Article 1 General Provisions 16-13-1 – 16-13-16
Article 2 Apportionment and Disbursement of Public School Funds 16-13-31 – 16-13-37
Article 4 Tax Anticipation Warrants in Cities and Counties 16-13-70 – 16-13-77
Article 5 Warrants for Special County and District Taxes 16-13-90 – 16-13-109
Article 6 Warrants for Special License, Privilege or Excise Taxes 16-13-120 – 16-13-122
Article 7 Budget System 16-13-140 – 16-13-147
Article 8 One-Mill County School Tax 16-13-160 – 16-13-166
Article 9 County and District Three-Mill School Taxes 16-13-180 – 16-13-199
Article 10 Notes in Anticipation of Warrants 16-13-210 – 16-13-217
Article 11 Foundation Program Fund 16-13-230 – 16-13-239
Article 12 Special School Taxes Authority Extended When Original Obligation Refunded 16-13-260 – 16-13-263
Article 13 National Average for Teacher Salaries 16-13-280 – 16-13-282
Article 14 Warrants for Eductional Purposes 16-13-300 – 16-13-311

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 16 > Chapter 13

  • ADOPTION SUBSIDY: A money payment, services, deferred payment, or any combination thereof that is provided to a child with special needs or circumstances after submission of an application to the department. See Alabama Code 26-10-22
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agency: The department or a child welfare agency which is authorized in its license issued by the department to place children for adoption. See Alabama Code 26-10-22
  • AGRICULTURAL CENTER BOARD: The board of that name established pursuant to Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • AGRICULTURAL FUND: The fund of that name created and administered pursuant to Article 1, Chapter 9, Title 2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • application: The submission to the department of a complete application as defined by the department with documentation of the child's special needs. See Alabama Code 26-10-22
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: Each county or city board of education; the Board of Trustees of the Alabama Institute for Deaf and Blind; the Alabama Youth Services Board in its capacity as the Board of Education for the Youth Services School District; the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Fine Arts; and the Board of Directors of the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • board: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • board: The Agricultural Center Board created by Sections 2-6-1 and 2-6-2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • BOARD OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES: The Alabama Board of Agriculture and Industries created pursuant to Section 2-3-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • BOARD OF EDUCATION: Any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • BOOK VALUE: The value that T. See Alabama Code 26-5-11
  • BUILDING COMMISSION: The Building Commission created under Article 6, Chapter 9, Title 41, and any successor agency thereto. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • child: An individual under 19 years of age, or an individual 19 or 20 years of age and eligible for Title IV-E Federal Funding, who is:

