Article 1 General Provisions 32-5A-1 – 32-5A-13
Article 2 Traffic Signs, Signals and Markings 32-5A-30 – 32-5A-37
Article 3 Operation and Use of Vehicles Generally 32-5A-50 – 32-5A-62
Article 4 Driving on and Use of Roadways Generally; Overtaking and Passing 32-5A-80 – 32-5A-93
Article 5 Right-of-way 32-5A-110 – 32-5A-116
Article 6 Turning, Starting and Stopping Generally 32-5A-130 – 32-5A-139
Article 7 Special Stops Required 32-5A-150 – 32-5A-155
Article 8 Speed Restrictions 32-5A-170 – 32-5A-178
Article 8A County and Municipal Reduced Speed School Zone Act 32-5A-180 – 32-5A-186
Article 9 Serious Traffic Offenses 32-5A-190 – 32-5A-195
Article 9A Safe Streets Act 32-5A-200 – 32-5A-205
Article 10 Pedestrians’ Rights and Duties 32-5A-210 – 32-5A-222
Article 11 Motorcycles 32-5A-240 – 32-5A-245
Article 12 Bicycles and Play Vehicles 32-5A-260 – 32-5A-266
Article 13 Bicycle Safety 32-5A-280 – 32-5A-286
Article 14 Suspension of Driving Privileges for Alcohol Related Offenses 32-5A-300 – 32-5A-309
Article 15 Possession of Open Container of Alcoholic Beverages in Motor Vehicle Prohibited 32-5A-330
Article 16 Text Messaging While Operating a Motor Vehicle; Prohbited 32-5A-350 – 32-5A-352

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 32 > Chapter 5A

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • alley: A street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • AUTHORIZED EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Such fire department vehicles, police vehicles and ambulances as are publicly owned, and such other publicly or privately owned vehicles as are designated by the Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency or the chief of police of an incorporated city. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bicycle: includes , but is not limited to, a human-powered vehicle designed to transport by the act of pedaling which has more than two wheels when the vehicle is used on a public roadway, public bicycle path, or other public road or right-of-way, but does not include a tricycle. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • bicycle: Every device propelled by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels either of which is more than 14 inches in diameter. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • board: The board of directors of a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • bonds: Bonds, notes, or other obligations representing an obligation to pay money. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • bus: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than 10 passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • cmrs: Commercial mobile radio service under Sections 3(27) and 332(d) of the Federal Telecommunications Act of 1996, 47 U. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • CMRS CONNECTION: Each mobile telephone number assigned to a CMRS subscriber with a place of primary use in Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • CMRS PROVIDER: A person or entity that provides CMRS. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • CONTROLLED-ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • corporation: Any public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • costs: As applied to a facility or any portion thereof, shall include all or any part of the cost of construction, acquisition, alteration, enlargement, extension, reconstruction, improvement, and remodeling of a facility, including all lands, structures, real or personal property, rights, rights-of-way, franchises, easements, permits, approvals, licenses, and certificates and interests acquired or used for, in connection with or with respect to a facility, the cost of demolishing or removing any buildings or structures on land so acquired, including the cost of acquiring lands to which such buildings or structures may be moved, the cost of all machinery and equipment, financing charges, underwriters' commissions or discounts, interest prior to, during, and following completion of such construction and acquisition, provisions for reserves for both principal and interest and for maintenance, extensions, enlargements, additions, and improvements to any facilities then being or theretofore acquired and all other amounts authorized by any corporation to be paid into any special funds from proceeds of bonds issued by the corporation, the cost of architectural, engineering, financial and legal services, plans, specifications, studies, surveys, estimates of cost and revenues, administrative expenses, expenses necessary or incident to determining the feasibility or practicability of constructing a facility, and such other expenses as may be necessary or incident to the construction and acquisition of a facility, the financing of such construction and acquisition, and the placing of a facility in operation. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • county: Any county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • CREATING AUTHORITY: The municipal governing body of any municipality or the governing body of any county that, by passage of a resolution or ordinance, creates a district within its respective jurisdiction in accordance with this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 45-26-231.06
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • DEFERRED TAX RECIPIENT: Each taxing authority which receives ad valorem taxes with respect to property located in a proposed tax increment district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of this state acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • DETERMINING COUNTY: With respect to a corporation, any county the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such corporation in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • DETERMINING MUNICIPALITY: With respect to a corporation, any municipality the governing body of which shall have made findings and determinations of fact pertaining to the organization of such corporation, in accordance with the provisions of Section 11-97-3. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • DETERMINING SUBDIVISION: With respect to a corporation, any determining county or determining municipality and, with respect to an instrumentality, the county or municipality or combination thereof whose governing body is empowered to incorporate or otherwise establish such instrumentality. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • director: A member of the board of a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency of Alabama. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • DISTRIBUTION FORMULA: The percentage of the total state population residing in a district, compared to the total state population residing in all districts statewide, based upon the latest census data or estimates compiled by or for the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • district: A communication district created pursuant to this chapter. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • ENHANCED USE LEASE AREA: Any area of a military installation which contains underutilized real or personal property, or both, that is leased by a secretary of a military department to a lessee pursuant to the authority provided in Title 10 U. