Part 1 Theft 39-14-101 – 39-14-154
Part 2 Animals 39-14-201 – 39-14-218
Part 3 Arson–explosives 39-14-301 – 39-14-307
Part 4 Burglary and Related Offenses 39-14-401 – 39-14-414
Part 5 Litter Control 39-14-501 – 39-14-511
Part 6 Tennessee Personal and Commercial Computer Act of 2003 39-14-601 – 39-14-606
Part 7 Criminal Instruments 39-14-701 – 39-14-704
Part 8 Farm Animal and Research Facilities Protection 39-14-801 – 39-14-806
Part 9 Money Laundering Offenses 39-14-901 – 39-14-127

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 39 > Chapter 14 - Offenses Against Property

  • ABGC: means the American Board of Genetic Counseling. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
  • ABMG: means the American Board of Medical Genetics. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
  • ACAOM: means the Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
  • Access: means to approach, instruct, communicate, or connect with, store data in, retrieve or intercept data from, or otherwise make use of any resources of a computer, computer system, or computer network, or information exchanged from any communication between computers or authorized computer users and electronic, electromagnetic, electrochemical, acoustic, mechanical, or other means. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
  • ACOTE: means the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education, a nationally recognized accrediting agency for professional programs in the field of occupational therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
  • Actor: means a person accused of any of the offenses defined in this part. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
  • Acupuncture: means a form of health care developed from traditional and modern oriental medical concepts that employs oriental medical diagnosis and treatment and adjunctive therapies and diagnostic techniques for the promotion, maintenance and restoration of health and the prevention of disease. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
  • Administer: means the direct application of a drug to a patient or research subject by injection, inhalation, ingestion, topical application or by any other means. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
  • ADS: means an acupuncture detoxification specialist trained in, and who performs only, the five-point auricular detoxification treatment. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agriculture: means :
    1. The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    2. Allegation: something that someone says happened.
    3. Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    4. Animal: means a domesticated living creature or a wild creature previously captured. See Tennessee Code 39-14-201
    5. Animal: means any warm-blooded or cold-blooded animal or insect which is being used in food or fiber production, agriculture, research, testing, or education, including, but not limited to, hogs, equines, mules, cattle, sheep, goats, dogs, rabbits, poultry, fish, and bees. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
    6. Animal facility: means any vehicle, building, structure, pasture, paddock, pond, impoundment, or premises where an animal is kept, handled, housed, exhibited, bred, or offered for sale and any office, building, or structure where records or documents relating to an animal or to animal research, testing, production, or education are maintained. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
    7. Animal massage therapy: means the manipulation of the soft tissues of the animal body with the intention of positively affecting the health and well-being of the animal. See Tennessee Code 63-12-201
    8. Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    9. AOTA: means the American Occupational Therapy Association. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
    10. Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    11. Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
    12. Appraisal: A determination of property value.
    13. Apprentice licensee applicant: means any person who is registered with the council and, who is engaged in an approved licensing program and who is sponsored by a hearing instrument specialist duly licensed in this state. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
    14. Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
    15. Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    16. Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
    17. Attorney general: means the district attorneys general and their assistants. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
    18. Audiologist: means one who practices audiology or one holding oneself out to the public by any title or description of services incorporating the words "audiologist" "audiology" "audiological" "hearing center" "hearing clinic" "hearing clinician" "hearing therapist" or any similar titles or descriptions of service. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
    19. Authorization: means any and all forms of consent, including both implicit and explicit consent. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
    20. Benefit: means anything reasonably regarded as economic gain, enhancement or advantage, including benefit to any other person in whose welfare the beneficiary is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
    21. Board: means the board of medical examiners, created by § 63-6-101. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
    22. Board: means the Tennessee board of medical examiners. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
    23. Board: means the board of optometry created by this chapter or similar boards created by the optometry law of other states. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
    24. Board: means the board of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
    25. Board: means the board of examiners for nursing home administrators. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
    26. Board: means the massage licensure board. See Tennessee Code 63-18-102
    27. Board: means the board of communication disorders and sciences created by § 63-17-104. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
    28. Board: means the board of medical examiners, created by §. See Tennessee Code 63-19-102
    29. Board: means the Tennessee board of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
    30. Board: means :
      1. As used in part 2 of this chapter, the board of occupational therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
      2. Board: means the board of communications disorders and sciences. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
      3. Bodily injury: includes a cut, abrasion, bruise, burn or disfigurement, and physical pain or temporary illness or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
      4. Certificate of fitness: means the certificate issued by the board certifying to the division that the person therein named has met the requirements of this chapter and passed the standard examination given by the board. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
      5. Certificate of registration: means the certificate issued by the division of health related boards under chapter 1 of this title. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
      6. Certification: means a voluntary process by which a practitioner's training, experience and knowledge are identified as meeting or surpassing a standard, defined or approved by the board beyond that required for licensure or registration. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
      7. Citizen support organization: means an organization which:
        1. Is organized as a nonprofit corporation, or is otherwise qualified to do business in Tennessee as a nonprofit corporation, pursuant to title 48, chapter 51. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
        2. Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        3. Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
        4. Coercion: means a threat, however communicated, to:
