(a) A person commits the crime of fraud in insolvency if, with the intent to defraud a creditor and with knowledge or reason to believe either that proceedings have been or are about to be instituted for the appointment of a receiver or that a composition agreement or other arrangement for the benefit of creditors has been or is about to be made, he:
Terms Used In Alabama Code 13A-9-48
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- writing: includes typewriting and printing on paper. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
(1) Conveys, transfers, removes, conceals, destroys, encumbers or otherwise disposes of any part of or any interest in the debtor’s estate; or
(2) Presents to any creditor or to the receiver any writing or record relating to the debtor’s estate, not otherwise within the coverage of Sections 13A-10-101, 13A-10-102 or 13A-10-109, knowing or having reason to believe that it contains a false material statement; or
(3) Misrepresents or refuses to disclose to the receiver, under circumstances not amounting to a violation of Section 13A-10-4, the existence, amount or location of any part of or an interest in debtor’s estate, or any other information that he is legally required to furnish to the administrator.
(b) “Receiver” means an assignee or trustee for the benefit of creditors, a conservator, a liquidator or any other person legally entitled to administer property for the benefit of creditors.
(c) Fraud in insolvency is a Class B misdemeanor.