Chapter 1 Arson 450 – 457.1
Chapter 2 Burglary 458 – 464
Chapter 3 Burglarious and Larcenous Instruments and Deadly Weapons 466 – 469
Chapter 4 Forgery and Counterfeiting 470 – 483.5
Chapter 5 Larceny 484 – 502.9
Chapter 6 Embezzlement 503 – 515
Chapter 7 Extortion 518 – 527
Chapter 8 False Personation and Cheats 528 – 539
Chapter 10 Crimes Against Insured Property and Insurers 548 – 551
Chapter 12 Unlawful Interference With Property 552 – 558.1
Chapter 12.5 Crimes Involving Bailments 560 – 560.6
Chapter 12.6 Crimes Involving Branded Containers, Cabinets, or Other Dairy Equipment 565 – 566
Chapter 12.7 Unlawful Subleasing of Motor Vehicles 570 – 574
Chapter 14 Fraudulent Issue of Documents of Title to Merchandise 577 – 583
Chapter 15 Malicious Injuries to Railroad Bridges, Highways, Bridges, and Telegraphs 587 – 593g

Terms Used In California Codes > Penal Code > Part 1 > Title 13

  • abuse: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30174

  • act: as used in this division , means the Improvement Bond Act of 1915. See California Penal Code 18780
  • Administrator: means the individual designated by the licensee to act on behalf of the licensee in the overall management of the facility. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Agency: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 7082
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ammunition: includes , but is not limited to, any bullet, cartridge, magazine, clip, speed loader, autoloader, or projectile capable of being fired from a firearm with a deadly consequence. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 30176.1
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attendance: means the number of children present at a child care and development facility. See California Education Code 8208
  • auditor: means the auditor, auditor-controller, or director of finance of a county. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 286
  • Authority: means the Community Revitalization and Investment Authority created pursuant to this division. See California Insurance Code 1874.86
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • BB device: means any instrument that expels a projectile, such as a BB or a pellet, through the force of air pressure, gas pressure, or spring action, or any spot marker gun. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 30180
  • Beneficial ownership interest: means an ownership interest through the possession of stock, equity in capital, or any interest in the profits of the applicant or licensee, or through the possession of such an interest in other entities that directly or indirectly hold an interest in the applicant or licensee. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board of supervisors: as used in this part , means the board of supervisors of a county in the San Francisco Bay area. See California Water Code 45907
  • Boiler: as used in this part means any fired or unfired pressure vessel used to generate steam pressure by the application of heat subject to this part. See California Public Utilities Code 29046
  • business entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association or other group, however organized and whether or not organized to operate at a profit, but does not mean a financial institution organized, chartered, or holding a license or authorization certificate under a law of this state or the United States to make loans or extend credit and subject to supervision by an official or agency of this state or the United States, nor the parent of any such financial institution, nor any subsidiary of any such financial institution or parent. See California Education Code 8340.2
  • Care and supervision: means the facility assumes responsibility for, or provides or promises to provide in the future, ongoing assistance with activities of daily living without which the resident's physical health, mental health, safety, or welfare would be endangered. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • cargo container: means a receptacle with all of the following characteristics:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 257

  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Commercial user: means any person who deals in full-size or non-full-size cribs of the kind governed by this chapter who otherwise by one's occupation holds oneself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to the full-size or non-full-size cribs governed by this chapter, or any person who is in the business of remanufacturing, retrofitting, selling, leasing, subletting, or otherwise placing in the stream of commerce full-size or non-full-size cribs. See California Penal Code 18175
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conditional sale contract: has the meaning set forth in subdivision (a) of Section 2981 of the Civil Code. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Control: means the ability to direct the operation or management of the applicant or licensee and includes the ability to exercise control through intermediary or subsidiary entities. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Cost: includes , but is not limited to, expenditures that are related to the operation of child care and development programs. See California Education Code 8208
  • Crib: means a bed or containment designed to accommodate an infant. See California Penal Code 18175
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means the Department of Industrial Relations. See California Public Utilities Code 103451
  • Department: means the State Department of Social Services. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Direct loan agreement: means an agreement between a lender and a purchaser whereby the lender has advanced funds pursuant to a loan secured by the motor vehicle which the purchaser has purchased. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • Director: means the Director of Social Services. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • District: as used in this part , means the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. See California Water Code 45903
  • Division: as used in this part , means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. See California Public Utilities Code 29045
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic violence: means abuse perpetrated against any of the following persons:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30213

