Article 1 General Provisions
Article 2 Administration
Article 2.5 Conflicts of Interest
Article 3 Investigations, Examining Committee, Subpoenas, and Other Proceedings
Article 3.5 California Lawyers Association
Article 4 Admission to the Practice of Law
Article 4.5 Mandatory Continuing Legal Education
Article 4.7 Contracts For Legal Services
Article 4.8 Pro Bono Services
Article 5 Disciplinary Authority of the Board of Governors
Article 5.5 Miscellaneous Disciplinary Provisions
Article 6 Disciplinary Authority of the Courts
Article 7 Unlawful Practice of Law
Article 8 Revenue
Article 8.5 Fee Agreements
Article 9 Unlawful Solicitation
Article 9.5 Legal Advertising
Article 9.6 Legal Aid Organizations
Article 10 Law Corporations
Article 10.2 Limited Liability Partnerships
Article 10.5 Provision of Financial Services by Lawyers
Article 11 Cessation of Law Practice-Jurisdiction of Courts
Article 12 Incapacity to Attend to Law Practice-Jurisdiction of Courts
Article 13 Arbitration of Attorney’s Fees
Article 14 Funds for the Provision of Legal Services to Indigent Persons
Article 15 Attorney Diversion and Assistance Act
Article 16 Attorneys Providing Immigration Reform Act Services

Terms Used In California Codes > Business and Professions Code > Division 3 > Chapter 4

  • Abstract of judgment: In a federal criminal proceeding, A certification from a U.S. District Court clerk that a judgment of restitution was entered against the defendant owing to the victim. If the defendant inherits, owns, or sells real property or holdings, these assets can then be attached at the state and local levels as well.
  • Access area: means any paved walkway or sidewalk which is within 50 feet of an automated teller machine. See California Government Code 25701
  • Account: means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit. See California Education Code 81808
  • Accredited agency: means an agency that has been accredited by an accrediting entity, in accordance with the standards in Subpart F (commencing with Section 96. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Act: means the California Consumer Power and Conservation Financing Authority Act. See California Government Code 20097
  • Act: means the federal American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). See California Government Code 16632
  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Education Code 17524
  • action taken: means a collective decision made by the members of a state body, a collective commitment or promise by the members of the state body to make a positive or negative decision or an actual vote by the members of a state body when sitting as a body or entity upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or similar action. See California Government Code 11122
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Administering agency: means the agency designated by the committee pursuant to Section 25262. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • administrative costs: means the amounts expended by the Legislature, the Legislative Counsel Bureau, the Governor's Office, the Department of Technology, the Office of Planning and Research, the Department of Justice, the State Controller's Office, the State Treasurer's Office, the State Personnel Board, the Department of Finance, the Department of Financial Information System for California, the Office of Administrative Law, the Department of Human Resources, the Secretary of California Health and Human Services, the California State Auditor's Office, the Department of General Services, and the California State Library, and a proration of any other cost to or expense of the state for services or facilities provided for the Legislature and the above agencies, for supervision or administration of the state government or for services to other state agencies. See California Government Code 11270
  • Administratrix: The female counterpart of an administrator. See also
  • Adoption service: means any of the following services:

    California Health and Safety Code 11839.13

  • advertisement: means any communication, disseminated by television or radio, by any print medium, including, but not limited to, newspapers and billboards, or by means of a mailing directed generally to members of the public and not to a specific person, that solicits employment of legal services provided by a licensee, and is directed to the general public and is paid for by, or on the behalf of, an attorney. See California Government Code 25842
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory team: means the team convened by the committee pursuant to Section 25263. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Affiliate: means a person who, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, a specified person. See California Government Code 11004
  • Affiliated company: as used in this division , is a company under substantially the same management or control, directly or indirectly, as the industrial loan company. See California Health and Safety Code 13143.7
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Affordable rental housing: means a rental housing development, as defined in subdivision (d) of Section 50675. See California Government Code 12098.4
  • Afternoon: means the period of a day between noon and midnight. See California Education Code 81808
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Agency: means any statewide office, nonelective officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission or agency in the executive branch of the state government, except that it shall not apply to any agency whose primary function is service to the Legislature or judicial branches of state government or to any agency that is administered by an elective officer. See California Government Code 12080
  • Agency: means the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 20060
  • Agency: means any city, county, district, commission, the state, or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof, that has jurisdiction under a state or local law, ordinance, or regulation to supervise, oversee, or approve a site investigation and a remedial action at a hazardous materials release site. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Agency: means the Environmental Affairs Agency. See California Government Code 11440.20
  • Agency head: means the individual responsible for the overall operations of a state agency. See California Government Code 19889.3
  • Agent: as used in this chapter , means a person acting in accordance with Title 9 (commencing with Section 2295) of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code for purposes of managing, operating, leasing, or performing a similar function with respect to a building subject to this chapter. See California Government Code 11251
  • Aggrieved party: means a party entitled to pursue a remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Education Code 78031
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allocation: means a loan of funds by the commission pursuant to the procedures specified in this chapter. See California Government Code 16605
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Anadromous fish: means fish which spawn in fresh water and spend a portion of their lives in the ocean. See California Government Code 51914
  • Angling: means the taking of, or attempting to take, fish by hook and line with the line held in the hand, or by hook and line with the line attached to a pole or rod which is closely attended or held in the hand in such a manner that the fish voluntarily takes the bait or lure in its mouth. See California Government Code 51915
  • animal: includes :

    California Government Code 20350

  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means any person who has applied for, or is about to apply for, a state gambling license, a key employee license, a registration, a finding of suitability, a work permit, a manufacturer's or distributor's license, or an approval of any act or transaction for which the approval or authorization of the commission or department is required or permitted under this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • applicant: includes an indigent person appearing pro se to represent himself or herself at any stage of the case and applying to receive funds from the Transcript Reimbursement Fund established in Section 8030. See California Government Code 9109
  • applicator: refers to "structural pest control applicator. See California Government Code 9148.4
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriate committee: means the committee responsible for anesthesia practice which is responsible to the executive committee of the medical staff. See California Education Code 81645.5
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved: means acceptable to the department. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Government Code 51917
  • Area: means the Mendocino Woodlands Special Treatment Area within the Jackson State Forest, consisting of 2,550 acres, more or less, of state-owned lands lying within the south half of Section 12 of. See California Government Code 20894
  • area median income: means the median family income of a geographic area of the state, as annually estimated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937. See California Public Resources Code 4649
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Asbestos: as used in this chapter , has the same meaning as defined in Section 6501. See California Government Code 11191
  • Asbestos-containing construction material: as used in this chapter , means any manufactured construction material, including structural, mechanical and building material, which contains more than one-tenth of 1 percent asbestos by weight. See California Government Code 11200
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Education Code 19460.5
  • Assets: as used in this division , means all assets excluding intangibles. See California Health and Safety Code 13144.5
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • assignment order: means an order made under Section 3761. See California Government Code 11346.36
  • Assisted reproduction: means conception by any means other than sexual intercourse. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6944
  • Assisted reproduction agreement: means a written contract that includes a person who intends to be the legal parent of a child or children born through assisted reproduction and that defines the terms of the relationship between the parties to the contract. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6944
  • Association: includes any lodge, order, beneficial association, fraternal or beneficial society or association, historical, military, or veterans organization, labor union, foundation, or federation, or any other society, organization, or association, or degree, branch, subordinate lodge, or auxiliary thereof. See California Government Code 16726
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • attorney: means a licensee or former licensee of the State Bar. See California Government Code 25350.60 v2
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the California Consumer Power and Conservation Financing Authority established pursuant to Section 3320 and any board, commission, department, or officer succeeding to the functions thereof, or to whom the powers conferred upon the authority by this division shall be given by law. See California Government Code 20097
  • Authority: means the Community Revitalization and Investment Authority created pursuant to this division. See California Health and Safety Code 9603
  • Authority: means the Tri-Valley-San Joaquin Valley Regional Rail Authority created under this chapter. See California Government Code 20503
  • Authorized agency activities: includes ministerial functions such as providing loan applications, assembling documents, providing a location for returning documents necessary for making a loan, providing loan account information, receiving payments, disbursing loan funds, evaluating loan applications, and other activities that the commissioner may specify by rule or order. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Automated teller machine: means any electronic information processing device located in California which accepts or dispenses cash in connection with a credit, deposit, or convenience account. See California Government Code 25701
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Government Code 51918
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See California Education Code 84751
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Ballot label: means that portion of the ballot containing the names of the candidates or a statement of a measure. See California Education Code 88080
  • Ballot title and summary: means the summary of the chief purpose and points including the fiscal impact summary of any measure that appears in the state voter information guide. See California Education Code 88083
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See California Education Code 78031
  • Banking day: means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions. See California Education Code 81808
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bearer: means a person in possession of a negotiable instrument, document of title, or certificated security that is payable to bearer or endorsed in blank. See California Education Code 78031
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bill of lading: means a document evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of transporting or forwarding goods. See California Education Code 78031
  • bill or resolution: includes a constitutional amendment. See California Government Code 9051.5
  • Bird: means a wild bird or part of a wild bird. See California Government Code 51920
  • Board: means the county board of supervisors acting as the governing authority of a county service area. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Board: means the Board of Directors of the California Consumer Power and Conservation Financing Authority. See California Government Code 20097
  • board: means a county transit development board created pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 120050). See California Government Code 20127
  • board: means the board of directors of the district. See California Government Code 20170
  • Board: means the state board, department, or agency authorized by that act to request the committee to cause bonds to be issued for the purpose of creating a fund that is to be expended by the board for the purposes specified in that act. See California Government Code 16722
  • Board: means the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Hearing Aid Dispensers Board. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Board: means the Board of Registered Nursing. See California Education Code 81379
  • board: means the California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. See California Education Code 5301
  • Board: means the State Board of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • board: means the California Victim Compensation Board. See California Government Code 19996
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board for Professional Engineers, Land Surveyors, and Geologists established under Section 6710. See California Government Code 52051
  • Board: means the governing board of the authority. See California Government Code 20503
  • Board: means the governing body of a local taxing entity. See California Government Code 975
  • Board: means the Pooled Money Investment Board. See California Government Code 16493
  • board of governors: shall be deemed to refer to the board of trustees. See California Government Code 25549.2
  • board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 16367.8
  • Bond: means a state general obligation bond issued pursuant to an act adopting the provisions of this chapter. See California Government Code 16722
  • Bond act: means the act authorizing the issuance of state general obligation bonds and adopting this chapter by reference. See California Government Code 16722
  • Bonds: means bonds, including structured, senior, and subordinated bonds or other securities. See California Government Code 20097
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued solely for the purposes of paying the cost of electric power and transmission, scheduling, and other related expenses incurred by the department on and after the effective date of this division, or to reimburse expenditures from the fund for those purposes. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.17
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued solely for purposes of supporting the Wildfire Fund and other related expenses incurred by the department pursuant to this division, or for reimbursing expenditures from the fund or the Wildfire Fund for those purposes. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.31
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, or other evidence of indebtedness issued by a local agency pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 55100) of this division, including bonds issued to refund previously issued bonds or other indebtedness. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Bonds: means bonds, notes, bond anticipation notes, and any other evidence of indebtedness, and also includes certificates of participation or lease-purchase agreements. See California Government Code 9117
  • Branch: includes a separately incorporated foreign branch of a bank. See California Education Code 78031
  • Branch business unit: means all or substantially all of the business of a branch office of an industrial loan company. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Budget authority: Authority provided by law to enter into obligations that will result in outlays of Federal funds. Budget authority may be classified by the period of availability (one-year, multiyear, no-year), by the timing of congressional action (current or permanent), or by the manner of determining the amount available (definite or indefinite).
  • Building: means any existing or planned structure that includes a heating or cooling system, or both. See California Government Code 16605
  • Building: means any existing structure that includes a heating or cooling system, or both. See California Government Code 16632
  • building: includes (a) one or more buildings located or to be located on one or more sites. See California Education Code 81330
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be occupied jointly by the district and private person, firm, or corporation. See California Education Code 81390
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements which as agreed upon by the parties are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be jointly occupied and used. See California Education Code 81421
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities and improvements that, as agreed upon by the parties, are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be occupied jointly by the district and the private person, firm, or corporation. See California Education Code 17515
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities, and improvements which, as agreed upon by the parties, are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be jointly occupied and used. See California Education Code 17528
  • Building: means a structure subject to this part. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • building: includes onsite and offsite facilities, utilities, and improvements, including permanent improvement of the grounds of a building, which, as agreed upon by the parties, are appropriate for the proper operation or function of the building to be occupied jointly by the county or city and county and the private person, firm, or corporation. See California Government Code 25549.1
  • Building: as used in this chapter , means all or part of any "public and commercial building" as defined in Section 2642 of Title 15 of the United States Code, as that section reads on January 1, 1989, except that "building" shall not mean residential dwellings. See California Government Code 11200.1
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Education Code 17525
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Education Code 17526
  • Bushy Lake: means a body of water in the Bushy Lake area with approximately 11 acres of water surface in the summer and approximately 80 acres in the winter. See California Government Code 20900
  • Bushy Lake area: means that portion of the California Exposition flood plain bounded by the continuous line enclosing Bushy Lake, which line is 100 feet outside the 25-foot elevation contour line as limited on the north side by the waterside toe of the levee and as limited on the west side by a line 100 feet east of State Highway Route 80 as it exists on January 1, 1977. See California Government Code 20900
  • Business: includes every trade, occupation, and profession. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • business: includes every kind of business, governmental activity, profession, occupation, calling, or operation of institutions, whether carried on for profit or not. See California Government Code 20969.3
  • Business: includes every kind of business described in Section 1270. See California Government Code 21039
  • Buy: includes an offer to buy, purchase, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51921
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • Buyer in ordinary course of business: means a person that buys goods in good faith, without knowledge that the sale violates the rights of another person in the goods, and in the ordinary course from a person, other than a pawnbroker, in the business of selling goods of that kind. See California Education Code 78031
  • Bylaws: as used in this part means the code or codes of rules used, adopted, or recognized for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See California Corporations Code 9150
  • California Exposition flood plain: means that portion of state-owned California Exposition land in the American River flood plain as it exists on January 1, 1977. See California Government Code 20900
  • California natural landmark: means property designated by the director as being of state significance to California because it is an outstanding example of major biological and geological features found within the boundaries of the state. See California Government Code 20019
  • California Registry of Natural Landmarks: means the official listing of all designated California natural landmarks. See California Government Code 20019
  • Candlefoot power: means the light intensity of candles on a horizontal plane at 36 inches above ground level and five feet in front of the area to be measured. See California Government Code 25701
  • Capital: as used in this division , consists of all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 13145