          1. Commit any offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
          2. Collaborative pharmacy practice agreement: is a written and signed agreement entered into voluntarily between one (1) or more licensed pharmacists in this state, and one (1) or more prescribers licensed in this state, each of whom is in active practice in this state providing patient care services in this state, that provides for collaborative pharmacy practice, as defined by law. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
          3. Commercial purpose: means litter discarded by a business, corporation, association, partnership, sole proprietorship, or any other entity conducting business for economic gain, or by an employee or agent of the entity. See Tennessee Code 39-14-501
          4. Commissioner: means the commissioner of environment and conservation or the duly authorized representative or, in the event of the commissioner's or representative's absence or vacancy in the office of commissioner, the deputy commissioner. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
          5. Commissioner: means the commissioner of agriculture. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
          6. Committee: means the board of medical examiners' committee on physician assistants, established by §. See Tennessee Code 63-19-102
          7. Compensation: means the payment, loan, advance, donation, contribution, deposit or gift of money or anything of value. See Tennessee Code 63-18-102
          8. Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
          9. Compounding: means the preparation, mixing, assembling, packaging or labeling of a drug or device:
            1. As the result of a prescription order or initiative based on the prescriber-patient-pharmacist relationship in the course of professional practice. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
            2. Computer: means a device or collection of devices, including its support devices, peripheral equipment, or facilities, and the communication systems connected to it which can perform functions including, but not limited to, substantial computation, arithmetic or logical operations, information storage or retrieval operations, capable of being used with external files, one (1) or more operations which contain computer programs, electronic instructions, allows for the input of data, and output data (such operations or communications can occur with or without intervention by a human operator during the processing of a job). See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
            3. Computer network: means a set of two (2) or more computer systems that transmit data over communication circuits connecting them, and input/output devices including, but not limited to, display terminals and printers, which may also be connected to telecommunication facilities. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
            4. Computer program: means an ordered set of data that are coded instructions or statements that, when executed by a computer, cause the computer to process data. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
            5. Computer software: means a set of computer programs, procedures, and associated documentation concerned with the operation of a computer, computer system, or computer network whether imprinted or embodied in the computer in any manner or separate from it, including the supporting materials for the software and accompanying documentation. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
            6. Computer system: means a set of connected devices including a computer and other devices including, but not limited to, one (1) or more of the following: data input, output, or storage devices, data communication circuits, and operating system computer programs that make the system capable of performing data processing tasks. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
            7. conduct: means to initiate, conclude, participate, negotiate, transport, conceal, or to aid or abet in such acts. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
            8. Consent: means assent in fact, whether express or implied, by the owner or by a person legally authorized to act for the owner which is not:
              1. Induced by force, threat, false pretenses, or fraud. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
              2. Continuing education: means planned, organized learning experiences and activities beyond the basic educational or preparatory program. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
              3. Continuous quality improvement program: means a system of standards and procedures to identify and evaluate quality-related events and to improve patient care. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
              4. Controlled substance: means a drug, substance or immediate precursor identified, defined or listed in title 39, chapter 17, part 4 and title 53, chapter 11. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
              5. Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
              6. Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
              7. Council: means the council for licensing hearing instrument specialists. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
              8. Counseling: means assisting an individual, through the counseling relationship, in a manner intended to facilitate normal human growth and development, using a combination of mental health and human development principles, methods and techniques, to achieve mental, emotional, physical, social, moral, educational, spiritual and/or career development and adjustment throughout the life span. See Tennessee Code 63-22-122
              9. Counseling treatment interventions: means the application of cognitive, affective, behavioral and systemic counseling strategies that include principles of development, wellness and pathology that reflect a pluralistic society. See Tennessee Code 63-22-122
              10. County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
              11. Credit card: means any real or forged instrument, writing or other evidence, whether known as a credit card, credit plate, charge plate or by any other name, which purports to evidence an understanding to pay for property or services delivered or rendered to or upon the order of a designated person or bearer. See Tennessee Code 39-14-102
              12. Cytopathology services: means the examination of cells from fluids, aspirates, washings, brushings or smears, including the Pap test examination performed by a physician or under the supervision of a physician. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1201
              13. Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
              14. Data: means a representation of information, knowledge, facts, concepts, or instructions which is being prepared or has been prepared in a formalized manner, and is intended to be stored or processed, or is being stored or processed, or has been stored or processed in a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
              15. Debit card: means any real or forged instrument, writing or other evidence known by any name issued with or without a fee by an issuer for the use of a depositor in obtaining money, goods, services or anything else of value, payment of which is made against funds previously deposited in an account with the issuer. See Tennessee Code 39-14-102
              16. Deception: means that a person knowingly:
                1. Creates or reinforces a false impression by words or conduct, including false impressions of fact, law, value or intention or other state of mind that the person does not believe to be true. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                2. Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
                3. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
