Article 1 Forgery and Related Offenses 13A-9-1 – 13A-9-21
Article 2 Business Frauds 13A-9-40 – 13A-9-52
Article 3 Charitable Fraud 13A-9-70 – 13A-9-76
Article 3A Unlawful Charitable Solicitation 13A-9-80 – 13A-9-84
Article 4 Illegal Possession of Food Stamps 13A-9-90 – 13A-9-92
Article 5 HOME REPAIR FRAUD 13A-9-110 – 13A-9-115
Article 6 Residential Mortgage Fund 13A-9-130
Article 7 Public Assistance Fraud 13A-9-150

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 9

  • AFFILIATED CHARITABLE AGENCY: A charitable agency which is affiliated with a charitable fund-raising federation for the purpose of directly sharing funds raised by the organization. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • agency: Any state agency responsible for administering programs under Title IV-D or Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 27-21B-2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • assessment: A standardized diagnostic evaluation for placement in a treatment program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • AUTHORIZING AMENDMENT: That certain amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, proposed by Act 88-479 enacted at the 1988 Regular Session of the Legislature. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Board. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • CAMPAIGN COMMUNITY: A local geographic region covered by a campaign manager, the exact boundaries determined by a local agency review committee and approved by a state-level steering committee. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CAMPAIGN MANAGER: The participating federation, selected by the local agency review committee, responsible for managing the local state employee combined charitable campaign in each local geographic region or campaign community. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CHARITABLE AGENCY: A volunteer, not-for-profit organization under federal regulation 26 CFR 1. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CHARITABLE FUND-RAISING FEDERATION: A legally constituted grouping of at least 10 health and human care agencies that are bound together to raise and distribute charitable contributions. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION: Any benevolent, philanthropic, or patriotic person, or one purporting to be such, consistent with the then-controlling definition provided in the Internal Revenue Code of the United States of America, which solicits and collects funds for charitable purposes and includes each local, county, or area division within this state of the charitable organization; provided the local, county, or area division has authority and discretion to disburse funds or property otherwise than by transfer to any parent organization. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • CHARITABLE ORGANIZATION: A person or nonprofit corporation who is or holds himself or herself out to be established for a benevolent, educational, philanthropic, humane, scientific, artistic, patriotic, social welfare or advocacy, public health, environmental, conservation, civic, or other eleemosynary purpose, or a person who employs a charitable appeal as the basis for any solicitation or appeal that suggests, directly or indirectly, that the solicitation is for a charitable purpose. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • CHARITABLE PURPOSE: Any charitable, benevolent, philanthropic, or patriotic purpose which is consistent with the then-controlling definition provided in the Internal Revenue Code of the United States of America. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • CHARITABLE PURPOSE: Any charitable, benevolent, philanthropic, humane, patriotic, scientific, artistic, public health, social welfare, advocacy, environmental, conservation, civic, or other eleemosynary purpose as defined and amended, from time to time, by the Internal Revenue Code. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • CIVIL RIGHTS ORGANIZATION: Any charitable organization exempt from taxation pursuant to Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code that is organized to protect the rights of persons against deprivation, discrimination, or denial of their right to equal protection of the laws under the Constitution of the United States of America because of color, race, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • code: The Code of Alabama 1975, as amended. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • COMMERCIAL BUILDING: Any building, structure, or other improvement to real property, excluding, however, any dwelling that:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • COMMERCIAL CO-VENTURER: Any person who for profit or other commercial consideration conducts, promotes, underwrites, arranges, or sponsors a sale, performance, or event of any kind which is advertised, and which will benefit, to any extent, a charitable or religious organization. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • commission: The Lee County Commission or other governing body of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • COMPLETE WRITTEN INSTRUMENT: One which purports to be a genuine written instrument fully drawn with respect to every essential feature thereof. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • container: Box, carton, package, receptacle, canister, jar, dispenser, or machine that offers a product for sale or distribution, for solicitation purposes. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: The promise or grant of any money or property of any kind or value, including the promise to pay, except payments by members of an organization for membership fees, dues, fines, or assessments, or for services rendered to individual members, if membership in the organization confers a bona fide right, privilege, professional standing, honor, or other direct benefit, other than the right to vote, elect officers, or hold offices, and except money or property received from any governmental authority. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • conversion: A conversion, whether referred to as a conversion, domestication, or otherwise, means:

    (A) the continuance of a domestic entity as a foreign entity of any type;

    (B) the continuance of a foreign entity as a domestic entity of any type; or

    (C) the continuance of a domestic entity of one type as a domestic entity of another type. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation, including a benefit corporation, as defined in Chapter 2A, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • county: Lee County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • directors: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • DISCLOSURE LABEL: A printed or typed notice affixed to a container, in a conspicuous place and accessible to the public, that is easily readable and legible that informs the public of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-9-80

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • district: A fire fighting district established pursuant to Amendment 392 or any law providing for the implementation of the authorizing amendment of Amendment 392. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • DISTRICT FIRE PROTECTION FUND: A district fire protection fund established and maintained in the county treasury pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • drug: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01

