Terms Used In Wisconsin Statutes 23.33

  • Adult: means a person who has attained the age of 18 years, except that for purposes of investigating or prosecuting a person who is alleged to have violated any state or federal criminal law or any civil law or municipal ordinance, "adult" means a person who has attained the age of 17 years. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Following: when used by way of reference to any statute section, means the section next following that in which the reference is made. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Freeway: means a highway with full control of access and with all crossroads separated in grade from the pavements for through traffic. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Highway: includes all public ways and thoroughfares and all bridges upon the same. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Land: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Motorcycle: is a motor vehicle as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Municipality: includes cities and villages; it may be construed to include towns. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Person: includes all partnerships, associations and bodies politic or corporate. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Police department: includes a department under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Promulgate: when used in connection with a rule, as defined under…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Property: includes real and personal property. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Qualified: when applied to any person elected or appointed to office, means that such person has done those things which the person was by law required to do before entering upon the duties of the person's office. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Registered nurse: includes a registered nurse who holds a multistate license, as defined in…. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • State: when applied to states of the United States, includes the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the several territories organized by Congress. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Town: may be construed to include cities, villages, wards or districts. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia, the states, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the territories organized by congress. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Village: means incorporated village. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Week: means 7 consecutive days. See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed; "year" alone means "year of our Lord". See Wisconsin Statutes 990.01
   (1)    Definitions. As used in this section:
      (a)    “Accompanied” means being subject to continuous verbal direction or control.
      (ag)    “Agricultural purpose” includes a purpose related to the transportation of farm implements, equipment, supplies, or products on a farm or between farms.
      (am)    “Alcohol beverages” has the meaning specified under s. 125.02 (1).
      (ar)    “Alcohol concentration” has the meaning given in s. 340.01 (1v).
      (b)    “All-terrain vehicle” has the meaning specified under s. 340.01 (2g).
      (bc)    “All-terrain vehicle club” means a club consisting of individuals that promotes the recreational use of all-terrain vehicles.
      (bd)    “All-terrain vehicle dealer” means a person engaged in the sale of all-terrain vehicles for a profit at wholesale or retail.
      (bh)    “All-terrain vehicle distributor” means a person who sells or distributes all-terrain vehicles to all-terrain vehicle dealers or who maintains distributor representatives.
      (bp)    “All-terrain vehicle manufacturer” means a person engaged in the manufacture of all-terrain vehicles for sale to the public.
      (bt)    “All-terrain vehicle renter” means a person engaged in the rental or leasing of all-terrain vehicles to the public.
      (c)    “All-terrain vehicle route” means a highway or sidewalk designated for use by all-terrain vehicle operators by the governmental agency having jurisdiction as authorized under this section.
      (d)    “All-terrain vehicle trail” means a marked corridor on public property or on private lands subject to public easement or lease, designated for use by all-terrain vehicle operators by the governmental agency having jurisdiction, but excluding roadways of highways except those roadways that are seasonally not maintained for motor vehicle traffic.
      (dm)    “Approved public treatment facility” has the meaning specified under s. 51.45 (2) (c).
      (e)    “Controlled substance” has the meaning specified under s. 961.01 (4).
      (f)    “Controlled substance analog” has the meaning given in s. 961.01 (4m).
      (fe)    “Federal agency” means the United States, any department of the United States, or any corporation, agency, or instrumentality that is created, designated, or established by the United States.
      (fm)    “Golf cart” means a vehicle whose speed attainable in one mile does not exceed 20 miles per hour on a paved, level surface, and that is designed and intended to convey one or more persons and equipment to play the game of golf in an area designated as a golf course.
      (gb)    “Hazardous inhalant” means a substance that is ingested, inhaled, or otherwise introduced into the human body in a manner that does not comply with any cautionary labeling that is required for the substance under s. 100.37 or under federal law, or in a manner that is not intended by the manufacturer of the substance, and that is intended to induce intoxication or elation, to stupefy the central nervous system, or to change the human audio, visual, or mental processes.
      (h)    “Immediate family” means persons who are related as spouses, as siblings or as parent and child.
      (i)    “Intoxicant” means any alcohol beverage, hazardous inhalant, controlled substance, controlled substance analog or other drug, or any combination thereof.
      (ic)    “Intoxicated operation of an all-terrain or utility terrain vehicle law” means sub. (4c) or a local ordinance in conformity therewith or, if the operation of an all-terrain or utility terrain vehicle is involved, s. 940.09 or 940.25.
      (id)    “Lac du Flambeau band” means the Lac du Flambeau band of Lake Superior Chippewa.
      (ie)    “Lac du Flambeau reservation” means the territory within the boundaries of the Lac du Flambeau reservation that were in existence on April 10, 1996.
      (if)    “Land under the management and control of the person’s immediate family” means land owned or leased by the person or a member of the person’s immediate family over which the owner or lessee has management and control. This term excludes land owned or leased by an organization of which the person or a member of the person’s immediate family is a member.
      (ig)    “Law enforcement officer” has the meaning specified under s. 165.85 (2) (c) and includes a person appointed as a conservation warden by the department under s. 23.10 (1).
      (ik)    “Low pressure tire” has the meaning given in s. 340.01 (27g).
      (im)    “Low-speed vehicle” has the meaning given in s. 340.01 (27h).
      (ip)    “Mini-truck” means a motor truck, as defined in s. 340.01 (34), having a top speed of not more than 60 miles per hour, and that is all of the following:
         1.    Powered by an internal combustion engine with a piston or rotor displacement of not less than 660 cubic centimeters.
         2.    Not more than 60 inches wide.
         3.    Not more than 1,600 pounds in dry, unloaded weight.
         4.    Manufactured with a locking enclosed cab and a heated interior.
      (ir)    “Operate” means to exercise physical control over the speed or direction of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle or to physically manipulate or activate any of the controls of the vehicle necessary to put it in motion.
      (it)    “Operation” means the exercise of physical control over the speed or direction of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle or the physical manipulation or activation of any of the controls of the vehicle necessary to put it in motion.
      (iw)    “Operator” means a person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle, who is responsible for the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle or who is supervising the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
      (j)    “Owner” means a person who has lawful possession of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle by virtue of legal title or equitable interest in the vehicle which entitles the person to possession of the vehicle.
      (ja)    “Preferred route” means an all-terrain vehicle route marked with signs to assist all-terrain vehicle operators in navigating to needed services such as fueling stations, restaurants, lodging, or other business establishments.
      (jc)    “Proof,” when used in reference to evidence of a registration document, safety certificate, trail pass, or temporary trail use receipt, means the original registration document, safety certificate, trail pass, or temporary trail use receipt issued by the department or an agent appointed under sub. (2) (i) 3. or (2j) (f) 1. or any alternative form of proof designated by rule under s. 23.47 (1).
      (jd)    “Public utility” has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (5).
      (je)    “Purpose of authorized analysis” means for the purpose of determining or obtaining evidence of the presence, quantity or concentration of any intoxicant in a person’s blood, breath or urine.
      (jm)    “Refusal law” means sub. (4p) (e) or a local ordinance in conformity therewith.
      (jn)    “Registration document” means an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration certificate, a temporary operating receipt, or a registration decal.
      (jo)    “Restricted controlled substance” means any of the following:
         1.    A controlled substance included in schedule I under ch. 961 other than a tetrahydrocannabinol.
         2.    A controlled substance analog, as defined in s. 961.01 (4m), of a controlled substance described in subd. 1.
         3.    Cocaine or any of its metabolites.
         4.    Methamphetamine.
         5.    Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, excluding its precursors or metabolites, at a concentration of one or more nanograms per milliliter of a person’s blood.
      (jp)    “Small all-terrain vehicle” means an all-terrain vehicle that has 4 wheels and that has either an engine certified by the manufacturer at not more than 130 cubic centimeters or an equivalent power unit.
      (jpm)    “Small utility terrain vehicle” means a utility terrain vehicle that has 4 wheels and that has either an engine certified by the manufacturer at not more than 200 cubic centimeters or an equivalent power unit.
      (jq)    “Snow removal device” means an attachment designed and installed for the purpose of removing snow. An attachment under this paragraph may be a plow blade, blower, bucket, or brush.
      (jqm)    “State agency” means any office, department, or independent agency in the executive branch of state government.
      (jr)    “Temporary operating receipt” means a receipt issued by the department or an agent under sub. (2) (ig) 1. a. that shows that an application and the required fees for a registration certificate have been submitted to the department or an agent appointed under sub. (2) (i) 3.
