Arizona Laws > Title 12 > Chapter 5 – Limitations of Actions
Current as of: 2022 | Check for updates | Other versions
|Article 1||General Provisions||12-501 – 12-516|
|Article 2||Real Actions||12-521 – 12-530|
|Article 3||Personal Actions||12-541 – 12-558.03|
|Article 4||Successor Asbestos-Related Liability||12-559 – 12-559.03|
Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 12 > Chapter 5 - Limitations of Actions
- Adverse possession: means an actual and visible appropriation of the land, commenced and continued under a claim of right inconsistent with and hostile to the claim of another. See Arizona Laws 12-521
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: means a corporation for profit, including a domestic corporation organized under the laws of this state or a foreign corporation organized under laws other than the laws of this state. See Arizona Laws 12-559
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
- Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- Division: means the animal services division of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Fire and life safety inspection: means an inspection of a regulated person or facility conducted to ensure fire safety compliance. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Food and swimming pool inspection: means an inspection of a regulated person or facility conducted to ensure the safety of food services, swimming pools and other bathing places. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- License: includes the whole or part of any municipal permit, certificate, approval, registration, charter or similar form of permission required by law. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Licensing: includes the municipal process respecting the grant, denial, renewal, revocation, suspension, annulment, withdrawal or amendment of a license. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Minor: means a person under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- municipality: means an incorporated city or town. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental subdivision or unit of a governmental subdivision or a public or private organization of any character. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Real property: includes mines and mining claims. See Arizona Laws 12-521
- Request for corrections: means a request for technical or clarifying corrections from an applicant who has submitted an administratively complete application for a license. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Substantive policy statement: means a written expression that is only advisory and that informs the general public of a municipality's current approach to, or opinion of, the requirements of the ordinances or codes, including, if appropriate, the municipality's current practice, procedure or method of action based on that approach or opinion. See Arizona Laws 9-831
- Successor: means a corporation that assumes or incurs or has assumed or incurred successor asbestos-related liabilities, that is a successor and that became a successor before January 1, 1972 or is any of that successor corporation's successors. See Arizona Laws 12-559
- Successor asbestos-related liabilities: means any liabilities, whether known or unknown, asserted or unasserted, absolute or contingent, accrued or nonaccrued, liquidated or nonliquidated or due or to become due, that are related in any way to asbestos claims and that were assumed or incurred by a corporation as a result of or in connection with a merger or consolidation, or the plan of merger or consolidation related to the merger or consolidation with or into another corporation, or that are related in any way to asbestos claims based on the exercise of control or the ownership of stock of the corporation before the merger or consolidation. See Arizona Laws 12-559
- Transferor: means a corporation from which successor asbestos-related liabilities are or were assumed or incurred. See Arizona Laws 12-559
- Working day: means a twenty-four hour period excluding weekends and legal holidays. See Arizona Laws 9-831