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities, or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion, or by detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • facility: Property or collections of property used to provide utility services, including all land, rights-of-way, property rights, franchise rights, buildings and other structures, machinery, equipment, vehicles, furniture, fixtures, reservoirs, wells, intakes, mains, laterals, pipes, aqueducts, and all other property, rights, easements, and interests necessary or desirable in connection therewith. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • FCC ORDER: The order of the Federal Communications Commission, FCC Docket No. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a municipality, its city or town council, board of commissioners, or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a municipality and, with respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county and, with respect to an instrumentality or Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, its board of directors or other like governing body duly constituted to exercise the ultimate decision-making functions of such instrumentality or said Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, as the case may be. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • GOVERNMENTAL USER: Any county or municipality, or any instrumentality of either thereof (including, without limitation to, any corporation incorporated hereunder) or Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission, that receives, participates in, or otherwise partakes of utility services pursuant to a utility services agreement. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • highway: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • instrumentality: With respect to any county or municipality, any public corporation, public authority, board, commission or other similar body that is incorporated, established, or controlled by such county or municipality. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • LOCAL FINANCE OFFICER: The legally authorized officer or agent responsible for receipt and disbursement of the revenues of a taxing authority. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • LOCAL GOVERNING BODY: The governing body of a county or municipality which proposes to create or has created a tax increment district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • mail: To deposit in the United States mail properly addressed and with postage prepaid. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Marital deduction: The deduction(s) that can be taken in the determination of gift and estate tax liabilities because of the existence of a marriage or marital relationship.
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • MOTOR-DRIVEN CYCLE: Every motorcycle, including every motor scooter, with a motor which produces not to exceed five brake horsepower nor to exceed 150 cubic centimeter engine displacement, and weighs less than 200 pounds fully equipped, and every bicycle with motor attached. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • municipality: An incorporated municipality in the state. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • municipality: Any incorporated municipality in this state. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 45-3-60
  • nonresident: Every person who is not a resident of this state. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • OFFICIAL TRAFFIC-CONTROL DEVICES: All signs, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this title placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • operator: A person who travels on a bicycle seated on a saddle seat from which that person is intended to and can pedal the bicycle. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • passenger: Any person who travels on a bicycle in any manner except as an operator. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • pedestrian: Any person afoot. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • person: Any natural person, public or private corporation (including, without limitation to, any corporation incorporated hereunder), partnership, trust, foundation, government or governmental body, political subdivision, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Personal Property Instrument: means any instrument or document affecting the title to personal property only (as distinguished from real property) that may be now or hereafter required to be filed or titled for record in the probate office, in accordance with the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Sections 35-4-50 and 35-4-90. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • POLICE OFFICER: Every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • project: Undertakings and activities of a public entity in a tax increment district for a. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • PROJECT COSTS: Any expenditures made or estimated to be made or monetary obligations incurred or estimated to be incurred by a public entity, which in the case of expenditures for or within a Major 21st Century Manufacturing Zone may be incurred directly by the public entity or by a private entity with funds granted by, or otherwise made available from, a public entity, which are listed in a project plan as costs of public works or improvements or, in the case of improvements within a Major 21st Century Manufacturing Zone, public works or improvements or private improvements, within a tax increment district, plus any costs incidental thereto, diminished by any special assessments, received or reasonably expected to be received by the public entity in connection with the implementation of the project plan. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • PROJECT PLAN: The properly approved plan for the development or redevelopment of a tax increment district, including all properly approved amendments thereto. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTIVE BICYCLE HELMET: A piece of headgear which meets or exceeds the impact standard for protective bicycle helmets set by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) or the Snell Memorial Foundation, or which is otherwise approved by the Alabama Department of Public Safety. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • provider: Any person that provides utility services to any user pursuant to a utility services agreement. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • PUBLIC BICYCLE PATH: A right-of-way under the jurisdiction and control of the state, or a local political subdivision thereof, for use primarily by bicyclists and pedestrians. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • PUBLIC ENTITY: Any municipality or county in the state. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC ROADWAY: A right-of-way under the jurisdiction and control of the state or a local political subdivision thereof for use primarily by motor vehicular traffic. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • PUBLIC SAFETY AGENCY: An agency of the State of Alabama, or a functional division of a political subdivision, that provides fire fighting, rescue, natural or man-caused disaster, or major emergency response, law enforcement, ambulance, or emergency medical services. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • railroad: A carrier of persons or property upon cars other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Real Property Instrument: means and includes any instrument or document affecting the title to real property that may now or hereafter be filed for record in the probate office pursuant to the applicable requirements of the laws of this state, including, without limitation, Section 12-13-43, and all statutes providing for the filing and recording of notices or statements of liens of any kind, notices of judgment, and plats or maps showing subdivisions of real estate. See Alabama Code 45-23-83.01