                4. Defendant: means a person accused of an offense under this title and includes any person who aids or abets the commission of such offense. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                5. delivery: means the actual, constructive or attempted transfer from one person to another whether or not there is an agency relationship. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                6. Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                7. Department: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                8. Department: means the department of environment and conservation. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                9. Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
                10. Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
                11. Deprive: means to:
                  1. Withhold property from the owner permanently or for such a period of time as to substantially diminish the value or enjoyment of the property to the owner. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                  2. Deprive: means unlawfully to withhold from the owner, interfere with the possession of, free, or dispose of an animal or other property. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                  3. Device: means an instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent or other similar or related article, including any component part or accessory, that is required under federal or state law to be ordered or prescribed by a person duly authorized. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  4. Dietary supplement: means a product, other than tobacco, intended to supplement the diet that bears or contains one (1) or more of the following ingredients: a vitamin, mineral, herb or other botanical, amino acid, dietary substance for use by humans to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake, or a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract or combination of any of these ingredients and any other products designated as dietary supplements by federal or state law. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  5. Director: means the director of the health related boards. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  6. Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
                  7. Dispense: means preparing, packaging, compounding or labeling for delivery and actual delivery of a prescription drug, nonprescription drug or device in the course of professional practice to a patient or the patient's agent, to include a licensed health care practitioner or a health care facility providing services or treatment to the patient or patients, by or pursuant to the lawful order of a prescriber. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  8. Disrupt: means to engage in conduct that materially interferes with the operations of the animal facility in a manner such that the activities conducted by or in the facility are permanently or temporarily halted, compromised, delayed, harmed or impaired. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                  9. distribution: means the sale, purchase, trade, delivery, handling, storage, or receipt of a product or the arrangement of the sale, purchase, trade, delivery, handling, storage, or receipt of a product through third parties. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  10. Distributor: means a person engaged in the distribution of drugs or devices. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  11. Division: means the division of health related boards within the department. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                  12. Division: means the division of health related boards in the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                  13. Division: means the division of health related boards in the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
                  14. Division: means the division of health related boards in the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
                  15. Division: means the division of health related boards. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                  16. Division: means the division of health related boards of the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                  17. Donor: The person who makes a gift.
                  18. Donor: means a person, a pharmacy, or medical facility as well as any drug manufacturer or wholesaler licensed by the board of pharmacy, who donates prescription drugs to a repository program approved pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                  19. Drug: means any of the following:
                    1. Articles recognized as drugs or drug products in any official compendium or supplement thereto. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                    2. Dry needling: means a skilled intervention that uses a thin filiform needle to penetrate the skin and stimulate underlying neural, muscular, and connective tissues for the management of neuromusculoskeletal conditions, pain, and movement impairments. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                    3. Effective consent: means assent in fact, whether express or apparent, including assent by one legally authorized to act for another. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                    4. Electronic mail service provider: means any person who:
                      1. Is an intermediary in sending or receiving electronic mail. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                      2. Eligible individual: means an indigent person or an uninsured person who meets all other criteria established by board rule. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                      3. Emancipated minor: means any minor who is or has been married, or has by court order or otherwise been freed from the care, custody and control of the minor's parents. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      4. Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
                      5. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
                      6. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
                      7. Executive director: means the executive director of the Tennessee board of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                      8. Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
                      9. Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
                      10. farm products: means forage and sod crops. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      11. Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
                      12. Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
                      13. Financial instrument: includes , but is not limited to, any check, cashier's check, draft, warrant, money order, certificate of deposit, negotiable instrument, letter of credit, bill of exchange, credit card, debit card, marketable security, or any computer system representation thereof. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                      14. Financial transaction: means a purchase, sale, loan, pledge, contract, gift, payment, and also includes a withdrawal, transmission of funds, transfer between accounts or deposit, of monetary or negotiable instruments, funds or an exchange of any other property, including, but not limited to, currency, precious metals, stones or jewelry, tickets, stamps or credit in a financial institution. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
                      15. Force: means compulsion by the use of physical power or violence and shall be broadly construed to accomplish the purposes of this title. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      16. Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
                      17. Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