  • dwelling: Any building, structure, or other improvement to real property used or expected to be used as a dwelling or residence for one or more human beings, including specifically and without limiting the generality of the foregoing,

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION: A school, college, or other institution which has a defined curriculum, student body, and faculty and which conducts classes on a regular basis. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • enrollee: An individual who is enrolled in a health maintenance organization. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • entity: A domestic or foreign organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FAIR MARKET VALUE: The fair and reasonable market value (or, if applicable, the current use value) of a commercial building or dwelling (as the case may be), as such value is appraised by the tax assessor or the State Department of Revenue pursuant to applicable provisions of the code, prior to the assessment thereof for purposes of state or county ad valorem taxation pursuant to Section 40-8-1. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • FALSELY ALTER: To "falsely alter" a written instrument means to change, without lawful authority, a written instrument, whether complete or incomplete, by means of erasure, obliteration, deletion, addition or transportation of matter, or in any other manner, so that the instrument so changed falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic creation of its ostensible maker or authorized by him. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • FALSELY COMPLETE: To "falsely complete" a written instrument means to transform, by adding, inserting or changing matter, an incomplete written instrument into a complete one, without lawful authority, so that the completed written instrument falsely appears or purports to be in all respects an authentic creation of its ostensible maker or authorized by him. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • FALSELY MAKE: To "falsely make" a written instrument means to make or draw a complete written instrument in its entirety, or an incomplete written instrument, which purports to be authentic creation of its ostensible maker, but which is not either because the ostensible maker is fictitious or because, if real, he did not authorize the making or drawing thereof. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: An officer of this state with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FINANCIAL CHARGE: A financial charge or assessment levied by the commission in accordance with the authorizing amendment and this part. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • FIRE PROTECTION CORPORATION: Any public corporation, district, or authority that is:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-41-141

