Article 1 Burglary and Criminal Trespass 13A-7-1 – 13A-7-8
Article 2 Criminal Damage to Property 13A-7-20 – 13A-7-29
Article 3 Arson and Explosives 13A-7-40 – 13A-7-44
Article 4 Miscellaneous Offenses 13A-7-60 – 13A-7-61
Article 5 Looting 13A-7-80

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 13A > Chapter 7

  • adult: An individual who has attained the age of 21 years. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as is set forth in Section 1(b)(1) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama representative office: shall mean any such office that is located in this state. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state agency: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean an agency of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state bank: means a bank organized under the laws of Alabama. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Alabama state branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall mean a branch of a foreign bank that is located in this state and licensed pursuant to the provisions of Division 3 of this article. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • ALARM MONITORING SERVICE: A service that uses a device located at a residence, place of business, or other fixed premises for both of the following purposes:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • authority: The Civic Center Authority created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-39A-11
  • bank: as used in this article shall not in any event include a foreign bank or a branch or agency of a foreign bank. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • BENEFIT PLAN: An employer's plan for the benefit of an employee or partner, or an individual retirement account. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • blind person: means a natural person who has no vision or whose vision with correcting glasses is so defective as to prevent the performance of ordinary activities for which eyesight is essential, or who has central visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correcting glasses, or whose central visual acuity is more than 20/200 in the better eye with correcting glasses but whose peripheral field has contracted to such an extent that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance no greater than 20 degrees. See Alabama Code 1-1-3
  • BLIND PERSONS: Any person defined as a blind person by Section 1-1-3. See Alabama Code 21-1-40
  • branch: when used in reference to an office of a foreign bank, shall have the same meaning as set forth in Section 1(b)(3) of the Federal International Banking Act (12 U. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • broker: A person lawfully engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities or commodities for the person's own account or for the account of others. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • building: As used in this article, such term means any structure which may be entered and utilized by persons for business, public use, lodging or the storage of goods, and includes any vehicle, railway car, aircraft or watercraft used for the lodging of persons or for carrying on business therein. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CABLE SERVICE: A service that provides both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • CABLE SYSTEM: A facility, consisting of a set of closed transmission paths and associated signal generation, reception, and control equipment that is designed to provide cable service which includes video programming and which is provided to multiple subscribers within a community, but the term does not include any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-39-250

  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATE OF OWNERSHIP: An instrument evidencing an ownership interest or membership interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest of a domestic entity represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certification: Duly authenticated by the proper officer or filing officer of the jurisdiction the laws of which govern the internal affairs of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • conservator: A person appointed or qualified by a court to act as general, limited, or temporary guardian of a minor's property or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • court: Circuit court. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • custodian: A person so designated under Section 35-5A-10 or a successor or substitute custodian designated under Section 35-5A-19. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • CUSTOMER PREMISES EQUIPMENT: Equipment employed on the premises of a person, other than a telecommunications service provider, to originate, route, or terminate telecommunications. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DEBTOR IN BANKRUPTCY: A person who is the subject of:

    (A) an order for relief under the United States bankruptcy laws, Title 11, United States Code, or comparable order under a successor statute of general application; or

    (B) a comparable order under federal, state, or foreign law governing insolvency. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Disqualified person: means any person who is not a qualified person. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE: January 1, 2011. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELDERLY INDIVIDUAL: An individual 65 years of age or older;