                      18. Free clinic: means a not for profit, out-patient, nonhospital facility in which a health care provider engages in the voluntary provision of health care services to patients without charge to the recipient of the services or to a third party. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                      19. Garbage: includes putrescible animal and vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food. See Tennessee Code 39-14-501
                      20. Genetic counselor: means a person licensed under this part to engage in the practice of genetic counseling. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                      21. Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
                      22. Government: means the state or any political subdivision of the state, and includes any branch or agency of the state, a county, municipality or other political subdivision. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      23. Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
                      24. Harm: means anything reasonably regarded as loss, disadvantage or injury, including harm to another person in whose welfare the person affected is interested. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      25. health care entity: means and includes a health care facility and an agency, company or health care professional, other than the referring physician, providing health care services. See Tennessee Code 63-6-601
                      26. Health care facility: means and includes any real property or equipment of a health care institution as that term is defined in § 68-11-1602. See Tennessee Code 63-6-601
                      27. Health care provider: means any physician, surgeon, dentist, nurse, optometrist or other practitioner of a health care discipline, the professional practice of which requires licensure or certification under this title or under a comparable provision of law of another state, territory, district or possession of the United States. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                      28. Hearing instrument: means any instrument or device designed for or represented as aiding, improving or correcting defective human hearing and any parts, attachments or accessories of such an instrument or device. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
                      29. Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
                      30. Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
                      31. Indigent: means a person with an income that is below two hundred percent (200%) of the federal poverty level as defined by the most recently revised poverty income guidelines published by the United States department of health and human services. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                      32. Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
                      33. Input: means data, facts, concepts, or instructions in a form appropriate for delivery to, or interpretation or processing by, a computer. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                      34. Insane: includes all persons of unsound mind. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                      35. Issuer: means the business organization or financial institution or its duly authorized agent which issues a credit or debit card. See Tennessee Code 39-14-102
                      36. Itinerant optometrist: means an optometrist who maintains an office at a location other than such optometrist's principal office. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                      37. Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
                      38. Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
                      39. Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
                      40. Knowing: means that a person acts knowingly with respect to the conduct or to circumstances surrounding the conduct when the person is aware of the nature of the conduct or that the circumstances exist. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                      41. Label: means any written, printed or graphic matter on the immediate container of a drug or device. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                      42. Labeling: means the process of affixing all labels and other written, printed or graphic matter:
                        1. Upon any article or any of its containers or wrappers. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                        2. Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                        3. Law enforcement officer: means an officer, employee or agent of government who has a duty imposed by law to:
                          1. Maintain public order. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                          2. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
                          3. Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
                          4. Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
                          5. Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
                          6. Library: means any:
                            1. Public library. See Tennessee Code 39-14-102
                            2. Licensed health care provider: means any health care provider holding a current license or certificate issued under:
                              1. This title. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                              2. Licensed hearing instrument specialist: means any person licensed by this part who has passed a council-approved psychometrically-sound examination for hearing instrument specialists. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
                              3. Licensed professional counselor: means a person licensed under this part who is professionally trained in counseling and guidance services designed to facilitate normal human growth and development through individual, family or group counseling, educational procedures, assessment, consultation and research and who assists individuals by the practice of counseling with their personal, social, career or educational development as they pass through life stages. See Tennessee Code 63-22-122
                              4. Licensure: means the process by which an agency of government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained the minimal degree of competency necessary to ensure that the public health, safety and welfare will be reasonably protected. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                              5. Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
                              6. Litter: includes garbage, refuse, rubbish and all other waste material, including a tobacco product as defined in § 39-17-1503 and any other item primarily designed to hold or filter a tobacco product while the tobacco is being smoked. See Tennessee Code 39-14-501
                              7. Livestock: means all equine as well as animals which are being raised primarily for use as food or fiber for human utilization or consumption including, but not limited to, cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and poultry. See Tennessee Code 39-14-201
                              8. Livestock: means all equine as well as animals that are being raised primarily for use as food or fiber for human utilization or consumption including, but not limited to, cattle, sheep, swine, goats, and poultry. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                              9. Local exchange company: includes telecommunications service providers as defined in § 65-4-101. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                              10. Manufacturer: means any person, except a pharmacist compounding in the normal course of professional practice, engaged in the commercial production, preparation, propagation, conversion or processing of a drug, either directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or both, and includes any packaging or repackaging of a drug or the labeling or relabeling of its container and the promotion and marketing of such drugs or devices. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                              11. Massage establishment: means a place of business held out to the public wherein massage is practiced. See Tennessee Code 63-18-102