      (js)    “Test facility” means a test facility or agency prepared to administer tests under s. 343.305 (2).
      (n)    “Used exclusively on private property” means use of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle by the owner of the vehicle or a member of his or her immediate family only on land owned or leased by the vehicle owner or a member of his or her immediate family.
      (ng)    “Utility terrain vehicle” means any of the following:
         1.    A commercially designed and manufactured motor driven device that does not meet federal motor vehicle safety standards in effect on July 1, 2012, that is not a golf cart, low-speed vehicle, dune buggy, mini-truck, or tracked vehicle, that is designed to be used primarily off of a highway, and that has, and was originally manufactured with, all of the following:
            a.    A weight, without fluids, of 2,000 pounds or less.
            b.    Four or more tires.
            d.    A steering wheel.
            e.    A tail light.
            f.    A brake light.
            g.    Two headlights.
            h.    A width of not more than 65 inches as measured laterally between the outermost wheel rim on each side of the vehicle, exclusive of tires, mirrors, and accessories that are not essential to the vehicle’s basic operation.
            j.    A system of seat belts, or a similar system, for restraining each occupant of the device in the event of an accident.
            k.    A system of structural members designed to reduce the likelihood that an occupant would be crushed as the result of a rollover of the device.
         2.    A commercially designed and manufactured motor driven device to which all of the following applies:
            a.    It does not meet federal motor vehicle safety standards in effect on July 1, 2012; is not a golf cart, low-speed vehicle, dune buggy, mini-truck, or tracked vehicle; is designed to be used primarily off of a highway; and has, and was originally manufactured with, a weight, without fluids, of not more than 2000 pounds.
            b.    It has a width of 65 inches or less as measured laterally between the outermost wheel rim on each side of the vehicle, exclusive of tires, mirrors, and accessories that are not essential to the vehicle’s basic operation.
            c.    It is equipped with a seat designed to be straddled by the operator.
            d.    It travels on 3 or more tires.
            e.    It is not an all-terrain vehicle, as defined in s. 340.01 (2g).
      (ni)    “Utility terrain vehicle dealer” means a person engaged in the sale of utility terrain vehicles for a profit at wholesale or retail.
      (nk)    “Utility terrain vehicle distributor” means a person who sells or distributes utility terrain vehicles to utility terrain vehicle dealers or who maintains distributor representatives.
      (nm)    “Utility terrain vehicle manufacturer” means a person engaged in the manufacture of utility terrain vehicles for sale to the public.
      (np)    “Utility terrain vehicle renter” means a person engaged in the rental or leasing of utility terrain vehicles to the public.
23.33 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also definitions in s. 340.01.
   (1m)   Utility terrain vehicle program.
23.33(1m)(a) (a) In this subsection:
         1.    “Municipality” means a city, village, or town.
         2.    “Public all-terrain vehicle corridor” has the meaning given in sub. (2j) (a) 1.
      (b)    The department or a federal agency, county, or municipality may designate any of the following located within their respective jurisdictions:
         1.    All-terrain vehicle routes, all-terrain vehicle trails, and public all-terrain vehicle corridors that may be used by operators of utility terrain vehicles.
         2.    All-terrain vehicle routes, all-terrain vehicle trails, and public all-terrain vehicle corridors upon which utility terrain vehicle use is prohibited.
      (c)    No person may operate a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route, all-terrain vehicle trail, or public all-terrain vehicle corridor unless it is designated as an all-terrain vehicle route, all-terrain vehicle trail, or public all-terrain vehicle corridor that may be used by operators of utility terrain vehicles as provided under this subsection.
   (2)   Registration.
      (a)    Requirement. Except as provided in sub. (2k), no person may operate and no owner may give permission for the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle within this state unless the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is registered for public use or for private use under this subsection or sub. (2g), is exempt from registration, or is operated with a plate or a sign to which a registration decal is attached in the manner specified under par. (dm) 3. Except as provided in sub. (2k), no person may operate and no owner may give permission for the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or an all-terrain vehicle trail unless the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is registered for public use under this subsection or sub. (2g).
      (b)    Exemptions. An all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is exempt from registration if it is:
         1.    Owned or leased by a federal agency, state agency, political subdivision of the state, or another state or a political subdivision thereof, if the exterior of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle displays the name of the government entity in a visible manner, except as provided in subd. 1m.
         1m.    Owned or leased by a federal agency, state agency, political subdivision of the state, or another state or a political subdivision thereof and used for enforcement purposes.
         2m.    Covered by a valid registration of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band, if all of the following apply:
            a.    The registration program of the tribe or band is covered by an agreement under s. 23.35.
            b.    The all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle displays the registration decal required by the tribe or band.
         3.    Used exclusively for racing on a raceway facility.
         3m.    Present in this state, for a period not to exceed 15 days, and if it is used exclusively as part of an advertisement being made for the manufacturer of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         5.    Specified as exempt from registration by department rule.
      (c)    Registration; public use; fee.
         1.    Any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may be registered for public use. The fee for the issuance or renewal of a registration certificate for public use for an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is $30. The department shall impose an additional late fee of $5 for the renewal of a registration certificate under this subdivision that is filed after the expiration date of the registration certificate unless the renewal is included with an application to transfer the registration certificate.
         2.    A person who is required to register an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle for public use shall attach his or her own plate to the rear of the vehicle and shall affix a registration decal, furnished by the department, to each side of the vehicle in a place that is forward of the operator of the vehicle and that is in a place that is clearly visible. The plate shall be a minimum of 4 inches in height and a minimum of 7 1/2 inches in width. The plate shall be white and shall display, in black lettering, the registration number for the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle issued by the department. The registration number shall be displayed so that it is a minimum of 1 1/2 inches in height, with a minimum of a 3/16 inch stroke. The person required to register the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall maintain the plate so that it is in legible condition.
      (d)    Registration; private use; fee. An all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle used exclusively for agricultural purposes or used exclusively on private property may be registered for private use. The fee for the issuance of a registration certificate for private use is $15. A person who registers an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle for private use shall affix a registration decal, furnished by the department, to each side of the vehicle in a place that is forward of the operator of the vehicle and that is in a place that is clearly visible.
      (dg)    Display of registration.
         1.    The operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall have in his or her possession at all times while operating the vehicle proof of the registration certificate or, for an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle the owner of which has received a temporary operating receipt but has not yet received the registration certificate, proof of the temporary operating receipt. The operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall display this proof upon demand for inspection by a law enforcement officer.
         2.    A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or a utility terrain vehicle without having the plate or sign attached as required under par. (c) 2. if the owner or operator has proof of a temporary operating receipt and if the operator of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle complies with subd. 1.
         3.    This paragraph does not apply to any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle to which a plate or sign is attached as required under sub. (2) (dm) 3.
      (dm)    Registration; commercial owner; fee.
         1.    Every person who is an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle manufacturer, all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle dealer, all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle distributor, or all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle renter or any combination thereof engaged in business in this state shall register with the department and obtain from the department a commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate.
         2.    The fee for the issuance or renewal of a commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate is $90. Upon receipt of the application form required by the department and the fee required under this subdivision, the department shall issue to the applicant a commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate and 3 registration decals. The fee for additional registration decals is $30 per decal.
         3.    A person who is required to obtain a commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate under subd. 1. shall attach in a clearly visible place a plate or sign that is removable and temporarily but firmly mounted to any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that the person leases, rents, offers for sale, or otherwise allows to be used whenever the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is being operated. A registration decal issued under subd. 2. shall be attached to the plate or sign.
         4.    Paragraphs (i), (ig), and (ir) do not apply to commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificates or registration decals issued under subd. 2.
         5.    Any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle dealer or creditor may offer or sell guaranteed asset protection waivers in connection with the retail sale or lease of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles in this state if the dealer or creditor complies with the same requirements applicable with respect to motor vehicles under s. 218.0148. Any guaranteed asset protection waiver offered or sold under this subdivision shall be treated the same as one offered or sold under s. 218.0148, including that the guaranteed asset protection waiver is not insurance.
      (e)    Other fees. The fee for the transfer of an all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle registration certificate is $5. The fee for the issuance of a duplicate all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration certificate, duplicate commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate or duplicate registration decals is $5. The fee for the issuance of registration decals to a county or municipality is $5. There is no fee for the issuance of registration decals to the state.
      (f)    Effective periods; public use. A public-use registration certificate for an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is valid beginning on April 1 or the date of issuance or renewal and ending March 31 of the 2nd year following the date of issuance or renewal.