    a. See Alabama Code 26-10-22

  • child: A person under 18 years of age. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • CHILD ABUSE: Harm or threatened harm to a child's health or welfare by a person responsible for the child's health or welfare, which harm occurs or is threatened through nonaccidental physical or mental injury; sexual abuse, which includes a violation of any provision of Article 4, Chapter 6, Title 13A. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • coliseum: The existing coliseum building located in the Alabama Agricultural Center in the City of Montgomery. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • coliseum: The existing Garrett Coliseum and the grounds and other buildings and structures associated therewith, all owned by the Agricultural Center Board and located in the City of Montgomery, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • CORPORATION: Any public corporation which may be organized pursuant to any law now in force or hereafter enacted for the purpose of acquiring title to and completing the construction and equipment of the coliseum and the necessary facilities in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • costs: When used with reference to or in connection with any public school facility or any portion thereof, all or any part of the costs of acquiring, constructing, altering, enlarging, extending, reconstructing, or remodeling such facility, including (i) the costs of all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, licenses and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; (ii) the costs of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the costs of acquiring land to which such buildings or structures may be moved; (iii) the costs of all machinery, equipment, furniture, furnishings, fixtures, and tangible and intangible personal property acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to such public school facility; and (iv) the costs of architectural, engineering, financial, and legal services incurred in connection with the acquisition or construction of all or any part of such public school facility and the financing thereof, including the expenses of preparing plans, specifications, surveys, and studies to determine the financial or engineering feasibility of such public school facility. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • court: A circuit or district court authorized by statute to issue or modify a protective order. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 26-10-22
  • department: The Department of Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • dry: The local governments in areas which prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages. See Alabama Code 26-5-11
  • ELIGIBLE INVESTMENTS: (i) Any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is organized under the laws of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation; (ii) any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America; (iii) any debt securities payment of the principal of and interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America; (iv) any debt securities (including participation certificates) that are direct, general obligations of any of the following agencies of the United States of America: the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Federal Farm Credit Bank, the Federal Land Banks, the Federal Immediate Credit Banks, the Banks for Cooperatives, the Federal Home Loan Banks (including any joint obligations of any two or more of the foregoing agencies), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farmers Home Administration, or any other agency or instrumentality of the United States of America; (v) any repurchase obligations of any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that shall succeed to the functions of such federal corporation), which repurchase obligations are at least 100 percent secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments described in (i) through (iv), inclusive, above; (vi) any security or interest therein, whether secured or unsecured, in which an insurance company or a savings and loan association organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its own moneys at the time of investment therein by the corporation; (vii) shares of any money market fund registered and regulated under the Federal Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, as a no-load, open-end management investment company, the portfolio assets of which consist solely of cash and eligible investments and repurchase agreements fully secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments; and (viii) any debt obligation, debt instrument or deposit obligation in which trustees are legally permitted to invest under the laws of the state at the time of investment therein by the corporation. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • EMOTIONAL TIES: Includes all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 26-10-22

  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be filed under Article 4 or under any other provision of this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: means a partnership formed under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state and required by those laws to have one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • FOREIGN PROTECTION ORDER: A protection order issued by a tribunal of another state. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a general partner under Section 10A-9A-4. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06

  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • growth: The amount by which projected revenue in the Education Trust Fund for the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made is anticipated to exceed projected revenue for the prior fiscal year. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IN-LIEU-OF-TAXES PAYMENTS: Those payments made directly to the state of Alabama and not to local governments or distributors under federal statute (16 USC, §831) by T. See Alabama Code 26-5-11
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • INDUSTRIAL POWER SALES: That power which is sold by T. See Alabama Code 26-5-11
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • ISSUING STATE: The state whose tribunal issues a protection order. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • LEASE AGREEMENT: Any agreement of lease covering all or any part of the properties comprising the Alabama Agricultural Center, including the coliseum and any facilities necessary in connection therewith, which may be made between the board and the corporation pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LIMITED PARTNER: means :

    (A) with respect to a limited partnership, a person that:

    (i) is admitted as a limited partner under Section 10A-9A-3. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • LOCAL COUNCIL: An organization which meets the criteria described in Section 26-16-10. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • MARKET FACILITY: Any facility for the inspection, grading, standardization, classification, refrigeration, dehydration, canning, packing, processing, cold storage and marketing of agricultural and kindred products permitted to be acquired and constructed by the Board of Agriculture and Industries pursuant to Section 2-3-20. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • MENTAL DISABILITY: A condition which is characterized by impaired intellectual development and impedes the ability to function independently as diagnosed by a licensed medical doctor or qualified mental health professional. See Alabama Code 26-10-22
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • MUTUAL FOREIGN PROTECTION ORDER: A foreign protection order that includes provisions in favor of both the protected individual seeking enforcement of the order and the respondent. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • neglect: Harm to a child's health or welfare by a person responsible for the child's health or welfare which occurs through negligent treatment, including the failure to provide adequate food, clothing, shelter, or medical care. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • notes: The warrant anticipation notes authorized to be issued under this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • organization: A nonprofit organization or a public agency which provides or proposes to provide child abuse and neglect prevention, early intervention services, or parent education. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • partner: means a limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: means any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PHYSICAL DISABILITY: One of the following conditions:

    a. See Alabama Code 26-10-22

  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • PREVENTION PROGRAM: A system of direct provision of child abuse and neglect prevention services to a child, parent, or guardian. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • PRIOR FISCAL YEAR: The fiscal year immediately prior to the fiscal year for which appropriations for teacher salaries are being made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: The property of T. See Alabama Code 26-5-11
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTED INDIVIDUAL: An individual protected by a protection order. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • PROTECTION ORDER: An injunction or other order, issued by a tribunal under the domestic violence or family violence laws of the issuing state, to prevent an individual from engaging in violent or threatening acts against, harassment of, contact or communication with, or physical proximity to, another individual. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • PUBLIC PERSON: Any agency, board, commission, department, instrumentality, or corporation of the State of Alabama, any county, municipality, or other political subdivision of the State of Alabama, and any public authority, board, or corporation created by any county or municipality or of which any county or municipality is a member. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • PUBLIC SCHOOL FACILITIES: All tangible and intangible property and interests in property, whether real, personal or mixed, used or useful for educational and public school purposes and related purposes, including without limitation land and rights or interests in land, school buildings and playgrounds, classrooms, libraries, auditoriums, gymnasiums, recreational and sport facilities, stadiums, arenas, facilities for the performing arts, offices, school buses, buildings for housing and repairing school buses, cafeterias and dining facilities, laboratories, office facilities, equipment, furniture and fixtures, telecommunication facilities, heating and cooling facilities, and related property. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • REFUNDABLE DEBT: With respect to any board, (i) any valid indebtedness of such board evidenced by warrants issued pursuant to the provisions of this article, and (ii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board issued pursuant to any provision of law other than this article, and (iii) any valid indebtedness or obligations of such board incurred pursuant to any agreement (including without limitation a funding agreement or lease agreement) by such board and a public person whereunder such board shall make payments (including without limitation rental payments) to such public person to enable such public person to pay valid indebtedness or obligations thereof incurred for the benefit of such board, and (iv) any valid indebtedness or obligations of any public person incurred on behalf, or for the benefit, of such board. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • REQUIRED INFORMATION: means the information that a limited partnership is required to maintain under Section 10A-9A-1. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • respondent: The individual against whom enforcement of a protection order is sought. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • securities: When used with reference to debt instruments to be issued by the corporation, shall mean and include notes, bonds and other forms of indebtedness. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • state: A state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • STATE BOARD: The State Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Board created in Section 26-16-3. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • STATE SUPERINTENDENT: The State Superintendent of Education and any successor to the functions thereof. See Alabama Code 16-13-301
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • substantial: shall mean an amount estimated by the Legislative Fiscal Officer and the state Finance Director which is in excess of $500,000 for the year in which the appropriations are to be made. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • teacher: Any full-time public school teacher in Alabama who is an employee of a board and who is required to be certificated by the State Board of Education, including, but not limited to, counselors, librarians, Science in Motion teachers, supervisors, administrators (excluding superintendents and their professional executive assistants), teachers at the Department of Youth Services, the Alabama School of Mathematics and Science, and the Alabama School of Fine Arts. See Alabama Code 16-13-280
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRANSFERABLE INTEREST: means a partner's right to receive distributions from a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • transferee: means a person to which all or part of a transferable interest has been transferred, whether or not the transferor is a partner. See Alabama Code 45-10-234.06
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • tribunal: A court, agency, or other entity authorized by law to issue or modify a protection order. See Alabama Code 16-13-103
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • TRUST FUND: The Children's Trust Fund established in the State Treasury. See Alabama Code 26-16-2
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • warrants: The interest-bearing tax anticipation warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 4 of this chapter and the capital outlay warrants authorized to be issued by a board of education under Article 5 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-13-210
  • warrants: The warrants authorized to be issued by a board pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 16-13-301