                              12. Massage therapist: means a person who practices massage for compensation and is licensed by the board. See Tennessee Code 63-18-102
                              13. Medical facility: means any of the following:
                                1. A physician's office. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                                2. Medical order: means a lawful order of a prescriber for a specific patient that may or may not include a prescription order, such orders subject to rules and regulations as may be promulgated from time to time by the respective boards that license the persons who are authorized to prescribe drugs. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                3. Medication therapy management program: means the distinct pharmacist-provided service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for individual patients. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                4. Minor: means any person under eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                5. Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                6. Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
                                7. Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                8. Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
                                9. Muscular anomalies: means any deviation from the normal standard. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                10. NADA: means the National Acupuncture Detoxification Association. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                11. National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
                                12. NBCOT: means the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                13. NCCAOM: means the National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                14. Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
                                15. Non-livestock animal: means a pet normally maintained in or near the household or households of its owner or owners, other domesticated animal, previously captured wildlife, an exotic animal, or any other pet, including but not limited to, pet rabbits, a pet chick, duck, or pot bellied pig that is not classified as "livestock" pursuant to this part. See Tennessee Code 39-14-201
                                16. Nonprescription drug: means a drug that may be sold or dispensed without a prescription and that is labeled and packaged in compliance with applicable state or federal law. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                17. nursery stock: means all trees, shrubs, or other plants, or parts of such trees, shrubs or other plants, grown or kept for, or capable of, propagation, distribution or sale on a commercial basis. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                18. Nursing home: means any institution or facility defined as such pursuant to Tennessee state law or the rules and regulations for nursing homes promulgated by the department. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
                                19. Nursing home administrator: means any individual responsible for planning, organizing, directing or controlling the operation of a nursing home or who in fact performs such functions, whether or not such functions are shared by one (1) or more other people. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
                                20. Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                21. Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
                                22. Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
                                23. Obtain: includes , but is not limited to, the taking, carrying away or the sale, conveyance or transfer of title to or interest in or possession of property, and includes, but is not limited to, conduct known as larceny, larceny by trick, larceny by conversion, embezzlement, extortion or obtaining property by false pretenses. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                24. Occupational therapist: means a person licensed to engage in occupational therapy practice under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                25. Occupational therapy assistant: means a person licensed to assist in occupational therapy practice under the supervision of an occupational therapist. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                26. Occupational therapy practice: includes , but is not limited to:
                                  1. The screening, evaluation, assessment, planning, implementation and discharge planning of an occupational therapy program or services in consultation with the client, family members, caregivers and other appropriate persons. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  2. Occupations: includes everything that people do to occupy their time, including caring for their needs, enjoying life and contributing to the social and economic fabric of their communities. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  3. Occupied: means the condition of the lawful physical presence of any person at any time while the defendant is within the habitation or other building. See Tennessee Code 39-14-401
                                  4. Onsite medical clinic: means a medical clinic located on the premises of the patient's employer for which cytopathology services are provided and for which a patient has no financial obligation to pay for the cytopathology services. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1201
                                  5. Onsite supervision: means the supervising physical therapist or physical therapist assistant must:

                                    Be continuously onsite and present in the department or facility where assistive personnel are performing services. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103

                                  6. Ophthalmic materials: means any lens that has a spherical, cylindrical or prismatic power or value used before or upon the eye, any contact lens that has no prescription power and any frame or other appliance used for the purpose of holding or positioning any ophthalmic lenses before the eyes. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                  7. Optometrist: means a person who is engaged in the practice of optometry as defined. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                  8. Orthoptic training: means any ocular exercise for the correction or relief of abnormal muscles or functions of the eyes. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                  9. Other assistive personnel: means other trained or educated health care personnel not defined in subdivisions (14) and (16)(B), who perform specific designated tasks related to physical therapy under the supervision of a physical therapist. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  10. Output: means data, facts, concepts or instructions produced or retrieved by computers from computers or computer memory storage devices. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                  11. Outsourcing facility: means a facility engaged in the compounding of sterile drugs that has elected to register as an outsourcing facility with the U. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  12. Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
                                  13. Owner: means a person in lawful possession of property whether the possession is actual or constructive. See Tennessee Code 39-14-401
