Article 1 General Provisions 30-3D-101 – 30-3D-105
Article 2 Jurisdiction 30-3D-201 – 30-3D-211
Article 3 Civil Provisions of General Application 30-3D-301 – 30-3D-319
Article 4 Establishment of Support Order or Determination of Parentage 30-3D-401 – 30-3D-402
Article 5 Enforcement of Support Order Without Registration 30-3D-501 – 30-3D-507
Article 6 Registration, Enforcement, and Modication of Support Order 30-3D-601 – 30-3D-616
Article 7 Support Proceeding under Convention 30-3D-701 – 30-3D-713
Article 8 Interstate Rendition 30-3D-801 – 30-3D-802
Article 9 Miscellaneous Provisions 30-3D-901 – 30-3D-902

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 3D

  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation and, in the case of a corporation existing on January 1, 1981, its certificate of incorporation, including any amended certificate, and also include, except where the context otherwise requires, articles of merger. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Alabama Code 26-2A-34
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • conservator: A person who is appointed by a court to manage the estate of a protected person and includes a limited conservator described in Section 26-2A-148(a). See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • court: A probate court of this state. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • estate: Includes the property of the person whose affairs are subject to this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or authorized by this title to be filed by or for an entity with the filing officer in accordance with Article 4. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Alabama Code 26-2A-34
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity under this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • guardian: A person who has qualified as a guardian of a minor or incapacitated person pursuant to parental or spousal nomination or court appointment and includes a limited guardian as described in Sections 26-2A-78(e) and 26-2A-105(c), but excludes one who is merely a guardian ad litem. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • insurance: as used in this chapter includes the term "annuity" and the term "policy" includes the term "contract. See Alabama Code 45-29-243.03
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Alabama Code 26-2A-34
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity's certificate of formation is filed, or, with respect to a statement of authority under Chapter 8A, which is to be filed in the real property records of a particular county, the judge of probate of the county in which that statement is filed. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • letters: Includes letters of guardianships and letters of conservatorship. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • minor: A person who is under 19 years of age and has not otherwise had the disabilities of minority removed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • person: An individual or an organization, unless the context otherwise requires. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • petition: A written request to the court for an order after notice. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • policy: includes the term "contract. See Alabama Code 45-29-243.03
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • proceeding: Includes action at law and suit in equity. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • property: Includes both real and personal property or any interest therein and means anything that may be the subject of ownership. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PROTECTED PERSON: A minor or other person for whom a conservator has been appointed or other protective order has been made as provided in Sections 26-2A-136 and 26-2A-137. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • PROTECTIVE PROCEEDING: A proceeding under the provisions of Article 2, Division 3. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Alabama Code 26-2A-34
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2-8. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 45-28A-42.07
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • ward: A person for whom a guardian has been appointed. See Alabama Code 26-2A-20
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Alabama Code 26-2A-34