffic and the lateral curbline or ditch. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • state agency: means the same as that term is defined in § 2. See Virginia Code 1-206
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • suspension: means that the document or privilege suspended has been temporarily withdrawn, but may be reinstated following the period of suspension unless it has expired prior to the end of the period of suspension. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • sworn: means "affirm" or "affirmed. See Virginia Code 1-250
  • Tanning device: means any equipment that emits electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the air between 200 and 400 nanometers and that is used for tanning of human skin, including a sunlamp, tanning booth, or tanning bed. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.1
  • Tanning facility: means a business that provides persons access to tanning devices. See Virginia Code 59.1-310.1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Towing and recovery operator: means a person engaged in the business of (i) removing disabled vehicles, parts of vehicles, their cargoes, and other objects to facilities for repair or safekeeping and (ii) restoring to the highway or other location where they either can be operated or removed to other locations for repair or safekeeping vehicles that have come to rest in places where they cannot be operated. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Town: means any existing town or an incorporated community within one or more counties which became a town before noon, July 1, 1971, as provided by law or which has within defined boundaries a population of 1,000 or more and which has become a town as provided by law. See Virginia Code 1-254
  • Trade secret: means information, including but not limited to, a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique, or process, that:

    1. See Virginia Code 59.1-336

  • Trailer: means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying property or passengers wholly on its own structure and for being drawn by a motor vehicle, including manufactured homes. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Vehicle: means every device in, on or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except personal delivery devices and devices moved by human power or used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Virginia Code 46.2-100
  • Vehicle removal certificate: means a transferable document issued by the Department for any abandoned motor vehicle that authorizes the removal and destruction of the vehicle. See Virginia Code 46.2-1200
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.