  • Capital Stock: as used in this division , means one-class voting common stock. See California Health and Safety Code 13146.6
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See California Education Code 84751
  • Case: means a single legal proceeding from its inception, through all levels of hearing, trial, and appeal, until its ultimate conclusion and disposition. See California Government Code 9109
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Center: means the Mendocino Woodlands Outdoor Center, consisting of 720 acres, more or less, of state-owned land and improvements located within the east half of the Northeast Quarter and the east half of the Southeast Quarter of Section 13 of the east half and southwest quarter of the Northeast Quarter and the east half and southwest quarter of the Southeast Quarter of Section 24 of T. See California Government Code 20894
  • Central authority: means the entity designated under paragraph (1) of Article 6 of the convention by a convention country. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • certificate: means the certification by a commissioner, or an inspector of the condition of any apiary which is to be transported to another state or country. See California Government Code 20512
  • certificated members: shall mean members who retain membership under this system while employed in positions subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program under the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Government Code 20636.1
  • Certified shorthand reporter: means a shorthand reporter certified pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 8020) performing shorthand reporting services pursuant to Section 8017. See California Government Code 9109
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charges: as used in this division , include the aggregate interest, fees, bonuses, commissions, brokerage, discounts, expenses, and other forms of costs charged, contracted for, or received by an industrial loan company or any other person in connection with the investigating, arranging, negotiating, procuring, guaranteeing, making, servicing, collecting, or enforcing of a loan, or for forbearance of money, credit, goods, things in action, or any other service or services rendered. See California Health and Safety Code 13143.3
  • Chief: means the head of the entity within the department that is responsible for fulfilling the obligations imposed upon the department by this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • Child for whom support may be ordered: means a minor child and a child for whom support is authorized under Section 3587, 3901, or 3910. See California Government Code 50964
  • Circulating title and summary: means the text that is required to be placed on a petition for signatures that is either one of the following:

    California Education Code 88083

  • City: includes city and county and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 5092
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town and incorporated town. See California Education Code 18555
  • City: means any city whether general law or charter, including a city and county, and including any city the name of which includes the word "town. See California Labor Code 226
  • City: means a city or the City and County of San Francisco. See California Government Code 20037.8
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Education Code 19429
  • City measure: includes any proposed city charter, any proposed amendment to a city charter, any proposition for the issuance of bonds by the city, any advisory question, or any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a city. See California Education Code 88086.5
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Education Code 17527
  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Education Code 88087
  • Clerk: means the clerk of the supervising authority. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Client: means a person who has, within the three years preceding the sale of financial products by a lawyer to that person, employed that lawyer for legal services. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • Coastal recreational resources: means those land and water areas adjacent to or in close proximity to the Pacific Ocean which are suitable for public park, beach, or recreational purposes, including, but not limited to, areas of historical significance and areas of open space that complement park, beach, or recreational areas. See California Government Code 19886.2
  • coin dealer: means any person, firm, partnership, or corporation whose principal business is the buying, selling, and trading of coins, monetized bullion, or commercial grade ingots of gold, or silver, or other precious metals. See California Government Code 11184
  • Commercial grade ingots: means 0. See California Government Code 11186
  • Commercial modular: as used in this part has the same meaning as defined in Section 18001. See California Labor Code 4067.5
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See California Education Code 78214
  • commercial user: means any person who deals in or engages in the business of selling bunk beds or who otherwise by one's occupation holds oneself out as having knowledge or skill peculiar to bunk beds, or any person who sells bunk beds. See California Government Code 11342.610
  • Commission: means the Citizens Advisory Commission created pursuant to Section 6602. See California Health and Safety Code 11796.1
  • commission: means a county transportation commission created pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 130050). See California Government Code 20221
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 20772.6
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.17
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.31
  • Commission: means the Public Utilities Commission created by Section 1 of Article XII of the California Constitution, and "commissioner" means a member of the commission. See California Education Code 5093
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Commission: means the California Gambling Control Commission. See California Government Code 11004
  • Commission: means the Historic State Capitol Commission created by Section 9149. See California Government Code 9149.1
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Committee: means the finance committee or other body created by that act and authorized to cause bonds to be issued by the adoption of a resolution or resolutions. See California Government Code 16722
  • Committee: means an intervention evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 81379
  • committee: means the chief administrative officer, auditor, and treasurer, or any other county employee appointed by the board of supervisors. See California Government Code 20222.5
  • committee: includes a standing committee, joint committee, conference committee, subcommittee, select committee, special committee, research committee, or any similar body. See California Government Code 9027
  • Committee: means the Site Designation Committee created by Section 25261. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • company: as used in this division means a premium finance agency as defined in Section 18560. See California Health and Safety Code 13140.6
  • company: means a premium finance agency. See California Health and Safety Code 18122.5
  • compensation: means the remuneration paid out of funds controlled by the employer in payment for the member's services performed during normal working hours or for time during which the member is excused from work because of any of the following:

    California Government Code 20630

  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • complaint: means a valid complaint as specified in subdivision (b). See California Government Code 8944
  • comprehensive water resources management plan: means a plan for coordinating and managing the supply and distribution of water for residential, commercial, industrial or other purposes and for coordinating and managing the treatment and disposal of waste water from all sources. See California Government Code 25712
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Education Code 17528
  • Conduit: includes pipe, millrace, ditch, flume, siphon, tunnel, canal, and any other conduit or diversion used for the purpose of taking or receiving water from any river, creek, stream, or lake. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • conduit: includes canal, ditch, culvert, pipeline, flume, or other appliance for conducting water. See California Health and Safety Code 11834.29
  • Conferees: Legislators appointed to serve on conference committees. They are also called "managers." Conferees are usually appointed from the committee or committees that reported the legislation; they are expected to try and uphold their chamber's position on measures when they negotiate with conferees from the other chamber.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Connectivity: means one or more projects necessary to achieve transit connectivity between BART's rapid transit system and the San Joaquin Regional Rail Commission's Altamont Corridor Express commuter rail service, and to provide quality, seamless service to riders using the services operating between the Tri-Valley and the San Joaquin Valley. See California Government Code 20503
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See California Education Code 84751
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See California Education Code 84751
  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Construction or alteration: as used in this article , includes any construction, reconstruction, or alteration of, or addition to, any school building. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • Consumer: means an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation who buys for his or her own use, or for the use of another, but not for resale. See California Government Code 11137
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose. See California Education Code 78214
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Education Code 78031
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See California Education Code 81133.2
  • Controlled gambling: means to deal, operate, carry on, conduct, maintain, or expose for play any controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Controlled game: means any controlled game, as defined by subdivision (e) of Section 337j of the Penal Code. See California Government Code 11004
  • Controller: means the State Controller. See California Education Code 5303
  • Convention: means the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption, May 29, 1993. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Convention country: means a country that is party to the convention and with which the convention is in force for the United States. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Core business: means the business of issuing investment certificates, making loans, and other activities that the commissioner may specify by rule or order. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 19878
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17491
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 50967
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5091
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 5228
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 51925
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 18556
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19958
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 19428
  • county: means the County of San Mateo. See California Government Code 25711
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 14004.5
  • County measure: includes any proposed county charter, any proposed amendment to a county charter, any proposition for the issuance of funding or refunding bonds of the county, any other question or proposition submitted to the voters of a county at any election held throughout an entire single county, any advisory question, or any bond proposal or any advisory question submitted to the voters of any public district although the boundaries of the district may be coterminous with those of the county. See California Education Code 88091
  • County service area: means a county service area formed pursuant to this chapter or any of its statutory predecessors. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • County Tribal Casino Account: means an account consisting of all moneys paid by tribes of that county into the Indian Gaming Special Distribution Fund after deduction of the amounts appropriated pursuant to the priorities specified in Section 12012. See California Government Code 19856
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credit loss-of-income insurance: means insurance issued to provide indemnity for payments becoming due on a specific loan or other credit transaction while the debtor is involuntarily unemployed, as defined in the policy. See California Health and Safety Code 17975.2
  • creditor: means the state or the department or agency of the state seeking to collect the liability. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See California Education Code 78031
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Criminal action: includes criminal proceedings. See California Education Code 17529
  • Critically underserved community: means a community that meets either of the following:

    California Government Code 20037.8

  • CSRC: means the California Spatial Reference Center or its successor. See California Government Code 21073
  • CSRN: means the California Spatial Reference Network, as defined by Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 8850), "Geodetic Datums and the California Spatial Reference Network. See California Government Code 21073
  • CSRN: means California Spatial Reference Network. See California Government Code 21117
  • Customer: means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank. See California Education Code 81808
  • Customer: means a natural person to whom an access device has been issued for personal, family, or household use. See California Government Code 25701
  • Dam: includes all artificial obstructions. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Dam: means Oroville Dam, its appurtenant structures, the Feather River Fish Hatchery, and the Oroville-Thermalito Complex. See California Health and Safety Code 11796.1
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Government Code 51927
  • debtor: means the debtor from whom the liability is sought to be collected. See California Code of Civil Procedure 688.040
  • decision: when used in reference to the department means any final determination of the department imposing a penalty assessment or affecting a license which may be appealed to the board under Section 22 of Article XX of the California Constitution, and does not include any emergency decision for temporary, interim relief issued pursuant to the authority conferred to the department pursuant to Section 11460. See California Government Code 11342.560
  • Declarant: is a person who makes a statement. See California Education Code 17530
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defendant: includes a person in the position of defendant in a counterclaim, cross-claim, or third-party claim. See California Education Code 78031
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Defensible space: means the area adjacent to a structure or dwelling where wildfire prevention or protection practices are implemented to provide defense from an approaching wildfire or to minimize the spread of a structure fire to wildlands or surrounding areas. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • Defined parking area: means that portion of any parking area open for customer parking which is (1) contiguous to an access area with respect to an automated teller machine. See California Government Code 25701
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See California Education Code 84751
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 20773
  • department: refer to the Director and Department of Finance, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 13001
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • department: means the State Department of Health Care Services and "director" means the Director of Health Care Services. See California Insurance Code 4097.16
  • Department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 16632
  • Department: means the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 16724
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation and "director" means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Unemployment Insurance Code 134
  • department: means the Department of General Services. See California Government Code 21033
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 19871.2
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Justice. See California Government Code 11004
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 20019
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 20894
  • department: means the Department of Water Resources. See California Government Code 21113
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • Department: means the Department of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 18903
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 20037.9
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Departments: means the Department of Parks and Recreation, the Department of Fish and Game, and the California Coastal Conservancy. See California Government Code 20060
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit holder: as used in this chapter means the district attorney, county officer, or trustee designated by the court to receive assets deposited pursuant to this chapter to secure future support payments. See California Government Code 11405.30
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository institution affiliate: means a depository institution affiliate within the meaning of Section 18(r) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (18 U. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Direct service contract: means any contract provided by a state agency pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 38030). See California Government Code 12012.80
  • director: means the Director of Pesticide Regulation. See California Government Code 20712
  • Director: means the Director of Forestry and Fire Protection. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Game. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Director: means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 19871.2
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Director: means any director of a corporation or any person performing similar functions with respect to any organization. See California Government Code 11004
  • Director: means the Director of Parks and Recreation. See California Government Code 20019
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • director: refer to the Department of General Services and the Director of General Services, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 20963
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • directors: means natural persons, designated in the articles or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons designated, elected, or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the governing body of the corporation. See California Government Code 31831.2
  • disabled: includes mental or physical illness and mental or physical injury, including any illness or injury resulting from pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical condition. See California Government Code 19878
  • Disadvantaged community: means a community with a median household income less than 80 percent of the statewide average. See California Government Code 18903
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity, such as an attack by nuclear weapons, which renders unavailable the Lieutenant Governor, or the Attorney General, or the Secretary of State, or the Treasurer, or the Controller. See California Government Code 19991.7
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity occurring in the State of California, such as an attack by nuclear weapons, as a result of which the incumbent Governor is either killed, missing or so seriously injured as to be unable to perform his duties. See California Government Code 12060
  • disaster: means a war or enemy-caused calamity within this State, such as an attack by nuclear weapons. See California Government Code 9035
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distribution: means a transfer of money or other property from a partnership to a partner in the partner's capacity as a partner or to the partner's transferee. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • District: means any regional park or open-space district formed pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 5500) of Chapter 3 of Division 5 and any recreation and park district formed pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 5780) of Division 5. See California Government Code 20905
  • district: means the North County Transit District. See California Government Code 20163
  • district: means the Peninsula Rail Transit District. See California Government Code 20756
  • District: means a tax or assessment district. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Government Code 51929.5
  • District: means any district authorized to provide park and recreation services, except a school district. See California Government Code 19886.2
  • District: means a fire protection district created pursuant to this part or created pursuant to any law which this part supersedes. See California Labor Code 226
  • District: means one of the following:

    California Government Code 20037.8

  • District board: means the board of directors of a district. See California Labor Code 226
  • Districts: means school districts of every kind or class. See California Education Code 35514
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Relations. See California Government Code 19815
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document of title: includes a bill of lading, dock warrant, dock receipt, warehouse receipt, or order for the delivery of goods, and also any other document which in the regular course of business or financing is treated as adequately evidencing that the person in possession of it is entitled to receive, hold, and dispose of the document and the goods it covers. See California Education Code 78031
  • Documentary draft: means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (Section 8102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (Section 8102), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft. See California Education Code 81808
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Draft: means a draft as defined in Section 3104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order. See California Education Code 81808
  • Drawee: means a person ordered in a draft to make payment. See California Education Code 81808
  • duplicate: is a counterpart produced by the same impression as the original, or from the same matrix, or by means of photography, including enlargements and miniatures, or by mechanical or electronic rerecording, or by chemical reproduction, or by other equivalent technique which accurately reproduces the original. See California Education Code 17583
  • economic opportunity: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 16489

  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • elective officer: includes any officer of the Senate or Assembly who is elected by vote of the members of either or both of the houses of the Legislature, and any appointive officer of a city or county occupying a fixed term of office, as well as officers of the state or contracting agencies elected by the people, and persons elected to a city council or a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 20322
  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Electrical corporation: means a large electrical corporation, as defined in Section 3280 of the Public Utilities Code, that participates in the Wildfire Fund. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.31
  • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See California Government Code 10291
  • Electronic transmission by the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission for communications under or pursuant to this code, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17498
  • Electronic transmission by the partnership: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, for that recipient on record with the partnership, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network that the partnership has designated for those communications, together with a separate notice to the recipient of the posting, which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the later of the posting or delivery of the separate notice thereof, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) to a recipient who has provided an unrevoked consent to the use of those means of transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • eligible bank: means a state or national bank located in this state, selected by the Treasurer for the safekeeping of money belonging to or in the custody of the state, that has received an overall rating of not less than "satisfactory" in its most recent evaluation by the appropriate federal financial supervisory agency of the bank's record of meeting the credit needs of the state's communities, including low- and moderate-income neighborhoods, pursuant to Section 2906 of Title 12 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 16500
  • Eligible building: means a building existing on the effective date of this section which is identified as hazardous pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 19160) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 13, with the exception of the following:

    California Government Code 12100.62

  • Eligible costs: means all costs, including costs of design, preparation, and inspection incurred in making structural or other modifications to an eligible building, which are required in order to meet reconstruction standards established by a local ordinance pursuant to Sections 19162, 19163, and 19163. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Eligible institution: means a school, hospital, public care institution, or a unit of local government. See California Government Code 16605
  • Eligible institution: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 25352

  • Eligible jurisdictions: means counties and cities identified as having methane gas hazards in the study conducted by the supervisor pursuant to Article 4. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 16710
  • Eligible savings and loan association: means a state or federal savings association, as defined in Section 5102 of the Financial Code, located in this state, insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation, and selected by the Treasurer for the safekeeping of money belonging to or in the custody of the state. See California Government Code 16600
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 19878

  • Employee: as used in this chapter , means every person who is required or directed by any employer, to engage in any employment, and who performs that employment other than on a casual or incidental basis in any building subject to this chapter, or any person contracting with an owner who is required or directed to perform services, other than on a casual or incidental basis, in any building subject to this chapter. See California Government Code 11200.4
  • Employee benefit plan: includes public and private retirement, pension, annuity, savings, profit sharing, stock bonus, stock option, thrift, vacation pay, and similar plans of deferred or fringe benefit compensation, whether of the defined contribution or defined benefit type whether or not such plan is qualified under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (P. See California Government Code 50969
  • Employer: includes the United States government and any public entity as defined in Section 811. See California Government Code 11346.36
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Energy conservation measure: means an installation or modification of an installation in a building that is primarily intended to reduce energy consumption or allow the use of a more cost-effective energy source. See California Government Code 16632
  • Energy settlement agreement: means any agreement arising from the energy crisis of 2000-02, where the State of California or a division of the State of California, is a party in a complaint or any action relating to the operation and management of any generation facilities, any sale or purchase or transmission of natural gas, any sale or purchase or transmission of electricity or other utility or energy goods and services, or a violation of the Federal Power Act (16 U. See California Government Code 16428.2
  • Enforcement: means diligent effort to secure compliance, including review of plans and permit applications, response to complaints, citation of violations, and other legal process. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • Enterprise: means a revenue-producing improvement, building, system, plant, works, facilities, or undertaking used for or useful for the generation or production of electric energy for lighting, heating, and power for public or private uses. See California Government Code 20097
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • equipment: includes (1) schoolbuses, (2) other motor vehicles, (3) test materials, educational films, and audiovisual materials, and (4) all other items defined as equipment or service systems in the Community College Budget and Accounting Manual. See California Education Code 81550
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • escrow agent: as used in this division includes joint control agents and Internet escrow agents. See California Government Code 25831
  • Evidence: means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact. See California Education Code 17531
  • Evidence of debt: means a note or negotiable instrument. See California Education Code 35256.1
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Executrix: The female counterpart of an executor. See also
  • Exempted provider: means a social work professional or organization that performs a home study on any prospective adoptive parent, or a child background study, or both, in the United States in connection with a convention adoption, and who is not currently providing and has not previously provided any other adoption service in the case. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • expert: means a physician and surgeon, including a psychiatrist, or any person described by subdivision (b), (c), or (e) of Section 1010. See California Education Code 17580
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • face amount: as used in this division , means the unpaid balance of a loan or other obligation. See California Health and Safety Code 13143.6
  • Facilities: includes , but is not limited to, places for organized team sports, outdoor recreation, and informal turf play. See California Government Code 20037.8
  • facility: means any premises, place, or building that provides residential nonmedical services to adults who are recovering from problems related to alcohol, drug, or alcohol and drug misuse or abuse, and who need alcohol, drug, or alcohol and drug recovery treatment or detoxification services. See California Health and Safety Code 11834.02
  • Facility: when used with respect to a foreign (other state) industrial loan company, means an office in this state at which the industrial loan company engages in noncore business but at which it does not engage in core business. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Facility: includes a place for organized team sports, outdoor recreation, permanent play structures, and multipurpose structures designed to meet the special recreational, educational, vocational, and social needs of youth. See California Government Code 19871.2
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Family Care Leave benefits: means benefits authorized by Section 19878. See California Government Code 19878
  • Family support: means an agreement between the parents, or an order or judgment, that combines child support and spousal support without designating the amount to be paid for child support and the amount to be paid for spousal support. See California Government Code 50970
  • Fault: means a default, breach, or wrongful act or omission. See California Education Code 78031
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal election: means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives. See California Education Code 88103
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee generating case: means a case or matter that, if undertaken on behalf of an indigent person by an attorney in private practice, reasonably may be expected to result in payment of a fee for legal services from an award to a client, from public funds, or from the opposing party. See California Government Code 25352
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fee-generating case: means any case or matter that, if undertaken on behalf of an eligible client by an attorney in private practice, reasonably may be expected to result in payment of a fee for legal services from an award to a client, from public funds, or from an opposing party. See California Government Code 9109
  • FGCS: means the Federal Geodetic Control Subcommittee or its successor. See California Government Code 21073
  • FGDC: means the Federal Geographic Data Committee or its successor. See California Government Code 21073
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiduciary: means personal representative, trustee, guardian, conservator, attorney-in-fact under a power of attorney, custodian under the California Uniform Transfer To Minors Act (Part 9 (commencing with Section 3900) of Division 4), or other legal representative subject to this code. See California Government Code 21268
  • field representative: refers to "structural pest control field representative. See California Government Code 9148.2
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which (A) the lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods, (B) the lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease, and (C) one of the following occurs:

    California Education Code 78214

  • Financial and compliance audit: means a systematic review or appraisal to determine each of the following:

    California Government Code 12012.80

  • Financial products: means long-term care insurance, life insurance, and annuities governed by the Insurance Code, or its successors. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • Financing: means a loan made by the local agency pursuant to this division to the owner of an eligible building for eligible costs and which is secured by a deed of trust or mortgage upon the real property improved thereby. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Finding of suitability: means a finding that a person meets the qualification criteria described in subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 19857, and that the person would not be disqualified from holding a state gambling license on any of the grounds specified in Section 19859. See California Government Code 11004
  • firefighter: shall be deemed to include a member of a fire department or fire service of the state, including the University of California, whether these members are volunteer, partly paid, or fully paid, excepting those whose principal duties are clerical, such as stenographers, telephone operators and other workers not engaged in fire-suppression or rescue operations or the protection or preservation of life or property. See California Government Code 19886
  • fiscal agent: means any state fiscal agent selected and acting pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 16670). See California Government Code 16650
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Fish passage guidelines: means those guidelines specified in the department's California Salmonid Stream Habitat Restoration Manual and the National Marine Fisheries Service, Southwest Region, Guidelines for Salmonid Passage at Stream Crossings, and subsequent amendments or updates to either document. See California Government Code 9200
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Government Code 52008

  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Floor leaders: The Majority Leader and Minority Leader are elected by their respective party conferences to serve as the chief Senate spokesmen for their parties and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. By custom, the Presiding Officer gives the floor leaders priority in obtaining recognition to speak on the floor of the Senate.
  • Flow line: means a pipeline which transports hazardous liquid substances from the well head to a treating facility or production storage facility. See California Government Code 16384
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by the laws of another jurisdiction and denominated or registered as a limited liability partnership or registered limited liability partnership under the laws of that jurisdiction (i) in which each partner is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) which is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii) which (I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • former testimony: means testimony given under oath in:

    California Government Code 20995

  • Foundation program: means those elements of library service which are basic to its function as a provider of information, education, and cultural enrichment to all segments of the community, including, but not limited to, collection development and maintenance, lending services, information services, facility maintenance, and administration. See California Education Code 18015
  • franchise: means a contract or agreement, either expressed or implied, whether oral or written, between two or more persons by which:

    California Government Code 11123.5

  • Free-flowing: means existing or flowing without artificial impoundment, diversion, or other modification of the river. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Fuel: means any combustible material, including petroleum-based products and wildland fuels. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • Full pay: means the gross base salary earnable by the employee and subject to retirement contribution if he had not vacated his position. See California Government Code 19870
  • Full pay: means the gross base salary earnable by the employee, and subject to retirement contribution on the date of the commencement of the employee's disability. See California Government Code 19878
  • Fund: means the California Wildlife, Coastal, and Park Land Conservation Fund of 1988 created pursuant to Section 5906. See California Government Code 20905
  • Fund: means the California Consumer Power and Conservation Financing Authority Fund. See California Government Code 20097
  • Fund: means the fund created by that act, and into which the proceeds from the sale of the bonds are paid. See California Government Code 16722
  • Fund: means the Energy Efficient State Property Revolving Fund or the Energy Efficiency Retrofit State Revolving Fund. See California Government Code 16632
  • Fund: means the Department of Water Resources Electric Power Fund established by Section 80200. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.17
  • Fund: means the Department of Water Resources Charge Fund established by Section 80550. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.31
  • Fund: means the Heritage Network Decal Fund created pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Fund: means the State Urban Parks and Healthy Communities Fund. See California Government Code 19871.2
  • fund: means the State Parks and Recreation Fund. See California Government Code 19997.8
  • Fund: means the California Drought, Water, Parks, Climate, Coastal Protection, and Outdoor Access For All Fund, created by Section 80032. See California Government Code 18903
  • Fund: means the Ratepayer Relief Fund established in Section 16428. See California Government Code 16428.2
  • Fungible goods: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Gambling: means to deal, operate, carry on, conduct, maintain, or expose for play any controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Gambling enterprise: means a natural person or an entity, whether individual, corporate, or otherwise, that conducts a gambling operation and that by virtue thereof is required to hold a state gambling license under this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • gambling game: means any controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Gambling operation: means exposing for play one or more controlled games that are dealt, operated, carried on, conducted, or maintained for commercial gain. See California Government Code 11004
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • general deer hunting season: means the annual season for the area in question as is set by the commission under its general regulatory powers, or set by statute, for the taking of male deer. See California Government Code 52107
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • Generally accepted auditing standards: means the auditing standards set forth in the financial and compliance element of the "Standards for Audit of Governmental Organizations, Programs, Activities, and Functions" issued by the Comptroller General of the United States and incorporating the audit standards of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Genuine: means free of forgery or counterfeiting. See California Education Code 78031
  • Geologist: as used in this chapter , refers to a person engaged in the practice of geology. See California Government Code 52054
  • Geology: as used in this chapter , refers to that science which treats of the earth in general. See California Government Code 52052
  • Geophysicist: as used in this chapter , refers to a person engaged in the practice of geophysics. See California Government Code 52055
  • Geophysics: as used in this chapter , refers to that science which involves study of the physical earth by means of measuring its natural and induced fields of force, including, but not limited to, electric, gravity, and magnetic, and its responses to natural and induced energy and the interpreting of these measurements and the relating of them to the physics of the earth. See California Government Code 52053
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • GIS mapping system: means a geographical information system that will collect, store, retrieve, analyze, and display environmental geographical data in a data base that is accessible to the public. See California Government Code 16384
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Education Code 84751
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Education Code 78031
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (Section 10309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See California Education Code 78214
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See California Education Code 84751
  • goods: means goods used or bought for use primarily for personal, family or household purposes. See California Education Code 81376
  • Governing board: means board of school trustees, community college board of trustees, and city, and city and county board of education. See California Education Code 78
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grant of an open-space easement: means a grant by an instrument whereby the owner relinquishes to the public, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, the right to construct improvements upon the land except as may be expressly reserved in the instrument and which contains a covenant with the city or county, running with the land, either in perpetuity or for a term of years, not to construct or permit the construction of any improvements, except as that right is expressly reserved in the instrument and except for public service facilities installed for the benefit of the land subject to any covenant or public service facilities installed pursuant to an authorization by the governing body of the city or county or the Public Utilities Commission. See California Government Code 16428.9
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Green Party: means the Green Party of California. See California Government Code 19833
  • Greenhouse: means a structure covered with transparent or translucent materials for the purpose of admitting natural light and controlling the atmosphere for growing plants, including floricultural, ornamental, or other nursery and agricultural products. See California Education Code 19960
  • Gross revenue: means the total of all compensation received for conducting any controlled game, and includes interest received in payment for credit extended by an owner licensee to a patron for purposes of gambling, except as provided by regulation. See California Government Code 11004
  • group or class of employment: means a number of employees considered together because they share similarities in job duties, work location, collective bargaining unit, or other logical work-related grouping. See California Government Code 20636
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • guide: means any person who is engaged in the business of packing or guiding, or who, for a fee, assists another person in taking or attempting to take any bird, mammal, fish, amphibian, or reptile. See California Government Code 9361
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Habitat restoration or enhancement project: means a project with the primary purpose of improving fish and wildlife habitat. See California Government Code 9200
  • Hague adoption certificate: means a certificate issued by the secretary in an outgoing case (where the child is emigrating from the United States to another convention country) certifying that a child has been adopted in the United States in accordance with the convention and, except as provided in subdivision (b) of Section 97. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Hague custody declaration: means a declaration issued by the secretary in an outgoing case (where the child is emigrating from the United States to another convention country) declaring that custody of a child for purposes of adoption has been granted in the United States in accordance with the convention and, except as provided in subdivision (b) of Section 97. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Hazardous material: means any of the following materials:

    California Government Code 11440.20

  • Health insurance coverage: as used in this article includes all of the following:

    California Government Code 11344.9

  • health insurance coverage assignment: includes vision care and dental care coverage whether the vision care or dental care coverage is part of existing health insurance coverage or is issued as a separate policy or plan. See California Government Code 11346.36
  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Education Code 17532
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • highway: includes both state and county highways as defined by or identified in the Streets and Highways Code. See California Health and Safety Code 11834.30
  • Historic State Capitol: means the building housing the state legislative offices and chambers, situated in the area bounded by 10th, L, 15th, and N Streets in the City of Sacramento, including the portions of the State Capitol Building Annex that contain historic fabric, and Capitol Park, provided that Capitol Park shall be included in the historic State Capitol for purposes of this article only upon the adoption by the Joint Rules Committee of a master plan regarding Capitol Park. See California Government Code 9149.1
  • Holder: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Hours of darkness: means the period that commences 30 minutes after sunset and ends 30 minutes before sunrise. See California Government Code 25701
  • Hours of operation: means the period during which a gambling establishment is open to conduct the play of controlled games within a 24-hour period. See California Government Code 11004
  • House: means the gambling enterprise, and any owner, shareholder, partner, key employee, or landlord thereof. See California Government Code 11004
  • Housing accommodation: means any building, structure, or portion thereof that is occupied as, or intended for occupancy as, a residence by one or more families and any vacant land that is offered for sale or lease for the construction thereon of any building, structure, or portion thereof intended to be so occupied. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Hydrostatic testing: means the application of internal pressure above the normal or maximum operating pressure to a segment of pipeline, under no-flow conditions for a fixed period of time, utilizing a liquid test medium. See California Government Code 16384
  • Immediate environments: means the land immediately adjacent to the segments of the rivers designated in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • improvement: includes a public park, urban open-space lands, playground, or library. See California Government Code 20500
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • In-house counsel: means an attorney authorized to practice law in the State of California who is a state employee, including an excluded or exempt employee, other than an employee of the Office of the Attorney General. See California Government Code 11040
  • Income and expense declaration: means the form for an income and expense declaration in family law matters adopted by the Judicial Council. See California Government Code 50971
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent auditors: means public accountants who have no direct or indirect relationship with the functions or activities being audited or with the business conducted by any of the officials or contractors being audited. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Indigent person: means any of the following:

    California Government Code 9109

  • Individual Tribal Casino Accounts: means an account for each individual tribe that has paid money into the Indian Gaming Special Distribution Fund. See California Government Code 19856
  • Industrial disability leave: means temporary disability as defined in Divisions 4 (commencing with Section 3201) and 4. See California Government Code 19870
  • Industrial hygiene: means the science and art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of environmental factors or stresses which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort and inefficiency among workers or among the citizens of a community. See California Government Code 11130.7
  • Industrial hygiene certification organization: means a professional organization of certified industrial hygienists that has been established to improve the practice and educational standards of the profession of industrial hygiene through a certification process, by certifying industrial hygienists through an examination administered by the certification organization. See California Government Code 11130.7
  • informed consent: means the authorization given pursuant to Section 24175 to have a medical experiment performed after each of the following conditions have been satisfied:

    California Government Code 11893

  • Inhabited territory: means territory within which there reside 12 or more registered voters. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Initial license: means the license first issued to a person authorizing that person to commence the activities authorized by that license. See California Government Code 11004
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insignia: includes badge, motto, button, decoration, charm, emblem, or rosette. See California Government Code 16726
  • Insolvency proceeding: includes an assignment for the benefit of creditors or other proceeding intended to liquidate or rehabilitate the estate of the person involved. See California Education Code 78031
  • Insolvent: means :

    California Education Code 78031

  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See California Education Code 78214
  • Institutional investor: means any retirement fund administered by a public agency for the exclusive benefit of federal, state, or local public employees, any investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U. See California Government Code 11004
  • insurance policy: as used in this article means a contract of liability insurance issued by an insurance company authorized to transact business in this state or one issued by a nonadmitted carrier whose activities in this state are controlled by the Surplus Line Association, which insures the policyholder against loss from legal liability for damages on property upon which work is being performed or has been completed, including third-party losses, as a result of an accident or occurrence due to participation in control, prevention, or repair activities that require a license under this chapter. See California Government Code 9359.9
  • insured: means the person who has purchased or arranged to purchase an insurance contract and who enters into a premium finance agreement with a premium finance agency. See California Health and Safety Code 18118
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • internal control: means a process, including a continuous built-in component of operations, effected by a state agency's oversight body, management, and other personnel that provide reasonable assurance that the state agency's objectives will be achieved. See California Government Code 19889.2
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Investment certificates ratio: as used in this division , means the ratio of the aggregate sum of all of the outstanding investment certificates, exclusive of those hypothecated with the company issuing them, of a company to the aggregate amount of its paid-up and unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus declared not available for dividends pursuant to Section 18319. See California Health and Safety Code 13144.3
  • IOLTA account: means an account or investment product established and maintained pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 6211 that is any of the following:

    California Government Code 25352

  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See California Education Code 84751
  • Item: means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. See California Education Code 81808
  • ITRF: means International Terrestrial Reference Frame as defined by the International Earth Rotation Service. See California Government Code 21117
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • joint contract: means a contract with the board as set forth in subdivision (a). See California Government Code 20460.1
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Education Code 88105
  • junk: means any and all secondhand and used machinery and all ferrous and nonferrous scrap metals and alloys, including any and all secondhand and used furniture, pallets, or other personal property, other than livestock, or parts or portions thereof. See California Government Code 11895
  • junk dealer: includes any person engaged in the business of buying, selling and dealing in junk, any person purchasing, gathering, collecting, soliciting or traveling about from place to place procuring junk, and any person operating, carrying on, conducting or maintaining a junk yard or place where junk is gathered together and stored or kept for shipment, sale or transfer. See California Government Code 11150
  • Junk dealer: has the meaning defined in Section 21601. See California Government Code 11274
  • junk yard: includes any yard, plot, space, inclosure, building or any other place where junk is collected, stored, gathered together and kept. See California Government Code 11151
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Government Code 51933
  • Key employee: means any natural person employed in the operation of a gambling enterprise in a supervisory capacity or empowered to make discretionary decisions that regulate gambling operations, including, without limitation, pit bosses, shift bosses, credit executives, cashier operations supervisors, gambling operation managers and assistant managers, managers or supervisors of security employees, or any other natural person designated as a key employee by the department for reasons consistent with the policies of this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • Key employee license: means a state license authorizing the holder to be employed as a key employee. See California Government Code 11004
  • Land use regulation: means the regulation by any state or local governmental entity, agency, or official of any activities that take place other than directly on the waters of the segments of the rivers designated in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • landholder: means any person who owns, leases, or has a possessory interest in land. See California Government Code 12012.57
  • Landlord: means any operator, keeper, lessor, or sublessor of any furnished or unfurnished premises for hire, or his or her agent or successor in interest. See California Education Code 39800
  • language assistance: means oral interpretation or written translation into English of a language other than English or of English into another language for a party or witness who cannot speak or understand English or who can do so only with difficulty. See California Government Code 11435.05
  • Latent power: means any service or facility authorized by Article 4 (commencing with Section 25213) that the local agency formation commission has determined, pursuant to subdivision (i) of Section 56425, that the county service area was not authorized to provide prior to January 1, 2009. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Education Code 17534
  • Law of the domicile: when used with respect to an industrial loan company, means the law of the state of the United States, as defined in Section 146. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • law practice: means (a) a law practice conducted by an individual. See California Government Code 25350.60 v2
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lawyer: means a licensee of the State Bar or a person who is admitted and in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of any United States court or the highest court of the District of Columbia or any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States, or licensed to practice law in, or is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of the highest court of, a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, and includes any agent of the lawyer or law firm or law corporation doing business in the state. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • Lawyer: means a licensee of the State Bar or a person who is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of any United States court or the highest court of the District of Columbia or any state, territory, or insular possession of the United States, or is licensed to practice law in, or is admitted in good standing and eligible to practice before the bar of the highest court of, a foreign country or any political subdivision thereof, and includes any agent of the lawyer, law firm, or law corporation doing business in the state. See California Government Code 25842
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this division. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this division and any other applicable rules of law. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lease financing: means the financial undertaking authorized by this article under which the lessee shall lease the project from the lessor and the rental payments to be paid by the lessee, and any other authorized or appropriated funds, shall be used to secure the repayment of the bonds and the proceeds of the bonds shall be applied to pay the costs of the project and related costs as authorized by this article. See California Government Code 9117
  • lease or agreement: shall include a lease purchase agreement. See California Education Code 81331
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal material: means all of the following, whether or not in effect:

    California Government Code 10291

  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative body: as used in this division , means board of supervisors in the case of a county or city and county, and city council or board of trustees in the case of a city, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50002
  • legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 16367.71
  • Legislative records: means any writing prepared on or after December 2, 1974, which contains information relating to the conduct of the public's business prepared, owned, used, or retained by the Legislature. See California Government Code 9072
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Legislature: includes any Member of the Legislature, any legislative officer, any standing, joint, or select committee or subcommittee of the Senate and Assembly, and any other agency or employee of the Legislature. See California Government Code 9072
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lessee: means the Legislature, acting through its authorized representative as provided for in this article. See California Government Code 9117
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Lessor: means the State Public Works Board acting pursuant to the State Building Construction Act of 1955, Part 10b (commencing with Section 15800) of Division 3 of Title 2, a joint exercise of powers agency established between the lessee and any qualifying entity of government and acting pursuant to the Joint Exercise of Powers Act, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1, or any other person, corporation, partnership, or other entity serving as the lessor under the lease financing. See California Government Code 9117
  • license: means a basic permit to operate a narcotic treatment program. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.7
  • license: includes certificate, registration, or any other authorization to engage in practice regulated by this chapter. See California Education Code 81368
  • License: means a gambling license, key employee license, or any other license issued by the commission pursuant to this chapter or regulations adopted pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 11004
  • License: means a basic permit to operate a pediatric day health and respite care facility. See California Government Code 11016.5
  • Licensed gambling establishment: means the gambling premises encompassed by a state gambling license. See California Government Code 11004
  • Licensed person: means any person who is duly licensed, authorized, or registered under the provisions of the Business and Professions Code to provide professional limited liability partnership services or who is lawfully able to render professional limited liability partnership services in this state. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • licensed premises: except as otherwise defined in Section 19812, means one or more rooms where any controlled gambling or activity directly related thereto occurs. See California Government Code 11004
  • Licensee: means a licensee in good standing of the State Bar and includes any agent of the licensee and any law firm or law corporation doing business in the State of California. See California Government Code 25842
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Limited life preferred: as used in this division , means preferred stock which has a maturity or which may be redeemed at the option of the holder. See California Health and Safety Code 13146.4
  • Limited partnership: means a partnership formed by two or more persons having as members one or more general partners and one or more limited partners. See California Government Code 11004
  • Listed: means all products that appear in a list published by an approved testing or listing agency. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means any city, county, special district, or other public entity in the state. See California Health and Safety Code 9646
  • Local agency: as used in this division means county, city, or city and county, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 50001
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, or district responsible for fire protection within a very high fire hazard severity zone. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • Local agency: means a city, county, or city and county. See California Government Code 12100.62
  • Local agency: means a city, county, city and county, special district, school district, county board of education, or community college district which levied a property tax during the 1977-78 fiscal year or for which a property tax was levied. See California Government Code 16493
  • local agency formation commission: means a local agency formation commission that operates in the county pursuant to the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000, Division 3 (commencing with Section 56000) of Title 5. See California Government Code 25210.2
  • Local coastal program: means any program created under Section 30108. See California Government Code 20905
  • local jurisdiction: means any city, county, or special district. See California Government Code 19856
  • Local public entity: means any county, city, city and county, the duly constituted governing body of an Indian reservation or rancheria, redevelopment agency organized pursuant to Part 1 (commencing with Section 33000) of this division, or housing authority organized pursuant to Part 2 (commencing with Section 34200) of this division, which is authorized to engage in or assist in the development or operation of housing for persons and families of low or moderate income. See California Government Code 12010.5
  • Local taxing entity: means a local public entity that has the power to levy ad valorem taxes, or ad valorem assessments, upon property within the territory of the entity. See California Government Code 975
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See California Education Code 78214
  • Mammal: means a wild or feral mammal or part of a wild or feral animal, but not a wild, feral, or undomesticated burro. See California Government Code 51934
  • Mandatory convertible debt: as used in this division , means a subordinated debt instrument which requires the issuer to convert that instrument into common or perpetual preferred stock by a date at or before the maturity of the debt instrument. See California Health and Safety Code 13146.3
  • Manufactured home: as used in this part shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 18007. See California Labor Code 4061
  • Marine finfish aquaculture: means the propagation, cultivation, or maintenance of finfish species in the waters of the Pacific Ocean that are regulated by this state. See California Government Code 51935
  • mayor: includes president of the legislative body. See California Government Code 16368
  • Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Education Code 88108
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • medical experiment: means :