      (g)    Effective period; private use. An all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle private-use registration certificate is valid from the date of issuance until ownership of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is transferred.
      (gm)    Effective period; commercial owners. A commercial all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle certificate is valid beginning on April 1 or the date of issuance or renewal and ending March 31 of the 2nd year following the date of issuance or renewal.
      (i)    Registration and reprints; issuers. For the issuance of original or duplicate registration documents, for the issuance of reprints under s. 23.47 (3), and for the transfer or renewal of registration documents, the department may do any of the following:
         1.    Directly issue, transfer, or renew registration documents with or without using the service specified in par. (ig) 1. and directly issue reprints.
         3.    Appoint persons who are not employees of the department as agents of the department to issue, transfer, or renew registration documents using either or both of the services specified in par. (ig) 1. and to issue reprints.
      (ig)    Registration; methods of issuance.
         1.    For the issuance of original or duplicate registration documents and for the transfer or renewal of registration documents, the department shall implement either or both of the following procedures to be provided by the department and any agents appointed under par. (i) 3.:
            a.    A procedure under which the department or an agent appointed under par. (i) 3. accepts applications for registration documents and issues temporary operating receipts at the time applicants submit applications accompanied by the required fees.
            b.    A procedure under which the department or agent appointed under par. (i) 3. accepts applications for registration documents and issues to each applicant all or some of the registration documents at the time the applicant submits the application accompanied by the required fees.
         2.    Under either procedure under subd. 1., the department or agent shall issue to the applicant any remaining registration documents directly from the department at a later date. Any registration document issued under subd. 1. b. is sufficient to allow the vehicle for which the application is submitted to be operated in compliance with the registration requirements under this subsection.
      (im)    Registration; duplicates. If an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration certificate or a registration decal is lost or destroyed, the person to whom it was issued may apply to the department for, and the department may issue to the person, a duplicate.
      (ir)    Registration; supplemental fee. In addition to the applicable fee under par. (c), (d), or (e), each agent appointed under par. (i) 3. who accepts an application to renew registration documents in person shall collect an issuing fee of 50 cents and a transaction fee of 50 cents each time the agent issues renewal registration documents under par. (ig) 1. a. or b. The agent shall retain the entire amount of each issuing fee and transaction fee the agent collects.
      (o)    Receipt of all-terrain vehicle fees. All fees remitted to or collected by the department under par. (ir) for services provided regarding all-terrain vehicles shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (9) (hu).
      (om)    Receipt of utility terrain vehicle fees. All fees remitted to or collected by the department under par. (ir) for services provided regarding utility terrain vehicles shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (9) (hw).
      (p)    Rules.
         1.    The department may promulgate rules to establish eligibility and other criteria for the appointment of agents under par. (i) 3. and to regulate the activities of these agents.
         2.    The department may establish by rule additional procedures and requirements for all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration.
   (2g)   Lac du Flambeau band registration program.
23.33(2g)(a) (a) Authorization for issuance. The Lac du Flambeau band may issue registration certificates for public use or private use for all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles that are equivalent to the registration certificates for public use or private use that are issued by the department. The Lac du Flambeau band may renew and transfer a registration certificate that it or the department has issued. The Lac du Flambeau band may issue duplicates of only those registration certificates that it issues under this subsection.
      (b)    Requirements for issuance; fees; effective periods.
23.33(2g)(b)1. 1. For issuing or renewing a registration certificate under this subsection, the Lac du Flambeau band shall collect the same fee that would be collected for the equivalent registration certificate under sub. (2) (c) and (d). For transferring a registration certificate or issuing a duplicate registration certificate under this subsection, the Lac du Flambeau band shall collect the same fee that would be collected for the equivalent service under sub. (2) (e).
         2.    The Lac du Flambeau band may not issue, renew or otherwise process registration certificates under this subsection in conjunction with discount coupons or as part of a promotion or other merchandising offer.
         3.    For a registration certificate issued, transferred or renewed under this subsection, the effective period shall be the same as it would be for the equivalent registration certificate under sub. (2) (f) or (g).
         4.    The Lac du Flambeau band may issue, renew or otherwise process registration certificates under this subsection only to applicants who appear in person on the Lac du Flambeau reservation.
      (c)    Requirements for registration applications and decals.
23.33(2g)(c)1. 1. The Lac du Flambeau band shall use registration applications and registration certificates that are substantially similar to those under sub. (2) with regard to length, legibility and information content.
         2.    The Lac du Flambeau band shall use registration decals that are substantially similar to those under sub. (2) with regard to color, size, legibility, information content and placement on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         3.    The Lac du Flambeau band shall use a sequential numbering system that includes a series of letters or initials that identify the Lac du Flambeau band as the issuing authority.
      (d)    Registration information. The Lac du Flambeau band shall provide registration information to the state in one of the following ways:
         1.    By transmitting all additions, changes or deletions of registration information to persons identified in the agreement described in par. (f), for incorporation into the registration records of this state, within one working day after the addition, change or deletion.
         2.    By establishing a 24-hour per day data retrieval system, consisting of either a law enforcement agency with 24-hour per day staffing or a computerized data retrieval system to which law enforcement officials of this state have access at all times.
      (e)    Reports; records; tax collection.
         1.    Before June 1 annually, the Lac du Flambeau band shall submit a report to the department notifying it of the number of each type of registration certificate that the Lac du Flambeau band issued, transferred or renewed for the period beginning on April 1 of the previous year and ending on March 31 of the year in which the report is submitted.
         2.    For law enforcement purposes, the Lac du Flambeau band shall make available for inspection by the department during normal business hours the Lac du Flambeau band’s records of all registration certificates issued, renewed or otherwise processed under this subsection, including copies of all applications made for certificates.
         3.    The Lac du Flambeau band shall ensure that the record of each registration certificate issued, renewed or otherwise processed under this subsection, including a copy of each application made, is retained for at least 2 years after the date of expiration of the certificate.
         4.    The Lac du Flambeau band shall collect the sales and use taxes due under s. 77.61 (1) on any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registered under this subsection and make the report in respect to those taxes. On or before the 15th day of each month, the Lac du Flambeau band shall pay to the department of revenue all taxes that the Lac du Flambeau band collected in the previous month.
      (f)    Applicability. This subsection does not apply unless the department and the Lac du Flambeau band have in effect a written agreement under which the Lac du Flambeau band agrees to comply with pars. (a) to (e) and that contains all of the following terms:
         1.    The manner in which the Lac du Flambeau band will limit its treaty-based right to fish outside the Lac du Flambeau reservation.
         2.    A requirement that the fees collected by the Lac du Flambeau band under par. (b) be used only for a program for registering all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles, for regulating all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles and their operation and for providing all-terrain vehicle trails and all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle facilities.
   (2h)   Alterations and falsifications prohibited.
23.33(2h)(a) (a) No person may intentionally do any of the following:
         1.    Make a false statement on an application for a registration issued under sub. (2) or (2g).
         2.    Alter, remove, or change any number or other character in an engine serial number.
         3.    Alter, remove, or change any number or other character in a vehicle identification number.
      (b)    No person may do any of the following:
         1.    Manufacture a vehicle identification number tag that the person knows to contain false information to be placed on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is manufactured on or after November 13, 2015.
         2.    Place a vehicle identification number tag that the person knows to be false on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
   (2j)   Nonresident trail passes.
      (a)    In this subsection:
         1.    “Public all-terrain vehicle corridor” means an all-terrain vehicle trail or other established all-terrain vehicle corridor that is open to the public but does not include an all-terrain vehicle route.
         2.    “Temporary trail use receipt” means a receipt issued by the department or an agent under this subsection that shows that an application and the required fees for a nonresident trail pass have been submitted to the department or an agent appointed under sub. (2j) (f) 1.
      (b)    Except as provided in par. (e) and sub. (2k), no person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or a utility terrain vehicle on a public all-terrain vehicle corridor in this state unless a nonresident trail pass issued under this subsection is permanently affixed in a highly visible location on the forward half of the vehicle or the person is carrying proof of a valid temporary trail use receipt.
      (c)   
         1.    The fee for an annual nonresident trail pass issued under this section is $34.25. An annual nonresident trail pass maybe issued only by the department and persons appointed by the department and expires on March 31 of each year.
         2.    The fee for a 5-day nonresident trail pass issued under this section is $19.25. A 5-day nonresident trail pass may be issued only by the department and persons appointed by the department.
      (d)    There is no fee for a nonresident trail pass issued for an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is registered under sub. (2g) or s. 23.35. The department or Indian tribe or band shall issue a nonresident trail pass for such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle when it issues the registration certificate for the vehicle. The department shall provide Indian tribes or bands that register all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles under sub. (2g) or s. 23.35 with a supply of trail passes.