                                  14. Owner: means an owner or lessee of a computer or a computer network, or an owner, lessee or licensee of computer data, computer programs, or computer software. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                  15. Owner: means a person, other than the defendant, who has possession of or any interest other than a mortgage, deed of trust or security interest in property, even though that possession or interest is unlawful and without whose consent the defendant has no authority to exert control over the property. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                  16. Owner: means a person who has title to the property, lawful possession of the property, or a greater right to possession of the property than the actor. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                                  17. Park: means an area as defined at §. See Tennessee Code 11-3-202
                                  18. Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
                                  19. Patient education: means the communication of information to the patient or caregiver by the pharmacist. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  20. Person: includes the singular and the plural and means and includes any individual, firm, partnership, copartnership, association, corporation, governmental subdivision or agency, or other organization or other legal entity, or any agent or servant thereof. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                  21. Person: means any individual, corporation, association, nonprofit corporation, joint-stock company, firm, trust, partnership, two (2) or more persons having a joint or common interest, or other legal entity. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                                  22. Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation and the state, its departments, agencies and employees, and the political subdivisions of Tennessee and their departments, agencies and employees, except the department of health and local health departments. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  23. Person: means any individual, organization or corporate body except that only individuals can be licensed under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
                                  24. Pharmacist: means an individual health care provider licensed by the state, pursuant to parts 4-6 of this chapter, to practice the profession of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  25. pharmacist review committee: means any committee, board, commission or other entity of any national, state or local professional association or society, including an impaired pharmacist peer review committee, a drug utilization review committee or a committee of any pharmacy benefits management organization, health care provider network, licensed health care institution or any health care organization, system or foundation, the function of which, or one of the functions of which, is to review, evaluate and improve the quality of pharmacy-related services provided by pharmacists or pharmacy auxiliary personnel, to provide intervention, support or rehabilitative referrals or services or to determine that pharmacy-related services rendered by pharmacists or pharmacy auxiliary personnel were professionally indicated or were performed in compliance with applicable quality standards, or that the cost of pharmacy-related services rendered by pharmacists or pharmacy auxiliary personnel was reasonable. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  26. Pharmacist-in-charge: means the supervisory pharmacist who has the authority and responsibility for compliance with laws and rules pertaining to the practice of pharmacy at the practice site of the pharmacist-in-charge. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  27. Pharmacy: means a pharmacy as defined in § 63-10-204. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                                  28. Pharmacy: means a location licensed by this state where drugs are compounded or dispensed under the supervision of a pharmacist, as defined in the rules of the board and where prescription orders are received or processed. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  29. Pharmacy drug disposal program: means any voluntary drug disposal program located at, or implemented by, a Tennessee-licensed pharmacy located in this state, in accordance with all state and federal rules and regulations. See Tennessee Code 63-10-702
                                  30. Pharmacy intern: means an individual enrolled in or a graduate of a recognized school or college of pharmacy under rules established by the board who is serving a period of time of practical experience under the supervision of a pharmacist, as defined in the rules of the board. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  31. Pharmacy technician: means an individual who is specifically trained and designated to assist pharmacists in the practice of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                  32. Physical therapist assistant: means a person who meets the requirements of this chapter for licensure as a physical therapist assistant and who performs physical therapy procedures and related tasks that have been selected and delegated only by the supervising physical therapist. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  33. Physical therapy: means the care and services provided by or under the direction and supervision of a physical therapist who is licensed pursuant to this chapter. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  34. Physician: means a person lawfully licensed to practice medicine and surgery pursuant to chapter 6 of this title, osteopathic medicine pursuant to chapter 9 of this title, or podiatry pursuant to chapter 3 of this title. See Tennessee Code 63-19-102
                                  35. Physician assistant: means an individual who renders services, whether diagnostic or therapeutic, that are acts constituting the practice of medicine or osteopathic medicine and, but for §§. See Tennessee Code 63-19-102
                                  36. physiotherapist: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter to practice physical therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103
                                  37. Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
                                  38. Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
                                  39. Possession: means actual care, custody, control, or management. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                                  40. Practice of acupuncture: means the insertion of acupuncture needles and the application of moxibustion to specific areas of the human body based on oriental medical diagnosis as a primary mode of therapy. See Tennessee Code 63-6-1001
                                  41. Practice of audiology: means the nonmedical application of principles, methods and procedures for the assessment of the auditory and vestibular systems, including the interpretation of behavioral and physiologic measures, and the design and implementation of programs of hearing conservation and preservation and programs of habilitation and rehabilitation for auditory and vestibular disorders including the assessment, selection, fitting and sale of amplification systems or other assistive devices and technologies. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
                                  42. Practice of counseling: means rendering or offering to render to individuals, groups, organizations or the general public any service involving the application of principles, techniques, methods or procedures of the counseling profession, including appraisal activities, counseling, consulting and referral activities. See Tennessee Code 63-22-122
