Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 6 > Chapter 2 - Limitation of Actions
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Asset forfeiture: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
authority: The public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE AGENCIES: Federal, state, local, and tribal public agencies that perform substantial activities or planning for activities relating to the identification, apprehension, prosecution, adjudication, or rehabilitation of civil, traffic, and criminal offenders. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Decedent: A deceased person.
Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
grantee: A county, municipality or local industrial development board organized as a public corporation in this state, or an airport authority organized as a public corporation in this state pursuant to Chapter 3 of Title 4, or whether created by general, special or local laws, or general acts of local application, if such authority governs an airport operated by a county and at least one municipality therein jointly, to which a grant of money is made as provided in Section 41-10-26. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
INDUSTRIAL SITES: Land owned by a grantee or potential grantee on which industrial facilities have been or will be constructed for sale or lease to an individual, private association or private corporation. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
NOMINAL TRANSFEREE: Any person to whom a grantee transfers one or more industrial sites or any part of any thereof for less than fair market value and any person who derives title to such industrial sites or any part of any thereof through such a transferee. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
offense: Any act that is a felony, misdemeanor, state violation, municipal ordinance violation, or violation, or an act of delinquency. See Alabama Code 41-9-590
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
person: Unless limited to a natural person by the context in which it is used, such term includes a private firm, a private association, a public or private corporation, a municipality, a county or an agency, department or instrumentality of the state or of a county or municipality. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
PREPARATION OF INDUSTRIAL SITES: The grading and draining of industrial sites and the means of access thereto. See Alabama Code 41-10-20
President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
Probate: Proving a will
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
public warehouse: as used in this chapter , shall not be construed as applying to any building, structure, or protected enclosure, or portion thereof, used exclusively for the checking or storing of hats, wearing apparel, or baggage or exclusively for the storing of furs when the storage thereof is merely incidental to the business of a dealer therein or to the business of cleaning or renovating such furs. See Alabama Code 8-15-1
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
Testate: To die leaving a will.
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1