      (e)    An all-terrain vehicle or a utility terrain vehicle that is registered under sub. (2) (a) or an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is exempt from registration under sub. (2) (b) 1., 1m., 3., or 3m. is exempt from having a nonresident trail pass or temporary trail use receipt displayed as required under par. (b). The department may promulgate a rule to exempt all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles that are exempt from registration under sub. (2) (b) 5. from having nonresident trail passes or temporary trail use receipts displayed as required under par. (b) or may promulgate a rule to exempt owners of such vehicles from having to pay any applicable nonresident trail pass fee.
      (f)   
         1.    The department may appoint any person who is not an employee of the department as the department’s agent to issue temporary trail use receipts and collect the fees for these passes.
         2.    Any person, including the department, who issues a nonresident trail pass or a temporary trail use receipt shall collect in addition to the fee under par. (c) an issuing fee of 75 cents. An agent appointed under subd. 1. may retain 50 cents of the issuing fee to compensate the agent for the agent’s services in issuing the temporary trail use receipt.
         3.    The department shall establish, by rule, procedures for issuing nonresident trail passes and temporary trail use receipts, and the department may promulgate rules regulating the activities of persons who are appointed to be agents under this paragraph.
   (2k)   Weekend exemption. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in this state during the first full weekend in June of each year without registering the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle under sub. (2) and without having been issued or displaying a nonresident trail pass under sub. (2j).
   (2m)   Rental of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles.
      (a)    No person who is engaged in the rental or leasing of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles to the public may do any of the following:
         1.    Rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle for operation by a person who will be operating the vehicle for the first time unless the person engaged in the rental or leasing gives the person instruction on how to operate the vehicle.
         2.    Rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle to a person under 16 years of age.
         3.    Rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle without first ascertaining that any person under the age of 18 who will be on the vehicle has protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1) (a).
      (b)    A person who is engaged in the rental or leasing of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles to the public shall have clean, usable protective headgear available for rent in sufficient quantity to provide headgear to all persons under the age of 18 who will be on all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles that the person rents or leases.
      (c)    The department may promulgate rules to establish minimum standards for the instruction given under par. (a) 1.
   (3)   Rules of operation. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle:
      (a)    In any careless way so as to endanger the person or property of another.
      (c)    On the private property of another without the consent of the owner or lessee. Failure to post private property does not imply consent for all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle use.
      (cm)    On public property that is posted as closed to all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle operation or on which the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is prohibited by law.
      (d)    On Indian lands without the consent of the tribal governing body or Indian owner. Failure to post Indian lands does not imply consent for all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle use.
      (em)    Except as provided in sub. (11m), with a passenger riding in or on any part of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is not designed or intended to be used by passengers.
      (er)    With any bow in his or her possession unless the bow does not have an arrow nocked.
      (f)    To drive or pursue any animal except as a part of normal farming operations involving the driving of livestock.
      (g)    When within 150 feet of a dwelling at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour. The speed limit specified in this paragraph does not apply to a person operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a roadway that is designated as an all-terrain vehicle route.
      (gm)    On the frozen surface of public waters or on an all-terrain vehicle trail, at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour or without yielding the right-of-way when within 100 feet of another person who is not operating a motor vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or snowmobile. This paragraph does not apply to a person operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while competing in a sanctioned race or derby.
      (h)    On the frozen surface of public waters within 100 feet of a fishing shanty at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour.
      (hg)    At a speed exceeding 15 miles per hour when it is being operated on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway with a snow removal device attached, if it is more than 150 feet from a dwelling.
      (hr)    At a speed exceeding 5 miles per hour when it is being operated on a sidewalk or driveway with a snow removal device attached, regardless of its proximity to a dwelling.
      (ht)    On all-terrain vehicles routes, all-terrain vehicles trails, public lands, or roadways unless the person complies with all stop signs, yield signs, and other regulatory signs established by rule under sub. (8) (e).
      (i)    In a manner which violates rules promulgated by the department. This paragraph does not authorize the department to promulgate or enforce a rule that imposes a speed restriction that is more stringent than a speed restriction specified under this subsection.
   (3c)   Operation with firearms or crossbows.
23.33(3c)(a) (a) No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with any firearm in his or her possession unless the firearm is unloaded or is a handgun, as defined in s. 175.60 (1) (bm).
      (am)    No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with any crossbow in his or her possession unless the crossbow is not cocked or is unloaded.
      (b)    Paragraphs (a) and (am) do not apply to a firearm or crossbow that is placed or possessed on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is stationary, as defined in s. 167.31 (1) (fg).
   (3e)   Original seating. No person may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless he or she, and every occupant of the utility terrain vehicle, is seated on a seat that is original to the utility terrain vehicle as manufactured.
   (3g)   Use of headgear. No person may operate or be a passenger on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle without wearing protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1) (a) and with the chin strap properly fastened, unless one of the following applies:
      (a)    The person is at least 18 years of age.
      (b)    The person is traveling for the purposes of hunting or fishing and is at least 12 years of age.
      (c)    The all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is being operated for an agricultural purpose.
      (d)    The all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is being operated by a person on land under the management and control of the person’s immediate family.
      (e)    The person is being transported for medical reasons while under the care of emergency personnel.
      (f)    The person is an emergency responder who is responding to an emergency that is directly related to the function of a city, town, village, county, state agency, federal agency, federally recognized American Indian tribe, or public safety corporation.
   (4)   Operation on or near highways.
23.33(4)(a) (a) Freeways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon any part of any freeway which is a part of the federal system of interstate and defense highways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon any part of any other freeway unless the department of transportation authorizes the use of that vehicle on that freeway. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached upon any part of any freeway under any circumstances.
      (b)    Other highways; operation restricted. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a highway except as authorized under pars. (d), (e), and (f) and sub. (11) (am) 2., 3., or 4. or as authorized by rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
      (c)    Exceptions; municipal, state and utility operations; races and derbies; land surveying operations.
23.33(4)(c)1. 1. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle owned by a municipality, state agency, or public utility, or by the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, while the operator is engaged in an emergency or in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle directly related to the functions of the municipality, state agency, or public utility, or of the Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, if safety does not require strict adherence to these restrictions.
         1m.    Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle who is engaged in land surveying operations, if safety does not require strict adherence to the restrictions under pars. (a) and (b).
         2.    Paragraph (b) does not apply to a highway blocked off for special all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle events. A county, town, city or village may block off highways under its jurisdiction for the purpose of allowing special all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle events. No state trunk highway or connecting highway, or part thereof, may be blocked off by any county, town, city or village for any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle race or derby. A county, town, city or village shall notify the local police department and the county sheriff’s office at least one week in advance of the time and place of any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle race or derby which may result in any street, or part thereof, of the county, town, city or village being blocked off.
      (d)    Operation on roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the roadway portion of any highway if the person complies with the applicable speed limit and only in the following situations:
         1.    To cross a roadway. The crossing of a roadway is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle prior to the crossing and yields the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, electric scooters, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
         2.    On any roadway which is seasonally not maintained for motor vehicle traffic. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on this type of roadway is authorized only during the seasons when no maintenance occurs and only if the roadway is not officially closed to all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle traffic.
         3.   
            a.    To cross a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way. The crossing of a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way is not authorized if the roadway is officially closed to all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle traffic, except as provided in subd. 3. b. The crossing is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the vehicle prior to the crossing and yields the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, electric scooters, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
            b.    A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the roadway or shoulder of any highway to cross a bridge that is 1,000 feet in length or less if the operation is in compliance with a county ordinance adopted under sub. (11) (am) 3. that applies to that bridge and a city, village, or town ordinance adopted under sub. (11) (am) 3. that applies to that bridge.
         4.    On roadways which are designated as all-terrain vehicle routes. Operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on a roadway which is an all-terrain vehicle route is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
         5.    On roadways if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is an implement of husbandry, if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is used exclusively for agricultural purposes and if the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is registered for private use under sub. (2) (d) or (2g). Operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle which is an implement of husbandry on a roadway is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
         6.    On roadways if the operator of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is a person who holds a Class A permit or a Class B permit under s. 29.193 (2) and who is traveling for the purposes of hunting or is otherwise engaging in an activity authorized by the permit.
         7.    On roadways of highways that are all-terrain vehicle trails.
      (e)    Operation adjacent to roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle adjacent to a roadway on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail if the person operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in the following manner:
         1.    At a distance of 10 or more feet from the roadway along U.S. numbered highways and state and county highways. Travel on the median of a divided highway is prohibited except to cross.