                                  43. Practice of dispensing and fitting hearing instruments: includes the evaluation or measurement of the powers or range of human hearing by means of an audiometer for the consequent selection or adaptation for sale of hearing instruments intended to compensate for hearing loss, including the appropriate instructions, consultations, suggestions, recommendations or opinions related to this practice, including the making of an impression of the ear, or an ear mold. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
                                  44. Practice of genetic counseling: means the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological and familial implications of genetic contributions to disease performed pursuant to a referral. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                  45. Practice of nursing home administration: means the planning, organizing, directing or controlling the operation of a nursing home. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
                                  46. Practice of optometry as a profession: means :
                                    1. The employment of objective or subjective methods, either or both, for the purpose of ascertaining defects of vision or muscular anomalies or other abnormal conditions of the eyes. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                    2. Practice of pharmacy: means a patient-oriented health service profession in which pharmacists interact and consult with patients and other health care professionals to enhance patients' wellness, prevent illness, and optimize outcomes. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                    3. Practice of physical therapy: means :

                                      Examining, evaluating and testing individuals with mechanical, physiological and developmental impairments, functional limitations and disability or other health and movement-related conditions in order to determine a physical therapy treatment diagnosis, prognosis, a plan of therapeutic intervention and to assess the ongoing effect of intervention. See Tennessee Code 63-13-103

                                    4. Practice of speech language pathology: means the nonmedical application of principles, methods and procedures for the measurement, testing, assessment, prediction, counseling or instruction related to the development and disorders of speech, voice, language or oral, pharyngeal and laryngeal sensorimotor competencies for the purpose of assessing, preventing, treating, ameliorating or modifying such disorders and conditions in individuals and groups of individuals. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
                                    5. Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
                                    6. Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
                                    7. Prescriber: means an individual authorized by law to prescribe drugs. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                    8. Prescription drug: means the same as defined in § 63-10-204, except the drug is only tablet or capsule form, and includes cancer drugs and anti-rejection drugs, but does not include controlled substances and drugs covered by the risk evaluation and mitigation strategy program of the federal food and drug administration. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                                    9. Prescription drug: means a drug that under federal or state law is required to be dispensed only pursuant to a prescription order or is restricted to use by prescribers and that under federal law must be labeled with either the symbol "Rx only" or the statement "Caution: Federal law restricts this drug to use by, or on the order of, a licensed veterinarian". See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                    10. Prescription order: means and includes any order, communicated through written, verbal, or electronic means by a physician, certified physician assistant, pharmacist in accordance with a collaborative pharmacy practice agreement pursuant to this section, dentist, veterinarian, optometrist authorized pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                    11. Principal office: means the office location so designated by the optometrist involved. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                    12. Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
                                    13. Probate: Proving a will
                                    14. Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
                                    15. Proceeds: includes gross profits from the commission of any specified unlawful activity, including property, real, personal or intangible of any kind, acquired or derived, directly or indirectly, from, produced through, realized through or caused by an act or omission. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
                                    16. Property: shall include :
                                      1. Real property. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                      2. Property: means anything of value, including, but not limited to, money, real estate, tangible or intangible personal property, including anything severed from land, library material, contract rights, choses-in-action, interests in or claims to wealth, credit, admission or transportation tickets, captured or domestic animals, food and drink, electric or other power. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                      3. Property: means any real or personal property and includes any document, record, research data, paper, or computer storage medium. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                                      4. Property: means anything of value, and includes any interest in property, including any benefit, privilege, claim or right with respect to anything of value, whether real or personal, tangible or intangible. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
                                      5. Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
                                      6. Quality assurance program: means a system for identifying problems in patient care that are resolved via administrative, clinical or educational actions to ensure that final products and outcomes meet applicable specifications. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                      7. Receiving: includes , but is not limited to, acquiring possession, control, title or taking a security interest in the property. See Tennessee Code 39-14-102
                                      8. Reckless: means that a person acts recklessly with respect to circumstances surrounding the conduct or the result of the conduct when the person is aware of, but consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the circumstances exist or the result will occur. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                      9. Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                      10. Referral: means a written or telecommunicated authorization for genetic counseling services from a physician licensed to practice medicine in all its branches or an advanced practice registered nurse or physician assistant who has an agreement and signed protocols with a supervising physician that authorizes referrals to a genetic counselor. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                      11. Refuse: includes all putrescible and nonputrescible solid waste. See Tennessee Code 39-14-501
                                      12. Regularly practice: means to practice for more than sixty (60) days within any ninety-day period. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                      13. Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
                                      14. Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                      15. Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
