Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 3 > Article 7A
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- CHANGE OF PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE: A change of the residence of a child whose custody has been determined by a prior court order, whether or not accompanied by a change of the residence of a person entitled to custody of the child, with the intent that such change shall be permanent in nature and not amounting to a temporary absence of the child from his or her principal residence. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- child: A minor child as defined by subdivision (2) of Section 30-3B-102. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- CHILD CUSTODY DETERMINATION: A judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- commencement: The filing of the first pleading in a proceeding. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- court: An entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- modification: A child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- PERSON ACTING AS A PARENT: A person, other than a parent, who has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding and has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this state. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- PERSON ENTITLED TO CUSTODY OR VISITATION: A person so entitled to physical custody of a child as defined by Sections 30-3-1 through 30-3-4. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- PHYSICAL CUSTODY: The physical care and supervision of a child. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- preceding: means next before. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE OF A CHILD: Any of the following:
a. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
- United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.