         2.    Outside of the roadway along town highways.
         3.    During hours of darkness in the same direction as motor vehicle traffic in the nearest lane unless all of the following apply:
            a.    The all-terrain vehicle route or trail is located at least 40 feet from the roadway or is separated from the roadway by a head lamp barrier.
            b.    The use of the all-terrain vehicle route or trail is approved by the department of transportation with respect to all-terrain vehicle routes or trails located near or crossing state trunk highways or by the officer in charge of maintenance with respect to all-terrain vehicle routes or trails located near or crossing other highways.
         3m.    During daylight hours, travel may be in either direction regardless of the flow of motor vehicle traffic.
         4.    Not in excess of the speed limits of the adjacent roadway.
         5.    With due regard to safety and in compliance with rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
      (f)    Operation with snow removal device attached. Except as prohibited under par. (a), and subject to ordinances enacted under sub. (11) (am) 2., a person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway or on a public sidewalk during the period beginning on October 1 and ending on April 30 of each year for the purpose of removing snow if such operation is necessary to travel to or from a site where the snow removal device will be used. The travel necessary to or from the site may not exceed 2 miles. Operation of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on a roadway or adjacent to a roadway is authorized only if the applicable roadway speed limit is 45 miles per hour or less. Operation on a roadway of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway where it is safe to do so given prevailing conditions. Operation adjacent to a roadway of such an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall comply with the applicable speed limit and with par. (e) 1., 2., 3., 3m., and 5.
   (4c)   Intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(a) (a) Operation.
         1.    `Operating while under the influence of an intoxicant.’ No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         2.    `Operating with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.’ No person may engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more.
         2m.    `Operating with a restricted controlled substance.’ No person may engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while the person has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
         3.    `Operating with alcohol concentrations at specified levels; below age 21.’ If a person has not attained the age of 21, the person may not engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while he or she has an alcohol concentration of more than 0.0 but not more than 0.08.
         4.    `Related charges.’ A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m., the offenses shall be joined. If the person is found guilty of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1., 2., and 2m. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
         5.    `Defenses.’ In an action under subd. 2m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
      (b)    Causing injury.
         1.    ` Causing injury while under the influence of an intoxicant.’ No person while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         2.    `Causing injury with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.’ No person who has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         2m.    `Causing injury while operating with a restricted controlled substance.’ No person who has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         3.    `Related charges.’ A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. in the complaint, the crimes shall be joined under s. 971.12. If the person is found guilty of any combination of subd. 1., 2., or 2m. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1., 2., and 2m. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
         4.    `Defenses.’
            a.    In an action under this paragraph, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant, did not have an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, or did not have a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
            b.    In an action under subd. 2m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
   (4g)   Preliminary breath screening test.
23.33(4g)(a) (a) Requirement. A person shall provide a sample of his or her breath for a preliminary breath screening test if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person is violating or has violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if, prior to an arrest, the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide this sample.
      (b)    Use of test results. A law enforcement officer may use the results of a preliminary breath screening test for the purpose of deciding whether or not to arrest a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or for the purpose of deciding whether or not to request a chemical test under sub. (4p). Following the preliminary breath screening test, chemical tests may be required of the person under sub. (4p).
      (c)    Admissibility. The result of a preliminary breath screening test is not admissible in any action or proceeding except to show probable cause for an arrest, if the arrest is challenged, or to show that a chemical test was properly required of a person under sub. (4p).
      (d)    Refusal. There is no penalty for a violation of par. (a). Subsection (13) (a) and the general penalty provision under s. 939.61 do not apply to that violation.
   (4j)   Applicability of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law. In addition to being applicable upon highways, the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law is applicable upon all premises held out to the public for use of their all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles, whether such premises are publicly or privately owned and whether or not a fee is charged for the use thereof.
   (4L)   Implied consent. Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon the public highways of this state, or in those areas enumerated in sub. (4j), is deemed to have given consent to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p). Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle within this state is deemed to have given consent to submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p).
   (4p)   Chemical tests.
      (a)    Requirement.
         1.    `Samples; submission to tests.’ A person shall provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to provide the sample by a law enforcement officer. A person shall submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to submit to the test by a law enforcement officer.
         2.    `Information.’ A law enforcement officer requesting a person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test under subd. 1. shall inform the person of all of the following at the time of the request and prior to obtaining the sample or administering the test:
            a.    That he or she is deemed to have consented to tests under sub. (4L).
            b.    That a refusal to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test constitutes a violation under par. (e) and is subject to the same penalties and procedures as a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1.
            c.    That in addition to the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2., he or she may have an additional chemical test under par. (c) 1.
         3.    `Unconscious person.’ A person who is unconscious or otherwise not capable of withdrawing consent is presumed not to have withdrawn consent under this paragraph, and if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law, one or more chemical tests may be administered to the person without a request under subd. 1. and without providing information under subd. 2.
      (b)    Chemical tests.
         1.    `Test facility.’ Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, a test facility shall administer a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. A test facility shall be prepared to administer 2 of the 3 chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. The department may enter into agreements for the cooperative use of test facilities.
         2.    `Designated chemical test.’ A test facility shall designate one chemical test of breath, blood or urine which it is prepared to administer first for the purpose of authorized analysis.
         3.    `Additional chemical test.’ A test facility shall specify one chemical test of breath, blood or urine, other than the test designated under subd. 2., which it is prepared to administer for the purpose of authorized analysis as an additional chemical test.
         4.    `Validity; procedure.’ A chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis is valid as provided under s. 343.305 (6). The duties and responsibilities of the laboratory of hygiene, department of health services and department of transportation under s. 343.305 (6) apply to a chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection. Blood may be withdrawn from a person arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law only by a physician, registered nurse, medical technologist, physician assistant, phlebotomist, or other medical professional who is authorized to draw blood, or person acting under the direction of a physician and the person who withdraws the blood, the employer of that person and any hospital where blood is withdrawn have immunity from civil or criminal liability as provided under s. 895.53.
         5.    `Report.’ A test facility which administers a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection shall prepare a written report which shall include the findings of the chemical test, the identification of the law enforcement officer or the person who requested a chemical test and the identification of the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test. The test facility shall transmit a copy of the report to the law enforcement officer and the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test.
      (c)    Additional and optional chemical tests.
         1.    `Additional chemical test.’ If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or is the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle involved in an accident resulting in great bodily harm to or the death of someone and if the person is requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer the additional chemical test specified under par. (b) 3. or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis.
         2.    `Optional test.’ If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law and if the person is not requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer a chemical test of his or her breath or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. If a test facility is unable to perform a chemical test of breath, the person may request the test facility to administer the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2. or the additional chemical test under par. (b) 3.
         3.    `Compliance with request.’ A test facility shall comply with a request under this paragraph to administer any chemical test it is able to perform.
         4.    `Inability to obtain chemical test.’ The failure or inability of a person to obtain a chemical test at his or her own expense does not preclude the admission of evidence of the results of a chemical test required and administered under pars. (a) and (b).
      (d)    Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under par. (a), (b) or (c) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This subsection does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
      (e)    Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under par. (a). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of par. (a) or this paragraph are limited to:
         1.    Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
         2.    Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
         3.    Whether the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test and provided the information required under par. (a) 2. or whether the request and information was unnecessary under par. (a) 3.
         4.    Whether the person refused to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test.
   (4t)   Report arrest to department. If a law enforcement officer arrests a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or the refusal law, the law enforcement officer shall notify the department of the arrest as soon as practicable.
   (4x)   Officer’s action after arrest for operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while under influence of intoxicant. A person arrested for a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. or a local ordinance in conformity therewith or sub. (4c) (b) 1. or 2. may not be released until 12 hours have elapsed from the time of his or her arrest or unless a chemical test administered under sub. (4p) (a) 1. shows that the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or less, but the person may be released to his or her attorney, spouse, relative or other responsible adult at any time after arrest.
   (4z)   Public education program.
      (a)    The department shall promulgate rules to provide for a public education program to:
         1.    Inform all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle operators of the prohibitions and penalties included in the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
         2.    Provide for the development of signs briefly explaining the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
         3.    Provide for the development of safety information signs.
      (b)    The department shall develop and issue an educational pamphlet on the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law to be distributed, beginning in 1989, to persons issued all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration certificates under subs. (2) and (2g).
   (5)   Age restrictions; safety certification program.
23.33(5)(a) (a) All-terrain vehicles; age restriction.
