Article 1 Uniform State Antitrust Act 44-1401 – 44-1416
Article 2 Patent Troll Prevention Act 44-1421 – 44-1424
Article 3 Registration and Protection of Trademarks and Service Marks 44-1441 – 44-1456
Article 3.1 Trade Names 44-1460 – 44-1460.07
Article 5 Advertising 44-1481 – 44-1482
Article 6 Rate Signs of Hotels and Motor Courts 44-1501 – 44-1507
Article 7 Consumer Fraud 44-1521 – 44-1534
Article 8 Petroleum Products Franchises 44-1551 – 44-1562
Article 9 Beer Franchises 44-1565 – 44-1567

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 44 > Chapter 10 - Competition and Competitive Practices

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Address: means a mailing address. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Advertisement: includes the attempt by publication, dissemination, solicitation or circulation, oral or written, to induce directly or indirectly any person to enter into any obligation or acquire any title or interest in any merchandise. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means the person filing an application for registration of a mark under this article or the person's legal representatives, successors or assigns. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Assertion of patent infringement: means any of the following:

    (a) Sending or delivering a demand to a target. See Arizona Laws 44-1421

  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attorney general: means the attorney general of Arizona or the attorney general's authorized delegate. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Authorized delegate: means any attorney, investigator or administrative personnel employed by the attorney general and so designated, and, if requested by the county attorney and authorized by the attorney general, may include similar personnel employed by the several county attorneys of this state. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of the water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Certificate of disclosure: means the certificate of disclosure described in section 10-202. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Control: means actual or legal power of influence over another person, whether direct or indirect, arising through direct or indirect ownership of capital stock, interlocking directorates or officers, contractual relations, agency agreements or leasing arrangements where the result is used to affect or influence such persons. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court: means the superior court of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means any person engaged in the retail sale of petroleum products supplied under a distributorship, franchise or other agreement, entered into with a distributor. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Demand: means a letter, an e-mail or any other communication asserting that a person has engaged in patent infringement or should obtain a license to a patent but does not include a petition filed in a court of competent jurisdiction. See Arizona Laws 44-1421
  • Dilution: means the lessening of the capacity of a famous mark to identify and distinguish goods or services, regardless of the presence or absence of either:

    (a) Competition between the owner of the famous mark and other parties. See Arizona Laws 44-1441

  • Director: means the director of the securities division of the commission. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dissolved: means the status of a corporation on either:

    (a) Effectiveness of articles of dissolution pursuant to section 10-1403, subsection B or section 10-1421, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Distributor: means any person engaged in the sale, consignment or other distribution of petroleum products to dealers at retail outlets serving the general motoring public. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Division: means the securities division of the commission. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Examine: means the inspection, study or copying of any account, book, document, merchandise, paper or record. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Franchise: means a commercial relationship between a supplier and a wholesaler that includes all of the following:

    (a) A commercial relationship of definite duration or continuing indefinite duration is involved. See Arizona Laws 44-1565

