Article 1 General Provisions 16-60-1 – 16-60-6
Article 2 Junior College for Franklin, Marion and Winston Counties 16-60-20 – 16-60-40
Article 3 Junior College for Jackson and DeKalb Counties 16-60-50 – 16-60-67
Article 4 Alabama Trade School and Junior College Authority Act 16-60-80 – 16-60-96
Article 5 Management and Control of Trade Schools and Junior Colleges 16-60-110 – 16-60-117
Article 6 Southern Union College 16-60-130 – 16-60-132
Article 7 Snead Junior College 16-60-150 – 16-60-152
Article 8 Trade School at Frank Lee Youth Center 16-60-170 – 16-60-173
Article 9 Regional Vocational and Trade Schools Act 16-60-190 – 16-60-198
Article 10 Alabama School of Trades 16-60-210 – 16-60-221
Article 11 Displaced Homemakers Programs 16-60-240 – 16-60-243
Article 12 Alabama Mining Academy 16-60-260 – 16-60-264
Article 13 Gadsden State Community College 16-60-270
Article 14 Wallace State Community College 16-60-280
Article 15 Community Outreach Partneship at Jefferson State Community College 16-60-300 – 16-60-312
Article 16 Marion Military Institute 16-60-330 – 16-60-339
Article 17 Career-Technical Dual Enrollment Program 16-60-350 – 16-60-354

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 16 > Chapter 60

  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AFTERMARKET CRASH PART: A replacement for any of the nonmechanical sheet metal or plastic parts which generally constitute the exterior of a motor vehicle, including inner and outer panels. See Alabama Code 16-60-26
  • agency: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 16-60-111.12
  • AGRICULTURAL CENTER BOARD: The board of that name established pursuant to Article 2 of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • AGRICULTURAL FUND: The fund of that name created and administered pursuant to Article 1, Chapter 9, Title 2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • alley: A street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter under the name Alabama Port Authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • authority: The Alabama Trade School and Junior College Authority organized under the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Alabama State Port Authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-39
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • board: The Agricultural Center Board created by Sections 2-6-1 and 2-6-2. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.04
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.37
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • board: The Board of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • BOARD OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES: The Alabama Board of Agriculture and Industries created pursuant to Section 2-3-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • bonds: The bonds issued under the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • borrower: A county or incorporated municipality, as the case may be, exercising the powers conferred by this article. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • brand: Any recorded identification mark applied to any position on the hide of livestock by means of heat, acid, or a chemical, except numbers used to keep production records or record of age. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • BUILDING COMMISSION: The Alabama Building Commission. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • BUILDING COMMISSION: The Building Commission created under Article 6, Chapter 9, Title 41, and any successor agency thereto. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • city: The City of Midfield, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • CIVIL FINE: The monetary amount assessed by the city pursuant to this part for an adjudication of civil liability for a traffic signal violation, including municipal court costs associated with the infraction. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • CIVIL VIOLATION: There is hereby created a noncriminal category of state law called a civil violation created and existing for the sole purpose of carrying out the terms of this part. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • coliseum: The existing coliseum building located in the Alabama Agricultural Center in the City of Montgomery. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • coliseum: The existing Garrett Coliseum and the grounds and other buildings and structures associated therewith, all owned by the Agricultural Center Board and located in the City of Montgomery, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • COMBINED SYSTEM: A consolidated system resulting from the combination of any two or more of the following: a waterworks system, a sanitary system, a gas system and an electric system. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.04
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.37
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $100,000. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • CORPORATION: Any public corporation which may be organized pursuant to any law now in force or hereafter enacted for the purpose of acquiring title to and completing the construction and equipment of the coliseum and the necessary facilities in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • corporation: The public corporation authorized to be created by this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • dealer: Every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state and to whom current dealer registration plates have been issued by the Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • dealer: Any person engaged in the business of buying livestock in the State of Alabama for resale, exchange or slaughter and meat packing purposes, either on his or her own account or as agent for others on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • DERELICT VESSEL: A vessel in the waters of this state that satisfies any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 16-60-111.12