23.33(5)(a)1. 1. Subject to subds. 2. to 5., no person under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle unless any of the following applies:
            a.    He or she is operating the all-terrain vehicle for an agricultural purpose and he or she is under the supervision of a person over 18 years of age. For purposes of this subd. 1. a., supervision does not require that the person under 12 years of age be subject to continuous direction or control by the person over 18 years of age.
            b.    He or she is operating a small all-terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle trail designated by the department and he or she is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
         2.    No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle that is an implement of husbandry on a roadway under any circumstances.
         3.    No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle on a roadway under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (d) 6. under any circumstances.
         4.    No person who is under 16 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle under the authority provided under sub. (4) (d) 4. or 7. unless the person is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
         5.    No person who is under 16 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (f) under any circumstances.
         6.    No person who is under 12 years of age may rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle.
      (am)    Utility terrain vehicles; age restriction.
         1.    No person under 16 years of age may operate, rent, or lease a utility terrain vehicle unless any of the following apply:
            a.    He or she is operating the utility terrain vehicle for an agricultural purpose and he or she is under the supervision of a person over 18 years of age. For purposes of this subd. 1. a., supervision does not require that the person under 16 years of age be subject to continuous direction or control by the person over 18 years of age.
            b.    He or she is at least 12 years of age, is operating a small utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle trail designated by the department and he or she is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
         3.    Except as provided in par. (4) (d) 1., 2., and 3. a., no person who is under 16 years of age may operate a utility terrain vehicle on a roadway.
      (b)    Safety certificate.
         1.    No person who is at least 12 years of age and who is born on or after January 1, 1988, may operate an all-terrain vehicle unless he or she holds a valid safety certificate issued by the department, another state, or a province of Canada.
         1m.    No person who is at least 12 years of age and who is born on or after January 1, 1988, may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless he or she holds a valid safety certificate issued by the department, another state, or a province of Canada.
         2.    Any person who is required to hold an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle safety certificate while operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall carry proof that the person holds a valid safety certificate and shall display this proof to a law enforcement officer on request.
         3.    Persons enrolled in a safety certification program approved by the department may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in an area designated by the instructor.
      (c)    Exceptions.
         1.    In this paragraph, ” land on which operation is authorized” means land under the management and control of a person who consents to the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the land.
         2.    Paragraphs (a), (am), and (b) do not apply to a person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle exclusively on land that is either of the following:
            a.    Land under the management and control of the person’s immediate family.
            b.    Land, other than land described under subd. 2. a., on which operation is authorized.
         3.    A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on land on which operation is authorized qualifies for the exception under subd. 2. b. only if the person is under 12 years of age and operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle when accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
         4.    Notwithstanding the safety certificate requirements under par. (b), a person is not required to hold a safety certificate if all of the following apply:
            a.    The person operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle at an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle demonstration event.
            b.    The event under subd. 4. a. is sponsored by an all-terrain vehicle dealer, a utility terrain vehicle dealer, an all-terrain vehicle club, a utility terrain vehicle club, this state, a city, a village, a town, or a county.
            c.    If the person is under 18 years of age, the person is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or is accompanied by a person over 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
            d.    Notwithstanding sub. (3g) (a), the person wears protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1).
            e.    The person operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in a closed-course area in the manner prescribed by the event sponsor.
      (d)    Safety certification program established. The department shall establish or supervise the establishment of a program of instruction on all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle laws, including the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law, regulations, safety and related subjects. The department shall establish by rule an instruction fee for this program. The department shall issue certificates to persons successfully completing the program. An instructor conducting the program of instruction under this paragraph shall collect the fee from each person who receives instruction. The department may determine the portion of this fee, which may not exceed 50 percent, that the instructor may retain to defray expenses incurred by the instructor in conducting the program. The instructor shall remit the remainder of the fee or, if nothing is retained, the entire fee to the department. The department shall issue a duplicate certificate of accomplishment to a person who is entitled to a duplicate certificate of accomplishment and who pays a fee of $2.75.
   (5m)   Safety enhancement program.
      (a)    The department shall establish a program to provide funding to organizations that meet the eligibility requirements under par. (b).
      (b)    To be eligible for funding under this subsection, an organization shall meet all of the following requirements:
         1.    The organization is a nonstock corporation organized in this state.
         2.    The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles in a manner that is safe and responsible and that does not harm the environment.
         3.    The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles in a manner that does not conflict with the laws, rules, and departmental policies that relate to the operation of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles.
         4.    The interest of the organization is the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on all-terrain vehicle trails and other interconnected areas.
         5.    The organization has a board of directors that has a majority of members who are representatives of all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle clubs.
         6.    The organization provides support to all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle clubs.
      (c)    An organization receiving funding under this subsection shall use the moneys to promote and provide support to the program established under sub. (5) by conducting activities that include all of the following:
         1.    Collecting data on the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles.
         2.    Providing assistance to the department in locating, recruiting, and training instructors for the program established under sub. (5) (d).
         3.    Attempting to increase participation by current and future all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle operators and owners in the program established under sub. (5) (d).
         4.    Assisting the department of natural resources and the department of tourism in creating an outreach program to inform local communities of appropriate all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle use in their communities and of the economic benefits that may be gained from promoting tourism to attract all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle operators.
         5.    Attempting to improve and maintain its relationship with the department of natural resources, the department of tourism, all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle dealers, all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle manufacturers, off-highway motorcycle clubs, as defined in s. 23.335 (1) (r), off-highway motorcycle alliances, other organizations that promote the recreational operation of off-highway motorcycles, snowmobile clubs, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (e), snowmobile alliances, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (d), and other organizations that promote the recreational operation of snowmobiles.
         6.    Recruiting, assisting in the training of, and providing support to a corps of volunteers that will assist in providing instruction on the safe and responsible operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles that is given in the field to all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle operators.
         7.    Cooperating with the department to recruit, train, and manage volunteer trail patrol ambassadors in monitoring the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles for safety issues and other issues that relate to the responsible operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles.
      (d)    The department shall provide funding under this subsection from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (5) (cx).
      (e)    The department shall annually determine the amount necessary to provide funding under this subsection. The amount shall be the greater of $297,000 or the amount calculated by multiplying 80 cents by the number of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles registered as of the last day of February of the previous fiscal year.
   (6)   Equipment requirements.
      (a)    A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is required to display a lighted headlamp and tail lamp on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
      (b)    The headlamp on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is required to display a white light of sufficient illuminating power to reveal any person, vehicle or substantial object at a distance of at least 200 feet ahead of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
      (c)    The tail lamp on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is required to display a red light plainly visible during hours of darkness from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.
      (cd)    Except as provided in sub. (11m), no person may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is equipped with any of the following:
         1.    A lamp that emits any color of light other than white or amber and that is visible from directly in front of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         2.    A lamp that emits any color of light other than red, yellow, amber, or white and that is visible from directly behind the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
         3.    A flashing, oscillating, or rotating lamp that emits any color other than yellow or amber.
      (ch)    Except as provided in sub. (11m), if an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with headlamps is equipped with additional adverse weather lamps, spot lamps, auxiliary lamps, or any other lamp on the front of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is capable of projecting a beam of intensity of more than 300 candlepower, the operator of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may not light more than 4 lamps on the front of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle simultaneously, not including flashing amber or yellow lights, within 500 feet of an oncoming all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or other vehicle upon a roadway, all-terrain vehicle route, all-terrain vehicle trail, or public area.
      (cp)    Except as provided in sub. (11m), when the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle equipped with multiple-beam headlamps, adverse weather lamps, spot lamps, auxiliary lamps, high-beam lamps, or any other lamps other than those required by this subsection approaches an oncoming all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or other vehicle within 500 feet or approaches or follows an all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or other vehicle within 500 feet to the rear of that vehicle, the operator shall dim, depress, or tilt the multiple-beam headlamps, adverse weather lamps, spot lamps, auxiliary lamps, high-beam lamps, or any other lamps of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle so that the glaring rays are not directed or reflected into the eyes of the operator of the other vehicle, all-terrain vehicle, or utility terrain vehicle. This paragraph does not prohibit an operator from intermittently flashing the high-beam headlamps of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle at an oncoming all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or other vehicle whose high-beam headlamps are lit.
      (ct)   
         1.    Any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may be equipped with not more than 2 backup lamps that shall be directed to project a white or amber light illuminating the area to the rear of the vehicle for a distance not to exceed 75 feet.