    California Government Code 11894

  • Medically fragile: means having an acute or chronic health problem that requires therapeutic intervention and skilled nursing care during all or part of the day. See California Government Code 11016.5
  • meeting: includes any congregation of a majority of the members of a state body at the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the state body to which it pertains. See California Government Code 11122.5
  • meeting: means a gathering of a quorum of the members of a house or committee in one place for the purpose of discussing legislative or other official matters within the jurisdiction of the house or committee. See California Government Code 9027
  • Mental disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Methane gas hazards: means collections of biogenic or thermogenic gases identified as hazards in the study conducted by the supervisor pursuant to Article 4. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 16710
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Government Code 51936
  • Military and veteran status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Minimum management requirements: means the minimum wilderness management actions that are necessary to administer a wilderness area for the purpose of this chapter. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Minimum tool: means the least intrusive tool, equipment, device, regulation, action, or practice that will achieve the minimum management requirements. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • mobile unit: means a special purpose commercial coach as defined in Section 18012. See California Government Code 11146.3
  • Mobilehome: as used in this part shall have the same meaning as defined in Section 18008. See California Labor Code 4062
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Education Code 78031
  • Monitoring: means the activities management establishes and operates to assess the quality of performance over time and promptly resolve the findings of audits and other reviews. See California Government Code 19889.2
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Monthly average escrow liability: as used in this chapter , means the average escrow liability for the 12-month period as reported in the most recent report made by the member to the commissioner pursuant to Section 17348. See California Health and Safety Code 13027
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor vehicle fuel: includes gasoline, natural gasoline, blends of gasoline and alcohol, or gasoline and oxygenates, and any inflammable liquid, by whatever name the liquid may be known or sold, which is used or is usable for propelling motor vehicles operated by the explosion type engine. See California Government Code 16384
  • multicounty designated transportation planning agency: means the Southern California Association of Governments. See California Government Code 20222
  • Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Education Code 88109
  • municipally owned transit system: means a transit system owned by a city, or by a district created under Part 1 (commencing with Section 24501) of Division 10 of the Public Utilities Code. See California Education Code 39800
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • National medical support notice: means the notice required by Section 666(a)(19) of Title 42 of the United States Code with respect to an order made pursuant to Section 3773. See California Government Code 11346.36
  • native plant: means a plant growing in a wild uncultivated state which is normally found native to the plantlife of this state. See California Government Code 9144
  • Native reptiles: as used in this chapter means snakes, lizards, turtles, or any other members of the class reptilia native to California. See California Government Code 9760
  • Natural lands: means an area of relatively undeveloped land which (1) has substantially retained its characteristics as provided by nature or has been substantially restored, or which can be feasibly restored, to a near-natural condition, and which has outstanding wildlife, scenic, open-space, or park resources, or a combination thereof, or (2) meets the definition of open-space land in Section 65560 of the Government Code. See California Government Code 20905
  • Natural region: means a distinct physiographic province having similar geologic history, structures, and land forms. See California Government Code 20019
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Government Code 51937
  • newspaper: means a newspaper of general circulation. See California Education Code 5344
  • NGS: means the National Geodetic Survey or its successor. See California Government Code 21073
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Nonprofit organization: means any charitable organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the federal Internal Revenue Code, which has among its primary purposes the conservation and preservation of wetlands or of lands predominantly in their natural, scenic, historical, agricultural, forested, or open-space condition. See California Government Code 20905
  • Nonprofit organization: means an organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 that is exempt from taxation under Section 501(a) of that code or any nonprofit, scientific or educational organization qualified under Section 23701d of the Revenue and Taxation Code. See California Government Code 12012.80
  • nonprofit organization: means an organization that has been qualified to conduct business in California for at least three years prior to conducting controlled games and is exempt from taxation pursuant to Section 23701a, 23701b, 23701d, 23701e, 23701f, 23701g, 23701k, 23701l, or 23701w of the Revenue and Taxation Code. See California Government Code 11011.19
  • nonprofit organization: means any nonprofit entity qualified to do business in California, qualified under Section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code, and that has among its primary purposes the preservation, protection, or enhancement of land or water resources in their natural, scenic, historical, agricultural, forested, or open-space condition or use, or the provision of conservation and environmental education and other recreational, vocational, and educational services to youth. See California Government Code 20037.8
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Nuisance: means any nuisance defined pursuant to Part 3 (commencing with Section 3479) of Division 4 of the Civil Code, or any other form of nuisance recognized at common law or in equity. See California Labor Code 1771.2
  • Nurse anesthetist: means a person who is a registered nurse, licensed by the board and who has met standards for certification from the board. See California Education Code 81645.5
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation or declaration under penalty of perjury. See California Education Code 17535
  • Oath: includes affirmation and written declarations signed under the penalties of perjury. See California Education Code 5230
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 18558
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • obligor: means any person owing a duty of support. See California Health and Safety Code 11834.17
  • offsite building: is a building that is situated on land that is neither owned by a community college district nor leased by a community college district under a lease containing an option to purchase the land. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • onsale general license: includes a special onsale general license. See California Government Code 12020
  • Open season: means that period of time during which the taking of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians is allowed as prescribed in this code and regulations adopted by the commission. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • operating entity: means the entity owning the park land and the facilities thereon. See California Government Code 20032
  • Operator: means any bank, savings association, credit union, industrial loan company, savings bank, or other business entity, or any person who operates an automated teller machine. See California Government Code 25701
  • Operator: as used in this article , means any person, partnership, organization or corporation that controls, manages, conducts or otherwise administers a swap meet. See California Government Code 11292
  • operator: refers to "structural pest control operator. See California Government Code 9147.7
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Government Code 50972
  • Organization: means a person other than an individual. See California Education Code 78031
  • Original: means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. See California Education Code 17582
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Outside counsel: means an attorney authorized to practice law in the State of California who is not a state employee, including an excluded or exempt employee. See California Government Code 11040
  • Outstanding loans and obligations: as used in this division , means total outstanding loans and obligations, including lease obligations, less unearned interest or charges, unearned discount, reserve or allowance for losses, and other applicable allowances or deductions as determined by regulation of the commissioner. See California Health and Safety Code 13144
  • Overfishing: means a rate or level of taking that the best available scientific information, and other relevant information that the commission or department possesses or receives, indicates is not sustainable or that jeopardizes the capacity of a marine fishery to produce the maximum sustainable yield on a continuing basis. See California Government Code 52030
  • Owner: includes the United States (except that for the purpose of Sections 5901, 5931, 5933, and 5938, "owner" does not include the United States as to any dam in the condition the dam existed on September 15, 1945), the State, a person, political subdivision, or district (other than a fish and game district) owning, controlling or operating a dam or pipe. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • Owner: means any lessee or trustee, if the expiration of the lease or trust occurs at a time later than the expiration of the easement or any extension thereof. See California Government Code 16428.9
  • Owner: includes joint owner, co-owner, guardian, executor, administrator, or other person holding property in trust under court appointment. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Owner: means any person other than the landlord who has any right, title, or interest in personal property. See California Education Code 38118
  • Owner: means any person other than the landlord who has any right, title, or interest in property. See California Education Code 39800
  • Owner: means the person, corporation, or partnership that holds fee simple title to real property, or its agent, or the head of the public agency or subordinate employee of the public agency to whom that authority is delegated, who is responsible for administering publicly owned land and who has presented satisfactory evidence of his or her legal right to represent the interests of the subject land. See California Government Code 20019
  • Owner: as used in this chapter , means an owner, lessee, sublessee, or agent of the owner of a building or part of a building, including, but not limited to, the state or another public entity. See California Government Code 11250
  • Owner licensee: means an owner of a gambling enterprise who holds a state gambling license. See California Government Code 11004
  • Package: includes cartons, wrappers, or other containers which are used for the sale of butter to the retail trade. See California Education Code 84755
  • Parent and child relationship: as used in this part means the legal relationship existing between a child and the child's natural or adoptive parents incident to which the law confers or imposes rights, privileges, duties, and obligations. See California Harbors and Navigation Code 6939.16
  • Parent facility: means a health facility licensed pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1250) of Division 2, or a clinic licensed pursuant to Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1200) of Division 2. See California Government Code 11146.3
  • Park: means a tract of land with outstanding scenic, natural, open-space, or recreational values, set apart to conserve natural, scenic, cultural, or ecological resources for present and future generations, and to be used by the public as a place for rest, recreation, education, exercise, inspiration, or enjoyment. See California Government Code 20905
  • Participating party: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 20097

  • Partnership: means an association of two or more persons to carry on as coowners a business for profit formed under Section 16202, predecessor law, or comparable law of another jurisdiction, and includes, for all purposes of the laws of this state, a registered limited liability partnership, and excludes any partnership formed under Chapter 4. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Partnership agreement: means the agreement, whether written, oral, or implied, among the partners concerning the partnership, including amendments to the partnership agreement. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Partnership at will: means a partnership in which the partners have not agreed to remain partners until the expiration of a definite term or the completion of a particular undertaking. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Payrate: means the normal monthly rate of pay or base pay of the member paid in cash to similarly situated members of the same group or class of employment for services rendered on a full-time basis during normal working hours, pursuant to publicly available pay schedules. See California Government Code 20636
  • Pediatric day health and respite care facility: means a facility that provides an organized program of therapeutic social and day health activities and services and limited 24-hour inpatient respite care to medically fragile children 21 years of age or younger, including terminally ill and technology-dependent patients, except as provided in paragraph (2) and Section 1763. See California Government Code 11016.5
  • Perpetual preferred stock: as used in this division , means a preferred stock that does not have a stated maturity date or that can not be redeemed at the option of the holder. See California Health and Safety Code 13146.2
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 78031
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or other organization or combination thereof, except that only individuals can be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17496
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Government Code 50973
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Education Code 17566
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, general partner of a partnership, limited liability company, registered limited liability partnership, foreign limited liability partnership, association, corporation, company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 5300
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation engaged in the business of selling watches. See California Government Code 11137
  • Person: includes any person, firm, partnership, association, corporation, company, limited liability company, syndicate, estate, trust, business trust, or organization of any kind. See California Education Code 18561
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 19878
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not. See California Education Code 19963
  • Person: includes any natural person, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, firm, or association. See California Government Code 9072
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Education Code 19426
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Education Code 14022.3
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Education Code 24942
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17568
  • Persons and families of low or moderate income: includes very low income households, as defined in Section 50105, extremely low income households, as defined in Section 50106, and lower income households as defined in Section 50079. See California Public Resources Code 4649
  • Persons of low income: means persons and families who lack the amount of income which is necessary (as determined by the local public entity) to enable them, without financial assistance, to live in decent, safe and sanitary dwellings without overcrowding. See California Government Code 12010.5
  • persons of low income: as used in this part have the same meaning as in Article XXXIV. See California Government Code 12012.57
  • pest control: as used in this chapter are synonymous. See California Government Code 9128
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Government Code 50978
  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • physical therapy: as used in this chapter , and a license issued pursuant to this chapter does not authorize the diagnosis of disease. See California Education Code 79209
  • Pipeline: includes every intrastate pipeline used for the transportation of hazardous liquid substances or highly volatile liquid substances, including a common carrier pipeline, and all piping containing those substances located within a refined products bulk loading facility which is owned by a common carrier and is served by a pipeline of that common carrier, and the common carrier owns and serves by pipeline at least five such facilities in the state. See California Government Code 16384
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means a community revitalization and investment plan and shall be deemed to be the plan described in Section 16 of Article XVI of the California Constitution. See California Health and Safety Code 9603
  • Plan area: means territory included within a community revitalization and investment area. See California Health and Safety Code 9603
  • Player: means a patron of a gambling establishment who participates in a controlled game. See California Government Code 11004
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police protective equipment: means equipment or attire worn by law enforcement personnel for the purpose of protecting themselves or the public from overt actions of others or to assist in the carrying out of related duties, for example, handgun, baton, billy, handcuffs, flashlight, whistle, leather belt, holster and cases or attachments. See California Government Code 19850
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Possession limit: means the maximum, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may be lawfully possessed by one person. See California Government Code 51919
  • Power: means electric power and energy, including, but not limited to, capacity and output, or any of them. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.17
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • Prejudicial procedural error: means a procedural error that reasonably may be considered to have affected the outcome of the designation process. See California Government Code 20019
  • preliminary fact: means a fact upon the existence or nonexistence of which depends the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence. See California Government Code 21073
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premarital agreement: means an agreement between prospective spouses made in contemplation of marriage and to be effective upon marriage. See California Government Code 11200.4
  • Premises: includes any common areas associated therewith. See California Education Code 39800
  • premium finance agreement: means a loan contract, note, agreement or obligation by which an insured agrees to pay to a company in installments the principal amount advanced by the company to an insurer or producer in payment of premium on an insurance contract or contracts, plus charges, with the assignment as security therefor of the unearned premiums, accrued dividends or loss payments, the final installment due date of the agreement not to extend beyond the term of the insurance contract included in the agreement having the latest expiration date. See California Health and Safety Code 18122
  • premium financing: means the activities of a company engaging in the business of advancing money directly or indirectly to an insurer or producer at the request of an insured pursuant to the terms of a premium finance agreement, wherein the insured has assigned the unearned premiums, accrued dividends or loss payments as security for such advancement in payment of premiums on insurance contracts only, and acquiring premium finance agreements, and does not include the financing of insurance contract premiums purchased in connection with the financing of goods and services. See California Health and Safety Code 18119
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See California Education Code 81133.2
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain by use of either an interest rate specified by the parties if that rate is not manifestly unreasonable at the time the transaction is entered into or, if an interest rate is not so specified, a commercially reasonable rate that takes into account the facts and circumstances at the time the transaction is entered into. See California Education Code 78031
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See California Education Code 78214
  • Preservation: means rehabilitation, stabilization, restoration, conservation, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Government Code 18903
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • presidential elector: as used in this chapter means an elector of President and Vice President of the United States, and not an elector as defined in Section 321. See California Government Code 19828
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Primary capital: as used in this division , means the sum of common stock, perpetual preferred stock, capital surplus, undivided profits, capital reserves, and mandatory convertible debt (to the extent of 20 percent of primary capital exclusive of that debt). See California Health and Safety Code 13146
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • Primary provider: means the accredited agency that is identified pursuant to Section 96. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Principal act: means the law providing for the creation of a particular district or type of district. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Principal amount: as used in this division , means the net amount of money, credit, goods, or things in action received by the debtor or borrower or disbursed on the borrower's instructions at the time of entering into the transaction. See California Health and Safety Code 13143.5
  • Principal county: means the county having all or the greater portion of the entire assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll of the county or counties, of all taxable property within a district. See California Labor Code 226
  • Private treaty transaction: as used in this division , means the transfer of ownership of cattle or livestock by agreement or contract, at a point other than a destination point. See California Government Code 50070
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Government Code 50974
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • Process: includes all writs, warrants, summons, and orders of courts of justice, or judicial officers. See California Government Code 26660
  • Process: includes a writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings of either a civil or criminal nature. See California Education Code 19431
  • Professional limited liability partnership services: means the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • proffered evidence: means evidence, the admissibility or inadmissibility of which is dependent upon the existence or nonexistence of a preliminary fact. See California Government Code 21073 v2
  • Program: means a program that provides financial assistance, as provided in Article 6 (commencing with Section 3365). See California Government Code 20097
  • Program: means the State Heritage Network Plan and Grants Program. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the intervention program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 81379
  • Project: means plants, facilities, equipment, appliances, structures, expansions, and improvements within the state that serve the purposes of this division as approved by the authority, and all activities and expenses necessary to initiate and complete those projects described in Article 5 (commencing with Section 3350) and Article 7 (commencing with Section 3368), of Chapter 3. See California Government Code 20097
  • Project: means a purpose for which an allocation may be requested and made under this chapter. See California Government Code 16605
  • Project: means a purpose for which an allocation may be requested and made under this chapter. See California Government Code 16632
  • Project: means the work, improvement, or acquisition, or any combination thereof undertaken by a district. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Project: means the property and the buildings on the property bounded by 10th, 11th, N, and O Streets in the City of Sacramento, consisting of two connecting buildings located at 1020 N Street and 1021 O Street in the City of Sacramento, and the remodeling and rehabilitation of these buildings or destruction and removal of these buildings and the construction of new buildings on this property for use as legislative office facilities, and includes all aspects of the project from initial planning to completion and occupancy by the Legislature. See California Government Code 9117
  • Project proponent: means a person, public agency, or nonprofit organization seeking to implement a habitat restoration or enhancement project. See California Government Code 9200
  • Property: means an interest, present or future, legal or equitable, vested or contingent, in real or personal property, including income and earnings. See California Government Code 11200.4
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Property: includes real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Government Code 50975
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See California Education Code 17569
  • Property: includes all property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this part. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Property: means all property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protection: means those actions necessary to prevent harm or damage to persons, property, or natural, cultural, and historic resources, actions to improve access to public open-space areas, or actions to allow the continued use and enjoyment of property or natural, cultural, and historic resources, and includes site monitoring, acquisition, development, restoration, preservation, and interpretation. See California Government Code 18903
  • Public building: includes any structure, building, facility, or work that a state agency has jurisdiction of, or is authorized to design or construct, including, but not limited to, infrastructure, parking lots, landscaping, and other ancillary facilities, including furnishings and equipment, incidental to the use of any building, and also includes the site thereof, and any easements or rights of way appurtenant thereto or necessary for its full use. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public domestic authority: means an authority operated by a state, local, or tribal government. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Public drinking water well: means a wellhead that provides drinking water to a public water system as defined in Section 116275 of the Health and Safety Code, that is regulated by the State Department of Health Services and that is subject to Section 116455 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Government Code 16384
  • Public employee: means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity. See California Education Code 17571
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Education Code 17572
  • public entity: means any county, city, or public district. See California Government Code 20051
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public library: means a library, or two or more libraries, operated as a single entity by one or more public jurisdictions and which serve the general public without distinction. See California Education Code 18015
  • public park: includes only a park operated by a public agency. See California Government Code 20031
  • Publicly traded racing association: means a corporation licensed to conduct horse racing and simulcast wagering pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 19400) whose stock is publicly traded. See California Government Code 11004
  • Purchase: means taking by sale, lease, discount, negotiation, mortgage, pledge, lien, security interest, issue or reissue, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in property. See California Education Code 78031
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See California Education Code 78214
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Government Code 51942
  • Purchaser: means a person that takes by purchase. See California Education Code 78031
  • Qualified court investigator: as used in this article , has the meaning provided by Section 8543. See California Government Code 11156
  • Qualified legal services project: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 25352

