Article 1 Obstruction of Public Administration 13A-10-1 – 13A-10-16
Article 2 Escape and Other Offenses Relating to Custody 13A-10-30 – 13A-10-45
Article 2A Intentionally Fleeing a Law Enforcement Officer 13A-10-50 – 13A-10-54
Article 3 Bribery and Corrupt Influence 13A-10-60 – 13A-10-63
Article 4 Abuse of Public Office 13A-10-80 – 13A-10-82
Article 5 Perjury and Related Offenses 13A-10-100 – 13A-10-109
Article 6 Offenses Relating to Judicial and Other Proceedings 13A-10-120 – 13A-10-132
Article 7 The Anti-Terrorism Act of 2002 13A-10-150 – 13A-10-154
Article 8 Endangering Food and Water Supply 13A-10-170 – 13A-10-171
Article 9 Biological and Bacteriological Weapons 13A-10-190 – 13A-10-210

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 10

  • agency: Any state agency responsible for administering programs under Title IV-D or Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 45-44-140.05
  • alcoholism: A chronic disorder or illness in which the individual is unable, for psychological or physical reasons, or both, to refrain from the frequent consumption of alcohol in quantities sufficient to produce intoxication and, ultimately, injury to health and effective functioning. See Alabama Code 45-43-244
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • BASIC HEALTH CARE SERVICES: Emergency care, inpatient hospital and physician care, and outpatient medical services. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • benefit: Any gain or advantage to the beneficiary, including any gain or advantage to a third person pursuant to the desire or consent of the beneficiary. See Alabama Code 45-43-241
  • board: The State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Insurance. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • council: The Statewide Trauma and Health System Advisory Council. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • DENTAL CARE SERVICES: Any services furnished to any person for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human dental illness or injury. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • dentist: Any person who furnishes dental care services and who is licensed as a dentist by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • designation: A formal determination by the department that a hospital is capable of providing designated trauma or other specific health care as authorized by this chapter. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • detonator: A device containing a detonating charge that is used to initiate detonation in an explosive, including, but not limited to, electric blasting caps, blasting caps for use with safety fuses, and detonating cord delay connectors. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • detoxification: Supervised physical withdrawal from alcohol. See Alabama Code 45-43-244
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • director: The Director of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Disqualified person: means any person who is not a qualified person. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • distribute: The actual, constructive, or attempted transfer from one person to another. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE: The organization responding to a perceived individual's need for immediate medical care in order to prevent loss of life or aggravation of physiological or psychological illness or injury. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN: Any plan, fund, or program heretofore or hereafter established or maintained by an employer or by an employee organization, or by both, to the extent that such plan, fund, or program was established or is maintained for the purpose of providing for its participants or their beneficiaries, through the purchase of insurance or otherwise, dental care benefits in the event of accident or sickness. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • enrollee: An individual who is enrolled in a health maintenance organization. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • EVIDENCE OF COVERAGE: Any certificate, agreement, or contract issued to an enrollee setting out the coverage to which he is entitled. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • explosive: A chemical compound or other substance or mechanical system intended for the purpose of producing an explosion capable of causing injury to persons or damage to property or containing oxidizing and combustible units or other ingredients in proportions or quantities that ignition, fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator may produce an explosion capable of causing injury to persons or damage to property. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • felony: An offense punishable by imprisonment for a term of one year or more, and includes conviction by a court-martial under the Uniform Code of Military Justice for an offense which would constitute a felony under the laws of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, including a limited liability partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or authorized by this title to be filed by or for an entity with the filing officer in accordance with Article 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be filed under Article 4 or under any other provision of this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company governed by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state which would be a limited liability company if governed by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HEALTH CARE CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in a statewide health system and that has been designated as a health care center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • HEALTH CARE SERVICES: Any services included in the furnishing to any individual of medical or dental care, or hospitalization or incident to the furnishing of such care or hospitalization, as well as the furnishing to any person of any and all other services for the purpose of preventing, alleviating, curing, or healing human illness, injury, or physical disability. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • HEALTH INSURANCE POLICY: Any individual, group, blanket, or franchise insurance policy, insurance agreement, or group hospital service contract providing benefits for dental care expenses incurred as a result of an accident or sickness. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATION: Any person that undertakes to provide or arrange for basic health care services through an organized system which combines the delivery and financing of health care to enrollees. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • incendiary: A flammable or combustible liquid or compound with a flash point of 100 degrees Fahrenheit or less as determined by Tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup device including, but not limited to, gasoline, kerosene, fuel oil, or a derivative of these substances. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insurer: Such term shall have the meaning ascribed in Section 27-1-2. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • insurer: Every insurer authorized in this state to issue contracts of accident and sickness insurance. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • insurer: A health insurer, including a group health plan as defined in Section 607(1) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, a health maintenance organization, or an entity offering a service benefit plan. See Alabama Code 45-44-140.05
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • jurat: A clause wherein a notary public or other attesting officer authorized by law to administer oaths in connection with affidavits, depositions and other subscribed written instruments certifies that the subscriber has appeared before him and sworn to the truth of the contents thereof. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.04