         2.    No lighted backup lamp or white lamp visible from directly behind may be displayed on any all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle upon a highway, all-terrain vehicle route, all-terrain vehicle trail, frozen water, or public area where use of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles is allowed except when the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is about to be or is being driven backward. Whenever a backup lamp on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is lighted, the tail lamp or tail lamps on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall also be lighted.
      (d)    Every all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle is required to be equipped with at least one brake operated either by hand or by foot.
      (e)    Every all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle is required to be equipped with a functioning muffler to prevent excessive or unusual noise and with a functioning spark arrester of a type approved by the U.S. forest service. This paragraph does not apply to an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is operated exclusively by means of an electric motor.
      (f)    An all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may not be modified so that its maximum width exceeds the width allowed for a utility terrain vehicle under sub. (1) (ng) 1. h. or 2. b. or the width allowed for an all-terrain vehicle under s. 340.01 (2g). This paragraph does not apply to the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on private property.
      (g)    An all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may not be operated with anything other than tires. This paragraph does not apply to the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on private property or on frozen waters.
      (h)    A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached as authorized under sub. (4) (f) is required to display at least one or more flashing or rotating amber or yellow lights, and at least one of these lights shall be visible from every direction.
      (i)    No person may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless each passenger is wearing a safety belt installed by the manufacturer and fastened in a manner prescribed by the manufacturer of the safety belt which permits the safety belt to act as a body restraint.
   (6m)   Noise limits. No person may manufacture, sell, rent or operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is constructed in such a manner that noise emitted from the vehicle exceeds 96 decibels on the A scale as measured in the manner prescribed under rules promulgated by the department.
   (6r)   Passenger restrictions. Except as provided in sub. (11m), no person may ride in or on any part of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is not designed or intended to be used by passengers.
   (7)   Accidents.
      (a)    If an accident results in the death of any person or in the injury of any person which requires the treatment of the person by a physician, the operator of each all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle involved in the accident shall give notice of the accident to a conservation warden or local law enforcement officer as soon as possible and shall file a written report of the accident with the department on the form provided by it within 10 days after the accident.
      (b)    If the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is physically incapable of making the report required by this subsection and there was another witness to the accident capable of making the report, the witness may make the report.
   (8)   Routes and trails.
      (a)    Department authority. The department shall encourage and supervise a system of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails. The department may establish standards and procedures for certifying the designation of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails.
      (b)    Routes.
         1.    Subject to subd. 3., a town, village, city, or county may designate highways as all-terrain vehicle routes.
         2.    Subject to subd. 3., a town, village, city, or county may designate all highways under its jurisdiction as all-terrain vehicle routes.
         3.    No state trunk highway or connecting highway may be designated as an all-terrain vehicle route unless the department of transportation approves the designation.
      (c)    Trails. A town, village, city, county or the department may designate corridors through land which it owns or controls, or for which it obtains leases, easements or permission, for use as all-terrain vehicle trails.
      (d)    Restrictions. The designating authority may specify effective periods for the use of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails and may restrict or prohibit the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle during certain periods of the year.
      (e)    Signs.
         1.    The department, in cooperation with the department of transportation, shall establish uniform all-terrain vehicle route and trail signs and standards and uniform signs and standards for the operation of utility terrain vehicles on all-terrain vehicle routes and trails. The standards may not require that any additional signs be placed on all-terrain vehicle routes concerning the operation of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles with snow removal devices attached.
         2.    Except as provided in subd. 3, if a town, village, city, or county designates specific highways under its jurisdiction as all-terrain vehicle routes under par. (b) 2., the town, village, city, or county shall do one of the following:
            a.    Erect a sign at each point on a highway where the all-terrain vehicle route begins and at each point where the all-terrain vehicle route intersects an all-terrain vehicle trail or a highway that is not designated as an all-terrain vehicle route. The town, village, city, or county is not required to erect a sign under this subdivision at a point that is not more than one-half mile from a sign marking the same all-terrain vehicle route on the same highway.
            b.    Erect a sign on each highway under its jurisdiction that crosses its territorial boundary in a position to be viewed by motorists as they enter the town, village, city, or county. The signs shall alert motorists that all highways within the town, village, city, or county have been designated as all-terrain vehicle routes, except where otherwise indicated. The town, village, city, or county shall erect signs as appropriate to indicate highways that are not designated as an all-terrain vehicle route.
         3.    If a town, village, city, or county designates all highways under its jurisdiction as all-terrain vehicle routes under par. (b) 2., the town, village, city, or county may erect a sign on each highway that crosses its territorial boundary in a position to be viewed by motorists as they enter the town, village, city, or county. The signs shall alert motorists that all highways under the jurisdiction of the town, village, city, or county have been designated as all-terrain vehicle routes.
         4.    If a town, village, city, or county designates all highways under its jurisdiction as all-terrain vehicle routes under par. (b) 2., the town, village, city, or county may erect a sign on each highway under its jurisdiction at the point where that highway crosses its territorial boundary and enters another town, village, city, or county that does not designate the highway as an all-terrain vehicle route. The signs shall be in a position to be viewed by motorists and all-terrain vehicle operators as they leave the town, village, city, or county and shall alert motorists and all-terrain vehicle operators that the all-terrain vehicle route designation has ended.
         5.    If a town, village, city or county designates highways under its jurisdiction as all-terrain vehicle routes under par. (b) 2., the town, village, city, or county may designate a preferred route and erect signs marking the route.
         6.    If a town, village, city, or county erects and maintains signs under subd. 3., the department may not require the town, village, city, or county to erect any additional signs marking the all-terrain vehicle routes within the town, village, city, or county.
      (f)    Interference with signs and standards prohibited.
23.33(8)(f)1. 1. No person may intentionally remove, damage, deface, move, obstruct, or interfere with the effective operation of any uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard or any uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail if the sign or standard is legally placed by the state, any municipality or any authorized individual.
         2.    No person may possess any uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard, or any uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail, of the type established by the department for the warning, instruction or information of the public, unless he or she obtained the uniform sign or standard in a lawful manner. Possession of a uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard or uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail creates a rebuttable presumption of illegal possession.
   (9)   Administration; enforcement; aids.
23.33(9)(a) (a) Enforcement. The department may utilize moneys received under sub. (2) for all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle registration aids administration and for the purposes specified under s. 20.370 (3) (as) and (5) (er) including costs associated with enforcement, safety education, accident reports and analysis, law enforcement aids to counties, and other similar costs in administering and enforcing this section.
      (b)    All-terrain vehicle projects. Any of the following all-terrain vehicle projects are eligible for funding as a state all-terrain vehicle project from the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (1) (ms) or for aid as a nonstate all-terrain vehicle project from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.370 (5) (ct) and (cu):
         1.    Acquisition of an easement or land in fee simple.
         2.    Development of all-terrain vehicle facilities such as parking areas, riding areas, shelters, toilets or other improvements.
         3.    Development of all-terrain vehicle routes or all-terrain vehicle trails.
         4.    Development or maintenance of a snowmobile route or trail or an off-the-road motorcycle trail or facility if the route, trail or facility is open for use by all-terrain vehicles.
         5.    Maintenance of all-terrain vehicle routes or all-terrain vehicle trails.
         6.    Purchase of liability insurance.
         7.    Production of trail maps and a statewide digital information application for providing safety, regulatory, and riding opportunity information.
         8.    Acquisition and maintenance of communications equipment for providing support to organizations that meet the eligibility requirements under sub. (5m) (b).
      (bb)    Signs. In addition to the projects listed in par. (b), the department may provide aid from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (5) (ct) or (cu) to a town, village, city, county, or nonprofit organization for up to 100 percent of the cost of placing signs developed under sub. (4z) (a) 2. and 3.
      (bc)    All-terrain vehicle trail maintenance funding. The department may provide state aid for trail maintenance costs equal to the approved eligible project costs, which may not exceed the following:
         1.    For winter maintenance of all-terrain vehicle trails that are shared with snowmobiles and that are eligible for winter maintenance, $100 per mile.
         2.    For winter maintenance of all-terrain vehicle trails that are not shared with snowmobiles and that are eligible for winter maintenance, $200 per mile.
         3.    For summer maintenance of all-terrain vehicle trails, $600 per mile.
      (bd)    All-terrain and utility terrain vehicle projects; stewardship funding.