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • RESIDENCE DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • RESTRAINING SEAT: A seat separate from the saddle seat of the operator of the bicycle or a bicycle trailer or similar product that is fastened securely to the frame of the bicycle and is adequately equipped to restrain the passenger in the seat and protect the passenger from the moving parts of the bicycle. See Alabama Code 32-5A-281
  • revenues: All rentals, receipts, income, and other charges derived or received or to be derived or received by the corporation, from any of the following: The operation by the corporation of a facility or facilities, or part of either thereof; the sale, including installment sales or conditional sales, lease, sublease, or use or other disposition of any facility or portion thereof; repayment of any loan with respect to any facility or the operation thereof; contracts, agreements, or franchises with respect to a facility (or portion thereof); any gift or grant; proceeds of bonds to the extent of use thereof for payment of principal of, interest or premium, if any, on the bonds is authorized by the corporation; proceeds from any insurance, condemnation or guaranty pertaining to a facility or property mortgaged to secure bonds or pertaining to the financing of a facility; and income and profit from the investment of the proceeds of bonds or of any revenues. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • RIGHT-OF-WAY: The right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • roadway: That portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • SCHOOL BUS: Every motor vehicle that complies with the color and identification requirements set forth by statute or regulation and is used to transport children to or from school or in connection with school activities, but not including buses operated by common carriers in urban transportation of school children. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sidewalk: That portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • stop: When required, means complete cessation from movement. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • street: The entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscriber: A person who purchases or subscribes to a voice communications service and is able to receive it or use it periodically over time; provided, however, that for purposes of the imposition and collection of the statewide 911 charge the term subscriber shall not include the State of Alabama, the counties within the state, incorporated municipalities of the State of Alabama, county and city school boards, independent school boards, and all educational institutions and agencies of the State of Alabama, the counties within the state, or any incorporated municipalities of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • TANNEHILL FURNACE AND FOUNDRY COMMISSION: The "Tannehill Furnace and Foundry Commission" created under Article 10 of Chapter 9 of Title 41. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • TAX INCREMENT: That amount obtained by multiplying the total revenue derived from ad valorem taxes levied by all local taxing authorities on all taxable property within a tax increment district in any tax year by a fraction having a numerator equal to that tax year's market value of all taxable property in the district minus the tax increment base and a denominator equal to that tax year's equalized value of all taxable property in the district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TAX INCREMENT BASE: The aggregate value, as equalized by the Department of Revenue, of all taxable property located within a tax increment district on the date the district is created, determined as provided in Section 11-99-5. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TAX INCREMENT DISTRICT: A contiguous geographic area within the boundaries of a public entity defined and created by resolution of the local governing body. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TAX INCREMENT FUND: A fund into which all tax increments not retained by a taxing authority as provided by Section 11-99-10(b) are paid, and from which money is disbursed to satisfy claims of holders of tax increment obligations issued for the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TAX INCREMENT OBLIGATIONS: Bonds, warrants, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued by a public entity to fund all or any project costs. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TAXABLE PROPERTY: All real and personal property located in a tax increment district which is subject to ad valorem taxation on the date of adoption of the resolution creating the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • taxing authority: means the state or any municipality, county, or other taxing authority which has the power to levy taxes on property within the tax increment district. See Alabama Code 45-32-244.05
  • TECHNICAL PROPRIETARY INFORMATION: Technology descriptions, technical information, or trade secrets, including the term trade secrets as defined by the Alabama Trade Secrets Act of 1987, Chapter 27 of Title 8, and the actual or developmental costs thereof which are developed, produced, or received internally by a voice communications service provider or by its employees, directors, officers, or agents. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • TRAFFIC-CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • truck: Every motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • TRUCK PLATOON: A group of individual commercial trucks traveling in a unified manner at electronically coordinated speeds at following distances that are closer than would be reasonable and prudent without the electronic coordination. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than 100 feet for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • user: Any person that receives, participates in, or otherwise partakes of utility services pursuant to a utility services agreement, and includes any governmental user. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • UTILITY SERVICES: Any services for (i) the collection, treatment, and delivery of water, whether such water is used for human consumption or industrial use, and (ii) the collection, treatment, and disposal of sewage, wastewater, industrial effluent, or other fluid waste. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • UTILITY SERVICES AGREEMENT: Any agreement between or among one or more users and one or more providers, whether such agreement is in the form of a lease, a service contract, a contract of sale, or in any other form, pursuant to which a provider or providers shall agree to provide one or more utility services to, or for the benefit of, such user or users under circumstances in which the facilities for the provision of such utility services are financed, in whole or in part, by a corporation. See Alabama Code 45-32-71
  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 16-36-23
  • VOICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21

  • VOICE COMMUNICATIONS SERVICE PROVIDER: An entity that provides voice communications service to a subscriber in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-32-150.21