  • Qualified racing association: means a corporation licensed to conduct horse racing and simulcast wagering pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 19400) that is a wholly owned subsidiary of a corporation whose stock is publicly traded. See California Government Code 11004
  • qualified trust company: means the trust department of any State or National bank in this State or a trust company authorized to act as such in this State. See California Government Code 16550
  • qualified trust company: means the trust department of any state or national bank in this state or a trust company authorized to act as such in this state. See California Government Code 16625
  • Quasi-community property: means all real or personal property, wherever situated, acquired before or after the operative date of this code in any of the following ways:

    California Government Code 50977

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • range: means the enclosed or unenclosed lands outside of cities, towns, and villages in this state, whether of the public domain or in private ownership, upon which by custom, license, or otherwise, cattle are kept or permitted to roam and feed. See California Government Code 20403
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recipient: means a qualified legal services project or support center receiving financial assistance under this article. See California Government Code 25352
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Education Code 78031
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Education Code 84751
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See California Government Code 10291
  • Record: includes every kind of record maintained by a business. See California Government Code 21039
  • Records: means any material, regardless of the physical form, on which information is recorded or preserved by any means, including in written or spoken words, graphically depicted, printed, or electromagnetically transmitted. See California Education Code 38118
  • Records: means any material, regardless of the physical form, on which information is recorded or preserved by any means, including in written or spoken words, graphically depicted, printed, or electromagnetically transmitted. See California Education Code 39800
  • Recreational vehicle: as used in this part has the same meaning as defined in Section 18010. See California Labor Code 4064
  • Reduced worktime: as used in this article , means employment of less than 40 hours of work per week, and includes arrangements involving job sharing, four-, five-, or six-hour workdays, jobs which provide eight hours of employment or less for one, two, three, four or five days per week, and such other arrangements which the department finds consistent with maximum employment opportunity to employees desiring other than a standard worktime. See California Government Code 19996.20
  • Registered: as used in this article , means endorsed and signed by the county treasurer. See California Government Code 20281.5
  • Registered limited liability partnership: means a partnership, other than a limited partnership, formed pursuant to an agreement governed by Article 10 (commencing with Section 16951), that is registered under Section 16953 and (i) each of the partners of which is a licensed person or a person licensed or authorized to provide professional limited liability partnership services in a jurisdiction or jurisdictions other than this state, (ii) is licensed under the laws of the state to engage in the practice of architecture, the practice of public accountancy, the practice of engineering, the practice of land surveying, or the practice of law, or (iii)(I) is related to a registered limited liability partnership that practices public accountancy or, to the extent permitted by the State Bar of California, practices law or is related to a foreign limited liability partnership and (II) provides services related or complementary to the professional limited liability partnership services provided by, or provides services or facilities to, that registered limited liability partnership or foreign limited liability partnership. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Release: means any spilling, leaking, pumping, pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping, leaching, dumping, or disposing into the environment. See California Government Code 11440.20
  • Relevant evidence: means evidence, including evidence relevant to the credibility of a witness or hearsay declarant, having any tendency in reason to prove or disprove any disputed fact that is of consequence to the determination of the action. See California Education Code 17574
  • Religious duties: means duties of employment connected with carrying on the religious activities of a religious corporation or association. See California Government Code 19880
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remedial action: includes , but is not limited to, the cleanup or removal of released hazardous materials from the environment, monitoring, testing and analysis of the site, site operation and maintenance, and the placing of conditions, limitations, or restrictions on the uses of the site after remedial action has been completed. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Education Code 78031
  • Reorganization: means :

    California Government Code 12080

  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Representative: means a person empowered to act for another, including an agent, an officer of a corporation or association, and a trustee, executor, or administrator of an estate. See California Education Code 78031
  • Representative: means a public or private individual, agency, or organization that is performing actions related to the identification, evaluation, designation, or monitoring of a California natural landmark, on behalf of or in cooperation with the department, either under a contractual agreement or in a volunteer capacity. See California Government Code 20019
  • Requisite number of petitioners: means the number of qualified petitioners prescribed by the principal act. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • Resolution: means a resolution of either house of the Legislature resolving as follows:

    California Government Code 12080

  • Resources Agency: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency and any constituent units of the Resources Agency that the secretary determines to be necessary to accomplish the purposes of this chapter. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Respite care: means day and 24-hour relief for the parent or guardian and care for the patient. See California Government Code 11016.5
  • Respondent: includes defendant, where appropriate. See California Government Code 50979
  • Responsible party: means any person, except for an independent contractor, who agrees to carry out a site investigation and remedial action at a hazardous materials release site for one of the following reasons:

    California Government Code 11349.4

  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Restoration: means the improvement of physical structures or facilities and, in the case of natural systems and landscape features, includes, but is not limited to, projects for the control of erosion, stormwater capture and storage or to otherwise reduce stormwater pollution, the control and elimination of invasive species, the planting of native species, the removal of waste and debris, prescribed burning, fuel hazard reduction, fencing out threats to existing or restored natural resources, road elimination, improving instream, riparian, or managed wetland habitat conditions, and other plant and wildlife habitat improvement to increase the natural system value of the property or coastal or ocean resource. See California Government Code 18903
  • Revenues: means all receipts, purchase payments, loan repayments, lease payments, rents, fees and charges, and all other income or receipts derived by the authority from an enterprise, or by the authority or a participating party from any other financing arrangement undertaken by the authority or a participating party, including, but not limited to, all receipts from a bond purchase agreement, and any income or revenue derived from the investment of any money in any fund or account of the authority or a participating party. See California Government Code 20097
  • Revitalization project: means a physical improvement to real property funded by the authority. See California Health and Safety Code 9603
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Education Code 78031
  • Right of offset: Banks' legal right to seize funds that a guarantor or debtor may have on deposit to cover a loan in default. It is also known as the right of set-off. Source: OCC
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Riparian habitat: means lands that contain habitat which grows close to and which depends upon soil moisture from a nearby freshwater source. See California Government Code 20905
  • River: means the water, bed, and shoreline of rivers, streams, channels, lakes, bays, estuaries, marshes, wetlands, and lagoons, up to the first line of permanently established riparian vegetation. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • rules and regulations: as used in this part , means regulations promulgated by the commission or department, as appropriate, pursuant to Chapter 3. See California Labor Code 3369
  • Rural area: means a location which lies outside the limits of any incorporated or unincorporated city or city and county, or other residential or commercial area, such as a subdivision, a business, a shopping center, or a community development. See California Government Code 16384
  • Safety equipment: means equipment or attire worn over, in place of, or in addition to, regular clothing, which is necessary to protect the employees' health and welfare, for example, helmets, goggles, safety harnesses, and fireman "turnout gear. See California Government Code 19850
  • School building: as used in this article , means and includes any building used, or designed to be used, for community college purposes and constructed, reconstructed, altered, or added to, by the state or by any city or city and county, by any political subdivision, by any district of any kind within the state, by any regional occupational center or program created by or authorized to act by an agreement under joint exercise of power, or by the United States government, or any agency thereof. See California Education Code 81130.5
  • School building: as used in this article excludes any building which is used for community college district administrative buildings located on a site separate from the community college campuses of the district, and into which students are not required to enter. See California Education Code 81160
  • school building: as used in this article includes a facility that a county office of education is authorized to use pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 17280) of Chapter 3. See California Education Code 17582
  • Scientist: means a person whose combination of academic training and professional field experience in the natural region qualifies him or her to identify and comparatively evaluate a natural area at the regional or state level. See California Government Code 20019
  • scrap metals and alloys: includes , but is not limited to, materials and equipment commonly used in construction, agricultural operations and electrical power generation, railroad equipment, oil well rigs, nonferrous materials, stainless steel, and nickel which are offered for sale to any junk dealer or recycler, but does not include scrap iron, household generated waste, or aluminum beverage containers, as defined in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 14502) of Division 12. See California Government Code 11895
  • season: means "open season. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • secondhand dealer: as used in this article , means and includes any person, copartnership, firm, or corporation whose business includes buying, selling, trading, taking in pawn, accepting for sale on consignment, accepting for auctioning, or auctioning secondhand tangible personal property. See California Government Code 11184
  • Secondhand dealer: has the meaning defined in Section 21626. See California Government Code 11274
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Environmental Affairs Agency. See California Government Code 11440.20
  • Secretary: means the United States Secretary of State, and includes any official of the United States Department of State exercising the authority of the Secretary of State under the convention, the IAA, or any regulations implementing the IAA, pursuant to a delegation of authority. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Business, Consumer Services, and Housing. See California Education Code 35256.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of the Resources Agency. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19961
  • secretary: refer to the Transportation Agency and the Secretary of Transportation, respectively, unless the context otherwise requires. See California Government Code 19996.39
  • Security document: means a mortgage contract, deed of trust, real estate sales contract, or any note or negotiable instrument issued in connection therewith, when its purpose is to finance the purchase or construction of real property occupied or intended to be occupied by the borrower, containing four or fewer residential units or on which four or fewer residential units are to be constructed. See California Education Code 35256.1
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Education Code 78031
  • Sell: means to act as a broker for a commission. See California Government Code 25216.3
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51945
  • Sell: includes offer for sale, expose for sale, possess for sale, exchange, barter, or trade. See California Education Code 19966
  • sell: means remanufacturing, retrofitting, selling, contracting to sell or resell, leasing, subletting, or otherwise placing in the stream of commerce. See California Government Code 11342.610
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See California Education Code 81130.6
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See California Education Code 84751
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Education Code 78031
  • site: includes one or more sites, and also may include any building or buildings located or to be located on a site. See California Education Code 81330
  • site: means any area, location, or facility where a hazardous material has been released or threatens to be released into the environment. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Site investigation: means those actions that are necessary to determine the full extent of a release or threatened release of a hazardous material at a hazardous materials release site, identify the public health and safety or environmental threat posed by the release or threatened release, collect data on possible remedies, and otherwise evaluate the hazardous materials release site for the purpose of implementing remedial action. See California Government Code 11349.4
  • Source of income: means lawful, verifiable income paid directly to a tenant or paid to a representative of a tenant. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Special treatment areas: means , for purposes of this chapter, those areas defined as special treatment areas in Section 895. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Spousal support: means support of the spouse of the obligor. See California Government Code 51071
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17489
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 1909
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 5030.5
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51072
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 18552
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 24935
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Education Code 78031
  • State: means the State of California. See California Government Code 20097
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 5090
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 51073
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 17576
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 19427
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 10291
  • state: means any state, territory, or possession of the United States, and the District of Columbia. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 13810.1
  • state: means any state, territory, or possession of the United States, and the District of Columbia. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 13820.10 v2
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 14022
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 25000.5
  • State: includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See California Government Code 21325
  • state agencies: means every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission and the California State University and the Regents of the University of California. See California Government Code 21113
  • state agencies: includes the Department of General Services and any and all organizational units, parts, and subdivisions of state agencies as defined in Section 11000. See California Government Code 11263
  • State agency: means a unit of state government, including any department, agency, board, or commission under the State of California. See California Government Code 16632
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: means every entity included in subdivision (a) of Section 11000 and the California State University. See California Government Code 19889.3
  • State agency: as used in this chapter does not include educational institutions. See California Government Code 21073.1
  • State agency: includes any state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, organization, or agency including, without limitation, the University of California, the California State University, the California Community Colleges, and the Judicial Council. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • state board: whenever used in this code means the State Board of Education, unless the context requires otherwise. See California Education Code 88
  • state body: means each of the following:

    California Government Code 11121

  • State department: means the State Department of Public Health. See California Government Code 11016.5
  • State employees: means employees of the state and its agencies, but does not include employees of the University of California or the California State University. See California Government Code 19850
  • state fund: means the State Compensation Insurance Fund. See California Government Code 20251
  • state gambling license: means any license issued by the state that authorizes the person named therein to conduct a gambling operation. See California Government Code 11004
  • state lands: means lands owned by, or under the jurisdiction of, the state or any state agency. See California Government Code 19996.24
  • State significance: means property that is one of the best examples of a biological community or geological feature within a natural region of the state, including a terrestrial community, land form, geological feature and process, habitat of native plant and animal species, or fossil evidence of the development of life. See California Government Code 20019
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Education Code 17577
  • Statement: means a statement of partnership authority under Section 16303, a statement of denial under Section 16304, a statement of dissociation under Section 16704, a statement of dissolution under Section 16805, a statement of conversion or a certificate of conversion under Section 16906, a statement of merger under Section 16915, or an amendment or cancellation of any of the foregoing. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Statewide election: is a n election held throughout the state. See California Education Code 88180
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Education Code 17578
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Stewardship: means the development and implementation of major programs for the protection, rehabilitation, restoration, and enhancement of the basic natural systems and outstanding scenic features of the state park system. See California Government Code 20905
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Structural pest control field representative: is a ny individual who is licensed by the board to secure structural pest control work, identify infestations or infections, make inspections, apply pesticides, submit bids for or otherwise contract, on behalf of a registered company. See California Government Code 9148.2
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 17486
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 5028
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19404
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 14002.05
  • Subordinated notes and debentures: as used in this division , means an obligation other than an investment certificate obligation that:

    California Health and Safety Code 13146.5

  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber can not write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Education Code 19424
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervised provider: means any agency, person, or other nongovernmental entity that is providing any adoption service in a convention adoption under the supervision and responsibility of an accredited agency that is acting as the primary provider in the case. See California Health and Safety Code 11839.13
  • Supervising authority: means the board of supervisors of the county in which is situated all or most of the land in a district, or body authorized by law to initiate or hear proceedings for the creation of a district. See California Government Code 16495.5
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See California Education Code 78214
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Government Code 51075
  • support order: means a child, family, or spousal support order. See California Government Code 11342.590
  • Support order: means a judgment or order of support in favor of an obligee, whether temporary or final, or subject to modification, termination, or remission, regardless of the kind of action or proceeding in which it is entered. See California Government Code 51080
  • Surety: includes a guarantor or other secondary obligor. See California Education Code 78031
  • swap meet: as used in this article , includes a flea market or an open-air market and means an event, regardless of the number of persons offering or displaying personal property or the absence of fees, at which used personal property is offered or displayed for sale or exchange if the event is held more than six times in any 12-month period. See California Government Code 11292
  • System: means the California wilderness preservation system. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • System: means the California Wild and Scenic Rivers System. See California Government Code 19991.14
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Government Code 51951
  • tangible personal property: means all secondhand tangible personal property that bears a serial number or personalized initials or inscription or that, at the time it is acquired by the secondhand dealer, bears evidence of having had a serial number or personalized initials or inscription. See California Government Code 11186
  • telecommuting: means the partial or total substitution of computers or telecommunication technologies, or both, for the commute to work by employees residing in California. See California Government Code 20035
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Tenant: includes any lessee or sublessee of any commercial real property and its premises for hire. See California Education Code 39800
  • Tender: means a term of a bond that gives the holder the right to have the bond purchased from the holder at a predetermined price prior to maturity. See California Government Code 16722
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Education Code 78031
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Education Code 78031
  • third party: as used in this part , means an entity which is all of the following:

    California Labor Code 3503

  • Thrift obligations: as used in this chapter include principal invested in investment or thrift certificates however evidenced, and unpaid interest thereon accrued as of the last interest accrual date prior to the date the commissioner takes possession of the property and business of a member or the date such member is the subject of an order for relief in bankruptcy, whichever occurs sooner. See California Health and Safety Code 18091.5
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transfer: includes an assignment, conveyance, lease, mortgage, deed, and encumbrance. See California Government Code 16428.86
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Government Code 51952
  • transportation corridor: means an area or one or more parcels of land that meets any of the following requirements:

    California Government Code 20775

  • Treasurer: means the Treasurer of the State of California. See California Government Code 9117
  • Tri-Valley: means the Cities of Danville, Dublin, Livermore, Pleasanton, and San Ramon. See California Government Code 20503
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Education Code 17579
  • Trust: means a State Heritage Network Trust organized pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 5078. See California Government Code 19851.1
  • Trust: includes the following:

    California Government Code 21331

  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court. See California Government Code 21337
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unauthorized signature: means a signature made without actual, implied, or apparent authority. See California Education Code 78031
  • Unavailable: means that any such officer is either killed, missing or so seriously injured as to be unable to perform his duties. See California Government Code 19991.7
  • unavailable as a witness: means that the declarant is any of the following:

    California Education Code 17580

  • Uniform: means outer garments, excluding shoes, which are required to be worn exclusively while carrying out the duties and responsibilities of the position and which are different from the design or fashion of the general population. See California Government Code 19850
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Government Code 12098.6
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Education Code 14022.5
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Urbanized or heavily urbanized local agencies: include cities, counties, or a city and county, or special districts as determined by the Department of Finance according to the latest verifiable census data pursuant to subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section 5621. See California Government Code 19871.2
  • use or enlargement of any natural channel for municipal purposes: includes , but is not limited to, sewage treatment and pollution prevention and the encasing and piping of the New River to protect human health and the natural environment. See California Health and Safety Code 11834.50
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vegetation: means all plants, including trees, shrubs, grass, and perennial or annual plants. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • vehicle air-conditioner: means mechanical vapor compression refrigeration equipment used to cool the driver's or passenger compartment of any motor vehicle. See California Government Code 12060
  • Vendor: as used in this article , means any person, partnership, organization or corporation who exchanges, sells, or offers for sale or exchange any merchandise at a swap meet. See California Government Code 11292
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Very high fire hazard severity zone: means an area designated by the director pursuant to Section 51178 that is not a state responsibility area. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • veteran: means any person who has served in the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, or as an active nurse in the service of the American Red Cross, or in the Army and Navy Nurse Corps in time of war, or in any expedition of the Armed Forces of the United States, or who served in one of these services during the period September 16, 1940, to December 7, 1941, and received a discharge under conditions other than dishonorable. See California Government Code 12012.64
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 391 of the Code of Civil Procedure. See California Government Code 9109
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See California Education Code 84751
  • Warehouse receipt: means a receipt issued by a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See California Education Code 78031
  • Weeds: as used in this part , means vegetation growing upon streets, sidewalks, or private property in any county, including any fire protection district and may include any of the following:

    California Labor Code 1700.2

  • Wetlands: means lands which may be covered periodically or permanently with shallow water and which include saltwater marshes, freshwater marshes, open or closed brackish water marshes, swamps, mudflats, fens, and vernal pools. See California Government Code 20905
  • Whole business unit: means all or substantially all of the business of an industrial loan company. See California Health and Safety Code 13166
  • Wild rodents: as used in this chapter means wild ground squirrels, chipmunks, rats, mice or any other members of the order Rodentia native to California except muskrats and beavers. See California Government Code 9375
  • Wilderness areas: means component areas of the system as described in Section 5093. See California Government Code 19991.1
  • Wildfire: means an unplanned, unwanted wildland fire, including unauthorized human-caused fires, escaped wildland fire use events, escaped prescribed fire projects, and all other wildland fires where the objective is to extinguish the fire. See California Government Code 16480.2
  • Wildlife: means and includes all wild animals, birds, plants, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and related ecological communities, including the habitat upon which the wildlife depends for its continued viability. See California Government Code 52001
  • Work clothes: means attire that is worn over, or in place of, regular clothing and is necessary to protect the employee's clothing from damage or stains which would be present in the normal performance of his or her duties, for example, aprons, lab smocks, shop coats, or coveralls. See California Government Code 19850
  • Work permit: means any card, certificate, or permit issued by the commission, or by a county, city, or city and county, whether denominated as a work permit, registration card, or otherwise, authorizing the holder to be employed as a gambling enterprise employee or to serve as an independent agent. See California Government Code 11004
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Education Code 17581
  • Writing: includes any form of recorded message capable of comprehension by ordinary visual means. See California Education Code 18535
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, and every other means of recording upon any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combination thereof, and all papers, maps, magnetic or paper tapes, photographic films and prints, magnetic or punched cards, discs, drums, and other documents. See California Government Code 9072
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Education Code 78031
  • Zone: means a zone formed pursuant to Article 8 (commencing with Section 25217). See California Government Code 25210.2