         1.    The department may obligate from the appropriation account under s. 20.866 (2) (ta) moneys for state projects and for aids to counties, cities, villages, or towns for nonstate projects. The projects may be any of the following:
            a.    Acquisitions of easements and land as specified in par. (b) 1.
            b.    Development of facilities, routes, and trails as specified in par. (b) 2. and 3.
            c.    Development of a snowmobile route or trail or an off-the-road motorcycle trail or facility if the route, trail or facility is open for use by all-terrain vehicles.
            d.    Improvement of all-terrain vehicle trails for use by utility terrain vehicles.
            e.    Placement of signs developed under sub. (4z) (a) 2.
         2.    Moneys obligated from the appropriation account under s. 20.866 (2) (ta) for a project under subd. 1. shall be limited to no more than 80 percent of the cost of the project. The county, city, village, or town receiving the aid is responsible for the remainder of the project cost.
      (bg)    Funding for utility terrain vehicles.
23.33(9)(bg)1. 1. A project to improve or maintain all-terrain vehicle trails for use by utility terrain vehicles is eligible for summer funding as a state utility terrain vehicle project from the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (1) (mr) or for aid as a nonstate utility vehicle project from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.370 (5) (eu) and (gr). The maximum amount allowed for aid under this subdivision is $200 per mile for all-terrain vehicle trails that are maintained not less than 3 months per year including the months of June, July, and August.
         2.    A project to improve or maintain all-terrain vehicle trails for use by utility terrain vehicles is eligible for winter funding as a state utility terrain vehicle project from the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (1) (mr) or for aid as a nonstate utility vehicle project from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.370 (5) (eu) and (gr). The maximum amount allowed for aid under this subdivision is $100 per mile for all-terrain vehicle trails that are maintained not less than 2 months nor more than 6 months per year including the months of January and February.
         3.    If the requests for aid for projects under this paragraph exceed the funds available, the department shall distribute available funds to qualified applicants on a proportional basis.
   (10)   Liability of landowners. Section 895.52 applies to this section.
   (11)   Local ordinances.
      (a)    Counties, towns, cities and villages may enact ordinances regulating all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on all-terrain vehicle trails maintained by or on all-terrain vehicle routes designated by the county, city, town or village.
      (am)   
         1.    Any county, town, city, or village may enact an ordinance that is in strict conformity with this section and rules promulgated by the department under this section if the ordinance encompasses all aspects encompassed by this section, except as provided in subds. 2., 3., and 4.
         2.    For a roadway, or for a portion of a roadway, that is located within the territorial boundaries of a city, village, or town, the city, village, or town may enact an ordinance to authorize the operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles with snow removal devices attached on the roadway, or adjacent to the roadway, if the applicable roadway speed limit is greater than 45 miles per hour, and regardless of whether the city, village, or town has jurisdiction over the roadway.
         3.    A county, city, village, or town may enact an ordinance to authorize the operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on a highway bridge that is not part of the national system of interstate and defense highways, that is 1,000 feet in length or less, and that is located within the territorial boundaries of the county, city, village, or town regardless of whether the county, city, village, or town has jurisdiction over the highway. Any such ordinance shall require a person crossing a bridge to do all of the following:
            a.    Cross the bridge in the most direct manner practicable and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing.
            b.    Stay as far to the right of the roadway or shoulder as practicable.
            c.    Stop the vehicle prior to the crossing.
            d.    Yield the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, electric scooters, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway or shoulder.
            e.    Exit the highway as quickly and safely as practicable after crossing the bridge.
         4.    A city, village, or town may enact an ordinance to authorize the operation of all-terrain vehicles and utility terrain vehicles on a highway that is not part of the national system of interstate and defense highways, that has a speed limit of 35 miles per hour or less, and that is located within the territorial boundaries of the city, village, or town regardless of whether the city, village, or town has jurisdiction over the highway.
      (b)    If a county, town, city, or village adopts an ordinance regulating all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, or both, its clerk shall immediately send a copy of the ordinance to the department, to the state traffic patrol, and to the office of any law enforcement agency of each county, town, city, or village having jurisdiction over any of the highways to which the ordinance applies.
   (11m)   Exceptions. Subsections (3) (em), (6) (cd), (ch), (cp), and (i), and (6r) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle owned or leased by a city, village, town, county, state agency, federal agency, federally recognized American Indian tribe, public safety corporation, or public utility while the operator is engaged in an emergency.
   (12)   Enforcement.
      (a)    An officer of the state traffic patrol under s. 110.07 (1), inspector under s. 110.07 (3), conservation warden appointed by the department under s. 23.10, county sheriff or municipal peace officer has authority and jurisdiction to enforce this section and ordinances enacted in accordance with this section.
      (b)    No operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle may refuse to stop after being requested or signaled to do so by a law enforcement officer or a commission warden, as defined in s. 939.22 (5).
   (13)   Penalties.
      (a)    Generally. Except as provided in pars. (am) to (e), any person who violates this section shall forfeit not more than $250.
      (am)    Penalty related to interference with signs and standards. Except as provided in par. (cg), a person who violates sub. (8) (f) and who, within the last 2 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was 2 or more times previously convicted for violating a provision of this chapter shall forfeit not more than $500.
      (ar)    Penalty related to nonresident trail passes. Any person who violates sub. (2j) shall forfeit not more than $1,000.
      (b)    Penalties related to intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(13)(b)1. 1. Except as provided under subds. 2. and 3., a person who violates sub. (4c) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (4p) (e) shall forfeit not less than $150 nor more than $300.
         2.    Except as provided under subd. 3., a person who violates sub. (4c) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (4p) (e) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted previously under the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or the refusal law shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,100 and shall be imprisoned not less than 5 days nor more than 6 months.
         3.    A person who violates sub. (4c) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (4p) (e) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted 2 or more times previously under the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or refusal law shall be fined not less than $600 nor more than $2,000 and shall be imprisoned not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
         4.    A person who violates sub. (4c) (a) 3. or (4p) (e) and who has not attained the age of 21 shall forfeit not more than $50.
      (bg)    Penalties related to intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle; underage passengers. If there is a passenger under 16 years of age on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle at the time of a violation that gives rise to a conviction under sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. or (4p) (e), the applicable minimum and maximum forfeitures, fines, and terms of imprisonment under pars. (b) 1., 2., and 3. for the conviction are doubled.
      (br)    Penalties related to intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle; enhancers.
         1.    If a person convicted under sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. had an alcohol concentration of 0.17 to 0.199 at the time of the offense, the minimum and maximum fines specified under par. (b) 3. for the conviction are doubled.
         2.    If a person convicted under sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. had an alcohol concentration of 0.20 to 0.249 at the time of the offense, the minimum and maximum fines specified under par. (b) 3. for the conviction are tripled.
         3.    If a person convicted under sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. had an alcohol concentration of 0.25 or above at the time of the offense, the minimum and maximum fines under par. (b) 3. for the conviction are quadrupled.
         4.    The increased fines in this paragraph do not apply if the person convicted under sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. is subject to par. (bg).
      (c)    Penalties related to causing injury; intoxicants. A person who violates sub. (4c) (b) shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $2,000 and may be imprisoned not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
      (cg)    Penalties related to causing death or injury; interference with signs and standards. A person who violates sub. (8) (f) 1. is guilty of a Class H felony if the violation causes the death or injury, as defined in s. 30.67 (3) (b), of another person.
      (cm)    Sentence of detention. The legislature intends that courts use the sentencing option under s. 973.03 (4) whenever appropriate for persons subject to par. (b) 2. or 3. or (c). The use of this option can result in significant cost savings for the state and local governments.
      (d)    Calculation of previous convictions. In determining the number of previous convictions under par. (b) 2. and 3., convictions arising out of the same incident or occurrence shall be counted as one previous conviction.
      (dm)    Reporting convictions to the department. Whenever a person is convicted of a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law, the clerk of the court in which the conviction occurred, or the justice, judge or magistrate of a court not having a clerk, shall forward to the department the record of such conviction. The record of conviction forwarded to the department shall state whether the offender was involved in an accident at the time of the offense.
      (e)    Alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs; assessment. In addition to any other penalty or order, a person who violates sub. (4c) (a) or (b) or (4p) (e) or who violates s. 940.09 or 940.25 if the violation involves the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle, shall be ordered by the court to submit to and comply with an assessment by an approved public treatment facility for an examination of the person’s use of alcohol, controlled substances or controlled substance analogs. The assessment order shall comply with s. 343.30 (1q) (c) 1. a. to c. Intentional failure to comply with an assessment ordered under this paragraph constitutes contempt of court, punishable under ch. 785.
      (f)    Restoration or replacement of signs and standards. In addition to any other penalty, the court may order the defendant to restore or replace any uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard, or any uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail, that the defendant removed, damaged, defaced, moved or obstructed.