  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The Chief Executive Officer of the Alabama State Port Authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-39
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: The district attorney of the judicial circuit in which the county is located. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • docks: Alabama state docks. See Alabama Code 16-60-39
  • domestic: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • DOMESTIC WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM: A waterworks system designed to distribute water primarily for human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • ELECTRIC SYSTEM: Facilities for the generation, manufacture and distribution, or any thereof, of electricity, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • ELIGIBLE INVESTMENTS: (i) Any time deposit with, or any certificate of deposit issued by, any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is organized under the laws of the United States of America that may succeed to the functions of such corporation; (ii) any debt securities that are direct, general obligations of the United States of America; (iii) any debt securities payment of the principal of and interest on which is unconditionally guaranteed by the United States of America; (iv) any debt securities (including participation certificates) that are direct, general obligations of any of the following agencies of the United States of America: the Export-Import Bank of the United States, the Federal Farm Credit Bank, the Federal Land Banks, the Federal Immediate Credit Banks, the Banks for Cooperatives, the Federal Home Loan Banks (including any joint obligations of any two or more of the foregoing agencies), the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farmers Home Administration, or any other agency or instrumentality of the United States of America; (v) any repurchase obligations of any bank, savings bank or savings and loan association which is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (or any department, agency or instrumentality of the United States of America that shall succeed to the functions of such federal corporation), which repurchase obligations are at least 100 percent secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments described in (i) through (iv), inclusive, above; (vi) any security or interest therein, whether secured or unsecured, in which an insurance company or a savings and loan association organized under the laws of the state may legally invest its own moneys at the time of investment therein by the corporation; (vii) shares of any money market fund registered and regulated under the Federal Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended, as a no-load, open-end management investment company, the portfolio assets of which consist solely of cash and eligible investments and repurchase agreements fully secured by any one or more classes of eligible investments; and (viii) any debt obligation, debt instrument or deposit obligation in which trustees are legally permitted to invest under the laws of the state at the time of investment therein by the corporation. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

    (i) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

    (ii) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

    (iii) one of the following occurs:

    (A) the lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

    (B) the lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

    (C) the lease contract or a separate accurate and complete statement delivered to the lessee discloses in writing (a) all express warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the lessor and the supplier in connection with the lease contract (b) that there are no other express warranties or rights provided to the lessee by the lessor or the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) in a consumer lease, any waiver, disclaimer, or other negation of express or implied warranties and any limitation or modification of remedy or liquidation of damages for breach of those warranties or other rights of the lessee in a manner as provided in this article or in Article 2, as applicable; or

    (D) the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the supplier, unless the lessee has selected the supplier and directed the lessor to purchase the goods from the supplier, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to all warranties and other rights provided to the lessee by the supplier in connection with the lease contract, and (c) to contact the supplier to receive an accurate and complete statement from the supplier of any such express warranties and other rights and any disclaimers or limitations of them or of remedies. See Alabama Code 22-19-162