                                      16. Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                      17. Rubbish: includes nonputrescible solid waste consisting of both combustible and noncombustible waste. See Tennessee Code 39-14-501
                                      18. sale: includes any transfer of title or of the right to use by lease, bailment or any other contract, either oral or written, except wholesale sales to distributors or dispensers. See Tennessee Code 63-17-201
                                      19. Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
                                      20. Services: includes , but is not limited to, the use of a computer, a computer system, a computer network, computer software, computer program, or data to perform tasks. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                      21. Services: includes labor, skill, professional service, transportation, telephone, mail, gas, electricity, steam, water, cable television, entertainment subscription service or other public services, accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, admissions to exhibitions, use of vehicles or other movable property, and any other activity or product considered in the ordinary course of business to be a service, regardless of whether it is listed in this subdivision (a)(37) or a specific statute exists covering the same or similar conduct. See Tennessee Code 39-11-106
                                      22. Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
                                      23. Single state agency: means the department of health. See Tennessee Code 63-16-101
                                      24. Specified unlawful activity: means any act, including any preparatory or completed offense, committed for financial gain that is punishable as a felony under the laws of this state, or if the act occurred outside this state, would be punishable by confinement for more than one (1) year under the laws of the state in which it occurred. See Tennessee Code 39-14-902
                                      25. Speech language pathologist: means one who practices speech pathology, one who holds out to the public by any title or description of services incorporating the words "speech language pathologist" "speech pathologist" "speech pathology" "speech therapy" "speech correction" "speech correctionist" "speech therapist" "speech clinic" "speech clinician" "language pathologist" "language pathology" "language therapist" "logopedics" "logopedist" "communicology" "communicologist" "asphasiologist" "voice therapy" "voice therapist" "voice pathology" "voice pathologist" or "phoniatrist" or any similar titles or description of services. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
                                      26. Speech language pathology assistant: means any person who meets minimum qualifications that the board may establish for speech language pathology assistants, which qualifications are less than those established by this chapter as necessary for licensure as a speech language pathologist and who works under the supervision of a licensed speech language pathologist. See Tennessee Code 63-17-103
                                      27. Sponsoring organization: means any organization that organizes or arranges for the voluntary provision of health care services and that registers with the department of health as a sponsoring organization in accordance with § 63-6-706 and charges recipients based on one (1) of the following criteria:
                                        1. On a sliding scale according to income. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                        2. Standard examination: means the examination prescribed by §63-8-115. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                        3. State: means any of the fifty (50) states of the union, the District of Columbia and territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 63-8-102
                                        4. State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 39-14-802
                                        5. Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
                                        6. Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
                                        7. Supervision: means the ongoing, direct clinical review for the purposes of training or teaching by an approved supervisor who monitors the performance or a person's supervised interaction with a client and provides regular documented face-to-face consultation, guidance and instructions with respect to the clinical skills and competencies of the person supervised. See Tennessee Code 63-6-802
                                        8. Supplies: means the supplies necessary to administer the prescription drugs donated. See Tennessee Code 63-10-501
                                        9. Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
                                        10. Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
                                        11. Testify: Answer questions in court.
                                        12. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
                                        13. Third-party logistics provider: means a person who provides or coordinates warehousing or other logistics services of a drug or device on behalf of a manufacturer, wholesale distributor, or dispenser of the drug or device, but does not take ownership of the drug or device, nor has responsibility to direct the sale or disposition of the drug or device. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                        14. To process: means to use a computer to put data through a systematic sequence of operations for the purpose of producing a specified result. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                        15. Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
                                        16. Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
                                        17. Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
                                        18. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
                                        19. United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
                                        20. Unprofessional conduct: means the conduct of a pharmacist, pharmacy intern or pharmacy technician that is detrimental to patients or to the profession of pharmacy. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                        21. Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
                                        22. Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
                                        23. Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
                                        24. Virus: means a migrating program which, at least, attaches itself to the operating system of any computer it enters and can infect any other computer that has access to an "infected" computer. See Tennessee Code 39-14-601
                                        25. Voluntary provision of health care services: means the providing of professional health care services by the health care provider either without charge to the recipient of the services or to a third party, or recipients are charged on a sliding scale according to income. See Tennessee Code 63-6-703
                                        26. Wholesale distribution: means the distribution of a drug or device to persons other than the patient or consumer, or the receipt of a drug or device by persons other than the patient or consumer. See Tennessee Code 63-10-204
                                        27. Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
                                        28. Writing: includes printing or any other method of recording information, money, coins, tokens, stamps, seals, credit cards, badges, trademarks, and symbols of value, right, privilege or identification. See Tennessee Code 39-14-114