  • foreign: With respect to an entity, means governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An entity governed as to its internal affairs by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FORGED INSTRUMENT: A written instrument which has been falsely made, completed or altered. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: A real property instrument that affects the title to personal property as well as real property. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 11-81-160
  • government: Such term is defined as in Section 13A-8-1(5). See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • GOVERNMENT SECURITIES: Any bonds or other obligations which as to principal and interest constitute direct obligations of, or are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America, including obligations of any federal agency to the extent such obligations are unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America and any certificates or any other evidences of an ownership interest in such obligation of, or unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States of America or in specified portions thereof (which may consist of the principal thereof or the interest thereon). See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HEALTH CARE SERVICES: Any services included in the furnishing to any individual of medical or dental care, or hospitalization or incident to the furnishing of such care or hospitalization, as well as the furnishing to any person of any and all other services for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury, or physical disability. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION: Any person that undertakes to provide or arrange for basic health care services through an organized system which combines the delivery and financing of health care to enrollees. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPROVED INDEXING SYSTEM: A system of indexing real property instruments and personal property instruments in the probate office and, in the discretion of the judge of probate, of indexing other instruments and documents, which system when completed, shall consist of the equipment necessary and suitable to prepare and index records. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • INCOMPLETE WRITTEN INSTRUMENT: One which contains some matter by way of content or authentication, but which requires additional matter in order to render it a complete written instrument. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insurer: Every insurer authorized in this state to issue contracts of accident and sickness insurance. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • insurer: A health insurer, including a group health plan as defined in Section 607(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, a health maintenance organization, or an entity offering a service benefit plan. See Alabama Code 27-21B-2
  • INTENT TO DEFRAUD: A purpose to use deception, as defined in Section 13A-8-1(1), or to injure another person's interest which has value, as defined in Section 13A-8-1(14). See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or foreign entities resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or foreign entities, or one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or foreign entities and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or foreign entities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, or other organization, including, regardless of its organizational form, a bank, insurance company, credit union, and savings and loan association, whether for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person owning one or more dwellings or commercial buildings. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • participant: A person who has been approved for participation in the program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • PERMITTED INVESTMENTS: (i) Government securities; (ii) bonds, debentures, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued by any of the following agencies: Bank for Cooperatives; Federal Intermediate Credit Banks; Federal Financing Bank; Federal Home Loan Banks; Federal Farm Credit Bank; Export-Import Bank of the United States; Federal Land Banks, or Farmers Home Administration or any other agency or corporation which has been or may hereafter be created by or pursuant to an act of the Congress of the United States as an agency or instrumentality thereof; (iii) bonds, notes, pass through securities or other evidences of indebtedness of Government National Mortgage Association and participation certificates of Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; (iv) full faith and credit obligations of any state, provided that at the time of purchase such obligations are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service; (v) public housing bonds issued by public agencies or municipalities and fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by contracts with the United States of America, or temporary notes, preliminary notes or project notes issued by public agencies or municipalities, in each case fully secured as to the payment of both principal and interest by a requisition or payment agreement with the United States of America; (vi) time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit issued by banks or savings and loan associations which are members of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, provided that, to the extent such time deposits are not covered by federal deposit insurance, such time deposits (including interest thereon) are fully secured by a pledge of obligations described in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, which at all times have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) not less than the amount of such bank time deposits required to be so secured and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings, (vii) repurchase agreements for obligations of the type specified in clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (v) above, provided such repurchase agreements are fully collateralized and secured by such obligations which have a market value (exclusive of accrued interest) at least equal to the purchase price of such repurchase agreements, which are held by a depository satisfactory to the State Treasurer in such manner as may be required to provide a perfected security interest in such obligations, and which meet the greater of 100 percent collateralization or the "AA" collateral levels established by Standard & Poor's Corporation for structured financings; and (viii) uncollateralized investment agreements with, or certificates of deposit issued by, banks or bank holding companies, the senior long-term securities of which are rated at least "AA" by Standard & Poor's Corporation and at least "Aa" by Moody's Investors Service. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • person: Any individual, organization, group, association, partnership, corporation, trust, or any combination of them. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, business, trust, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 13A-9-110
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an entity, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any natural or artificial person including, but not limited to, individuals, partnerships, associations, trusts, or corporations. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • PERSONAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only, as distinguished from real property, that may be now or hereafter titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the law of this state, including and particularly Sections 34-4-50 and 34-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • POLITICAL ORGANIZATION: A party, committee, association, fund, or other organization, whether or not incorporated, which is organized and operated primarily for the purpose of directly or indirectly accepting contributions or making expenditures, or both, for an exempt function pursuant to 26 U. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The office, in or out of this state, where the principal executive office, whether referred to as the principal executive office, chief executive office, or otherwise, of an entity is located. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROFESSIONAL FUND RAISER: Any person who for compensation or other consideration plans, conducts, manages, or carries on any drive or campaign in this state for the purpose of soliciting contributions for or on behalf of any charitable organization or any other person, or who engages in the business of, or holds himself or herself out to persons in this state as independently engaged in the business of soliciting contributions for such purposes. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • PROFESSIONAL SOLICITOR: Any person who is employed or retained for compensation by a professional fund raiser to solicit contributions for charitable purposes in this state. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • program: The Lee County Alternative Sentencing Program. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • property: Such term is defined as in Section 13A-8-1(10). See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • provider: Any physician, hospital, or other person which is licensed or otherwise authorized in this state to furnish health care services. See Alabama Code 27-21A-1
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC HEALTH FACILITIES: Land, buildings, other improvements to realty, machinery, equipment and any other property of a similar nature which is or may be used by or useful to the State Board of Health or any county board of health in providing the public health services for which provision is made in Chapter 3 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22, and includes alterations, modifications, improvements to and equipment for facilities now owned or operated by the State Board of Health or any county board of health. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • REAL PROPERTY INSTRUMENT: Includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including but without limitation to, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgments, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-41-84.01
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION: Any society, sect, persuasion, mission, church, parish, congregation, temple, convention, or association of any of the foregoing, diocese or presbytery, or other organization, whether or not incorporated, or any employee thereof, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private party or individual associated with such an organization and that otherwise qualifies as an exempt organization under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26, United States Code, as amended. See Alabama Code 13A-9-70
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • residence: A single or multiple family dwelling including, but not limited to, a single-family home, apartment building, condominium, duplex, townhouse, or mobile home which is used or intended to be used by its occupants as their dwelling place. See Alabama Code 13A-9-110
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SERVICE AREA: The geographic area or areas in which a fire protection corporation is authorized, whether by statute, by its certificate of incorporation, or similar corporate charter (as such may from time to time be amended), or otherwise, to provide or render fire protection, fire prevention, and related services, as such area or areas may from time to time exist. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • services: Such term is defined as in Section 13A-8-10(b). See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • STATE BOARD OF HEALTH: The State Board of Health provided for in Chapter 2 of Subtitle 1 of Title 22. See Alabama Code 22-3A-2
  • STATE EMPLOYEE CAMPAIGN STEERING COMMITTEE: A committee of seven state employees representing top level leadership and rank and file employees; with the three branches of state government represented, with the chair appointed by the Governor, and with staff assistance furnished by the campaign manager in the Montgomery area; responsible for reviewing appeals of local agency review committee decisions and for overseeing, at the state level, the conduct of the State Employee Combined Charitable Campaign. See Alabama Code 36-1A-3
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • TAX ASSESSOR: The tax assessor of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • TAX COLLECTOR: The tax collector of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • treasurer: The county treasurer of the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • UNIT OF PROPERTY: Any dwelling or commercial building, together with the real property on which it is situated or to which it is appurtenant. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • utter: means to directly or indirectly offer, assert, declare or put forth a forged instrument as genuine. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • VIOLENT OFFENSE: An offense or charge as defined in subdivision (14) of Section 12-25-32, to also include chemical endangerment of a child pursuant to Section 26-15-3. See Alabama Code 45-41-83.01
  • VOLUNTEER FIRE DEPARTMENT: Any volunteer fire department with which the commission, pursuant to Amendment 392, may enter into an agreement or agreements with respect to providing fire protection, fire prevention, and related services and facilities within the county. See Alabama Code 45-41-141
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • WRITTEN INSTRUMENT: Such term means:

    a. See Alabama Code 13A-9-1