Chapter 1 Contracts to Prevent Competition
Chapter 2 Combinations Restraining Trade
Chapter 3 Combinations to Prevent Sale of Supplies
Chapter 4 Combinations Compelling Manufacturers to Close Down
Chapter 5 Motion Picture Fair Competition

Terms Used In Indiana Code > Title 24 > Article 1 - Combinations in Restraint of Trade

  • Agency: means any state administration, agency, authority, board, bureau, commission, committee, council, department, division, institution, office, service, or other similar body of state government. See Indiana Code 4-23-7.1-1
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: includes a counselor or other person authorized to appear and represent a party in an action or special proceeding. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Bid: means a written offer or proposal by an exhibitor to a distributor in response to an invitation to bid for the right to exhibit a motion picture. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Blind selling: means the bidding or negotiating for, or the offering or agreeing to terms for, the licensing or exhibition of a motion picture before the motion picture has either been trade screened within the state or before such motion picture has been made available for viewing within the state by all exhibitors from whom the distributor is inviting bids or with whom the distributor is negotiating for the right to exhibit the motion picture. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Board: means the Indiana library and historical board established by IC 4-23-7-2. See Indiana Code 4-23-7.1-1
  • Clerk: means the clerk of the court or a person authorized to perform the clerk's duties. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Director: means director of the Indiana state library. See Indiana Code 4-23-7.1-1
  • Distributor: means a person engaged in the business of distributing or supplying motion pictures to exhibitors by rental, sale or licensing. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • exhibition: means showing a motion picture to the public for a charge. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Exhibitor: means a person engaged in the business of operating one (1) or more theaters. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • in writing: include printing, lithographing, or other mode of representing words and letters. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • invite bids: means a written or oral solicitation by a distributor to one (1) or more exhibitors to bid for the right to exhibit a motion picture. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Oath: includes "affirmation" and "to swear" includes to "affirm". See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Person: includes one (1) or more individuals, partnerships, limited liability companies, associations, societies, trusts, organizations, or corporations. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • persons: whenever used in this chapter shall be deemed to include corporations, associations, limited liability companies, joint stock companies, partnerships, limited or otherwise, existing under or authorized by the laws of the state of Indiana, or of the United States, or of any state, territory, or district of the United States, or of any foreign country. See Indiana Code 24-1-2-10
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Run: means the continuous exhibition of a motion picture in a defined geographic area for a specified period of time. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • State library: means the Indiana state library established by IC 4-23-7-3. See Indiana Code 4-23-7.1-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Theater: means an establishment in which motion pictures are exhibited to the public regularly for a charge. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Trade screening: means the showing of a motion picture by a distributor at some location within the state which is open to any exhibitor from whom the distributor intends to invite bids or with whom the distributor intends to negotiate for the right to exhibit the motion picture. See Indiana Code 24-1-5-1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.