  • franchise agreement: means a written agreement between a distributor and a dealer under which the dealer is granted the right to use a trademark, trade name, service mark or other identifying symbol or name owned by the distributor, under which the dealer is granted the right to occupy premises owned, leased, or controlled by the distributor, for the purpose of engaging in the retail sale of petroleum products of the distributor. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good cause: means the failure of a dealer to comply with those express provisions of the franchise except any that may be unconscionable. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Good cause: means failure by the supplier or the wholesaler to comply with the provisions of an agreement as delineated therein, which provisions are not unconscionable. See Arizona Laws 44-1565
  • Good faith: includes the duty of a party to act in a fair and equitable manner in the performance and in demanding performance of the franchise. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Good faith: means the duty of each party to any franchise and all officers, employees or agents of the franchise to act in a fair and equitable manner in carrying out the agreement. See Arizona Laws 44-1565
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvent: means inability of a corporation to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of its business. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Known place of business: means the known place of business required to be maintained pursuant to section 10-501. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Mark: means any trademark or service mark. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Member: means , without regard to what a person is called in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, any person or persons who, pursuant to a provision of a corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws, have the right to vote for the election of a director or directors. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Merchandise: means any objects, wares, goods, commodities, intangibles, real estate or services. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Newspaper: has the meaning set forth in section 39-201. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • offer for sale: means an attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of an order or offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value or any sale or offer for sale of a warrant or right to subscribe to another security of the same issuer or of another issuer. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Operator: includes a manager or any person in charge of the operation of motels, motor hotels, motor courts, motor camps, hotels, and like establishments. See Arizona Laws 44-1501
  • owner: includes natural persons, firms, and corporations. See Arizona Laws 44-1501
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, partnership, association or any other legal entity. See Arizona Laws 44-1401
  • Person: means any individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, governmental entity, institution of higher education or other legal or commercial entity. See Arizona Laws 44-1421
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, union or other organization. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Person: means any natural person or the person's legal representative, any partnership or domestic or foreign corporation, any company, trust, business entity or association or any agent, employee, salesman, partner, officer, director, member, stockholder, associate or trustee. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, joint stock company or trust, limited liability company, government or governmental subdivision or agency or any other unincorporated organization. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petroleum products: means motor vehicle fuels and lubricants. See Arizona Laws 44-1551
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Proceeding: includes a civil suit and a criminal, administrative and investigatory action. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Publish: means to publish in a newspaper of general circulation in the county of the known place of business for three consecutive publications. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Registered mail: includes certified mail. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Registrant: means the person to whom the registration of a mark under this article is issued or the person's legal representatives, successors or assigns. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Sale: means any sale, offer for sale or attempt to sell any merchandise for any consideration, including sales, leases and rentals of any real estate subject to any form of deed restriction imposed as part of a previous sale. See Arizona Laws 44-1521
  • Salesman: means an individual, other than a dealer, employed, appointed or authorized by a dealer to sell securities in this state. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • sell: means a sale or any other disposition of a security or interest in a security for value and includes a contract to make such sale or disposition. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
  • Service mark: means any word, name, symbol or device or any combination of these items that is adopted and used by a person to identify services provided or sold by that person and to distinguish the services from services provided or sold by others. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Spirituous liquor: includes alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, tequila, mescal, gin, wine, porter, absinthe, a compound or mixture of any of them or of any of them with any vegetable or other substance, alcohol bitters, bitters containing alcohol, any liquid mixture or preparation, whether patented or otherwise, that produces intoxication, fruits preserved in ardent spirits and beverages containing more than one-half of one percent of alcohol by volume. See Arizona Laws 44-1565
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means any person other than a wholesaler engaged in business as a manufacturer, distiller, rectifier, importer, brewer, vintner, broker or agent that distributes any or all of its beer through duly licensed wholesalers in this state. See Arizona Laws 44-1565
  • Target: means any of the following:

    (a) A person that has received a demand or against whom an assertion of patent infringement has been made and who has information indicating the assertion was made in bad faith pursuant to section 44-1422. See Arizona Laws 44-1421

  • Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Trademark: means any word, name, symbol or device or any combination of these items that is adopted and used by a person to identify goods made or sold by that person and to distinguish the goods from goods made or sold by others. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • used: means the bona fide use of a mark in the ordinary course of trade and not made merely to reserve a right in a mark. See Arizona Laws 44-1441
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote that is contingent on the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Whips: Assistants to the floor leaders who are also elected by their party conferences. The Majority and Minority Whips (and their assistants) are responsible for mobilizing votes within their parties on major issues. In the absence of a party floor leader, the whip often serves as acting floor leader.
  • Wholesaler: means any person licensed by the department of liquor licenses and control to sell at wholesale beer to retailers duly licensed in this state. See Arizona Laws 44-1565
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140