    (2) ELECTION FOR STATE OFFICE. See Alabama Code 21-4-21

  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE: An electronic signature as that term is defined in the Alabama Electronic Transactions Act, Chapter 1A of Title 8, or any successor statute. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC WRITING: Information that is stored in an electronic or other nontangible medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Explosion: includes , but is not limited to, a sudden and rapid combustion, causing violent expansion of the air, or the sudden bursting or breaking up or in pieces from an internal or other force. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by detonator or by chemical action of any part of the compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. See Alabama Code 13A-7-40
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FINANCIAL INSTITUTION: A bank, trust company, savings institution, or credit union, chartered and supervised under state or federal law. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign bank: means any company organized under the laws of a foreign country, a territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands, that engages directly in the business of banking. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company governed by the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state which would be a limited liability company if governed by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN NONFILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that is not a foreign filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FUNDAMENTAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION: A merger, interest exchange, conversion, or sale of all or substantially all of an entity's assets. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HANDICAPPED INDIVIDUAL: An individual qualified to vote, who, by reason of illness, injury, age, congenital malfunction, or other permanent or temporary incapacity or disability, is unable without accessible facilities or registration and voting aids to have access to registration and voting equal to that available to persons who are not so affected;

    (4) STATE. See Alabama Code 21-4-21

  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvency: The inability of a person to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • INTERACTIVE COMPUTER SERVICE: Any information service, system, or access software provider that provides or enables computer access by multiple users to a computer server, including specifically a service or system that provides access to the Internet and the systems operated or services offered by libraries or educational institutions. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • internet: The international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • LEGAL REPRESENTATIVE: An individual's personal representative or conservator. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Limited liability company agreement: means any agreement (whether referred to as a limited liability company agreement, operating agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the member or members as to the activities and affairs of a limited liability company or series thereof. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNER: A person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner as provided by:

    (A) in the case of a domestic limited partnership, Chapter 9A; or

    (B) in the case of a foreign limited partnership, the laws of its jurisdiction of formation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • mayor: The mayor or other chief executive officer of a municipality. See Alabama Code 45-39A-11
  • Member: means a person admitted under Section 10A-5A-4. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • minor: An individual who has not attained the age of 21 years. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • municipality: Any incorporated city or town in Lauderdale County. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • NON-CODE ORGANIZATION: An organization other than a domestic entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONFILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is not a filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Includes a natural person, a corporation, a partnership, an association, or any other entity. See Alabama Code 45-39A-11
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: An individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE: An executor, administrator, successor personal representative, or special administrator of a decedent's estate or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: Includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • superintendent: means the superintendent then in office and, where appropriate, all of his or her successors and predecessors in office. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • telecommunications: The transmission, between or among points specified by the user, of information of the user's choosing, without change in the form or content of the information as sent and received. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS CARRIER: Any provider of telecommunications services, except that the term does not include aggregators of telecommunications services as defined in 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT: Equipment, other than customer premises equipment, used by a provider of telecommunications to provide telecommunications services, and includes software integral to the equipment, including upgrades. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • TELECOMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: The offering of telecommunications, including servicing and repairing related equipment, for a fee directly to the public, or to the classes of users as to be effectively available directly to the public regardless of the facilities used, including, but not limited to, voice, data, imaging, and video transmissions and local telephone exchange service. See Alabama Code 45-39-250
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transfer: means an assignment, conveyance, deed, bill of sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, encumbrance, gift, or transfer by operation of law. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • transfer: A transaction that creates custodial property under Section 35-5A-10. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • Transferable interest: means a member's right to receive distributions from a limited liability company or a series thereof. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • Transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a member. See Alabama Code 10A-5A-1.02
  • transferor: A person who makes a transfer under this chapter. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • TRUST COMPANY: A financial institution, corporation, or other legal entity, authorized to exercise general trust powers. See Alabama Code 35-5A-2
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • UNCERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest in a domestic entity that is not represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • United States: when used in a geographical sense, means the several states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, and any other territory of the United States; and, when used in a political sense, means the federal government of the United States. See Alabama Code 5-13B-41
  • VENDING STAND: Such shelters, counters, shelves, display and wall cases, refrigerator apparatus, and other auxiliary equipment that may be needed in vending such articles as may be approved by the licensing agency, as well as manual or coin operated vending machines or similar devices. See Alabama Code 21-1-40
  • VOTING PRECINCT: The area inhabited by all individuals assigned to one polling place for a state election. See Alabama Code 21-4-21