Article 1 General Provisions 30-3-1 – 30-3-10
Article 2 Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Act 30-3-20 – 30-3-44
Article 3 Withholding Orders for Child Support 30-3-60 – 30-3-71
Article 5 Order of Retroactive Support 30-3-110 – 30-3-115
Article 6 Custody and Domestic or Family Abuse 30-3-130 – 30-3-136
Article 7 Joint Custody 30-3-150 – 30-3-157
Article 7A Alabama Parent-Child Relationship Protection Act 30-3-160 – 30-3-169.10
Article 8 Driver’s License Suspension or Revocation for Failure To Pay Support Payments 30-3-170 – 30-3-179
Article 9 Alabama Child Support Reform Act of 1997 30-3-190 – 30-3-200

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 3

  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: A natural person who files a written application with the governing body of the city in accordance with the provisions of Section 45-27A-31. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • articles: The articles of incorporation or articles of reincorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • articles: The articles of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated and reincorporated pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • authority: A public corporation incorporated pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • authority: The Brewton Development Authority, a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • AUTHORIZED OPERATIONAL AREA: The county or counties in which the authority has been or is proposed to be authorized to operate, as designated in its articles of incorporation in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • AUTHORIZING RESOLUTION: A resolution adopted by the governing body of the city in accordance with Section 45-27A-31. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The board of directors of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • bonds: Includes bonds, notes, and certificates representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CHANGE OF PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE: A change of the residence of a child whose custody has been determined by a prior court order, whether or not accompanied by a change of the residence of a person entitled to custody of the child, with the intent that such change shall be permanent in nature and not amounting to a temporary absence of the child from his or her principal residence. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • child: A minor child as defined by subdivision (2) of Section 30-3B-102. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • CHILD CUSTODY DETERMINATION: A judgment, decree, or other order of a court providing for the legal custody, physical custody, or visitation with respect to a child. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • city: The City of Brewton, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • CLERK OF THE COURT: Any circuit court clerk, district court clerk or juvenile court clerk, or their employees, with responsibility for docketing or otherwise carrying out the court's clerical duties in regard to domestic relations matters, support and nonsupport cases, including the receipt and disbursement of support payments. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • commencement: The filing of the first pleading in a proceeding. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • COUNTY OF INCORPORATION: The county in which an authority has been or is proposed to be incorporated. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • court: Any juvenile or family court division of the circuit or district court in the county where the mother of the child resides or is found, in the county where the father resides or is found, or in the county where the child resides or is found and, in the case of a petition seeking a divorce or legal separation, a petition seeking a modification of support previously ordered under a divorce decree or a petition seeking a contempt citation for failure to pay support previously ordered under a divorce decree, the circuit court or the domestic relations division of the circuit court. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • court: An entity authorized under the law of a state to establish, enforce, or modify a child custody determination. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • court: A court of competent jurisdiction or administrative agency having the authority to issue and enforce support orders. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • department: The Department of Human Resources of the State of Alabama, including the county department of human resources. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • department: The Alabama Department of Human Resources, including the county departments of human resources. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • director: A member of the board of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • directors: The members of the board of directors. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • employer: Any person, business, corporation, partnership, company, firm, or unit of municipal, county, state, or federal government. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to the city, its city council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • income: Wages, salary, tips, commissions, bonuses, unemployment compensation, workers' compensation, disability payments, payments pursuant to a pension or retirement program and interest, and any and all money due or payable to a person, the entitlement to which is based upon remuneration for employment, past or present, after the deduction of those amounts required to be withheld by law. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • incorporators: The natural persons filing a written application for the incorporation of an authority pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county of incorporation of an authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • license: Any license, certificate, registration, or authorization issued by a licensing authority which grants a person a right or privilege to engage in an occupational, professional, sporting, or recreational activity, or to operate a motor vehicle. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • licensee: The holder of a license. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: Any department, division, board, agency, or instrumentality of the State of Alabama or its political subdivisions that issues a license. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • MILITARY INSTALLATION: A federal military fort, base, camp, post, station, yard, depot, arsenal, armory, or installation. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • modification: A child custody determination that changes, replaces, supersedes, or is otherwise made after a previous determination concerning the same child, whether or not it is made by the court that made the previous determination. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • non compos mentis: include all persons of unsound mind. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • obligee: Any person for whom support benefits are ordered by the court and shall specifically include the Department of Human Resources when any person has assigned their rights to support payments to the department under any provision of law or when the department is otherwise representing the obligee. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • obligee: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 30-3-170

  • obligor: Any person ordered by the court to make periodic payments for the benefit and support of another person or minor child. See Alabama Code 30-3-60
  • obligor: A person ordered by a court to make periodic payments for the benefit and support of another person or child. See Alabama Code 30-3-170
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • OPERATIONAL AREA: The parcels of realty within a county, previously conveyed to the United States of America, which formerly comprised a military installation, and all property in adjacent areas of close proximity to the military installation within the corporate limits of any municipality whose corporate limits lie in whole or in part within the operational area of the authority that is necessary or convenient to carry out the purposes of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, any person, including, without limitation, a private firm, a private association, a corporation, and a public person. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, includes a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county, or an agency, department, or instrumentality of the state, or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • PERSON ACTING AS A PARENT: A person, other than a parent, who has physical custody of the child or has had physical custody for a period of six consecutive months, including any temporary absence, within one year immediately before the commencement of a child custody proceeding and has been awarded legal custody by a court or claims a right to legal custody under the law of this state. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • PERSON ENTITLED TO CUSTODY OR VISITATION: A person so entitled to physical custody of a child as defined by Sections 30-3-1 through 30-3-4. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • PHYSICAL CUSTODY: The physical care and supervision of a child. See Alabama Code 30-3-161
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • PRINCIPAL OFFICE: The place at which the certificate of incorporation and amendments thereto, the bylaws, and the minutes of the proceedings of the board of the authority are kept. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE OF A CHILD: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 30-3-161

  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, which shall be suitable for use by the following or by any combination of two or more thereof:

    a. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1

  • project: Any land and any buildings or other improvements thereon, and all real, personal, and mixed properties, within the operational area of an authority, deemed by an authority to be necessary or appropriate in connection therewith, whether or not now in existence, and which shall be suitable for the promotion of the purposes of the authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • project: Interests in land, buildings, structures, facilities, or other improvements and any fixtures, machinery, equipment, furniture, or other property of any nature whatsoever used on, in, or in connection with any such land, interest in land, building, structure, facility, or other improvement, all for the essential public purpose of the development of trade, commerce, industry, and employment opportunities in the city. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, city, town, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • PUBLIC PERSON: The state and any county, city, town, public corporation, agency, subdivision thereof, instrumentality thereof, or similar person. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • purpose: The authorized purposes of an authority, which include acquiring, holding, improving, installing, constructing, owning, leasing, developing, performing environmental restoration and remediation, selling, and otherwise disposing of the real and personal property within its operational area for any use, subject to governmental land use restrictions or authority. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-2-80
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-92A-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 11-92B-1
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-27A-31.01
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.