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Federal acts: means Subchapter V of Chapter 46 of the federal Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 7082
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • firearm: includes the frame or receiver of the weapon:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30222

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Full-size crib: means a full-size crib as defined in Section 1508. See California Penal Code 18175
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • immediate family member: means either of the following relationships:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30285

  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • individual: means a natural person. See California Education Code 8340.2
  • Infant: means any person less than 35 inches tall and less than three years of age. See California Penal Code 18175
  • inhabited: means currently being used for dwelling purposes, whether occupied or not. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 257.1
  • Insurer: includes the State Compensation Insurance Fund and any private company, corporation, mutual association, and reciprocal or interinsurance exchange, authorized under the laws of this state to insure employers against liability for compensation under this part and under Division 4 (commencing with Section 3201), and any employer to whom a certificate of consent to self-insure has been issued. See California Public Utilities Code 103451
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • lease contract: includes a lease for business or commercial purposes. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • License: means a basic permit to operate a residential care facility for the elderly. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Local educational agency: means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district. See California Education Code 8208
  • locked container: means a secure container that is fully enclosed and locked by a padlock, keylock, combination lock, or similar locking device. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 30351
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor vehicle: means any vehicle required to be registered under the Vehicle Code. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Non-full-size crib: means a non-full-size crib as defined in Section 1509. See California Penal Code 18175
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Parent: means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the child. See California Education Code 8208
  • Person: means an individual, company, firm, association, partnership, trust, corporation, limited liability company, or other legal entity. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • person: means any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, association, or governmental entity. See California Education Code 8340.2
  • Person: means any natural person, firm, corporation, association, or agent or employee thereof. See California Penal Code 18175
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plan: means a community revitalization and investment plan and shall be deemed to be the plan described in Section 16 of Article XVI of the California Constitution. See California Insurance Code 1874.86
  • Plan area: means territory included within a community revitalization and investment area. See California Insurance Code 1874.86
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Rapid transit: as used in this part , means the transportation of passengers and their incidental baggage by any means. See California Water Code 45905
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • record: means any item, collection, or grouping of information about an individual or business entity. See California Education Code 8340.2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Resale inspection: shall mean the inspection of boilers or tanks in the possession of a dealer or vendor at the request of a user who contemplates the purchase thereof. See California Public Utilities Code 29142.8
  • Residential care facility for the elderly: means a housing arrangement chosen voluntarily by persons 60 years of age or over, or their authorized representative, where varying levels and intensities of care and supervision, protective supervision, or personal care are provided, based upon their varying needs, as determined in order to be admitted and to remain in the facility. See California Penal Code 1269a
  • Revitalization project: means a physical improvement to real property funded by the authority. See California Insurance Code 1874.86
  • San Francisco Bay area: as used in this part , means the Counties of San Francisco, Marin, Sonoma, Napa, Solano, Contra Costa, Alameda, Santa Clara and San Mateo. See California Water Code 45904
  • Seller: has the meaning set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 2981 of the Civil Code, and includes the present holder of the conditional sale contract. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 232
  • short-barreled rifle: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30407

  • short-barreled shotgun: means any of the following:

    California Revenue and Taxation Code 30421

  • Site supervisor: means a person who, regardless of his or her title, has operational program responsibility for a child care and development program at a single site. See California Education Code 8208
  • Startup costs: means those expenses an agency incurs in the process of opening a new or additional facility before the full enrollment of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Tank: as used in this part , means any unfired pressure vessel, subject to this part, used for the storage of air pressure or liquefied petroleum gases. See California Public Utilities Code 29047
  • taxable property: as used in this part , shall not include solvent credits. See California Water Code 45906
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • terminal: means the location or locations in this state that are designated by a motor carrier, where subject vehicles may be inspected by the department and where vehicle maintenance and inspection records and drivers' records will be made available for inspection. See California Education Code 8484.75
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.