  • juries: include courts or judges in all cases when a jury trial is waived, or when the court or judge is authorized to ascertain and determine the facts as well as the law. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • juror: Any person who is a member of any jury, including a grand jury, impaneled by any court of this state or by any public servant authorized by law to impanel a jury. See Alabama Code 45-43-247.01
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Limited liability company agreement: means any agreement (whether referred to as a limited liability company agreement, operating agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the member or members as to the activities and affairs of a limited liability company or series thereof. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: Any person engaged in the operation of a livestock market as defined in Section 2-15-60(6). See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • livestock market: as used in this division shall mean livestock markets which are subject to the requirements of Division 1 of this article. See Alabama Code 45-5-171
  • manufacturing: The process of combining two or more components necessary to produce a destructive device, over-pressure device, explosive, detonator, or poison gas, with the exception of commercially manufactured reactive targets used for recreational shooting purposes, or manufactured under provisions set forth under a permit issued by the State Fire Marshal. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • material: A statement is "material" regardless of the admissibility of the statement under the rules of evidence, if it could have affected the course or outcome of the official proceeding. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.04
  • Member: means a person admitted under Section 10A-5A-4. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • military service of the United States: as used in this chapter , shall include the Army of the United States, the United States Navy, the United States Air Force, the Marine Corps, the Coast Guard, any reserve or auxiliary component of any of the foregoing, the National Guard, those persons commissioned in the public health service and those persons entering into the service of any organization similar to those mentioned in this section hereafter formed by the government of the United States. See Alabama Code 22-9A-17
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • oath: Such term includes an affirmation and every other mode authorized by law of attesting to the truth of that which is stated. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.04
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • OFFICIAL PROCEEDING: Any proceeding heard before any legislative, judicial, administrative or other government agency or official authorized to hear evidence under oath. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.04
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • OUTPATIENT TREATMENT: Treatment rendered in a nonresidential setting and using an intermittent, periodic schedule of visits. See Alabama Code 45-43-244
  • OVER-PRESSURE DEVICE: A frangible container filled with an explosive gas or expanding gas which is designed or constructed so as to cause the container to break or fracture in a manner which is capable of causing death, bodily harm, or property damage. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTY OFFICER: A person who holds any position or office in a political party, whether by election, appointment or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-241
  • PECUNIARY BENEFIT: Benefit in the form of money, property, commercial interests or anything else the primary significance of which is economic gain. See Alabama Code 45-43-241
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-5-100
  • person: Such term shall have the meaning ascribed in Section 27-1-2. See Alabama Code 45-42A-24.05
  • person: Any natural or artificial person including, but not limited to, individuals, partnerships, associations, trusts, or corporations. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • POISON GAS: A toxic chemical or its precursors that through its chemical action or properties on life processes causes death or permanent injury to human beings. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Real or personal property of any kind including money, choses in action, and other similar interests in property. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • property: includes both real and personal property. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: Any physician, hospital, or other person which is licensed or otherwise authorized in this state to furnish health care services. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • PUBLIC BUILDING: A structure which is generally open to members of the public with or without the payment of an admission fee or membership dues including, but not limited to, structures owned, operated, or leased by the state, the United States, any of the several states, or a foreign nation or any political subdivision or authority thereof; a religious organization; any medical facility; any college, school, or university; or any corporation, partnership, or association. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • PUBLIC SERVANT: As used in this article, such term includes persons who presently occupy the position of a public servant, as defined in Section 13A-10-1(7), or have been elected, appointed or designated to become a public servant although not yet occupying that position. See Alabama Code 45-43-241
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • REQUIRED OR AUTHORIZED BY LAW: An oath is "required or authorized by law" when the use of the oath is provided for by statute or municipal ordinance. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.04
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SCHEDULE OF CHARGES: A statement of the method used by a health maintenance organization to establish rates. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SHORT TERM RESIDENTIAL ALCOHOLISM TREATMENT FACILITY: A state certified facility which provides structured programs of intensive treatment services for people addicted to alcohol. See Alabama Code 45-43-244
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • STATE FIRE MARSHAL: The State Fire Marshal who is appointed by the Commissioner of Insurance pursuant to Section 27-2-10. See Alabama Code 45-44-82
  • STATE HEALTH OFFICER: The executive officer of the State Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • testimony: Such term includes oral or written statements, documents or any other material that may be offered as evidence in an official proceeding. See Alabama Code 45-43-247.01
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift, or transfer by operation of law. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • Transferable interest: means a member's right to receive distributions from a limited liability company or a series thereof. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a member. See Alabama Code 45-4-100.01
  • TRAUMA CENTER: A hospital that voluntarily participates in the statewide trauma system and that has been designated as a trauma center pursuant to the rules of the board. See Alabama Code 22-11D-2
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • UNCOVERED EXPENDITURES: The costs of health care services that are covered by a health maintenance organization, for which an enrollee would also be liable in the event of the organization's insolvency. See Alabama Code 45-43-244.10
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • year: means a calendar year; but, whenever the word "year" is used in reference to any appropriations for the payment of money out of the treasury, it shall mean fiscal year. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608