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GAS SYSTEM: Facilities for the manufacture, conditioning, transmission and distribution, or any thereof, of manufactured or natural gas, together with all appurtenances to such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 7-2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • GOVERNING BODY: In the case of a county, the county commission exercising the legislative functions of the county and, in the case of a municipality, the board of commissioners, the mayor and council or other similar body exercising the legislative functions of the municipality. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • industrial: When used with reference to a waterworks system, a waterworks system designed to supply or distribute water primarily for use other than human consumption. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • insurer: Includes an insurance company and any person authorized to represent the insurer with respect to a claim and who is acting within the scope of the person's authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-26
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • JUNIOR COLLEGE: An educational institution offering instruction in the arts and sciences on the level of difficulty of the first two years above high school level. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: An officer of a county, municipality, or any state agency, department, or subdivision thereof, who is certified by the Alabama Peace Officers' Standards and Training Commission. See Alabama Code 16-60-111.12
  • law enforcement officer: shall mean and include a policeman, policewoman, and other official who has authority to make arrests and who is employed by any municipality in the state as a permanent and regular employee for and subject to law enforcement duties, but it does not include any person elected by popular vote. See Alabama Code 45-37A-56.23
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • LEASE AGREEMENT: Any agreement of lease covering all or any part of the properties comprising the Alabama Agricultural Center, including the coliseum and any facilities necessary in connection therewith, which may be made between the board and the corporation pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.01
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equine or equidae, ratites, and poultry. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • livestock: Cattle, swine, sheep, goats, equidae, ratites, poultry, and catfish. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • livestock: Any animal maintained in captivity for any reason. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • LIVESTOCK HIDE DEALER: Any dealer who buys hides of livestock. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place where a person assembles livestock for public sale, if the person is required to procure a license or permit from the state Department of Agriculture and Industries to operate the market. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • LIVESTOCK MARKET: A place, concentration, or collection point or other public or private place where a person assembles livestock for either public or private sale by himself or herself and the service or the cost or expense thereof is compensated by the owner of the livestock on a commission basis or otherwise. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • mail: To deposit in the United States mail properly addressed and with postage prepaid. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • MARKET FACILITY: Any facility for the inspection, grading, standardization, classification, refrigeration, dehydration, canning, packing, processing, cold storage and marketing of agricultural and kindred products permitted to be acquired and constructed by the Board of Agriculture and Industries pursuant to Section 2-3-20. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • materials: Infected barns or other infected structures or parts thereof and farm products, clothing, straw, hay or other feed for animals and other articles stored or contained in or adjacent to such barns or other structures. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.65
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • MUNICIPAL COURT: The Municipal Court of the City of Midfield. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • NONORIGINAL EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURER AFTERMARKET CRASH PART: An aftermarket crash part made by any manufacturer other than the original vehicle manufacturer or his or her supplier. See Alabama Code 16-60-26
  • nonresident: Every person who is not a resident of this state. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • obligations: Bonds, warrants, certificates of indebtedness and notes of a unit, including bonds, warrants, certificates and notes that are general obligations of the issuing unit and those that are payable solely from a specified source. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • ORGANIZING SUBDIVISION: With respect to any unit, each municipality or county which may have granted authorization or made determinations respecting the incorporation of the unit or the governing body of which may have granted such authorization or made such determinations and, in the case of a board of education, the county or city with respect to which such board of education is organized. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • ORIGINAL EQUIPMENT: The total original equipment, machinery and facilities acquired and installed or stored in a trade school or junior college for purposes of instruction, operation and maintenance. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • pedestrian: Any person afoot. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a public or private corporation organized under the laws of Alabama or of another state, a municipality, a county or an agency, department or instrumentality of a county or municipality of one or more of the several states or of the United States. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 32-6-15
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, or association. See Alabama Code 45-42-243
  • person: Any individual, partnership, corporation, association or other business unit. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.35
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • PHOTOGRAPHIC TRAFFIC SIGNAL ENFORCEMENT SYSTEM: A camera system which is designed and installed to work in conjunction with an electrically operated traffic control device using vehicle sensors synchronized to automatically record, either by conventional film or digital imaging, sequenced photographs or full motion video of the rear of a motor vehicle while proceeding through a signalized intersection. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • PORT AUTHORITY: The Alabama State Port Authority. See Alabama Code 16-60-39
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • pure honey: as used in this article , shall mean the nectar of plants that has been transformed by, and is the natural product of the honeybee, either in the honeycomb or taken from the honeycomb and marketed in a liquid, crystalized or granulated condition. See Alabama Code 45-41-244.26
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • railroad: A carrier of persons or property upon cars other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • REPAIR FACILITY: A motor vehicle dealer, garage, body shop, or other commercial entity which undertakes the repair or replacement of those parts that generally constitute the exterior of a motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-60-26
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • RIGHT-OF-WAY: The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM: Facilities for the collection, transmission, treatment and disposal of sewage, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • securities: When used with reference to debt instruments to be issued by the corporation, shall mean and include notes, bonds and other forms of indebtedness. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SHEEP OR GOAT PRODUCER: Any person residing in Alabama, any Alabama corporation, or Alabama legal business entity that owns or has a financial investment in sheep or goats located in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.04
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37A-50.06
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • STATE DOCKS DEPARTMENT: The Alabama State Docks Department, an agency of the state. See Alabama Code 16-60-339
  • STATE ETHICS ACT: Chapter 25, commencing with Section 36-25-1, of Title 36. See Alabama Code 16-60-39
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Alabama Code 22-19-162
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TRADE SCHOOL: An educational institution offering instruction primarily in useful trades, occupations or vocational skills. See Alabama Code 16-60-81
  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed as defined in Section 32-1-1. See Alabama Code 45-37A-331.02
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • unit: Any public corporation organized in this state pursuant to authorization or determination by any municipality or municipalities or county or counties or a municipality and a county or by any combination of municipalities and counties or by the governing body of any one or more thereof and shall include also any county board of education and any city board of education. See Alabama Code 45-44-84.44
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • vendor: as used in this chapter shall be construed to include every individual, partnership, corporation or association whose business in whole or in part is that of selling new or used motor vehicles and likewise shall be construed to include every agent, representative or consignee of any such dealer as defined above, as fully as if the same had been herein expressly set out; except, that no agent, representative or consignee of such dealer or vendor shall be required to make and file the bond if such dealer or vendor for whom such agent, representative or consignee acts shall have fully complied with all of the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 16-60-20
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • vessel: Every description of watercraft, other than a seaplane, capable of being used as a means of transportation on the water. See Alabama Code 16-60-111.12
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • WATERS OF THIS STATE: Waters of this state as defined in Section 33-5-3. See Alabama Code 16-60-111.12
  • WATERWORKS SYSTEM: Facilities for the gathering, collecting, impounding, treatment, transmission and distribution, or any of them, of water for domestic use or for industrial use or both, together with all appurtenances to any such facilities. See Alabama Code 45-43-246.03
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.